California Gold

By Staff
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Bill Baldwin, whose culinary prowess was enjoyed by all attending.
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Anton Affentranger's 1891 2 HP vertical Pacific made by the Pacific Gas Engine Co., San Francisco, Calif.

An amazing lineup of rare California-built engines, including a
15 HP Western (left), a 15 HP Commercial (center) and a huge 42 HP
Commercial (right). The Western line of engines, made by the
Western Gas Engine Co., Los Angeles, Calif., were popularly used in
city power plants across California. The Commercial Engine Co.,
also located in Los Angeles, is thought to have started up around
1905. Little is known about the company today.

On May 10-12, 2002, Georgia and Bob Critz hosted an exposition
of rare, California-made engines at their ranch in Vista, Calif. In
addition to Bob’s extremely rare Stearns and West Coast
engines, various friends brought an additional 13 California-made
engines for this little get together.

The engine exposition was a huge success. Three Sterne Bros.
West Coast engines, manufactured in San Diego, Calif., were
present, including a 2-1/2 HP engine, serial number 77, owned by
Bob Critz. Another, later West Coast engine with high tension
Webster magneto was shown by Bob Hemphill.

Bob Critz also exhibited his very early Stearns (not to be
confused with the Sterne Bros. West Coast engines) gas engine,
manufactured in Los Angeles. Bob’s Stearns engine represents
one of only three known, and it’s also the only Stearns engine
in running condition. Very little is known about the Stearns engine
line, but their design suggests them to have been made very early
in the evolution of the internal combustion engine, likely around
the turn of the century. At least one source lists the company as
having formed in 1907.

Bob Critz’s Stearns (far left), one of only three known, and
two West Coast engines made by the Sterne Bros., San Diego,

Four early Western gas engines, manufactured by the Western Gas
Engine Co., Los Angeles, Calif., were present. All four were 7 HP
models manufactured sometime around 1907 to 1908, and this assembly
of Western’s represented two-thirds of known 7 HP Western
engines. Ed Cooksey, Bill Peterson, Dick Bouma and Mike Tyler
brought the Western engines to the show, and host Bob Critz also
exhibited a beautiful 25 HP Western.

Two early-style Samsons and a late-style Samson, all
manufactured in Stockton, Calif., were also shown. The early-style
models were a 4 HP and 5 HP shown by Dick Bouma and John Ficke, and
I brought along the late-style, a 3 HP engine.

John Ficke’s early-style 5 HP Samson made by Samson Iron
Works, Stockton, Calif. The company is thought to have begun
operations around 1898.

A very early 1891, 2 HP vertical Pacific Gas Engine Co. vapor
engine made in San Francisco, Calif., was shown. Owned by Anton
Affentranger, it was brought to the show by Greg Johnson, who ran
the engine briefly to demonstrate how it can run off the gas fumes
from the gasoline tank. The Pacific Gas Engine Co. was a
predecessor of the Onion Gas Engine Co.

Bob Critz also exhibited and ran his two Los
Angeles-manufactured Commercial engines, a 15 HP engine and a huge
42 HP engine. Commercial Engine Co., Los Angeles, Calif., is
thought to have started building engines around 1905. Other
exhibitors included Don Decker, who brought his 8 HP 1898
Fairbanks-Morse Standard and an extremely rare partial Mery engine
made in Chico, Calif., and Jim Church with his 1935 Huppmobile

To top it all off, the Critz family served up excellent meals
for the exhibitors and guests. On Saturday, Bill Baldwin prepared
his famous Dutch oven, slow-cooked roast beef and potatoes with
accompanied Dutch oven apple and peach cobblers. And Bill Peterson
established the proper ambiance for this great meal, serving his
famous Peterson Zinfandel wine. Truly, a meal to remember.

All told, a unique gathering of rare – and rarely seen – West
Coast engines.

Contact engine enthusiast Mike Tyler at: 320 S. Locust St.,
Ridgecrest, CA 93555, or e-mail:

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Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines