WASHINGTON CROSSED HERE

By Staff
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A perfect September day rewarded the Association during their first show.
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John Brokaw splits wood on S. B. Voorhees' American Sawmill Machinery Company splitter.
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Ross four horse sweep owned by H. Schiabte of Upper Black Eddy, Pennsylvania, operating at reduced power.

108 Garfield Avenue, Madison, New Jersey 07940

On Christmas night in 1776 Genera] George Washington lead his
tatered army across the Delaware River at a point known as
McKonkey’s Ferry and Johnson’s Ferry to attack Rail’s
Brigade of Hessians garrisoned in nearby Trenton. This daring
maneuver was made possible by the famous Durham boats commandeered
from Durham Forge and the pig iron trade between Easton and
Philadelphia. These sturdy boats of 60 to 66 foot length overall
and 8 foot beam were capable of carrying 15 tons of cargo and were,
therefore, admirably suited to the task. Our history books tell us
that the Colonials surprised the Hessians in a resounding victory
before recrossing the river to return to base. The British from
Princeton reinforced the town the following day in the seesaw
battle for our national independence. A hardy band of history buffs
from the Princeton area gather on Christmas day to reinact this
scene to remind us of the hardships endured.

However, in the intervening years this beach-head has been
secured beyond a doubt to the point where the newly organized
Delaware Valley Old Time Power and Equipment Association felt that
the Washington’s Crossing State Park would make an excellent
place for their first gas engine show September 23, 24, 1978. And
so it did!

The Association held its organization meeting in September 1977
just one year ahead of their first show. Charles Runkle was elected
President with Marvin Fleming as Vice President, Nancy Brokaw (Mrs.
John) agreed to be Secretary and Charles Morrell looks after the
Treasury. This group did such a good job that they got themselves
elected to carry on and to plan the next show which is now
scheduled for the same place and the same time this year.

It takes a lot of work to put together a show that will attract
a large audience and attract exhibitors from both near and far as
this one did. S. B. Voorhees, Sr., of Livingston, New York, was
there with his American Sawmill Machinery Company wood splitter.
This machine was built in Hackettstown, New Jersey, circa 1900. It
was powered with a 4 horsepower Alamo Engine Company 1917 hopper
cooled engine. John Brokaw set up his buzz saw rig to cut feed for
the splitter. This made an interesting sequence of operations. The
saw also doubled as the cut off rig for feed blocks to John’s
single mill operation.

Marvin and Elsie Fleming brought there extensive collection of
machines and tools. Among the ten or so gas engines was an Ottawa
drag saw that was in operation for demonstrations from time to
time. There were early models of washing machines and a collection
of hand implements. In fact, there was such an extensive collection
that Marvin’s brother, Romulus, was kept busy helping.

In the large machinery demonstrations, Joe Dunn was operating
his 1936 Frick 22 x36 thresher equipped with a Heineke Model A
crank feeder and a wind stacker. The latter attachment provided a
straw stack that never did get very high with the children enjoying
the excitement of jumping on the pile. This demonstration machine
was powered with a 1925 Fordson tractor that provided more than
adequate energy for the job. Grain sheeves were delivered by a
classic stake body truck from the Mercer County owned and operated
Phillips-Howell Living Historical Farm.

Before the advent of internal combustion engines on the farm
scene the power supplied by draft animals was all there was.
‘Hoop’ Schiable from Upper Black Eddy, Pennsylvania, set up
his four horse sweep. This machine was built by Ross in 1890-at
least the gear train assembly was. The oak sweep arms looked of
more recent vintage and perhaps were even shorter than the
original. It was interesting to watch the process of breaking in a
new horse to working on the sweep. At first, the drive shaft
running to the corn grinder load was too high off the ground and it
was worrysome to the horse. Later, when this was lowered, a routine
was developed so that there was no hesitation.

We may think that these horse-powered machines are no longer in
use, but that is not the case, entirely. One can still find these
in operation in the orange groves along the Spanish Mediterranean
coast. It is the power to run an irrigation water-wheel. The water
table is within a few feet of the surface in the area round
Castellion de la Plana. A wooden wheel of about fifteen foot
diameter with gallon cans attached to the rim is set vertically
over a shallow well with the cans just reaching the water. A donkey
turns the wheel through a wooden bevel gear arrangement on the
horizontal shaft from the sweep gears. Interestingly enough, the
animal is blindfolded and yet never seems to stumble over the
shaft. Their counterpart to our Roto-tiller for cultivating the
groves is called a ‘mechanico mula’- mechanical mule!

Washington’s Crossing State Park is a very good place to
hold such a show until they can get a permanent show ground of
their own. It is a site that is often used for large group camping.
Several of the exhibitors and visitors spent the beautiful weekend
in their trailers and motor homes. The National Monument
commemorating the historic crossing is just across the river in
Pennsylvania. Replicas of the original Durham boats are on display
and of course the famous painting of Washington and his men on that
eventful Christmas is there in an audio visual presentation along
with artifacts, memorabilia and other exhibits. Here also gourmet
food at fine old tavern restaurants along the river can be enjoyed.
All together one can make an interesting weekend of a visit to the
area at the same time that this 126 member association puts on its
next show.

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Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines