Author Photo
By C.H. Wendel | Oct 1, 1994

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As we’ve noted in previous issues, a search of the Patent
Office Gazette has revealed numerous gas engine trademark designs.
In some instances, it’s nice to find a reasonable facsimile of
the trademark. Sometimes though, the last line of the published
mark is the most significant . . . the line that says, ‘Claims
use since XXXX.’ One such mark is shown in Figure 1, of the
Maytag Lubricating Oils. Although it was used since 1915, the
application to register the mark was not made until 1947.

Figure 2 is the mark for the Kardell Utility tractor, with first
use claimed in 1918. Figure 3, for the Webster magneto, shows first
use in 1909, and Figure 4 shows the Jack of All Trades mark first
used in 1899. Figure 5 is a new one for us, it being the Globe
engine of Pennsylvania Iron Works Company, and Figure 6 is the mark
for the Aerothrust Engine Company.

In Figure 7 we have the Clip-Mor power mowers from Frank Held
Tractor Co., showing first use in 1923. Figure 8 shows the Dorcas
Sewing Machine and the Blue Ribbon engine, both from Spotless
Company, Inc. Figure 9 is the famous Stover trademark, and Figure
10 is the famous Sattley engine trademark. The Maniscalco New Power
System Co. filed for their mark in Figure 11, and the Novo ROLLR
engine mark of Figure 12 claims first use on May 1, 1927.

We have hundreds of additional engine trademarks, and they will
be published either within a separate book title, or within this
column. However, by being able to demonstrate the first use of a
certain trademark, it enables collectors to establish the probable
earliest date when a certain engine or tractor was built. With a
great many companies, even this meager information is a step
forward from what now exists, which is virtually nothing!

Ye Olde Reflector is also happy to announce that within the next
few months, serious work will begin on an entirely new history of
farm tractors. This new title will be without a doubt the largest
and most comprehensive history of tractors ever assembled. It will
include farm tractors from their beginnings up to recent times,
steam traction engines, and garden tractors. Those who have
material to loan for this project, or those with suggestions
regarding this new title, are urged to contact the Reflector, C. H.
Wendel, P.O. Box 257, Amana, Iowa 52203.

Preliminary work is under way regarding a possible GAS ENGINE
MAGAZINE TOUR to Germany and other countries sometime in 1995.
We’ll keep you apprised of details as they come together.

A final note for this month … many of you know that ye olde
Reflector is an avid letterpress printer. In the past, we’ve
told you of the Linotype machine, which we think is one of the
great mechanical wonders of the world. In June 1995 we’ll be
hosting the prestigious Amalgamated Printers Association Convention
here in Iowa’s Amana Colonies. To that end, we’re trying to
further improve our holdings of early type faces those fancy ones
that were used decades ago. Should anyone have any of this material
or know of something, kindly let us know, and while you’re at
it, if anyone has photographs of a gas engine running a printing
press or other printing machinery, we would love to borrow the
photos to use in the magazine. (If we acquire some old-time type
faces, we might even be able to convince the editors over at GEM to
let us set some headings for them to be used within the

At this time of year, every engine collector we know is busy
with engines too busy to be writing letters for the column.
Although this makes it harder for us to build a column, we
certainly do understand, especially since we know that the new
‘finds’ of the season will bring a host of new inquiries.
We don’t have a large number of calls this month, but here

29/10/1 Maytag Colors Q. I’m writing in
regard to the proper color scheme for a Maytag FY-ED4 engine.
Please advise. Larry J. Campbell, Box 256, Viola, IL 61486.

A. There are a number of variations in the
Maytag color scheme, so we would suggest looking on page 75 of
Wendel’s Notebook for detailed information on the Maytag paint

29/10/2 Galloway Saw Rig Q. See the photo of a
7 HP Galloway saw rig, s/n 45964. It has been in my family for at
least sixty years. Please advise the proper colors and the striping
scheme for this engine. Also, can anyone advise regarding the age
of this engine? John H. Cullom Jr., 1606 Exeter Rd., Westminster,
MD 21157.

A. We have DuPont 8554 Red listed as a
comparable match for this engine. The striping is a deep yellow,
but the scheme varied greatly over the years. Some of the
illustrations in American Gas Engines might be of help. There are
no existing serial number listings for the Galloway engines.

29/10/3 Information Needed Q. Can anyone supply
information on the following engines? The engine shown in 29/10/3A
and 3B is possibly a ‘Victor made in France, but the crankcase
cover/nameplate, and the original mixer are missing. The engine of
29/10/3C is possibly a Simplex bicycle engine; it is two-cycle, and
uses an Eisemann magneto. The engine shown in 3D and 3E is an E. H.
Wachs steam engine, No. 9428. Does anyone have any information on
this engine? Also what is the correct color for a Witte engine?
Robert Polk, 603 E. Coronado Way, Pay son, AZ 85541.

A. We’re told that the Witte closely
corresponds with PPG 40952 Forest Green. Can anyone be of help on
the engines shown here?

29/10/4 Sandwich Cub Q. I have a Sandwich Cub,
s/n AA27420, and would like to know the year built and the paint
color. Also would like to hear from someone having a parts engine.
Kent Zobel, Rt 1, Box 35A, Monroe, NE 68647.

A. We’ve never been sure whether the
Sandwich Cub was comparable to PPG 43839 as used on the Sandwich
engines, or whether the last of them were New Idea Green, after the
latter bought out Sandwich. Can anyone clarify this?  

29/10/5 Bean Engine Q. See the photos of my 2
HP sprayer engine, s/n 6304. The engine tag states, ‘Manuf. by
Bean Spray Pump Co.’ The engine was obviously Hildreth or
Novo-built. Can anyone supply any information? Bob Ellman, 15729
Jeffrey Ave No. Hugo, MN 55038.

A. Yours has to be one of the earliest
instances we’ve seen of the Bean Spray Pump engines. Possibly,
Bean built it under license from Novo, especially since it has the
‘Manufactured By’ notation on the nameplate. Can anyone
shed further light on this matter?  

29/10/6 John Deere Engines Q. Please see the
two photos of Deere Type E engines. No. 339822 was imported from
Minnesota in 1988, and 235458 was purchased from a local retired
farmer. I was surprised to find that a 1923 (first year built) Type
E ever made its way to New Zealand, as this engine is quite rare

I would invite readers with John Deere E engines to submit me a
copy of the restoration story, along with a photo of their engine.
Many books over the years have been devoted to John Deere tractors,
but I hardly ever see a mention of their stationary engines .
Peater Meacheam, C1 – Post agent, Sanson 5450 Manawatu, New

29/10/7 Massey-Harris Tractors Q. Can anyone
tell me the correct colors for a 1952 Massey-Harris tractor? Dick
Olson, 29023 SE Preston Way, Issaquah, WA 98027.

A. The red is NAPA 90R-3743 and the yellow is

29/10/8 David Bradley Q. I have a David Bradley
tractor, Model No. 917.5751, Series 127. I also have a Lodge &
Shipley one-wheel cultivator. The model number is faded, but it
looks like Model B, s/n 29240 with a Clinton engine. Also, I have a
Fairbanks-Morse Z, Style D and would like to know the correct
color. Greg Lasher, 1239 Simmons Lane, Novato, CA 94945.

A. We have NAPA 90R3724 Green and NAPA 90R3725
listed as the comparable colors for the David Bradley; no
information on the Lodge and Shipley; and PPG 43846 listed for the

29/10/9 Unidentified Engine Q. Can anyone help
identify the engine in the two photos? The only markings are: 9099;
12 HP. Any help will be greatly appreciated. Fred Kengeter, 205
Walton Heath Dr., Atlantis, FL 33462.

29/10/10 Model L IHC Engine Q. Does anyone have
any information on the Model L IHC engine that was built only for
one year? Would like to hear from other owners as I need some
drawings to make some parts, also need instructions and other
information. Ben J. Kinsinger, Box 234A, Meyersdale, PA 15552.

29/10/11 Devere-Locke Garden Tractor Q. Sending
along photos of a Devere-Locke garden tractor and mower, built in
Racine, Wisconsin, between 1964 and 1969. The tractor is a Model
1000, s/n 166160. The deck is a Model 38 with two blades that are
gear driven. Any information on this tractor, including the OEM
engine used, would be appreciated. Herbert E. Munn, 2588 W. 250 S.,
Warsaw, IN 46580-8149.

29/10/12 Holliday Marine Engine Q. Please!
Would like to correspond with anyone that has a Holliday engine,
stationary or marine. Talk about a neat critter! But I gotta know
more about them! Robert Mayeaux, 2204 Comanche St., Sulphur, LA

29/10/13 Helmans Tractor Q. See the pictures of
an E. S. Helmans garden tractor made in Baltimore. Would like any
information, such as the original engine, where parts might be
obtained, and so forth. Would also like to hear from anyone owning
one of these tractors. This one is chain driven, and says Model
1954. Is this the year built? Kenneth Richards, Rt 1, Box 420,
Dexter, ME 04930.

29/10/14 ARCO Engine Q. Can anyone provide me
with information on the ARCO engine such as decal placement, proper
color, etc.? Joe Powers, RR3, Hastings, ONT K0L 1Y0 Canada.

A. The ARCO was made by Hercules so far as we
know. It was a light blue; we have no exact color match, but
somewhere near DuPont 93-78387 Blue. Perhaps someone has an exact
match, and further information on the ARCO.

29/10/15 Cramer Hydra-Mow Q. See the photo of
the 1947 Cramer Hydra-Mow mower, with the McCulloch engine. This
mower has a hydraulic torque converter on the blade drive to
prevent a bent engine crankshaft when a stone or obstacle is hit
with the blade. Is there any-one out there who also owns one of
these mowers? Brad E. Smith, 7574 So. 74 Street, Franklin, WI

29/10/16 Unidentified Engine
Q. See the photo of an engine with no nameplate. I
have been told it is a 6 HP engine. Any help will be appreciated.
Red Chandler, 2321 Bethel Rd., Conyers, GA 30207.

A. The engine is an Associated, built by
Associated Mfrs., Waterloo, Iowa.

29/10/17 Port Huron Engines Lyle H. Fall, PO
Box 171, Davison, MI 48423 sends along some photocopy material of
the Port Huron engines. Offered in sizes from 3 to 50 horsepower,
they appear to have been well built. Has anyone ever heard of a
Port Huron engine? If so, Mr. Fall, as well as the Reflector, would
like to hear from you.

Readers Write

29/5/13 David Bradley Parts

Regarding the above article, I bought brand new clutch facings
direct from the Sears Parts Department last fall. The part number
is 6272M. For the clutch face, you need two. The bushing for the
drive pulley is 5386H. The price of the facings was about $15 each.
Sears has many parts for old David Bradley and Sears equipment. Joe
Nitka, ‘PO Box 537, Fishdale, MA 01518.

29/5/9 Humphrey Gas Pump

We’ve heard nothing regarding this query, but Dennis E.
Spark, PO Box 19, Goomalling, 6640, West Australia, has forwarded
some technical details from Modern Engines and Power Generators by
Rankin Kennedy. The Humphrey gas pump is a fluid-upon-fluid

A Closing Word

We began this issue with a number of interesting trademarks, and
we close the same way. See the Waterloo Boy tractor trademark. It
seems there has been a certain amount of question regarding first
light for the Waterloo Boy. From this trademark application, it
appears that the Waterloo Boy tractor first appeared August 1,
1913. There’s a possibility that a few were made prior to that
time under a different name, but that doesn’t seem likely.
Curiously though, the company waited three years for filing the

The purpose of the Reflections column is to provide a forum for
the exchange of all useful information among subscribers to GEM.
Inquiries or responses should be addressed to: REFLECTIONS, Gas
Engine Magazine, P.O. Box 328, Lancaster, PA 17608-0328.

Gas Engine Magazine

Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines