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26/7/32 Kohler Light Plant. Q. I’m
attempting to restore a Kohler power plant with a
Waukesha-Hesselman XAKH four-cylinder engine. It is 10 kw, 110
volts DC. I have called Waukesha and Kohler for information. There
were 226 built, but there is little other information. What is the
original color of the engine and generator? The original spark
plugs were DM 205148 Bosch. What spark plugs can be substituted?
The rod to the carburetor is missing. What is the correct length?
It has a Bendix magneto and Scintilla impulse. Is the Scintilla
original parts or replacement? Any correspondence will be greatly
appreciated. Doug McPherson, 186-43rd Ave., Vero Beach, FL

A. We can tell you that Bendix-Scintilla is one
and the same when it comes to magnetos. Bendix built a lot of
aircraft magnetos, and may still do so, for all we know. We have no
spark plug conversion chart that shows Bosch plugs. Can anyone

26/7/33 Hot Tube Ignition Q. We recently
acquired an 1890s vintage antique automobile engine. It was
originally built to use hot tube ignition and a surface carburetor.
If anyone knows anything about this, please correspond. We might
also be interested in purchasing a surface carburetor or hot tube.
Any help will really be appreciated. Brent D. Jones ,1219
Circle Tower Bldg., 5 East Market St., Indianapolis, IN

A. If you’re able to send us a picture of
the engine, this would be of more help. However, if anyone can be
of assistance to this gentleman, please do so.

26/7/34 Emerson-Brantingham Colors Q. Can
anyone tell me the correct color for Emerson-Brantingham gang
plows? I thought it was a light red color. Any information will be
greatly appreciated. Albert J. Ruhland, 8290 W. 280th St., New
Prague, MN 56071.

A. We agree that it is a light red, but we have
no color match so far.

26/7/35 FBM Engine Q. See the photo of a FBM 1?
HP engine. The number is 58834. Can you tell me the year of this
engine ? Jason S loan, RR 2, Box 95-A, Dover, OH

A. Are you sure there isn’t a ‘1’
ahead of this number? If so, then it is a 1923 model.

26/7/36 Unidentified Engine Q. See the two
photos of an unidentified engine. It appears to have
‘Sutorbilt’ on the name tag, along with s/n 1224. The
heater tag reads: Stewart Warner, s/n 519, 90,000 btu/hr; 120# dry
weight, Made in Chicago, Illinois. Any information will be greatly
appreciated. Don Sidwell, RR 1, Box 202, Queen City, MO


Water Injection in Poppin’ Johnny I need to
make the following correction to my article, ‘Similarities
Between Rumely OilPull and Poppin’ Johnny’ in the January
1991 edition of GEM.

The second edition, Operation, Care and Repair of Farm Machinery
published by John Deere, Moline, Illinois, states on page 155:

‘When the engine is working under heavy load on hot days,
pre-ignition is apt to occur. Pre-ignition, or explosion of the
gases within the cylinder before the proper time, causes loss of
power. It is stopped by feeding water from the cooling system into
the fuel mixture by turning the water feed lever (at rear of
transmission case) to the left. The added moisture holds down the
engine temperature. The water should be turned off when the engine
is stopped, as it is not needed until pre-ignition occurs.’

This was kindly brought to my attention by Mr. Everett G.
Althaus, Mr. Ted Stein, Mr. Kenneth Naylor, and Mr. Clausen.

The third edition and the fifth edition of Operation, Care and
Repair of Farm Machinery mention water injection, but John Deere
does not mention water injection in the sixteenth edition.

Doug Sellers, 1102 Peach St., Abilene, TX 79602.

Paradox Engine On page 7 of the February 1991
GEM you show Photos MM-1 and MM-2 of a small gas engine. About
eight years ago I started a list of guys that had this little
engine in the Midwest. The list was up to six, but is now up to
seventeen. If anyone has a Paradox engine, please let me know. Also
see Photo 26/7/37 of a Paradox as shown in a 1906 advertisement.
P. D. Woodworth, Box 4, Ursa, IL 62376.

Sawmill Books Several people wrote concerning
companies not included in our recent title, The Circular Sawmill,
published by Stemgas. Thanks to everyone who wrote. Of special
interest is some information on a book, SAWPOWER, Making Lumber in
the Sawmills of Nova Scotia. For further information on
availability, you might contact: Max F. Homfeld, 7964 Oakwood
Park Ct., St. Michaels, MD 21663.

26/4/8 Unidentified Engine This must be a hot
air engine. One of the connecting rods would be for the displacer

26/4/15 Buckingham Engine I’ll bet this is
a motorcycle engine, and it’s English.

26/4/49 Standard Engine I know of four
companies who made Standard engines. These were the Standard
Company, Torrington, Conn.; Standard Gas Engine Co., Oakland,
Calif.; Standard Gear Co., Detroit, Mich.; and Standard Motor
Construction Co., Jersey City, NJ.

(The above three responses were from Max F. Homfeld. His
address is shown above with the response on sawmills.)

26/4/46 Ingeco Regarding this query and the 10
HP Ingeco engines: Ingeco Bulletin 29 C 1915 lists their ‘farm
engines’ in hit-and-miss styles of 1?, 2?, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 15
horsepower. All of those sizes, with the exception of the 1? HP,
were also available in throttle governed styles. The wizard
oscillating magneto was optional on the 2? and 4 HP sizes, and
apparently was standard on the larger engines.

Over the past five years, I have cataloged over 90 Ingeco
engines. A copy of this register is available to GEM readers if
they send a large envelope with two stamps.

The 10 HP engine owned by Mr. Warren is the only one in that
size that I am aware of.

Ingeco designated their farm engines as Type AJ, AK, AL, etc.,
corresponding to 1? HP, 2? HP, 4 HP, etc. Reed S. Benton, RD 1,
Box 116, Wassaic, NY 12592.

26/5/16 Cushman I thought I had seen or owned
about every old engine they made at Lincoln. One of their first air
cooled jobs was used in their scooters. They were vertical, like
Briggs etc If they ever made a horizontal one cylinder job,
it’s news to me. I believe Cushman is wholly owned by OMC.
I’ve been told by people who have written to Cushman that all
the records have been destroyed. Who made this engine could also be
the $64 question like with the vertical Maytag. Who made it? The
same writer comments on:

26/5/17 Case Model L tractors I have both the L
and LA tractors. Like the Wallis, the clutch is of the wet type,
and clutch housing and motor are common. When draining engine oil,
clutch housing must also be drained and both must be refilled. I
never replaced head or pan gaskets, so I can’t say whether they
are the same. These tractors were not very fuel efficient, and
neither was the Wallis, but when they came out, fuel was about 10
cents a gallon. My LA sure liked that $1.10 a gallon gas. Of the
older tractors, my Farmall M was very good on fuel. Herb Eltz,
RFD 1, Box 109, Juniata, NE 68955.

Thanks also to Wilson McClellan, 1013 Wilmeth Drive, Spearman,
TX 79081 for sending along similar information on the Case Model L
and LA tractors. Thanks, too, to several other people who responded
in the same vein.

Neck & Filler Cap Problems? If you need a
neck and filler cap for an engine gas tank, use the filler neck and
cap from an old automotive power steering pump. Newton DeYoung,
Box 56, Friesland, WI 53935.

Lauson Engine John Nickels, RR 3, Petrolia,
Ont. N0N 1R0 Canada writes to thank everyone who answered his
letter in the April GEM. He was able to identify his engine as a
radiator-cooled Lauson.

26/3/2 John Deere Type K Engine According to an
article in the September 1985 GEM, pages 8 and 9, John Deere did
make a kerosene version of their Model E engines. These were
designated as Model EK. According to the article, these are quite
scarce in the U.S., as most of them were exported. Thomas E.
Gipson, 202 Mary Sharp Drive, Decherd, TN 37324.

Coney Pickup See Photos 26/7/38A and 38B of a
Coney pickup powered by a John Deere combine power unit, Model LVC.
This is the same model as in the LA tractor. The Coney pickup was
made in Japan but they stopped making them, and parts were no
longer available, so I replaced it with the LVC two-cylinder
Hercules engine. I took the clutch out of the Coney and used the
power unit clutch and a cable to the clutch pedal. My dog Spotty
(see photo) is very happy riding in the little John Deere Coney.
Carlton Kolstad & Spotty, 5595 Olson Rd., Ferndale, WA

Shaw Garden Tractors Reed Porterfield, 4706 NE
Shaffer Road, Topeka, KS 66617 sends along some interesting
information. Apparently, Sypher Mfg. Co. at Toledo, Ohio offered a
small runabout (perhaps a cycle car) in the 1920s. Shaw
Manufacturing Co. at Galesburg, Kansas added their clutch and
transmission. Has anyone heard of these units, or are there any
still in existence? Mr. Porter-field sent along some photocopies of
this interesting little runabout, but they just won’t reproduce
well enough for inclusion here.

March GEM Cover Story ‘The cover story of
the March issue prompted me to delve back into my own memory of a
similar engine that apparently ran with no carburetor.’ With
this introductory comment, Ray Rylander, 805 E. San Rafael St.,
Colorado Springs, CO 80903 continues with his recollections of
engines operated on coal gas. Due to the lack of almost everything
during World War Two, the engine valves were lapped to their seats
using a combination of grease and river sand. Thanks Ray, for
writing of some interesting recollections.

26/3/12 Suburbanite Garden Tractor Paul Lee,
12605 Brookstone Ct., Poway, CA 92064 writes that he received a
tremendous response to his query on the Suburbanite; in all,
twenty’ one responses came in! Several of these folks also sent
copies of this information over to GEM. Your response are all
greatly appreciated, and thank you!

26/3/4 LeRoi Engines In the March 1991 GEM, Mr.
Kittleson wrote, questioning his LeRoi engine because it appeared
backward from the pictures he had seen of the Model R,
31/8 x 4? single cylinder engines. The
designation RH means hopper cooled. These were indeed made in both
a right hand and a left hand version, because I owned one of each,
and they looked like mirror images. This was a complex thing, as it
required completely different crankcase and gear cover housings,
but was done to suit particular installation needs for large
customer orders such as concrete mixers, where accessibility
demanded a reversed configuration. LeRoi did this on four-cylinder
engines as well. The R Series was made through the 1920s and 1930s
and was dropped from production in 1940. Waukesha Motor Co.
acquired LeRoi in the 1960s. I worked 37 years for Waukesha. Ivan
P. Baxter, 318 North Ave., Hartland, WI 53029. Thanks to Ivan
for sending us a photocopy of the service parts list on LeRoi

Studebaker Aircraft Engines Sometime back, an
inquiry was made regarding whether Studebaker built an aircraft
engine. A letter from Hooks K. Johnston Sr., Red Bluff Island, RFD
1, Box 299, Ridgeland, SC 29936-8931 gives a small amount of
information. Apparently, in the latter 1940s Studebaker produced
their H-90350-1 engine. It was a four-cycle, horizontally opposed,
‘H’ type engine equipped with a two-speed co-axial
propeller drive. This engine was capable of up to 5,000 bHP at
takeoff. It used 24 cylinders of 8.000 inch bore and 7.750 inch
stroke for a total displacement of 9.350 cubic inches. It had a dry
weight of 6,870 pounds.

24/4/8 Hot Air Engine This is part of an Essex
hot air engine. Essex made a lot of hot air fans and this is
probably part of one, as it follows the general layout of the Essex
fan. This response, and the one immediately above are from:
Brad E. Smith, 7574 S. 74 St., Franklin, WI 53132.

David Bradley Red On page 5 of the April 1991
GEM, the color for the David Bradley Red is listed as PPG 72155.
However, it looks too much like Allis-Chalmers Orange to me. Gareth
L. McNabb, 7959 Atwater Dr., Lexington, MI 48450. Just recently
we received some 1961 paint color information on Maran-Senour
enamels. It lists Bradley Red as 90R-3725 and 90R-3724 for Bradley

Continental Engine These are certainly
interesting engines, in that they seem to have virtually endless
variations. I guess the slant engines attract me, as I also have
several Reo engines, but no Iron Horse engines. A visually
identical engine to the one shown in 26/4/5 is being produced to
this day, but the only identical parts are the two valve tappets,
and the same bore and stroke of 21/8 x 2
inches. Ed Batchelor, 17 Horseshoe Drive, Shelton, CT 06484.

26/4/36 Farmall MD Tractor Several people wrote
to us concerning this query. The British version of the Farmall MD,
often called the BMD, used a direct injection engine, the
British-built BD-264 model. Super BMD tractors were built from 1953
to 1959. Unless you get up close, you can’t tell the difference
between the British and American versions. Thanks to all who

26/4/31 Model T Coils We’ve never had a
response like this before! Over two dozen replies came back on the
question of proper condenser size for the famous Model T Ford spark
coils. We also found out that a substantial number of our readers
have been repairing Model T coils for years! It took awhile to
categorize all the responses, but the average consensus is that a
capacitor value of 0.5 to 1 mfd. is sufficient, and the capacitor
should be rated at 100 to 200 volts. Experimenters are cautioned to
disconnect the old capacitor. Some writers say to use a capacitor
with a voltage rating of not less than 200 volts, and others set
this as high as 400 volts. Again, we’re just telling you the
average of what the respondents told us: a few indicated that a
microfarad rating of .22 to .25 mfd is sufficient. Anyway, thanks
to everyone who wrote in. Reading all your interesting letters is
very enjoyable and makes our job a lot easier.

French & Hecht Several responses came in
regarding French & Hecht, the old-time wheel makers. The last
address we have for them is: French & Hecht Div. Titan
Wheel International Inc. P.O. Box 739 Walcott, IA 52773


This month is no doubt one of the biggest showings of models
we’ve had in this column. There are a great many interesting
models shown this time, including one made of wood that actually
runs! Our compliments to each of the modelmakers for their work.
Only when one has actually built some models does a real
appreciation develop for the work involved. The payoff comes when
the model is done, and when, of course, the proud owner can show it
off to others.

26/7/39 Some Nice Models Photo 26/7/39A shows a
pair of Galloway engines using the Richard Shelly castings and
plans. These models were completed in early 1991.

Photo 26/7/39B illustrates an IHC Mogul model engine using the
Ed Chick castings and plans. It was built in 1989.

The Olds model in 26/7/39C was completed in 1990. It uses the
Paul Breisch castings and plans. Built in 1990.

The engine in 26/7/39D is a model of a Perkins engine, using the
DeBolt castings and plans. It was built in 1990.

Shown in 26/7/39E is an Associated model, again using the Paul
Breisch castings and plans. This too was built in 1990.

A pair of ‘stove pipe’ Domestic engine models are
illustrated in 26/7/39F. These engines were built in 1988 from the
Richard Shelly castings and plans.

All of the engines noted above were built by Garland Jobe, 2114
Alamance Church Road, Greensboro, NC 27406. Garland wrote his
letter to us from the Walthourville, Georgia Show back on March 7.
As he was writing, it was 70 degrees. As ye olde Reflector compiles
this column two months (to the day) later, it’s 35 degrees here
in good old Iowa!

Regarding the question of scale models, Mr. Jobe writes:

Some have asked, why build scale models? Well, after loading and
unloading the heavy engines, 1 ? to 15 horsepower for several
years, it is so much easier on the back to load models in the 70
pound range and go to shows. We can pack 7 or more engines in the
motor home and still have room from the front seat to the bathroom
in the rear. From time to time, friends ask me to build a model
engine for them, or machine various parts either for original
engines or models, and this keeps me busy continuously. Ain’t
retired life wonderful?


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Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines