Author Photo
By C. H. Wendel | Aug 1, 1994

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29/8/1A Fig. 319.-Fundamental Types of Pendulum Governors
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29/8/11 C
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As soon as we can get the materials organized, we’ll be
presenting a series of articles on the Alamo Engine Company within
this column. Mr. Verne Kind-schi of Prairie du Sac, Wisconsin
graciously loaned us a large packet of Alamo materials, and it
includes a lot of photos of Alamo engines . . . early ones and some
later ones too.

Thanks to everyone who stopped by our stand at the Waukee (Iowa)
Swap Meet. The weather was great, the crowds were huge, and we hope
a grand time was had by all!

We have lots of material this issue, so let’s get started

Fig. 319.Fundamental Types of Pendulum Governors.

29/8/1 Questions Asked Q. Reading through
American Gas Engines Since 1872 has generated the following

1. Can you explain how the Rites Inertia Governor works, as
shown on pages 19 and 149.

2.  How did Galloway get the saw rig engine to run
‘backwards’ as shown on page 199, besides repainting the

3.  What caused the majority of early engines to have
broken crankshaft problems?

(At max. speed the weighted pendulum b, which is fastened to the
valve rod a, lays so far behind that on the upstroke c fails to

Designs of Pendulum Governors:

29/8/1B FIG. 320.Gasmotor-en-Fabrik, Deutz.

29/8/1B FIG.321.Pendulum Governor, Krupp-Gruson-werk.

(Blade a, at n max, is thrown above block c by the
action of wedge b See Figs. 238 and 239.)

(The pendulum b, carried by the exhaust valve rod a, prevents
the closing of the valve when n max is reached.
Counterweight c and deflector d are adjustable.)

29/8/1B Fig.323.Pendulum Governor, Crossley Bros. (Pendulum b,
carried by valve lever a, at n max, lags behind far
enough to cause blade c to miss the valve stem.)

(Pendulum a is carried back and forth by b. At
n max the notch at the lower end of a fails to engage
the right hand end of the blade c. The left end of the
latter drops down and misses the stem d. Fig. 237 shows
another construction due to the same designers. Here the pendulum
f is moved up and down with the valve lever
d’e. The air pressure produced in the dash pot
h deflects the vertical blade to the right, and at
n max causes it to miss the stem of the gas valve
b altogether. Latch g holds f in this position
until the former is unhooked in the highest position of b.
The speed may be controlled by adjusting the small escape valve

A. In answer to (1), the simplest form of
pendulum governor uses a simple hanging pick blade, as shown at (b)
in Figure 319. Simple pick blades are thrown out of their normal
position by interfering with fixed contact pieces. They are brought
back to normal position either by their own inertia or by spring
pressure. Guided pendulums are thrown out of their normal, or
engagement, position only after the maximum speed has been
exceeded. Figures 321 through 324 show various kinds of pendulum
governors applied to engines. The Rites governor, although
operating from the flywheel, is built on the same principle, viz.,
the principle of inertia. The illustrations are taken from
Guldner’s Internal Combustion Engines, by Hugo Guldner.

The Galloway engine to which you refer had a symmetrical cam,
that is, the rise and fall of the cam was the same on each side of
the top of the lobe. By simply shifting the cam gear in relation to
its mate on the crank, the engine can be made to run in the
opposite direction. Many engines with symmetrical cams can be
reversed in this manner.

Most early engines with crankshaft problems had the source of
the problem in cranks that were designed too light for the duty
involved, or with metals that fatigued through use. A great many
used cranks cut out of a solid billet of iron, and the iron used
was simply incapable of withstanding the constant twisting strains
imposed. Misalignment was another common problem, especially in
large engines.

29/8/2 Massey-Harris Engine Q. See the two
photos of a Massey-Harris engine, Type 3, 3 HP, Factory Number
3EL117. 7 would like to know the age and locate a manual for same.
Any information will be appreciated. Lorne Radcliffe, Box 37
Cardale, Manitoba ROK OJO Canada.



A. If anyone can be of help, please contact Mr.

29/8/3 Salsbury Motors Co. Q. I would like to
get the address of Salsbury Motors Company. I will answer all
letters. Any information greatly appreciated. Charles Meider, 2113
Townline Rd., Chippewa Falls, WI 54729.

A. Can anyone be of help?

29/8/4 Witte Information Q. Can you give the
year built of a Witte engine, 2 HP, and s/n B32005? Richard Miller,
216 W. Scott St., Dalzell, IL 61320.

A. Your engine was built in 1926.

29/8/5 Unidentified Engine Q. See the two
photos of an engine that looks like a Detroit, but has ‘Col.
Engine Co.’ on the flywheel. In American Gas Engines, I found a
Columbia which looks like the Detroit, but I can find no cross
reference to the latter. It looks as if the engine was red with
green skids. Any information will be appreciated. James McKee, Rt
1, Box 163, Gray Court, SC 29645.

A. Yours could certainly be a Columbia,
comparing the photos; however we don’t know the connection
between Detroit and Columbia, if there was one. Perhaps some of our
readers might be aware of further information.

29/8/6 David Bradley Tractor Q. I have a David
Bradley garden tractor, Model 9175756, Series 312. It uses a
Continental AU7 engine. It is in perfect condition and has all the
available Sears attachments. Any further information on this unit,
such as year built, and other information would be greatly
appreciated. A little history on David Bradley would also be
appreciated. Gene Schreiber, 22045 Albatross Circle, Farmington, MN

A. David Bradley was a pioneer implement
builder with a factory at Bradley, Illinois. He began making
malleable plows in the 1830s, and built a substantial business on
this foundation. We have no information as to when Sears &
Roebuck began selling the David Bradley line, or when Sears
actually took over the company.

29/8/7 Unidentified Engine Q. See the three
photos of an engine I ran across in an old barn. The nameplate
reads, ‘Baker Hamilton S.F.; No. 6863, 6 hp.’ Within
American Gas Engines, the closest I can come is to the Blakeslee
made at Birmingham, Alabama. Any further information will be
greatly appreciated. William J. Fereira, 121 Entrada Mesa Rd.,
Danville, CA 94526.

A. Baker &. Hamilton was a gigantic
hardware company; we have their 1910 catalog, and it is almost five
inches thick! In the 1910 catalog B & H was selling the Bulldog
engines from Bates & Edmonds Motor Co., Lansing, Michigan.
Quite possibly they were selling the Blakeslee engines earlier on.
The ideal solution would be to locate an earlier Baker &
Hamilton catalog, perhaps at a local historical society, or in a
private collection.

29/8/8 Thanks! to Glen Gerlach, 99 Simon-Miller
Rd., Wheelersburg, OH 45694 for sending along photocopies of a
1916-17 Charles Williams Stores catalog pertaining to the Maynard

29/8/9 Fairbanks-Morse Type Y Q. I have a 50 HP
Fairbanks-Morse Type Y, Style V engine, sin 037673. According to
the serial number list this engine would have been built prior to
1911. However, this does not agree with the production period of
1913 to 1917. Can you explain this serial number? Any help would be
appreciated. Eddie Turner, 716 Redgate Rd., Pamplico, SC 29583.

A. During the research of our book,
Fairfranks-Morse, 1893-1993, we were accorded full use of company
documents, including the microfiche of the serial number records.
Along the way there are variances in the s/n records that relate to
specially built engines, experimental, etc. However, the numbers
are pretty straightforward throughout. Production dates of most
engines, especially the Type Y and its successors, are extensively
documented, and we’re talking original, primary documentation,
not some compilation of years later and made from memory or
recollections. The bottom line is that we can’t explain this
number, even though we know the historical data on pages 66ff. of
the above title to be accurate. By the way, Type YV engines went
into production in 1914, and remained in production into 1924. At
that time it was redesigned and the wing pistons were replaced with
a new design.

29/8/10 Two Tractor Questions Q. I have a 1947
Minneapolis-Moline U cutaway engine that was at the University Farm
School in St. Paul, Minnesota. It was for training students on the
working parts of the engine. Has anyone out there seen one, know
where there is one, or did other tractor companies make them?

Also, I have an Allis-Chalmers standard-tread tractor on factory
steel. It has a 5 inch bore with a little gas tank on the fender.
The number on the shifting lever is 25606. What year and what model
is it? Any information would be appreciated. Robert J. Riebel, RR
1, Box 163, LeSueur, MN 56058.

A. Cutaway engines, while not common, are found
occasionally. Most companies did, (and still do) make a cutaway for
advertising and for educational purposes.

We would guess that your A-C is a Model E, 25-40 tractor, built
in 1936. There are indications that 90 special 30-60 Model E
tractors were built, beginning with No. 25612 and ending with

29/8/11 Racine Engine Q. See the photos of what
is believed to be an engine made by Racine Engine Co., Racine,
Wisconsin. A very similar engine is shown on page 405 of American
Gas Engines. It is missing the mixer, the ignition system is
missing many parts, and it is a puzzle as to how to operate. The
gear under the flywheel end of the crank has two eccentrics . The
flywheel side of the gear is a brass cupped piece with a fiber
lining and two contacts 180 degrees from each other with two
thumbnut connections on the outside of the cup. This cup is
stationary with a spring-tensioned roller inside turning with the
gear. I assume this will be part of the ignition system. Any help
toward the restoration of this engine will be greatly appreciated.
Glen Gerlach, 99 Simon-Miller Road, Wheelersburg, OH 45694.

A. If you can be of help in this worthy (and
challenging) project, please contact Mr. Gerlach.

29/8/12 Bean Engine Q. I’m a new
subscriber, and would like to find some information on the 4 HP
Bean engine in the photo. Any help will be appreciated. Chas.
DeWeese, PO Box 8, Alma, IL 62807.

29/8/13 Some Questions Q. Can anyone identify
the engine in photos 13 A and 13B? It appears to be a marine
engine, green in color, and the only marking is a ‘4’ on
the cylinder. The flywheel is 13 inches in diameter and has a 3?
face. From base to top of exhaust elbow is 18 inches.

Can anyone identify the feed grinder in photo 13C? The only
markings are ‘A64’ on the grinding plate cover and
‘F’ on the front legs with a ‘B’ on the back legs.
It measures 31 inches from the top of the cast iron hopper to the
bottom of the legs.

Photo 13D illustrates one of my engine rigs. It uses a 1919 Novo
2 HP to power a well pump. A New-Way 1919 model, 5 HP engine drives
the feed grinder. I find that people really enjoy seeing the old
engines doing work. Dave Dickinson, 6190 Keller Ave., Newfane, NY

A. On the latter point we agree completely!
Engines that are running and those that are belted to same machine
always attract spectators. Those sitting dead prompt a non-stop
walk-by, and that doesn’t really do much for a show!

29/8/14 A Cooling Tank Q. See the photo of a
large cooling tank. It is said to have come off of a large engine.
The size is 16 inches wide, 30 inches long, and 39 inches tall.
Does anyone recognize it? Any information will be appreciated. Kent
H. Zobel, Rt 1, Box 35 A, Monroe, NE 68647.

A. Can anyone answer this question with

29/8/15 Panzer Tractor Q. I’m restoring a
Panzer lawn and garden tractor. I need to know the color, color of
the wheels, and color of the PANZER name on the cast iron grille.
Any help will be much appreciated. Vernon R. Mexler, 77 Main St.,
Seven Valley’s, PA 17360.

A. Can anyone be of help?

29/8/16 Continental Engine Q. I recently
acquired my first project, and was hoping someone could supply some
information. The engine is a Continental AA7, s/n 57432, 1 HP. It
appears to be painted black all over, with only a decal on the end
of the fuel tank and a metal ID plate. I obtained it from an old
mower shop, but the local Continental supplier seems to think it
may have been supplied to the military. I would like to know its
age, proper color, and whether a decal is available. Any help in
getting me started with this project would be appreciated. Dwight
Varnes, 6089 Lemon St., East Petersburg, PA 17520.

A. Please be of help to Mr. Varnes if you

29/8/17 Information Needed Q. What is the year
built of the following tractors:

McCormick-Deering W-30, s/n WB24848P

Oliver 88 Std., s/n 824259C 88G S. W. Bowes, 58 Haynee St.,
Regina, SASK S4N 1P7 Canada

A. The W-30 was built in 1938; the 88 Standard
is 1950.

29/8/18 Palmer Power Q. See the photos of a
generating set we recently saved from a scrap yard. For photo
purposes the side covers have been removed. This is a Palmer Power
from Los Angeles, CA and is power by a Model U 164 IHC engine, s/n
1557. The generator is from Palmer Electric Mfg. Co., 6629 Bear
Ave., Los Angeles, California, Model YS, 17.5kw. Any information on
this unit, when it was built, or perhaps a paint color would be
greatly appreciated. Dries Juffer, Bovenstraatweg 11, 8096 PC,
Oldebroek, The Netherlands, Europe.

A. We don’t have enough information the
U-164 engine to be of help, and we have nothing at all on Palmer
Electric. Perhaps some of our readers might be of help.

29/8/19 Bantam Tractors In the October 1991
issue of GEM you printed an article on my husband’s Bantam
tractors. We got unbelievable responses to it. Just recently we got
one from a reader in Ohio. Therefore, I’d appreciate your
telling your readers that we have a new address:Joe Artman
23501 Co. Line Rd., Sheridan, IN 46069

29/8/20 Haney Tractor Q. I recently acquired a
Haney tractor and would like to get it back as close as possible to
the original, if I could find out what ‘original’ was. Any
help will be appreciated. Paul Taylor 3385 N 800 E, Brownsburg, IN

29/8/21 Clutch Pulley Q. I hope the two
enclosed snapshots will help someone solve my dilemma . . . how to
remove the clutch pulley! The pulley shaft as noted in 21A is
smaller than the crank shaft of the 6 HP R &V to which it is
attached. Photo 21B show a collar with two 7116 inch setscrews.
When removed it only allows the pulley to slide in towards the
flywheel, and doesn’t it expose any other fasteners, setscrews,
or a key. When the clutch handle is removed, it does not expose any
fasteners. Can anyone give me a clue? Donald R. Green, PO Box 618,
Allyn, WA98524-0618.

29/8/22 Homelite Tank Heater Q. In the January
1994 GEM on page 12 under 28/10/3 you have a short note on Homelite
Motors. I have one of the Tank Heater Generators, Model 7028-6, s/n
337932, 50 amp, 1500 watts, 30 volts. The above information was
from the tags on the motor. I do not have the generator or any
panel, if there was such. I would like to find further information
on this unit and/or a generator for it. The motor does not have
valves, it is a sleeve-valve unit. Any help will be appreciated.
John H. Harding, 92 Braden Crescent NW, Calgary, ALTA T2L 1N3

29/8/23 Fairbanks-Morse Q. Can you give me the
year built for a Fairbanks-Morse Type Z engine, 1 HP, s/n 515576?
Frank T. Smoky ,127 Hunt-ington Circle, Elyria, OH 44035.

A. 1922.

29/8/24 Radio Amateurs I am a radio amateur who
also happens to be interested in old stationary engines, and an
avid GEM reader. If other radio amateurs also interested in the
engine hobby would contact me, I plan to circulate a listing to
help people become aware of each other. Write me at: Donald R.
Kalman, VE7YR, 15975 -16th Avenue, Surrey, BC V4A 1S2 Canada or
send a packet message to VE7YR @ VE7KIT.

29/8/25 Thanks!to everyone who answered my
query of 29/4/23 on the County Tractor, particularly Mr. Andrew
Offer of Wiltshire, England; also Mr. Heald for his reply which was
printed in GEM. Edward Pedrick,’ PO Box 393, Santa Maria, CA

29/8/26 Shaw Mfg. Co. Q. See the sketch of a
cute little engine I picked up recently. As near as I can find out,
it was intended as a cycle or light vehicle engine, dates
approximately 1907. Can anyone provide further information on this
engine, especially the ignition system and the intake valve
cage/air mixer it had.

I also have a 1 Economy E 131807 and need to know color. . .
there are traces of a dark greenish gray. T. J. Shipman, RR w, Box
371-13, Buckhannon, WV 26201.

29/8/27 Witte Information Q. What is the year
built of a Witte 8 HP engine, s/n 51098? Can anyone supply sin
information on Sandwich and Atlantic engines? John MacDonald, 16
Carriage Lane, Roxbury, CT 06783.

A. The Witte was shipped to Martin Gavel,
Roxbury, CT on March 7, 1921. To our knowledge there is no s/n
information available on the other engines mentioned.

29/8/28 Witte 7 HP Q. See the photo of a Witte
7 HP engine, s/n B9258. We have heard of almost every size except
for the 7 HP model. Is it unusual or what? When was it built, and
what is the color? Sam Spencer & Family, 1285-A Lovett Rd.,
Orange Park, FL 32073.

A. The engine was shipped in November 1923; the
color is 1 part Rustoleum Black to 2 parts Rustoleum Forest Green.
It is also closely approximate to PPG 40952 Forest Green.

29/8/29 Central City Iron Works Q. See the
photo of a 4 HP Central City Iron Works engine. The engine has some
unusual features. It has a J-shaped rod to operate the exhaust
valve which is pulley instead of pushed. There is dual spark plug
ignition, and the cam shaft is chain driven. The base is cast in
two pieces which splits vertically, and the cylinder is cast square
in three pieces.

I would like to find additional information to that contained in
American Gas Engines. What is the connection between Central City
Iron works and Joshua Hendy Machine Works, as the engines pictured
are nearly identical (see pages 86 and 225 of American Gas
Engines). Any information will be appreciated. Kevin A. Behnke,
3325 North 65th Street, Wausau, WI 54403.

29/8/30 F-M Lawn Mower Q. See the illustration
of the ‘Grass Finder’ advertised by Fairbanks-Morse in
1953. This unit was said to be able to mow the lawn by itself
without human guidance. The operator would cut the outside lap and
then put the mower into the automatic operation mode. The mower
then followed the cut line by itself, operating through sensors
that guided the mower, supposedly’ around trees etc. Does
anyone know if these mowers were ever built? If so, does anyone
know of any still in existence? Brad E. Smith, 7574 So. 74th St.,
Franklin, WI 53132.

29/8/31 Witte Information

Q. When were the following Witte engines

2 HP, sin 23039
2 HP, s/n B26649
Special, s/n 94975

Mike Otis, 17 Cherry St., Perry, NY 14530.

A. In order, 1934, 1925, 1935.

29/8/32 Walsh and Monarch Tractors Q. I have a
Walsh garden tractor, No. D6528, and a Monarch made by Standard
Tractor Co.,No.409F3128. I am in need of operator manuals, years
built, proper colors, and how to wire the Walsh, and what kind of
coil was used. I would be glad to pay for any copies. Any
information will be appreciated. Thomas Kruse, 6232 Cedar Ln.,
Miamisburg, OH 45342.

29/8/33 Sattley Engine Q. I am a new collector
and just purchased a Montgomery-Ward Sattley engine, 1 HP, s/n
72828 with solid flywheels, as illustrated in the two photos. Can
anyone provide the original paint scheme, or provide additional
reference material on this engine. Any help will be appreciated.
John Weaver, 140 Hwy 49, Milledgville, GA 31061.

29/8/34 Colors Needed Q. I have an 1HC Type M,
s/n 64138 and need various information on it, including the proper
color. Also a 1 HP Fairbanks-Morse Z, s/n 476386. Also the best
source for decals. Larry Stinchcomb, Route 1, Box 188, Coyle, OK

A. The Type M is PPG40496 Adirondack Green; the
F-M is PPG 43846

Green. Several GEM advertisers have decals.

29/8/35 Leader Engine Q. I have a 2 HP Leader
engine from Field Force Pump Co., Elmira, New York, s/n 6709. Would
appreciate hearing from anyone who can tell me when this engine was
built. J. R. Cox, 6500 Seminole Rd., Mechanicsville, VA 23111.

29/8/36 Kinnard-Haines Q. In 1904, four
Kinnard-Haines Flour City tractors were imported into New Zealand.
It is believed that these machines preceded the English-built Ivel
tractor by 4 to 6 weeks and were the first tractors into this
country. As this is a British Dominion, the Ivel tractor was fully
reported at every move, but there is little documentation of the
Flour City ‘Oil Engines.’ Have any Kinnard-Haines tractors
survived in the USA? It would be very much appreciated if anyone
could help with locating one of these tractors, preferably restored
and from the 1903-04 period. Hopefully, I would like to come over
and photograph it. Yes, we are beginning preparations for our
tractor centenary in 2004. Please contact: Richard H. Robinson, RD
2, Rotorua, New Zealand 3221.

29/8/37 Challenge Engine Q. I am intending to
restore a 6 HP Challenge of about 1915 vintage. I would like to
contact a club or organization, or individual in the US that could
provide me with detailed information on the carburetor, ignition
system, proper color, etc. Any and all help will be greatly
appreciated. W. J. Seymour, 49 Station Street, Thornleigh, NSW,
2120 Australia.

29/8/38 Jacobsen Estate Mower Q. See the photo
of a Jacobsen engine off the above mower, No. E-12-302-11. Patented
April 23, 1923. the Jacobsen Co. is still in business in Racine,
Wisconsin but no longer has parts for this engine. This, I think,
should solve the mystery engine of Mr. Shipman’s sketch in
29/2/25. Jim Ailes,801 – 19thPl., Delano,GA93215.

29/8/39 Beaver Tractor  Q. Can anyone
provide any information on a 1951 Beaver Riding Tractor, Model
GRT6, as well as the proper color scheme. Any help will be
appreciated. Ed Ladinski, Box 450, RD3, Belvidere, NJ 07823.

29/8/40 Galloway Engine Q. See the photo of a
Galloway air cooled engine, s/n 016382. I would like to fix it up
and get it running again, so would like to find appropriate
operator information, paint color scheme, etc. Any information will
be appreciated. Paul A. Livezey, 140 Morgantown Ave., Barnesviile,
OH 43713-1424.

29/8/41 IH Paperweight Q. See the photo of a
paperweight. It is in the shape of Australia, and has the IH emblem
cast on it. The handle of the paperweight is a bird, probably the
Kookaburra, which is a native of Australia. It is cast iron, and
the lines denote the five Australian states. Any help in
identifying this paperweight will be appreciated. Gilbert Irps,
3156 Waldron Road, Kankakee, IL 60901.

29/8/42 Cushman Vertical Q. See the photos of
my Cushman engine, Model C-l, 4 HP, s/n 53154- It has a
Fairbanks-Morse magneto, Type FM, Mode! J. Is this the correct
one.? When was this engine built, and did it have the radiator or
the old style cooling tank? What is the correct color?

Also what is the correct color match for Wisconsin gray engines.
The factory could only tell me it was battleship gray. Any help
will be appreciated. John G. Boyd, 1921 LaSalle St., Martinez, CA

A. The F-M magneto was probably installed
later. F-M offered adapters for a great many different engines.
There are no serial number listings for Cushman. It could have been
supplied with the open tank or a radiator as an option. The color
generally used is DuPont 93-62713-H Green.

Readers Write

Southern Engine & Boiler Works

In the April issue, you pictured the logo of this firm. The
company went on to produce the Southern automobile, later changing
the name to Marathon. In 1910 the firm moved to Nashville, where it
produced cars until 1914.

Photo RW-1 shows a sign illustrating the Southern Logo. Photo
RW-2 illustrates a restored 2 HP Southern engine. Thomas E. Gipson,
202 Mary Sharp Drive, Decherd, TN 37324.

29/4/27 Aerothrust

In answer to this inquiry, this is a boat propulsion engine that
had steel clamping brackets to attach it to the transom of a
rowboat. It originally had a walnut wood propeller in a shroud.

29/4/5 Norseman Tractor

Regarding the Norseman, this was a version of the U.S. made OMC
tractor designed for the Canadian market. The OMC (Ostenburg
Manufacturing Co.) tractor was produced in Kansas from 1938-54.
Thomas E. Gipson, 202 Mary Sharp Drive, Decherd, TN 37324.

29/5/6 Transmission

This is a marine transmission made by Detroit Engine Works, ca.
1910-15. This unit was made in 2 to 20 horsepower sizes; the one
shown appears to be in the 2 to 4 HP size. Also, referencing this
is a WW2 radio transmitter power unit for the BC 191 HF
transmitter. The 1000 volt, .350 amp is deadly and I doubt could be
modified for a useful lower voltage. The 12 volts charged the
filament battery for the transmitter. These units were not too
common, as most vehicle users of the transmitter had a
Leece-Neville 12 volt generator separate from the vehicle ignition
system. The shielded ignition wire from the magneto was to reduce
radio interference. Richard A. Day Jr., Rt 2, Box 44, Leonardtown,
MD 20650.

Four-Cylinder Olin Engine

As soon as I saw the picture I told myself that engine belonged
next to my 4 and 10 HP Olin engines. I gave a friend who works in
Buffalo a call and asked if he would inquire about it. He found out
the church had been converted into a retirement home about six
years ago. A priest told him the engine and generator were disposed
of at that time. (What a sin!) That engine was without a doubt the
only one in existence and to find out about it six years too late!
(Moral of the letter is this: If you hear of a lead, check it out .
. . you might get lucky!) Dale Nickerson, 8670 Glasgow Rd.,
Cassadaga, NY 14718.

Modelmakers Corner

Norman’s Miniatures

After final assembly of a half dozen or so half-scale Briggs
&. Stratton F, FB, FC, and FH engines, to my surprise, I
accidentally put too much oil in the crankcase of the first engine.
With it being new, and the rings not seated yet, it started to
generate miniature smoke rings after 30 minutes. I thought this to
be interesting, because without the little end cap on the muffler,
the internal configuration and the acoustics and a little touch of
oil, are some of the ingredients to build smoke rings. This
accident turned out to be quite an attraction.

See MM-1 of a half-scale Briggs Model FB.

Photo MM-2 shows last winter’s progress of a half scale 1957
Cushman Eagle with sidecar containing radio and receiver servos and
battery. Norman D. Brockelsby, 1127 North Sherman, Grand Island, NE

Engines from Scratch

See MM-3 and MM-4 of a small engine with 3-inch brass flywheels.
It has a bore and stroke of 1 x 1 inches, displacement of 0.98
cubic inches, and compression ratio of 5:1. It is a hit-and-miss
engine with the governor built into the left flywheel. The ignition
features variable timing and uses a ‘T’ coil and a 6-volt
lantern battery installed in the engine base.

Photos MM-5 and MM-6 show an engine with 5 inch cast iron
wheels. This engine has a 1×1 inch bore and stroke, 1.18 cid and a
7:1 compression ratio. It has no governor but idles to less than
300 rpm without missing a beat. This engine also has variable
ignition and utilizes a lawn mower coil with modified laminations
and 6 D-cells packaged to produce 3 volts. Robert F. Nance, 28
Lindley Avenue, Sutnter, SC 29150.

Breisch Castings

Under the Model Makers Corner in GEM I recently called Mrs.
Breisch as I needed a casting for a model. She told me she had sold
all the business to:

Clarence Myers,
15929 Five Point Road
Perrysburg, OH 43551

I called Mr. Myers and he confirmed this and I got my casting,
so I’m not sure who Jay Peters is, or if he also is involved.
Marlen Baerenwald 2595 Emerald Dr., Jonesboro, GA 30236.
(Editor’s note: We called Mrs. Breisch about this and she
clarified by telling us that Mr. Myers bought the steam portion of
the business, Mr. Peters the gas engine part.)

A Closing Word

We’ve gone through a lot of queries this month, and thank
all our readers for their questions coming into the column, and
especially thank those who take time to reply to many of the
questions. We’ll grant that we have lots of files stuffed full
of information, but oftentimes we don’t have the information
that someone needs. Thus, if we can serve as the medium by which
others can be given some assistance, we here at GEM are indeed
rewarded for our efforts.

By this Fall, we should start getting details regarding a
possible GEM sponsored tour to Germany, Holland, and some other
countries during the summer of 1995. Possibly, we’ll even get
the chance to attend a show or two. We’ve heard from a number
of folks who would like a repeat performance of the wonderful tour
to England in June 1993. If you’d be interested in going on the
1995 tour, let us know.

Have a safe, happy, and enjoyable time at the shows. Hopefully,
we’ll be on hand for the Midwest Old Threshers Reunion at Mt.
Pleasant, Iowa on the Labor Day Weekend. Last, but not least,
thanks to all who stopped by our stand at the Waukee, Iowa Swap
Meet over the Memorial Day weekend. Everyone who attended this
event in 1993 will likely never forget the sea of mud brought on by
never-ending rains. This year however, the weather was beautiful
and there were items on hand for virtually every taste or want.

Gas Engine Magazine

Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines