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We have lots of news this month, including a great many letters
from our readers. First of all, we have a News Release regarding
the Witte engine serial numbers:

National Oilwell has announced that queries regarding Witte
engines should now be directed to:

C. H. Wendel  R. R. 1, Box 28-A Atkins, IA 52206

Mr. Thomas G. Johnston, the Plant Manager at National
Oilwell’s Garland, Texas facility noted that the records have
been donated to Midwest Old Threshers Association at Mt. Pleasant,
Iowa. For the present time however, they are in the custody and
care of Mr. Wendel, who has agreed to handle the requests of Witte
engine owners in regard to serial numbers, instruction data, and
the like.

Mr. Johnston also stated that the transfer was being made in the
interest of preserving and maintaining this historic record.

Additional details regarding available data and services on the
Witte engines will be in the next issue of Gas Engine Magazine.

As of this date however, please do not send requests for
information on Witte engines to National Oilwell, but instead,
direct your inquiries to Mr. Wendel, whose address is listed

Several years ago the Reflector had talked with Mr. Johnston and
others at National Oilwell in regard to the preservation of the
Witte records, so it came as a big surprise when Mr. Johnston
called us recently, informing us that the records would have a new
home. As this column is being prepared in early February, we do not
yet have sufficient details at hand to include a schedule of items
available. Over the past years however, Mr. Johnston has maintained
a file of Witte engines for which information has been requested.
These permanent files constitute a registry of Witte engine still
in existence, and usually include ‘before and after’
photographs of the engines.

Ye olde Reflector has been busy putting the finishing touches on
a little book tentatively titled as The Circular Sawmill. It will
include all sorts of information about setting up and operating
sawmills, some articles on the hammering of saws, and will
illustrate the mills of well over fifty different manufacturers. It
will be published by Stemgas, and there will be an announcement
when it is ready.

On another front, the Reflector made comment several issues back
about a Junkers diesel engine in our possession. We are still
getting mail on this one, as will be noted in the Readers Write
section, some of our subscribers in Europe look on it as a rarity,
even in the areas close to where they were originally built. Our
thanks to all who have written, but we’re still looking for the
elusive information on the single cylinder, 12? horsepower model
which we have. So far nothing at all has surfaced.

Now to this month’s questions. We begin with:

24/4/1 IHC Red Q. Can you tell me when IHC
started painting their tractors red? Herman Westphal, HCR81,
Box 54, Morristown, SD 57645.

A. Officially at least, they began using red
instead of gray in October of 1936. However, there is an occasional
tractor that shows up in a red coat prior to that’ time. These
were probably painted to order, or were perhaps part of some test
runs prior to the 1936 changeover.

24/4/2 Briggs & Stratton ‘F’ Q.
American Gas Engines you note that the Briggs & Stratton
‘F’ series of engines began in 1925, and several other
writers seem to agree with this year. However, some of the engine
dating sheets issued through B & S dealers seem to indicate
that the ‘F’ series actually began in 1921. Can these two
versions be reconciled? Barwise M. Manwaring Jr., 1674
Broadway, Ann Arbor, MI 48105.

A. A little folder entitled The History of
Briggs & Stratton Corporation that was issued by the company
several years ago states, ‘Sold on its brightening future in
engine manufacturing, the company began production of the overhead
valve Model F series in 1925. The most popular engine in this
series, the Model FH, was the biggest seller from 1926 to
1930.’ It is quite possible however, that even this original
information from the company might be in error, at least as regard
their own data sheets.

24/4/3 Controlled Combustion engines Q. An
interesting article appears in the April, 1986 issue of Compressed
Air Magazine. In this article it is proposed that millions of tiny
flames should replace the single large flame provided by standard
spark plug ignition. Research scientists have found some promise in
a combination of combustion jet igniters and the recirculation of
exhaust gas as a viable alternative to ordinary spark plug
ignition. Could this concept be somewhat like the hot tube ignition
of the 1890’s? If you wanted to recirculate the exhaust gases,
could a third poppet valve be added to the common rail (exhaust
manifold) and properly timed to the ignition point? Would some kind
of two-cycle open ‘crankcase configuration be used? Paul D.
Branstad, RR 1, Box 240, Thompson, IA 50478.

A. Your letter poses some interesting
questions. Regarding the comparison of the controlled combustion
process to the hot tube, we believe we are correct in stating that
the hot tube was in essence the same as the conventional spark
plug, in that the flame begins and is propagated as a single sheet
of fire against the piston head. Our concept of the system proposed
above would be to have a virtual shower of sparks throughout the
combustion chamber so that flame propagation would begin at
thousands of points all at the same instant. The matter of
recirculating the exhaust gases is at the least very complicated,
at least at this point in time. Modifying the design to include a
third valve for exhaust gas recirculation might be an effective way
to raise the temperature of the fresh charge appreciably, but it
seems to us that this would also have to be combined with a
combustion chamber designed to provide the turbulence required for
the process. If one was to use an open crankcase, two-cycle design,
this would eliminate the built-in charging pump so that a separate,
power-consuming charging pump would be required.

24/4/4 Gibson garden tractors Q. I have a Model
D and a Model E Gibson garden tractor but do not know where to look
for the serial number. What is the proper color for these, and are
decals available from anyone? Also, is there a Gibson Cub that you
know of? W. C. Putzer, 2425 S. Porter Road, Breckenridge, Ml

A. We can’t answer a thing on Gibson garden

24/4/5 W-12 McCormick-Deering Q. I would like
to know the value of a W-12 McCormick-Deering on full steel. The
tractor is in perfect shape, and the serial number is WS-3594.
Louis Couture, 811 Lageux, PO Box 682, Bernieres, Gosico,
Quebec, Canada.

A. Since we’ve always felt that values are
pretty much dependent on what the buyer will give and what the
seller will take, we’ve never gotten into appraising the value
of anything in this column. We can tell you however, that your
tractor was built in 1937. (Mr. Couture sent along a color photo of
his W-12, but it was too dark for us to reproduce. Our

24/4/6 Johnson Ironhorse Q. I have a Johnson
Ironhorse A-300 series engine without the proper carburetor. I also
have a manual and parts list, and was wondering whether one might
locate the parts this way. Martin L. Roland, 3205 Circle Drive
NE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52402.

A. Aside from our readers seeing your query
here, we would suggest that you run an ad in the Classified
Section, enumerating the specific part numbers that are needed.

24/4/7 Maynard engines Q. What is the correct
color for the Maynard engines? Also, what is the year built for a
McCormick-Deering 1? HP engine with s/n WB47000. Gordon
Braislin, Jericho Road, Sherman, CT 06784.

A. Our files have no color information on the
Maynard. It was sold by the Charles Williams Stores, and certain
models are illustrated on page 554 of American Gas Engines. Your
‘M’ engine was built in 1927.

24/4/8 Chandler & Price printing press Q.
Does anyone out there have information on a Chandler & Price
printing press? Robbie Riches, 13166 Riches Road NE, Silverton,
OR 97381.

A. Having had a love for old-time presses and
the art of hand-set type for many years, ye olde Reflector does
indeed have a C & P press that was built in 1907. Ours gets
used for printing everything from merchandise sacks to business
cards. Believe it or not, the prowling about for old type and
related printshop items might even be a worse disease than getting
the gas engine bug! We suggest you contact: The Printer, 337 Wilson
St., Findlay, OH 45840. A couple of years ago they published serial
number listing on C & P presses.

24/4/9 Maytag water-cooled Q. I recently
acquired the ? HP water-cooled Maytag engine shown in the three
adjacent photos. It is s/n 51384. A good friend, David Appel, found
it for me in the local scrap yard. It was half buried in the snow,
and since there was no spark plug in it, at first glance, I thought
it was an air compressor. After cleaning it up, I reassembled it
using the old rings, and it runs good.

In looking through the GEM I found some color references on page
8 of the Sept-Oct, 1983 issue. However, this engine has a lot of
red on it, and on close inspection, there are traces of blue on the
flywheel as shown in 24/4/9B . Hopefully these photos will be of
help to others, especially since it does not appear that there were
many of the water-cooled models built. Did these engines have a
cooling tank, or did they use the wash water for cooling? Earl
Sprague, 9252-5th St. West, Redfield, SD 57469.

A. Congrats on acquiring a rather rare engine!
To our knowledge, no one has come up with information regarding the
connection between Elgin and Maytag, if indeed such a connection
ever existed. There are definite signs pointing in that direction,
but our research is inconclusive on this point. For the benefit of
our readers, see 24/4/9-D and E which show the two patents we have
discovered that relate to the Maytag vertical engines. Perhaps this
information will help someone else who is trying to establish the
relationship between Maytag and Elgin. Further information is
included on American Gas Engines.

24/4/10 Magnet engines Q. See the photo of a
Wico magneto as used on a Magnet engine made in Hamilton, Ontario
between 1912 and 1916. I need one coil for the magneto and would
appreciate any information from other owners of Magnet engines.
Max Wiese, RR 1, Westlock, Alberta T0G 2L0, Canada.

A. Yours looks like a Type R Wico magneto.
We’re not absolutely sure, but we believe that the Wico EK
coils might be a possible interchange for your magneto. However, if
you replace one, we would recommend that you replace them both.
WICO was originally formed as Witherbee Igniter Co.

24/4/11 Midget engine Q. Two photos are
enclosed of a small engine we recently acquired. It is complete
except for the original mixer, but runs good on a homemade version.
The engine is about 14 HP, and on the flywheels is cast: The Midget
Machine Works, 1257 Atlantic Avenue, Camden, NJ. Any information on
this engine will be greatly appreciated. Owen Copenhaver, 104
Oak Street, Richland, PA 17087.

A. Now here’s a rare little engine, and one
that we never heard of before. Can anyone help?


Gas Engine Magazine
Gas Engine Magazine
Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines