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Back in 1892, Gustav Richard published a three volume series on
gas engine design. One volume is devoted to plates of various
engines. We thought that the ‘Moteur Mac Allen’ of 1889 was
quite a novel approach to charging the cylinder. The power cylinder
is located above, with the charging cylinder situated beneath. By
altering the volume of the charging cylinder, one could actually
achieve some degree of supercharging with this design.

Another interesting design is the 1895 version of a duplex
engine built by Compagnie Parisienne in France. This one uses an
interesting combination of a sideshaft, plus a cross-mounted cam
shaft. Note also the unusual arrangement of spur and bevel gears at
the crankshaft. In case you’re wondering why these
‘foreign’ engines are appearing here, we thought perhaps
that the unusual designs might be the catalyst to move some of our
model makers into action. Hopefully, we’ll be hearing from
somebody in the next few months or so, announcing that they have
tackled one or both of these unique designs.

From the February 1911 issue of Gas Energy Magazine we read the

‘Norton & Newland, Marshalltown, Iowa manufacturers of
gasoline engines, windmills, pumps, etc. have sold out to Gauthun
& Bratteig.

‘Economic Engine Works, Utica, New York will occupy the
Forry planing mill property at Columbia, Pa. on February 1, 1911. .
. .The company builds gasoline engines.

‘Evansville Manufacturing Company, Evansville, Wisconsin
opened its doors January 2, 1911. Frank Frost and Chester Morgan
are the managers, and the company will use the Grange warehouses as
a factory. The firm will make a specialty of manufacturing gasoline
engines, and will begin work on a one horsepower engine which
Messrs. Frost and Morgan recently invented, intended for farm

From the March 1911 issue of the above magazine comes this

‘Edward A. Hornbostel, a mechanic for Dickinson Mfg. Co.,
Des Moines, Ia. has patented a gasoline engine which, in the
opinion of experts, will revolutionize the whole gasoline engine
business. The merit lies in its simplicity…’

Can any of our readers supply further information on these
companies? If so, let us know.

Chances are that about the time we send this column over to GEM,
a big package of new inquiries will arrive the day after. We hope
our readers don’t get disgusted because their queries are not
always answered the next issue. Sometimes it just doesn’t work
out that way if we’re to have the copy in by the deadline. If
that happens, then EVERYBODY gets grumpy…

Our first question this month is:

26/6/1 Ireland Drag Saw Q. See the photo of an
Ireland drag saw built at Norwich, New York. It has a five-foot
blade with a gear and rollers to run the log past the saw. Any
information on this unit will be greatly appreciated. Joe Kroes,
7355 West Sorrell Hill Rd., Baldwinsville, NY 13027.

26/6/2 Sandwich & Christensen Q. In a
Sandwich engine catalog they state that the color is Brewster
Green. Does anyone have a paint this color?

I also just purchased a 21/2 HP
Christensen sideshaft engine, and need information on the muffler,
shield, and the large tag that was on the side of the water hopper.
Is there any difference between the Christensen and the C.P. &
J. Lauson engines? Bill McCleary, 70 Dew Drop Road, York, PA

A. Brewster Green is a dark olive green that is
available from most of the paint companies, and it usually shows up
in their color charts as Kenworth Green, among other designations.
The Christensen and Lauson engines are different.

26/6/3 Poor Man’s Rack & Pinion Q.Cliff
Larson, 64 Wallace Dr., Rock-away Beach, MO 65 740 tells us that
this device can be made by tack welding roller chain to a steel
section, and then using a roller chain sprocket as the pinion.
We’ve heard of this before, and have even seen the idea used a
couple of times. We think it’s a good idea, and hope that some
of our readers might find it useful.

26/6/4 Stover Engine Q. What is the year of a
Stover KE engine, s/n 163724? Joseph C. Benzing, PO Box 61, South
Effingham, NH 03882.

A. Your engine was built in 1925. It is
finished in a dark brewster green.

26/6/5 Icemobile Q. Thanks to Kevin F. Biebel,
5 Prospect Drive, Stratford, CT 06497 for sending along a photo of
what appears to be an early gas-powered snow or ice vehicle.

26/6/6 Stover Diesel Engine Q. I have a 10
horsepower Stover diesel, s/n D8, DSL 251723. When was it built?
Our Mid-South Flywheelers Club has three of the Stover diesels
among its members. David Rayburn, 8362 Lakeshore, Southaven, MS

A. Your engine was built in 1937. Ye olde
Reflector has a 10 HP model of 1939 vintage, and we’re sure
glad it has an electric starter. The Stover diesel was one of the
few American-built diesels to use the Acro injection system
developed by Franz Lang in Germany. It directs the injected fuel
charge at a ‘funnel’ in the piston head. The hollow piston
head acts as an energy cell. Later on, Lang developed the Lanova
system which directs the fuel at an energy cell diametrically
opposite the injection point. Also of interest, when J. I. Case
began building diesel tractors in 1953, they adopted a modified
form of the Lanova system, but mounted the injector and energy cell
in a tangential pattern.

26/6/7 Hot Tube Ignition Q. Would diesel fuel
work in a hot tube ignition system? Also, my Webster engine runs
great on gasoline when it is up to operating temperature, but does
not run good at all if it is not hot enough. I have tried moving
the torch up and down on the tube, but this seems to help very
little. Any suggestions? Robert Mayeaux, 2204 Comanche, Sulphur, LA

A. Diesel fuel and kerosene would not work very
well in a hot tube engine because these fuels have a much higher
boiling point and they do not volatilize like gasoline. Your
problems with the Webster are fairly typical for a hot tube engine.
Taking one outside and trying to run it on a breezy day can be a
challenge. There is enough wind to cool the engine and the ignition
tube a bit, and that’s enough to get poor ignition, if you can
get it at all. We wish we could offer more encouragement. However,
might we offer a suggestion ? How about filling the reservoir up
with hot water before starting, and that way you might minimize the
rough performance. Also, throttle the water flow so that the
cylinder temperature is kept as hot as possible.

26/6/8 Square Deal Engine Q. See the two photos
of a Square Deal engine, s/n 563. As it is neither pictured nor
described in American Gas Engines, I thought perhaps it might be on
the rare side of things. Also, since there are bits and traces of
original paint and striping on it, would it hurt the value to
repaint it? Any further information on this engine will be
appreciated. Jere M. Groff, 1612 New Danville Pike, Lancaster, PA

A. Yours is indeed an unusual engine. There
have always been two schools of thought regarding restoration.
Bring it back mechanically, and let it keep its original aged look,
or on the other hand, restore it completely, both mechanically and
cosmetically. Although this writer prefers the latter course,
that’s only our personal opinion.

26/6/9 Engine-Generators? Q. As a new
subscriber, I am wondering if anyone is still left making old-style

Also, wouldn’t one of these engines, when connected to a
generator, produce the cheapest electricity possible? Are they not
more efficient than modern engines? How much output can be expected
from a 1 or a 3 horsepower engine hooked to a generator? Robert L.
Wurgaft, Box 29 1-A2-18 (D18517), Represa, CA 95671.

A. We’ve heard that the Fairbanks-Morse
Type Z engines are still made somewhere in Mexico.

Regarding the efficiency of small engine-generator sets, it
isn’t very good, in fact, not good at all! Until the
1970’s, when diesel fuel was relatively cheap, municipal diesel
plants flourished across the country. However, with the first oil
embargo, these plants quickly became inefficient when compared to
the large stations using coal, water, or nuclear power. Thus, the
majority of the diesel plants have been broken up for scrap over
the past few years. There was no way that they could compete with
the big generating stations. Moving a step backward, the small home
plant of say, 10 kilowatts, has only a tiny fraction of the
capacity of even a small diesel plant, and as could be expected,
the net cost per kilowatt is considerably higher. Briefly stated,
today’s huge power plants can generate for a fraction of what
it would cost to run a gas or diesel engine.

A 1 horsepower engine would be hard put to operate a 500 watt
generator at full load for any length of time. Likewise, a 3
horsepower engine will handle perhaps 1500 watts for a short time,
but a 1000 watt load will certainly put it to work.

26/6/10 IHC Mogul 30-60 Tractor Q. My father,
who is 87 and still working as a mechanic, has derived many hours
of enjoyment and memories from GEM. He talks about an IHC Mogul
30-60 that his father had and drove. Might it be possible to run an
article on this tractor? Also, where might my father and I go to
see a 30-60 Mogul, especially here in the West? James Haegle, M.D.,
409 Joerschke Drive, Grass Valley, CA 95945.

A. Several years ago, ye olde Reflector
compiled a book, 150 Years of International Harvester, that
illustrates numerous views of the 30-60 Mogul tractor. We don’t
know of one out in your part of the world, but if any of the
readers can help, please contact Dr. Haegle at the above

26/6/11 Unidentified Engine Q. See the photo of
an unidentified engine. It has 10 inch flywheels, and is about
3/4 HP. Can anyone give the name, correct
color, or any other information on this engine? It seems to be
missing the crank guard and the carburetor. Any help will be
greatly appreciated. John M. Preston, 2500 Curtis Rd., Leonard, MI

26/6/12 Unidentified engine Q. See the photo of
an engine in my possession. It has no tag or markings except for
‘No. 44’ stamped in the end of the crankshaft. Any
information will be greatly appreciated. Charles R. Snider, HCR
26161, Box 35, New Martinsville, WV 26155.

26/6/13 Hercules? Q. I have a Hercules 5 HP
engine, but it has a lot of blue paint on it, and you can faintly
see the Hercules logo. I also have a 11/2 HP
Economy, s/n 75933. Can you tell me when it was made? James Luper,
5430 Voice Rd., Kingsley, MI 49649.

A. Your engine was probably built by Hercules
for the Jaeger Machine Company. The 11/2 HP
engine may be as early as 1916.

26/6/14 Coldwell EngineKenneth A. Simmons, PO
Box 91, Friendship, ME 04547 needs information on a single-cylinder
Coldwell engine. It has no serial number or nameplate. If you can
be of help, drop Ken a line at the above address.

26/6/15 Some Questions John B. Mulford, Jr.,
Penrith Farm, Lodi, NY 14860 comments that perhaps there should be
an ‘industrial handbook’ for the gas engine and tractor
hobby. As an example, who still builds wooden wheels, or who can
supply the leather for an ancient cone clutch, or can help solve a
problem with an ancient automobile engine? John tells us that some
years ago he needed a repair job on a relief valve on a Case
steamer. After some checking, he found a company that could rebuild
it and certify it; not cheaply, mind you, but at least it could be
done. So, if anyone knows of people specializing in past arts or
who can supply those out-of-the-ordinary things, always be sure to
drop us a line! Thanks John, for bringing this to our


Gas Engine Magazine
Gas Engine Magazine
Preserving the History of Internal Combustion Engines