Letters and Miscellanies

By Staff

I was given the March 2006 issue of GEM, and on page 23
was printed a Waterloo Boy advertisement. The Waterloo Boy tractor
has a 4-cylinder engine. In 1912, a Mr. A.B. Parkhurst of Moline,
Ill., put a 4-cylinder, 4-cycle engine on one of his chassis in an
attempt to make the tractor better. The Waterloo Gas-Olin Engine
Co. did not adopt his idea, so he left the company. Thought you
might be interested. The following is some history on the William
Galloway Co.

In 1906, William Galloway formed the William Galloway Co. Inc.,
manufacturing harrows, manure spreaders, gasoline engines and cream
separators, with two attempts at tractor manufacturing. He also put
his name on trucks and automobiles.

William, the son of John and Agnes Wilson Galloway, was born on
a farm in Tama County, Iowa, near Lincoln in 1877. He received his
early education in rural schools of Grant Township in Tama County
and later attended a business college at Reinbeck, Iowa. William
completed his education at Monmouth College in Illinois.

From about 1895 to 1901, he was in partnership with D.J. Wilson
at Reinbeck, serving as a farm machinery salesman. William came to
Waterloo, Iowa, in 1901 and continued in the same line.

After dissolving his business partnership with D.J., he formed
his own company, of which he became president. He owned the first
automobile in Waterloo with a steering wheel instead of a lever or

William started out with a loan of $2,000 that grossed a total
of $32 million. During his second attempt at tractor manufacturing
during World War I, he sold 1,500 tractors to Great Britain. These
tractors were named the Blue “J” line. I understand the ships that
were to take the tractors from Texas to Great Britain were all
rented by Henry Ford, so the tractors sat in Texas and never left
the country. The $450,000 loss on this sale lost his business for
him in the early 1920s. When the company reorganized in 1925,
William withdrew.

In 1927, William Galloway & Sons Co. Inc. was formed at the
old Dart Truck Co., which left town in 1926. As the years went by,
he built up another industry and regained many of his lost
holdings. This company manufactured oat hullers and sold seed and
grain on a nationwide scale. William is credited with bringing the
National Dairy Cattle Congress to Waterloo in 1910. He helped make
Waterloo the manufacturing center of Iowa and he was very big in
real estate development. William died in his sleep on Nov. 10,
1952, at the age of 75.

Orrin E. Miller
Waterloo, Iowa

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