100 Years of JOHN BEAN SPRAY PUMP COMPANY

Mr. John Bean-First hand spray pumps.

The photo taken in 1884, shows Mr. John Bean exhibiting one of his first hand spray pumps.

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20531 Black Road Los Gatos, CA 95030

Upon advice of his doctor, John Bean retired to a more healthful climate in 1880 and settled in the little village of Los Gatos on the western side of the Santa Clara Valley in California. Here he bought ten acres of almond orchard and found that he had to spray for an insect that threatened to eliminate the whole orchard. Unable to find a satisfactory sprayer and being an inventive man with several patents in his name, he soon perfected a sprayer with an air chamber which revolutionized the orchard sprayer business. First demonstrated at the California State Fair in 1884, the demand for this sprayer forced the little Company to leave Los Gatos and move to San Jose, about ten miles away.

By 1910 they were using 2 HP Fairbanks-Morse engines on their horse-drawn spray rigs and had expanded to a branch factory in Berea, Ohio. They soon became the largest manufacturers of orchard spray equipment in the world. Along with the spray pumps, it was logical that they made other agricultural machines and they went into large pumps for irrigation projects throughout the West. They bought the Ostenberg Engine Company, also in San Jose, and added this two-cylinder opposed engine to their line. These were ultimately built in five sizes from 10 HP to 32 HP.

In 1914 the Company built the new plant in Lancing, Michigan and closed the smaller facility in Berea. this move also put them close to the Novo engine Company in Lancing and Bean Spray Company ordered the first carload of Novo engines that the Novo Company produced. This association lasted for many years and old sprayers still show up with Novo engines as original equipment.

Many new lines developed as a natural growth of their agricultural interests and plows, fruit grading machinery, high-pressure fire pumps and a host of other equipment were built. One of these, the Bean Track-Pull tractor, came out in 1916. Unique in design, this tractor is articulated with a single track and a riding sulky which carried the plows, cultivators and mowing equipment.

The TrackPull, powered by a four-cylinder LeRoi engine is rated at 6 HP at the drawbar and 10 HP at the belt. It turns in a five-foot radius, making it quite handy for row crops and orhard work. We have a picture from the San ]ose Herald in 1917 showing 17 Track Pulls leaving the San Jose factory. The caption on this picture says 'These will help win the War'! In

what way, it doesn't say. We had one of these on display at the recent county fair and our search has turned up only four others known in California. When Fordson tractors came out a few years later at a much lower price, the TrackPulls were phased out in the early 1920's.

Meanwhile, the spray pump business was booming and the Company brought in E. B. Cushman who, with his brother had started the well-known Cushman Motor Company and he designed a new, totally enclosed vertical engine which the Bean Spray Pump Company then produced in 4 HP and 6 HP sizes. These first engines had the circular, stationary radiator enclosed inside the single flywheel, then went to a hexagonal radiator behind the flywheel and in later models had a taller, rounded top radiator with straight sides. Many other improvements were made between 1921 and 1927 when the last run of castings were produced.

While orchard spray rigs were still the major product of the Company, they continued to expand their interests and made many types of machinery for the food processing industry from growing to canning or drying of all kinds of fruit, especially the prunes and apricots for which the area was famous.

Another item was the smaller 'Huski Ridemaster' garden tractor, first built in San Jose by the Bean-Cutler Division and later assigned to the Bolens Division in Wisconsin. This was an articulated riding tractor with two pneumatic tired wheels in front, powered by an air-cooled engine directly over the driving wheels. The operator sat over the cultivating tools which were suspended between the two wheels of the riding sulky.

As the firm was expanding into other fields, the name was changed to The John Bean Manufacturing Company and after a few years, it became the Food Machinery Corporation.

It has been most interesting to follow the growth of this company which started in a little shed with the help of a local plumber in a small town and grew to an international, world-wide corporation.

To help celebrate the 100th Anniversary of this Company, the major emphasis of the members of Branch 3, Early Day Gas Engine & Tractor Association was on the many products which were produced locally. We had an entire section at the Santa Clara County Fair devoted to Bean products, including the following; A Bean hand-powered sprayer, built in Los Gatos and dated 1886, two complete spray rigs, many models of Bean Spray Pumps, including the famous 'Magic' model, Bean engines from the very earliest to the latest models, a Bean 'TrackPull' tractor and a 'Huski Ridemaster'. Many other engines specially built for Bean including the Novo, Witte, Cushman Cub Bean Special and others were also in the display.

The picture shown above is an Ostenberg engine, 1912 opposed, two-cylinder, 10 HP built by the Bean Spray Pump Co. See other Bean pictures on the back cover of this issue.

1917 'TracPull' tractor built by John Bean Spray Pump Co., San Jose, California. Owner is Tom Sharpsteen of Orland, CA

We would like to express our thanks to the FMC Corporation which is the outgrowth of the little one-man project that started it all.

FMC provided the transportation for the tractor, special colorful buttons for all exhibitors, as well as certificates of participation, posters, exhibit bulletin boards and many other helpful items.

Many spectators came to visit the exhibit, among them many old-timers who had stories to tell of using those old spray rigs and tractors when the Valley was all covered with orchards.