It was fired with coal, wood, kerosene or anything that would burn. Some of the advantages over other devices for pumping water were absolute safety, no steam, valveless, practically noiseless, no exhaust and economical. No licensed or experienced engineer was required. Any gardener or ordinary domestic could operate it.
It could be used where steam or any other device would be objectionable or impossible. It could be run a day of ten hours with no more fuel than would be required to get up steam in a steam boiler. All parts of the engine and pump could be examined or cleaned without difficulty.
They were built in five different sizes. The four inch was $150, five inch $210, six inch $300, eight inch $420 and ten inch $540. They ranged from 450 lbs. to 3700 lbs. and would pump 150 gal. for a four inch to 3500 gal. for a ten inch. The RPM would range from 80 to 160. Kerosene burners were $10 to $15 extra.
Mr. Rice demonstrates two of these pumps, a six inch and an eight inch, at the annual reunions of the Tioga County Early Days Inc. and Bradford County Old Times Inc.
My sawmill which I got last year and am building a shed for it out of good home sawed lumber and cedar poles. This mill is a big one, 3 head blocks and 60 feet track and is powered by 50 HP Allis tractor, 1937 or 20 HP Minneapolis steam engine built in 1920. This mill has been busy this year. The little man is my grandson, Tom.
Picture of a G.M.C. Samson Sieve grip tractor owned by Edwin Floerke of Cook, Nebraska. It was purchased new 58 years ago by his father. It is equipped with belt pulley located on rear of tractor and extension rims. It is complete except hood covering motor, and it is in running order. Model S25, Serial Number 2688, Engine Number 8055.
Pictured is a Sta-Rite gas engine built in La Crosse, Wisconsin. Up until April of 1917 all Sta-Rite engines were built in Racine, Wisconsin by the Reliance Iron and Engine Company. In 1917 Sta-Rite bought out the La Crosse Tractor Company, La Crosse Plow Works and started to manufacture gas engines from 1-1/2 H.P. to 16 H.P. in the single cylinder. This is a 2-1/2 H.P. at 425 R.P.M., serial no. 8404 with a 4' bore and 6' stroke. The entire engine is very heavy, built with a 1-1/2' crankshaft and 20' flywheels with 2-1/4' face. The engine is a left hand engine 'from the head end' with all the working parts on the left side. Of all the Sta-Rite engines I have seen or heard about they all have a dry head, even the 16 H.P. This engine is fired by a make and break igniter and dry cell batteries. I have seen other Sta-Rite engines with igniters, T coil and sparkplug, and low tension magnetos, such as Webster, Accurate, Pfanstiehl. The governor is of the type with the weights in the flywheel which moves a collar on the crankshaft to which the detent is attached. The detent catches the side bar which is turn holds the exhaust valve open. The carburetor is the up draft type but is made up of 1' pipe fittings with a gas valve tapped into the fittings. As the picture shows the exhaust valve mechanism is rather unusual but works very well. In general with the unusual features of the Sta-Rite, they are smooth runners. Courtesy of Lyle A. Opperman, 801 Park Street, Baraboo, Wisconsin 53913
LaDow Hay Press  built and operated in the Gardena, California area by John LaDow of 1322 Toberman Street, Los Angeles, Cal. This picture is from the Charles files - possibly the first self-propelled hay press. I'm sure many of the readers will enjoy it. Looks like a vertical Fairbanks Morse of about 6 HP supplying the power.
1 cylinder Walking Beam gasoline engine, vertical cylinder with valves and carburetor at top end - Walking Beam in base (oiler for it just below gears). Don't know what advantage was claimed for this type engine. Too much reciprocating weight.
A 1918 Bell City threshing machine - Morris Carlson, separator man, seems to have quke, a few advisers concerning the plugged machine. A 20-40 Rumely Oil Pull is belted to the separator with a Theiman tractor located to the left of the separator (Theimans were built at Albert City during the 1930s).
Picture taken in front of Museum Building at the Milton Deets Home -Standing, Bill Schaub, Bob Miller, John Koeller, Dave Luttrell, Bob Hecker, Bill Lesher, Ted Hecker, Don Minnick, Steve Ney, Carl Rissmiller, Lucien Frederick, Jim Welty, Moe Trowbridge, Ralph Ney, Ed Axthelm, John Harper, Perry Thomas, John Barnes, Bob Tate, Milt Deets, Tom Lewis, Jack Maple, Robyn Moses, Kneeling, Dale Fox, Norm Stuckey, founder, John Stoltz. Photo by H. V. Noble, 1327 Stone Road, Xenia, Ohio 45385.
Jack Maple of Rushville, Indiana putting Milton Deet's 20-40 into the Baker fan. Tractor was built in 1920. I don't know who the interested youngster on the tractor is. The young lady at the rear, standing, is Lynn Stoltz. Photo by H. V. Noble, 1327 Stone Road, Xenia, Ohio 45385.