12498-232 St., Maple Ridge, Haney, B. C. Canada.
Before the First World War farmers were looking for a lighter power than the heavy steam engine to break up the prairie lands of Western Canada and the United States. Steam had some advantages; it had disadvantages, especially with the alkali water that was found throughout the West, and the Mogul was not the first tractor made.
About 1905, International Harvester made a good portable and stationary gasoline engine. It would do belt work but would not plow, so in 1906 they started experiments with a tractor, and by 1908 they had a 10 h. p. tractor on the market. Later they had a 15-20 h. p. These were single cylinder friction drive with battery ignition, screen tank cooling, with a canopy. About 1910 the 45 h. p., 2 cylinder opposed cylinder tractor was built at the Chicago Works. It had open tower cooling, hit and miss type fly ball governor, low tension make and break ignition with the contact platinum points inside the cylinder.
In 1911 the larger cylinder 30-60 h. p. was built with throttle governor, a better cooling system, and a long canopy extending the full length of the tractor to the screen tank cooling system. This tractor had a speed of 2? miles per hour and weighed 21,700 lbs. empty-sold for $2,500 f. o. b. Chicago.
In 1913 the Mogul Junior was made. This tractor was a one cylinder, had a force feed oiling system, 8' bore by 14' stroke, and ran at 250 r. p. m. It weighed 10,500 lbs., sold at Winnipeg for $1,420, and was entered in the Winnipeg tractor trials.
The 24-45, 2 cylinder tractor with a bore of 9' x 14' stroke, a speed of 320 r. p. m., weight 22,000 lbs., and sale price $2,000 f. o. b. Winnipeg; was also entered in the 1912 Tractor Trials and did very well.
The year 1913 saw the 12-25, 2 cylinder op posed Mogul in production. It had a disk plate clutch, chain drive on both sides of the tractor to the drive wheels. It had spark jump and spark plug ignition, automatic steering. The engine was encased in a dust proof steel case with a hand door on each side. It was the first Mogul tractor to be radiator and fan-cooled. It had a separate carburetor for each cylinder and was the only Mogul to have a two speed gear box with a low of 2 m. p. h. and a high of 4 m. p. h., and an engine speed of 550 r. p. m. Its weight was 10,000 lbs. and it would pull a 4 bottom 14' plow and drive a 28 x 48 separator.
A number of these tractors were shipped to England during World War I and sold there for 580 pounds (English money) or roughly $2,400. This tractor had the belt pulley on the right side and it was operated by a separate lever in the locomotive type cab. I saw several of these tractors when I was overseas, but only one in Canada.
In 1914 the 8-16 h. p. single cylinder hopper cooled tractor came out. This was a two plow that had a planetary gear, single speed, a single final chain drive with the differential mounted on the back axle. The front wheels steered by a rack and worm gear. It had a Wico oscillating low tension magneto and the belt pulley was mounted on the only flywheel and operated by hand wheel clutch. Its speed was 400 r. p. m., weight 5,000 lbs., and sale price f. o. b. Chicago, $675.
1913 - 1919 12-25 h. p., 2 speed Mogul Tractor.
1906 Type A, Friction drive, 15 h. p. Mogul hauling a separator.
10-20 h. p. single cylinder hopper cooled Mogul Tractor and 2 furrow Massey-Harris Plow.
1910 Type C, single Cylinder Mogul, 8' bore, 16' stroke, 250 r. p. m. Tractor threshing.
In 1916 the last of the Moguls was built. The 10-20 hopper-cooled single cylinder was a larger version of the 8-16. It had a two speed sliding gear trans?mission, a single chain drive, and like all the Moguls, one clutch for the trans?mission and one clutch, mostly hand wheel type for the belt pulley. From the first Mogul made to the final produc?tion in 1919, 20,385 Mogul Tractors were made and sold to just about every country in the world. They were used for about every job on the farms and in industry. I have stood on the platforms and sat on the seats of all these models, but the only one I operated was the 1910-14 type C, single cylinder, that was used for threshing in Alberta during the 1920's.
I am glad to know that in the Pioneer Museum at Wetaskewin, Alberta, there are 4 or 5, 8-16 Mogul Tractors and at the Saskatoon Museum, they have a a 25-45, 2 cylinder, and a 10-20 hopper-cooled. I think, at Yorkton and North Battle ford, they have a 12-25 h. p. Mogul. All Mogul tractors were kerosene burners.