| September/October 1972

12498-232 St., Maple Ridge, Haney, B. C. Canada.

Before the First World War farmers were looking for a lighter power than the heavy steam engine to break up the prairie lands of Western Canada and the United States. Steam had some advantages; it had disadvantages, especially with the alkali water that was found throughout the West, and the Mogul was not the first tractor made.

About 1905, International Harvester made a good portable and stationary gasoline engine. It would do belt work but would not plow, so in 1906 they started experiments with a tractor, and by 1908 they had a 10 h. p. tractor on the market. Later they had a 15-20 h. p. These were single cylinder friction drive with battery ignition, screen tank cooling, with a canopy. About 1910 the 45 h. p., 2 cylinder opposed cylinder tractor was built at the Chicago Works. It had open tower cooling, hit and miss type fly ball governor, low tension make and break ignition with the contact platinum points inside the cylinder.

In 1911 the larger cylinder 30-60 h. p. was built with throttle governor, a better cooling system, and a long canopy extending the full length of the tractor to the screen tank cooling system. This tractor had a speed of 2? miles per hour and weighed 21,700 lbs. empty-sold for $2,500 f. o. b. Chicago.

In 1913 the Mogul Junior was made. This tractor was a one cylinder, had a force feed oiling system, 8' bore by 14' stroke, and ran at 250 r. p. m. It weighed 10,500 lbs., sold at Winnipeg for $1,420, and was entered in the Winnipeg tractor trials.

The 24-45, 2 cylinder tractor with a bore of 9' x 14' stroke, a speed of 320 r. p. m., weight 22,000 lbs., and sale price $2,000 f. o. b. Winnipeg; was also entered in the 1912 Tractor Trials and did very well.