Courtesy of Holland Maxwell, Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750
Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750
Succcessful Old Tractors -- Aultman Taylor Co. of Mansfield, Ohio, another old steam engine company, got into the tractor business in 1910, starting with the 30-60. A high-wheeled job with a 4 cyl. Horiz. cross mounted engine, 7'/9' at 500 RPM. It had high tension mag. Mech. Lubrication and compressed air starter. They used at first a square radiator with a round stack with induced exhaust draft. In 1916 they changed and used the round tubular cooling tank which was 42' diameter, 36' long and had 196 two inch tubes and two 24' fans. No fenders before 1913. They had a speed of 2.2 MPH and weighed 23,000#. Aside from the cooling tank there was very little change from 1910 to 1924. They were underrated in power. In 1920, Nebraska tests showed a 30-60 developed 80.1 HP on the belt and 58.05 HP on the drawbar, using gasoline, though they could use kerosene also. Considering their power, Aultman Taylor was considered very economical on fuel. They were famous for pulling road grading machinery of all kinds. About every county in Illinois and Iowa had one or more in use for that purpose. In 1923 A&T had 123 tractors on road work in the state of Minnesota. Having been in the steam engine and separator business, they already had a good business organization, and branch houses in the main cities in the West and Northwest.
The Montana Farming Corp., composed of Eastern Capitol farmed in a big way, under the management of Tom Campbell near Hardin, Montana in the 1920's. This was land leased from the Crow Indian Reservation and was about 30,000 acres, more or less. At the start, part was grazing land and about 10,000 was dry land wheat land. They later expanded up to around 30,000 acres of small grains.
Tom Campbell was an energetic up and coming operator. He used nearly thirty A&T tractors, all 30-60's.
None of the implement companies could make implements big enough or strong enough to suit him, so he made much of his own. This could be a story in itself. In or around 1923, he established some sort of a threshing record. In fourteen hours they threshed 4712 bushels of wheat with a 42' case separator using a 30-60 A&T tractor. It took about fifteen bundle wagons and a small army of men to do this. I have read that a Case steam engine was the power that day, but I have seen several pictures of an A&T tractor being used.
As to how popular Aultman Taylor was, and still is, just look at the number around at our shows today. And they are selling for more money today than when they were new. As near as I can find out there were about 4600 30-60's made, and I know of at least fifty left today, and maybe more.
International Harvester had the Ohio Tractor Co. of Upper Sandusky Ohio with offices in Akron, built tractors for them from 1906 to 1908, using I.H.C.'s Famous engines which were, of course, one cylinder. They were made in 12, 15, and 20 H.P. sizes. In 1909 they bought out the Ohio Tractor Co. and moved the machinery to Milwaukee, Wisconsin where the Titans were built and to a new tractor factory in Chicago where the Moguls were built. From 1910 to 1914, they made one cylinder Titans in 20 and 25 H.P. at Milwaukee, and the same sizes in Mogul at Chicago. Very little difference in the tractors.
Minneapolis Universal 20-40 owned by David Hanson, Elbow Lake, Minnesota.
From 1910 to 1913 in Chicago, they built a 45 H.P. Mogul with a two cyl. opposed engine, which from 1913 to 1917 was changed to 30-60 Mogul. They also at the same time made a 12-25 and a 15-30 one cyl. Mogul with a canopy top like the 30-60 had. Also a 12-25 two cyl. opposed Mogul. Also in both, Titans and Moguls, came smaller sizes which I will deal with in a later article. As of now we are talking of large tractors only.
Enclosed is a picture of a 1910 - 45 HP Mogul. I never saw but one. Years ago there used to be two, running near Larimore N.D. If there is still one in existence it would be an extremely rare tractor. It had a straight top like a steam engine. Open tower cooling, belt driven fan in upper right hand cooling tower. Hit and miss governor and make and break ignition. It had a very narrow fender. All my International literature indicates that it was only made in 1910 and 1911 and then changed to the later type, with an enclosed cab and top over the engine like the later 30-60's. It had open tower cooling with inducted draft from the exhaust, chain driven water pump, throttling governor, full fenders. The 30-60 Mogul was built from 1913 to 1917. My friends, John Tysse of Crosby N.D. and Wm. Krumwiede of Voltaire N.D. have the corner on the big Moguls now. They have three 45 's and one 30-60. They are a curosity to see, but only about fifteen are left yet. I.H.C. claim they built 20,385 Moguls, so mostly I am sure were 8-16's and 10-20's. They also claim 60,969 Titans were built and sold out of the Milwaukee plant. They were not broken down as to size, so we must know that at least 90% were 10-20's, as they were very popular until replaced by the McCormick Deering line. Price of a 30-60 Mogul was $2350, F.O.B. Factory. I know where there are still six 45 HP Titans and fifteen 45 or 30-60 Moguls.
On Nov. 11, 1911 three 45 HP Moguls burning kerosene pulled a 55 bottom 14' Oliver plow at South Bend Ind. at a demonstration. On that same day one of those Moguls pulled an 18 bottom 14' plow to set a record for number of plows behind one tractor, which stood until a Holt Caterpillar later pulled a 24 bottom plow.