AS I SAW IT.

PART XVII


| January/February 1974



4-Wheel Drive Tractor

Courtesy of Rolland E. Maxwell, Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750

Rolland E. Maxwell

Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750

While there was still a demand in the grain belts of the west and northwest for large tractors, the tendency in the corn belt of the middle west was for smaller more diversified two and three bottom tractors. Grain was still being threshed, but the trend was for smaller 24 & 28 inch seperators powered by two and three bottom tractors which could be used for a variety of farm uses. Even in the later teens several companies were making tractors that drove from the front wheels, and the rear could be mounted on a farmers own horse drawn implements, such as a corn planters or two row cultivator. Those tractors were the Moline Universal, Indiana, Hoke, Allis Chalmers, Boring, La Crosse Model M, Mark V, Shawnee, and Mohawk.

Also were being made were regular motor cultivators, which also could be used for planting and light work. Notably among these were Avery, Heider, Emmerson Brantingham, Bailor, Parrett, Toro, Centaur, I.H.C., Traylor, and Allis Chalmers. Thus, farmers became more general purpose minded, and some of companies helped them out.

In 1924 Int. Harv. Co. came out with the Regular Farmall, the first tricycle type tractor on the market. It was an instant success. In 1922 the company made 200 units which they took to Texas, Arizona and Calif, for general use on the large acreages, and to work out the bugs. In 1924 they considered it ready for the market, and in due time came two and four planters and cultivators, first in hand lift and later with mechanical lifts. After experimenting four years with mechanical corn pickers, they brought out the McCormick and the Deering in 1918. Both single row and ground driven like a grain binder. From 1926 on the Farmall tractors were made in the old Moline Plow Co.'s factory at Moline, III. where they are still built.

In 1928 John Deere brought out their IO-20 G.P., a light weight four wheel tractor with high arched front axle adopted to straddle a row of corn. With it came a detachable front end mounted three row planter and cultivator, with a mechanical lift attachment. This was made for gasoline or heavy fuels, and was a smaller version of their Model 'D'.

In 1930 Oliver brought out their Olicer Hart Parr Row Crop 18-28, one wheel in front and high being made by the Toro Mfg. Co. of Mpls., Minn., and that Toro made it for Rumley but was then called Do All. It also had a mounted cultivator, and could be converted back to a standard tractor. Toro made the engine for the last of the Bull tractors. A man at the Dalton, Minn, show told me in 1971 that Toro is still in the same place of business and is making power lawn mowers today. He said he was employed by them yet.