TROUBLESHOOTING THE GAS ENGINE


| September/October 1967



Oil Pull

Courtesy of H. R. Stonerook, Waterside, Pennsylvania 16690

H. R. Stonerook

Star Rte. 2, Gunnison, Colorado 81230

Some of you have been speculating on the number of engine makes. I have a list of Gas, Gasoline and Oil engine Manufacturers of 1906 listing 542. Many of these companies made more than one make engine and many small machine shops and foundries are not listed. A total list today, 61 years later, would be astounding.

Kitty writes that John D. Benner, Jr., 313 Ruby St., Lancaster, Pa., would like some information on Maytag engines. Since I've been preparing some material on two-stroke cycle engines, I'll put it all together. I haven't been able to locate an instruction book on Maytag, so I'll have to generalize until I do and will pass along the information when I receive it.

The first model Maytag engine I am acquainted with was a vertical, single cylinder, two-cycle with spark plug ignition supplied power by a separate high-tension coil and battery connected with an electrical contact on the crankshaft. Later models were horizontal with magneto ignition built into the flywheel and included a two-cylinder model. The last gas-powered Maytag Washing machines I saw used a 4-cycle Briggs and Stratton engine.

Maytag engines were air cooled with blades in the flywheel supplying an airflow around the finned cylinder. Since these engines were small and relatively slow speed, they were low powered but adequate to power the Maytag washing machine and smaller jobs.

With 2-stroke cycle (for brevity I'll refer to these as 2-cycle) engines, the intake and exhaust strokes are eliminated. Every inward stroke is a power stroke and every outward stroke is a compression stroke.