PUMPING MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT: Reid Engines


| July/August 1989



From a book by the Frick & Lindsay Co., Pittsburgh, PA, ©1924. Submitted by Amos R. Totten Rt 1, Box 193 Washington, West Virginia 26181

In 1894, Joseph Reid began the manufacture of gas engines, the first one being sent out December 1, 1894; and they were patented in June, 1898; June 1899; October, 1901; December, 1914.

They are in use today in all parts of the world where crude oil is produced.

The Reid Gas Engine is so well known in the oil country that an extended description of it is not necessary. For the information of some who may not be fully informed as to wherein it differs from some other gas engines, it may be proper to state its principal characteristics.

It is a two cycle engine. That is to say, it gets an impulse every revolution. This permits the use of lighter balanced wheels than are necessary in engines of the four cycle type, which means less wear on the shaft bearings. To get an impulse every revolution in the best manner without loss of power, there is a supply cylinder alongside of the main cylinder. This auxiliary cylinder supplies a clean charge each revolution, which allows greater flexibility of speed than in any other make of internal combustion engine.

To do away with troublesome joints, these cylinders are made in one casting. By this arrangement the man who has charge of one of these engines is never put to the trouble of trying to make a joint out in the oil fields.