Oil Field Engine News

Drilling Holes


| June/July 2003


My good friend Scott Hirshey recently gave me a copy of an old pamphlet he obtained from the estate of the late Harry Horner, the well-known oil field engine enthusiast who passed away last year. The pamphlet, Driiling, Getting Acquainted with Your Company's Operations, was written by professor CM. Young and printed by The Columbia Gas System in 1949. I've excerpted portions of the pamphlet for this issue, as I think it gives a good description of the cable-tool drilling method under which most of our old oil field engines labored.

Standard and Rotary Drilling

There are two principal methods of drilling wells; the cable tool method and the rotary method. In the cable tool method a heavy drill is dropped upon the rock, which is broken by the blow. In the rotary method a drill is pressed against the rock with great force and turned, and the rock is worn away by the concentration of pressure in a small area.

The Standard Rig



The walking beam is driven by the engine and gives motion to the tools. As finally developed it was an oak beam 26 feet long, supported at the middle on a Samson post with one end directly over the hole. A pitman at the other end is connected to the wrist pin of the band wheel crank and the band wheel is driven by a belt from the engine.

On the side of the derrick opposite the band wheel is the bull wheel on which the drilling cable is wound. On one side of the bull wheel is a grooved wheel that carries the bull rope, by which the bull wheel is driven from the band wheel. The other side has a brake drum for control of the tools when they are run in the hole.














SUBSCRIBE TO GAS ENGINE MAGAZINE TODAY!

Gas Engine Magazine A_M 16Gas Engine Magazine is your best source for tractor and stationary gas engine information.  Subscribe and connect with more than 23,000 other gas engine collectors and build your knowledge, share your passion and search for parts, in the publication written by and for gas engine enthusiasts! Gas Engine Magazine brings you: restoration stories, company histories, and technical advice. Plus our Flywheel Forum column helps answer your engine inquiries!

Be sure to take advantage of the Square Deal Subscription Program.

  • No Missed Issues.

  • No Renewal Notices.

  • No Additional Cost.

The Square Deal Subscription Program is designed as a paperless transaction with automatic renewals at a preferred low rate.   With advanced electronic notification, a 100% satisfaction guarantee and an easy opt-out plan, the Square Deal Subscription Program is the best value, risk free, eco-friendliest way to subscribe.




Facebook YouTube

Classifieds


Copyright 2018, All Rights Reserved
Ogden Publications, Inc., 1503 SW 42nd St., Topeka, Kansas 66609-1265