| May/June 1977

New-Way engine is headless

1336 Peach Avenue, El Cajon, California 92021

About a year ago I acquired a rather unusual New-Way gas engine (see pictures). It looks like other New-Ways except that it is a horizontal single cylinder engine. Bore and stroke are 3? x 4. The flywheels measure 15 x 1-15/16. The only identification is the number Z51458 stamped on the cylinder.

All the New-Ways I have seen or know about, have the gas tank cast as part of the base. However, this engine has a 'solid' base-sort of an 'I' beam shape. Also, I noticed on a picture of a 1912 New-Way 'Jewel,' which is a horizontal single like mine, that the cylinder is bolted to the base. However, on my engine the cylinder and base are a one-piece casting.

A few other features are as follows: the engine is headless, it has a rotary magneto called a National, type 'R.' It has a hit and miss governor, and it runs 'backwards.' The tops of the flywheels rotate toward the cylinder rather than away from it. I'm sure this is the original set-up as the hand crank was withthe engine and will only crank in one direction. Also, if the flywheels were to turn in the 'normal' direction the fan (see pictures) would be blowing air away from the cylinder instead of toward it.

Another interesting feature is the drip oiler; it seems to be set too far forward. When removed from the engine you can see 2 of the 3 piston rings as the piston moves in the cylinder. This causes 'blow-by' into the drip oiler tube when the engine is running, making it almost impossible for oil to get to the cylinder-even with a check ball in the oiler. Perhaps this was an early design that was later rectified.

The crankcase has a cast iron cover but this is not meant to seal the case as the engine can be run without it.