A Rare and Unusual Engine Collection

An impressive gas engine collection started with a 1928 John Deere gas engine.

| December/January 2018

  • The 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto engine has several unusual features, including a single flywheel. Serial no. 21791, the engine has a bore and stroke of 5-1/2 by 8-3/4 inches.
    Photo by Bill Vossler
  • Morrie Robinson with his one-of-a-kind 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto engine in the Otto Building at the Western Minnesota Steam Thresher's Reunion, Rollag, Minn.
    Photo by Bill Vossler
  • A front view of the 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto engine. The three valves of the fuel system with pendulum governor on the fuel inlet valve are visible here. Also shown: the hot tube chimney, sideshaft and the belt pulley on crankshaft. Not the water running on the right side into a funnel, showing active circulation. The engine retains its original color, exactly the way it left the factory.
    Photo by Bill Vossler
  • The 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto engine was manufactured by Crossley Bros. Ltd., Manchester, England, on July 7, 1893. It was designated "The Otto" as shown on its side.
    Photo by Bill Vossler
  • In this view of the 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto engine, which now runs on propane, the flare of the "piano" base can be clearly seen.
    Photo by Bill Vossler
  • An end view of the 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto engine, running.
    Photo by Bill Vossler
  • The single flywheel on this 3 hp Stickney Junior has a rounded flywheel rim, unlike the flat rim found on other engines.
    Photo courtesy Morrie Robinson
  • Front view of the St. Mary's gasoline engine.
    Photo courtesy Morrie Robinson

When it comes to gas engines, if it’s rare and unusual, Morrie Robinson’s radar is up. The Sedro-Woolley, Washington, man has built a collection of very rare and exceptionally unusual engines. And it all started with an old clunker abandoned in a barn.

As a high school student in the 1970s, Morrie bought rural acreage in the community of Day Creek, Skagit County, Washington. When neighbors sold their farm, Morrie discovered a 1928 1-1/2 hp John Deere gas engine tucked away in the back of the barn. Once used to run a milking machine, the engine had not been used for years. Morrie was fascinated by the old John Deere and the neighbors were happy to find a good home for it. “That was the one that got me started,” he says.

At about the same time, he and a cousin started hunting for engines in the Edmonton area. “Suddenly you are hooked and it becomes a disease,” he says with a laugh. “Somehow the number of engines you have seems to multiply.”

Morrie and his wife, Charlene, joined the Western Minnesota Steam Threshers’ Reunion in Rollag, Minnesota, as lifetime members in 1987. When he mentioned his interest in engines, he was shuttled along to the West Engine Building on the WMSTR grounds. “They asked if I would run the 12 hp 1917 Western winch engine and 1898 National Transit (Klein) engine,” he says. “That was a useful way for me to get to know everybody, too.”

Noteworthy collector

Among the engines Morrie began operating at WMSTR was an 1893 2 hp Crossley-Otto. An exceptionally rare engine, the Crossley-Otto has a single S-spoke flywheel (measuring 5 feet with a 4-inch face). The flywheel is mounted outboard of the engine on a large casting, with the belt pulley mounted between the flywheel and the crankshaft throw. The connecting rod, piston and crank throw are completely open.

“It’s quite a beautiful engine,” Morrie says.” That assessment was shared by a collector noteworthy in his own right: Henry Ford. The famed American industrialist added the Crossley-Otto to his personal collection in the 1920s. “Henry Ford spent a lot of time in Europe,” Morrie says. “I assume at some point he decided he was going to have a collection of major significance. I’ve been told the Crossley-Otto was at The Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan, until the mid-1970s.”


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