Part XVI

| November/December 1973

  • Avery Tractor
    Courtesy of Rolland E. Maxwell, Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750
    Rolland E. Maxwell
  • Mogul International Tractors
    Courtesy of Harry Fischback, Kettlersville, Ohio 45336.
    Harry Fischback

  • Avery Tractor
  • Mogul International Tractors

Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750

The question comes up as to what happened to all the companies that are listed as to having made, or having advertised for sale these Five Hundred different tractors. These fall under two heads; 1. Company failure, 2. Mergers. The first takes care of most of them. Company failures caused by poor engineering and designing, lack of financing, lack of sales due to lack of sales organization, etc, etc. Several other things came up that cannot be blamed on the companies, nor was it their fault. During World War I the government had clamped down on steel for things other than war use. In several instances, the factory might have been taken over for making things for the army. The Hart Parr plant was one of those. After the war Hart Parr kept going good until the merger.

After the war, the production of a lot of the larger tractors was discontinued, especially from 1917 to 1922. This was not so much due to the failure of the companies, as it was to getting the demand for them pretty well filled up, and the tendency for a better market for smaller three bottom tractors of lighter design. From 1917 to 1920 production stopped on Hart Parr 30-50, Big Four, Case 30-60, Gas Pull, Mogul 30-60, and Titan 30-60, plus Pioneer. As things picked up after 1922, these companies devoted their efforts to smaller tractors.

Smaller tractors quitting were Bull, Samson, Parrett, Bates, Gray, Bates Steel Mule, Moline Universal, Waterloo Boy, Avery 5-10, 18-36, Uncle Sam, Coleman, Int. Harv. quit making Titan 10-20, Mogul 10-20, Int. 8-16, and Int. 15-30.

1919 - A 25-50 Avery tractor 5-bottom Avery self-lift plow. Note furrow guide on tractor owned by Irvin W. Maxwell of Champaign, Illinois. They are plowing oats stubble for wheat.

While the period from 1910 to 1920 was the Romantic period of our early tractor life, it remains for the period of 1920 to 1930 to be that of the most productive and satisfying. We also had a period of mergers which made big ones out of the smaller ones.