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'The Old High Bike'

| September/October 1967

  • 20-40 Eagle tractor

    Wm. J. Earl
  • The Lady's Engine
    Courtesy of John F. Hottle, Manassas, Virginia The Lady's Engine
    John F. Hottle

  • 20-40 Eagle tractor
  • The Lady's Engine

1102 West River Rd., Battle Creek, Mich. 49017

I received my copy of the 'Tractor Operating Book and Directory' and have found it very interesting. Some of the makes mentioned and pictured I don't recall ever having seen nor heard of. Some of those companies must have been very short lived. Farmers in those days were not as well versed in the care and maintenance of the internal combustion engines as at present, and of course many were not mechanically inclined at all.

The Allis-Chalmers 10-18, page 12, brings back memories. More than 40 years ago a contractor undertook the job of grading and gravelling 1.3 miles of country road near my former home. In a deal he had become the owner of this tractor, and employed me to operate it pulling a Fresno scraper. It was located about 18 miles from where the work was to be done, so I drove it, with lugs removed, that distance over gravel road in about half a day. It was designed similar to the old 'Happy Farmer', one front wheel, and the right rear wheel supposed to run in the furrow while plowing. It was not the ideal type tractor for the work we did with it. Another thing, I was not an experienced operator at the time and knew nothing of road work. There were several things wrong with it, which might have been quite easily and cheaply repaired. The draw-bar had been broken, and the line of draft was now from the level of the rear axle, making the front end lift at times while pulling a heavy load.

Set screw holding front fork in place in frame was missing, and when front end would start to lift the front wheel would nearly drop out. The governor had been disconnected and a foot accelerator substituted for speed regulation. It was originally equipped with individual brakes to aid in turning, but the turnbuckle to the left hand brake had been broken and while it could make a very short right-hand turn, turning to the left was very uncertain. Clutch linings were about worn out, and I was told to throw a handful of sand in it if it slipped. Result was that the bronze throw-out bearing soon cut out, making the clutch action somewhat erratic. There never was sufficient time allowed for filling the many grease cups in which we had to use gun grease which was too thin. It was rather dangerous to crank as the crank was long and quite high, fitted into hub of belt pulley, You needed both hands on it to turn the motor over, if it had ever kicked back, I believe it would have nearly killed anyone. Boss wouldn't consider fixing it up, said he had very little in it and was going to run it as long as there was any breath in it. He gave it the name of 'Old High Bike'.

Motor was 2 cylinder opposed type, rated to run about 720 rpm, but we greatly exceeded that speed. Motor lubrication was by Madison-Kipp multi-feed lubricator (Fresh oil system) Carburetor was Kingston double bowl type, could be switched from one fuel to other instantly, by the flick of a lever. It was located right next to the rear cylinder and there was about 3 feet of manifold between it and the front cylinder. Heat was applied to this manifold, not next to the carburetor, but next to the cylinder, making the fuel condense in the way to the front cylinder, which made firing rather erratic, also fouling the spark plug.

Each cylinder had a compression release and by operating it with the front one slightly open better results were obtained. Fuel used was half gasoline-half kerosene, and when oil man made delivery he was instructed to put gasoline in black drum and kerosene in red. I did not like to see this done and said so, and was told to mind my own business, I was hired to operate the tractor and that was all. Anyway he said if someone stole any of it they would get what was coming to them. (It was stored in a neighbors yard) I believe if the oil company knew their man was doing this they would have fired him. After about three months of operation the 'Old High Bike' was traded for a Cleveland (Caterpillar type of tractor) See page 46 of book. This had Weidely 4 cylinder motor, and Teagle magneto, and was the tractor I mentioned the timing difficulty on in a previous article. The brake bands on this were about worn out so the boss took them and had them relined. He brought them back on a Sunday morning and installed them himself. By mistake he got them reversed, or in on the wrong side. So when you wanted to make a right hand turn you turned the steering wheel to the left, and vice versa. Talk about being a mean tractor to drive, it took about half a day to get used to that, and after driving it all day long it was very dangerous to try to drive a car. I wouldn't recommend any one trying it, just take my word for that.


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