How Your Hobby Started

| March/April 1971

390447th Avenue, S., Seattle, Washington 98118

DOUBLE REACTION - Water Motor 22 hp.

These historic water motors compose a small portion of the water powered devices installed in the tail race of the large overshot water wheel at Antique Acres, Cheraw, South Carolina. We kind a like to relax and have a little fun down here. Seems like we have more of these old machines than we can properly and objectively operate. Why don't a few hundred of you 'water wheelers' come operate a few next April 16, 17, and 18,1971?

One of the attractions found in the miscellany of gasoline engines in collectors inventory of antique models is the little No. 1 and No. 2 Eclipse Pumpers. These engines were in production by Fairbanks, Morse & Company, during the years of 1911 to 1918. As is the custom of manufacturers, a number of changes and improvements were made on this type during the years they were produced. Engine buffs will find these variations by comparing engines. There were thousands built.

Both of these models were vertical single cylinder, hopper-cooled, four cycle, hit and miss governed, with spark plug high tension ignition. Their great success was the simplicity of design. Being small and compact, they were portable and so simple they could be started by a child.

The crankcase being closed, these engines found much use in dusty, dry country for pumping water for stock at remote locations. The gasoline could be proportioned in the fuel tank so the engine would operate for a predetermined time, allowing the operator to go about his other chores while the engine would run until the water tank was filled and the fuel was exhausted and the engine would stop. The hopper was designed to accept an additional water tank that could be mounted on top of the regular water hopper so longer periods of operation were possible with out replenishing the cooling water. The water hopper was designed so ice could expand upward in cold weather. The operating instructions also suggested the use of two pounds of calcium chloride to a gallon of water for a winter cooling solution.


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