Circa-1907 2-1/4 HP Galloway Discovered

| July/August 2002

The nameplate on Mike Tyler's 2-1/4 HP Galloway, clearly showing serial number AC 1001, the earliest Galloway serial number found to date. Although not yet confirmed, it's believed this engine dates from sometime around 1907.

I recently purchased a 2-1/4 HP water-cooled Galloway from a friend, Gale Rhoton. This engine was 'barn fresh' and complete, with the exception of the igniter trip, skids and gas tank. I already had a 2-1/4 HP Galloway, but the appealing thing about this new engine was its low serial number, AC 1001. This is the lowest serial number on a Galloway I have ever seen or heard of, and consequently my interest in researching this engine was piqued.

Tracing originality
The first thing I did was carefully clean the engine with kerosene to save any original paint that may have survived. At first look the engine appeared rusty, but after cleaning and applying a light coating of a half-and-half mixture of boiled linseed oil and mineral spirits, much of the original paint surfaced. I decided to leave it in this condition, since original paint is much more attractive to me than a new paint job.

Researching an old Galloway catalog, I found an advertisement for this engine snowing a cylindrical gas tank. I sketched up the tank and Gale, who is a professional gas tank fabricator, made me a tank for the engine. I fabricated some skids from oak pallet material and milled a casting for the igniter trip. With the addition of those components the engine was complete. The compression on this engine is as good as new, and hardly any wear is evident on the moving parts. To top it off, Gale found me an original battery box with batteries to display with the engine.

As I've said, much of the original paint was still on the engine and its components. This is revealing, in that there is always a question as to the color of individual components when someone is restoring an engine to its original color scheme. The basic engine had been painted Galloway red, and a number of components had been painted silver, including the crank throw, the connecting rod, the head, the rocker arm, the mixer and the pushrod retainer on the head. The face of the flywheels may have been painted silver as well, but there is not enough paint evidence remaining to be conclusive. The exhaust pipe and muffler have no remaining original paint.

Additionally, there were differences noted in this early engine as compared to a later version of this model (s/n 13308), which I also own. The hopper opening on this early version is 2-1/2 inches in diameter versus 3-1/2 inches for the later model. Also, the engine tag for this early model is larger and advertises manure spreaders, cream separators and farm machinery. The engine tag also shows six patent numbers.