Was There Ever A Canadian Made Tractor?

Canadian Tractor

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Ontario Agricultural Museum, P.O. Box 38, Milton, Ontario, Canada L9T 2Y3

One of the challenging but frustrating aspects of the study of the history of tractor design and manufacture is that of the role of Canadian factories and Canadian companies in this field. A number of companies located in Canada, in Ontario mainly, who did take part in the great 'tractor sweepstakes' of 1910-1920 period when literally hundreds of designers and small factory owners tried to enter the tractor business. Some of the designs were simply not practicable, some were downright unworkable in the field and most managements lacked the finances to keep going in the face of trials and errors. In the end, they, like their counterparts in the United States, just folded up and left the tractor field to the big boys. Today, the situation has changed again as large implement companies find themselves in financial straits and the industry has become international. Now it is difficult to determine just where and by whom any tractor or tractor parts were actually manufactured. Most models are a mix of parts from many factories and often more than one country.

Yet this was the way it was in Canada right from the beginning; it is extremely doubtful that any tractor 'Made in Canada' was actually a totally Canadian product. Some parts, even such major items as the engine itself, were brought in from outside the country and just bolted to a Canadian frame.

In some cases that have been studied, the 'Canadian' content was little more than the name painted on the sides; even that is doubtful in some cases where the tractor was the spitting image of the recognized American make.

Another problem facing the Canadian tractor industry was the problem of the small and badly fragmented market. On the Prairie grain fields, the need was for huge ploughing machines and thresher power plants. In Ontario, where the greater proportion of Canadian farming is done, the need was for small, nimble machines that could work effectively on the rolling landscape of small, mixed and dairy farms.

One of the paradoxes of this situation is that the most successful manufacturer of truly Canadian big tractors, the Sawyer-Massey Company of Hamilton, Ontario, was located about 1,500 miles from its major markets on the western wheat fields. And at least one of these companies that struggled to survive in Western Canada, the Medicine Hat Machinery Co., turned out a tractor that was suitable for threshermen in Ontario and nowhere near big enough to be a prairie sod buster.

At the Ontario Agricultural Museum near Milton, Ontario, there will be a special reunion of tractors 'Made in Canada' this June. With machines from their own collection, some restored in their shops, and with other tractors displayed by private collectors, it is hoped that the event will be the first significant attempt to demonstrate just what these companies did attempt and produce. Some of the machines on display will include the Sawyer-Massey monsters which were based on that company's very successful line of steam traction engines. Using heavy channel iron framing, big cast iron gears and a slow speed kerosene engine, these machines form an interesting aspect of the development of motive power on the farm.

Other companies, like Gilson of Guelph and Goold, Shapley & Muir of Brantford, started out as engine builders, gradually working their way to putting their engines on geared frames and creating tractors of a sort.

Another pioneer company was that of Sylvester Bros, of Lindsay who were far sighted indeed. They not only worked on the idea of putting their engine on a frame and fitting gears, but they went one step further; they added a threshing machine a very early try at making harvesting a simpler operation. Just take the power and the thresher out to the field on one frame the combine in embryo.

Just determining what a 'Canadian' tractor was is one of the problems facing the organizers at the Museum. Two examples already in the Museum collection are the Chase and the Stinson Beaver. In both cases the original U.S. based companies got into difficulties and their products turned up later in Canada, under a Canadian name. The Museum's Chase machine, for example, is labelled as No. 36, and research has disclosed that there was a Chase Tractor Corporation with a factory on a street just across the railroad tracks from the giant Massey-Harris plant in Toronto.

But in both cases, all records have been lost.

Anyone who could assist the Museum in this effort is sincerely asked to do so; any contribution will be most appreciated. And a visit should be very worthwhile for those interested in the development of the farm tractor.

Called the 'Great Canadian Antique Tractor Field Days', this event will take place at the Ontario Agricultural Museum at Milton on June 29, 30, and July 1, 1985. Activities, demonstrations and parades will highlight these Canadian tractors, along with Canadian gasoline engines and steam engines throughout this exciting weekend.

Tractor Works Serial Numbers

In our May 1985 issue, we began a two part listing of serial numbers obtained by Gerald Jahreis, 2908 Maple Avenue, Eden, New York 1405 7, from S. K. Otten in the customer relations department of International Harvester Company.

What appears below is the second part of the list, covering output by year of tractors manufactured at IHC's Tractor Works. Last month we published the serial numbers of the output of the Milwaukee Works.

In her letter to Jahreis, Ms. Otten offered help to enthusiasts who need information or photo copies of manuals. Inquiries should be addressed to S. K. Otten, Customer Relations Manager, P.O. Box 4521, Oak Brook, Illinois 60521.

Serial Letters Assigned To Tractor Works Output of Engines by Year (December 20, 1922)

Serial Letter 

Assigned

 Shop #s From

To

Year Mfg

A 1 HP Starting engine for 45 HP
or 30/60 Tractor

A 501

A 673

1912

 

674

1570

1913

 

1571

2622

1914

 

2623

2721

1915

 

2722

2755

1916

AB 10 HP Mogul Skidded

HC Kero

AB 501

AB 511

1914

 

512

518

1915

 

519

532

1917

 

533

545

1918

AC 12 HP

   

Mogul Mount

HC

AC 501

AC 501

1915

B 10/20 HP

   

Mogul Tractor

Kero

B 501

B 509

1912

 

510

585

1913

BB 10 HP

   

Mogul Mount

HC Kero

BB 501

BB 515

1914

 

516

550

1915

 

551

620

1916

 

621

629

1917

 

630

633

1918

BC 10/20 HP Mogul

   

2 speed Tractor

Kero

BC 501

BC 525

1916

 

526

5863

1917

 

5864

9009

1918

 

9010

9485

1919

BE 4 HP Mogul Sta.

HC Kero

BE No record 

BZ 4 HP Mogul Sta.

TC Kero

BZ 501

BZ 566

1914

 

567

650

1915

 

651

711

1916

C 15/30 HP

   

Mogul Tractor

Kero

C 1313

C 1749

1913

 

1750

1790

1914

 

1791

1840

1915

CB 10 HP Mogul Port.

HC Kero

CB 501

CB 545

1914

 

546

565

1915

 

566

573

1916

 

574

590

1917

 

591

634

1918

Serial Letter

Assigned

Shop #s

 To

Year

  

From

Mfg

CZ 2 HP Mogul

    

Skidded

HC Kero

CZ 501

CZ 773

1914

  

774

2964

1915

  

2965

4865

1916

  

4866

7920

1917

  

7921

10101

1918

D 1 HP Start. Engine for

   

15/30 HP Tractor

 

D 501

D 696

1913

  

697

771

1914

  

772

804

1915

  

805

821

1916

DB 10 HP Mogul

    

Skidded

TC Kero

DB 501

DB 516

1914

  

517

521

1916

  

522

526

1917

  

527

539

1918

E 25 HP Mogul

    

Sta. Giant

TC Kero

E 501

E 559

1912

  

560

654

1913

  

655

720

1914

  

721

788 

1915

  

789

871

1916

  

872

1000

1917

  

1001

1050

1918

  

1051

1051

1919

EB 10 HP

       

Mogul Mount

TC Kero

EB 501

EB 521

1916

  

522

522

1917

  

523

530

1918

EC 15/30 HP

    

Intl. Tractor

Kero

EC 501

EC 1000

1918*

  

1001

1365

1918**

  

1366

3017

1919

  

3018

4085

1920

  

4086

4906

1921

(Several parts common to 15/30 HP Titan Tractor formerly made at Milw. Works w/Serial Letter TS & TW)

EZ 4HP

    

Mogul Skidded

HC Kero

EZ 501

EZ 707

1914

  

708

1277

1915

  

1278

1641

1916

  

1642

2110

1917

  

2111

2417

1918

  

2418

2743

1919

F 12/25 HP

    

Mogul Tractor

Kero

F 501

F 617

1913

  

618

851

1914

  

852

1125

1915

  

1126

1526

1916

  

1527

2048

1917

  

2049

2049

1918

FB 10 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

FB 501

FB 575

1914

  

576

640

1915

  

641

654

1916

  

655

736

1917

  

737

786

1918

  

787

809

1919

FZ 4 HP Mogul Mount

HC Kero

FZ 501

FZ 540

1914

  

541

627

1915

  

628

656

1916

  

657

725

1917

  

726

787

1918

G 8 HP Mogul Sta.

TC Kero

G 501

G 510

1913

  

511

600

1914

   

601

684

1915

  

685

781

1916

  

782

879

1917

  

880

885

1918

GB 12 HP Mogul Mount

TC Kero

GB 501

GB 510

1914

1915
    

1916

  

511

514

1917

GZ 4 HP Mogul Port.

HC Kero

GZ 501

GZ 525

1914

  

526

548

1915

  

549

556

1916

  

557

588

1917

  

589

649

1918

  

650

727

1919

H 10 HP Mogul Sta.

TC Kero

H 501

H 509

1913

  

510

565

1914

  

566

633

1915

  

634

699

1916

  

700

820

1917

  

821

895

1918

HB 12 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

HB 501

HB 610

1914

  

611

660

1915

  

661

681

1916

  

682

711

1917

  

712

731

1918

* with cab **without cab

Serial Letter

Assigned

Shop #s

To

Year

 

From

Mfg

HC 8/16 HP Intl.

   

4-cyl Vert Tractor

Kero

HC501HC6023

1918

 

6024

11871

1920

HZ 4 HP Mogul

   

Skidded

TC Kero

HZ 501

HZ 656

1914

 

657

753

1915

 

754

801

1916

 

802

816

1917

I 3 HP Booster for Hand Car

   

I 501

I 533

1913

 

534

775

1914

 

776

1026

1915

 

1027

1073

1916

IB 15 HP Mogul Mount TC Kero

IB 501

IB 510

1914

1915
 

511

511

1916

IC 8/16 Intl. 4-cyl

   

Vert. Tractor

Kero

IC 501

IC 9513

1921

 

9517

17022

1922

D2 4 HP Sta. HC

D2 501

D2 525

1914

 

526

649

1915

 

650

713

1916

 

714

758

1917

 

759

804

1918

IZ 4 HP Mogul Mount

TC Kero

IZ 501

IZ 550

1914

 

551

559

1915

J 25 HP Mogul Tractor

Kero

J 501

J 547

1911

 

548

1230

1912

 

1231

1312

1913

JB 15 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

JB 501

JB 590

1914

 

591

594

1915

 

595

597

1916

 

598

606

1917

 

607

619

1918

JZ 4 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

JZ 501

JZ 525

1914

 

526

536

1915

 

537

570

1916

K 20 HP Mogul Sta. & Tractor

TC Kero

No record

KB 20 HP Mogul Mount

TC Kero

KB 501 503

KB 502 503

1915 1916

KZ 6 HP Mogul Sta. HC Kero

KZ 501

KZ 525

1914

 

526

581

1915

 

582

610

1916

 

611

634

1917

 

635

726

1918

LB 20 HP Mogul Port. TC Kero

LB 501

LB 516

1914

 

517

525

1915

LZ 6 HP Mogul SkiddedHC Kero

LZ 501

LZ 663

1914

 

664

936

1915

 

937

1015

1916

 

1016

1238

1917

 

1239

1659

1918

 

1660

1745

1919

M 5 HP Mogul Sta. TC Kero M Built 1911 to 1918 Assembly records for these engines were misplaced in 1920, thru Law Suit account Engine M-535 built in 1912.

MB 25 HP Mogul Mount TC Kero MB Only built 2 engines

MZ 6 HP Mogul Mount HE Kero

MZ 501

MZ 581

1914

 

582

702

1915

 

703

1048

1916

 

1049

1175

1917

 

1176

1279

1918

N 20 HP Mogul Sta.

TC Kero

N 501

N 590

1912

 

591

697

1913

 

698

742

1914

 

743

806

1915

 

807

859

1916

 

860

951

1917

 

952

989

1918

NB 25 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

NB 501

NB 502

1914

 

503

506

1915

NZ 6 HP Mogul Port.

HC Kero

NZ 501

NZ 600 

1914

 

601

643

1915

 

644

685

1916

 

686

937

1917

 

938

1193

1918

O 6 HP Mogul Sta.

TC Kero

O 501

O 588

1914

 

589

664

1915

 

665

703

1916

 

704

755

1917

OZ 6 HP Mogul Skidded

OZ 501

OZ 664

1914

 

665

721

1915

 

722

729

1916

 

730

778

1917

P 12 HP Mogul Sta. TC Kero

P 501

P 515

1913

 

516

587

1914

 

588

635

1915

 

636

689

1916

 

690

765

1917

 

766

868

1918

Serial Letter

Assigned

Shop #s

To

Year

  

From

Mfg

PB 1? HP Start Engine

   

for 12/25 HP Tractor

Kero

PB 501

PB 576

1915

  

577

577

1916

  

578

583

1917

PZ 6 HP Mogul Mount

TC Kero

PZ 501

PZ 531

1914

  

532

536

1915

Q 1 HP Mogul Stat. Engine for

   

20/25 & 50 HP Sta.

Kero

Q 501

Q 525

1913

  

526

548

1914

  

549

554

1917

  

555

559

1918

QZ 6 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

QZ 501

QZ 568

1914

  

569

635

1915

  

636

689

1916

  

690

793

1917

RZ 8 HP Mogul Sta.

Kero

RZ 606

RZ 723

1919

SB 8/16 HP Mogul

   

Tractor

Kero

SB 501

SB 520

1914

  

521

5631

1915

  

5632

13900

1916

  

13901

14565

1917

SZ 8 HP Mogul Skidded

HC Kero

SZ 501

SZ 593

1914

  

594

603

1917

  

604

704

1918

  

705

741

1919

T 15 HP Mogul Sta.

TC Kero

T 501

T 509

1913

  

510

576

1914

  

577

638

1915

  

639

705

1916

  

706

801

1917

  

802

860

1918

  

861

910

1919

TZ 8 HP Mogul Mount

HC Kero

TZ 501

TZ 507

1914

  

508

541

1915

  

542

558

1916

  

559

589

1917

  

590

634

1918

  

635

638

1919

U 35/60 HP

    

Mogul Tractor

Kero

U 2174

U 2937

1913

  

2838

2858

1914

  

2859

2935

1915

  

2936

2940

1916

  

2941

2941

1917

UB 1 HP Mogul Jr.

HC Gaso

UB501

UB 1584

1915

  

1585

4227

1916

  

4228

5553

1917

  

5554

5825

1918

UZ 8 HP Mogul Port.

HC Kero

UZ 501

UZ 558

1914

  

559

655

1915

  

656

658

1916

  

659

753

1917

  

754

925

1918

  

926

946

1919

VB 8/16 HP Intl. 4 cyl Vert Tractor

    

Kero

VB 501

VB 3700

1917

    

1918

  

3701

5748

1919

VZ 8 HP Mogul

    
Skidded

TC Kero

VZ 501

VZ 551

1914

  

552

553

1915

  

554

561

1916

  

562

581

1917

W 1 HP Mogul

    

Skidded

HC Kero

W 501

W 1038

1914

  

1039

8459

1915

  

8460

14780

1916

  

14781

22183

1917

  

22184

29672

1918

WZ 8 HP Mogul Mount

TC Kero

WZ 501

WZ 541

1914

X 45 HP Mogul Tractor Kero

X 501

X 1084

1911

  

1085

2137

1912

  

2138

2173

1913

XZ 8 HP Mogul Port.

TC Kero

XZ 501

XZ 600

1914

  

601

637

1915

  

638

668

1916

  

669

729

1917

Y 1? HP Mogul

    

Skidded

HC Kero

Y 501

Y 856

1914

  

857

3517

1915

  

3518

4792

1916

  

4793

8158

1917

  

8159

9241

1918

YZ 10 HP Mogul Sta.

HC Kero

YZ 501

YZ 508

1914

  

509

528

1915

  

529

544

1916

  

545

560

1917

  

561

574

1918

YB 6 HP (Hay Press)

 

YB 501

YB 641

1917

  

642

1093

1918

  

1094

1181

1919