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Ryder, North Dakota 58779

Mr. Sam Couper of Winnipeg asks about an Ohio Tractor in the March-April 72 GEM. Here are a few notes I have found on this tractor but which all seems to be very confusing.

A March 1912 Gas Power magazine shows an ad by the Ohio Tractor Mfg. Company of Marion, Ohio. The tractor is called the Ohio Gasolene-Kerosene Tractor. It has famous patent friction drive built in the following sizes: 20, 30, 45, and 70 HP. It also has the combination tractor-roller, and our tractor hay baler on which we use our friction drive when baling hay or when running over the road. Leader steam engines and separators so favorably known for 25 years, are the goods we manufacture.

A reprint of a September 1912 Gas Review pictures an Ohio tractor in the August 66 E. & E. The owner, O. T. Nolan, Perth, North Dakota, states he has been running the Ohio tractor the last two years.

Floyd Clymers book on Steam Engines shows the Leader Steam Engine in 1915 by the Leader Mfg. Company, Des Moines, Iowa. While 'Power in the Past' by Chas. Wendel states the Leader Tractor Mfg. Company, Des Moines, Iowa, placed advertisements in 1919 in some trade papers stating 'We build the famous Leader Steam engine, separator, and steam road roller; the kerosene tractor, the kerosene road roller.' They further advertised themselves as successors to the Ohio Tractor Mfg. Company, Marion, Ohio.

A January 1919 Chilton Tractor Index lists the Leader Tractor Mfg. Company, Des Moines, Iowa, with the following Ohio tractors in 1912, 10-20 two-cylinder 7?' bore, 15-30 two-cylinder 8?' bore, 22-45 two-cylinder 9?' bore and 35-70 two-cylinder with 11' bore. Then also a 12-25 Rex built in 1918 is listed with a four-cylinder engine with 4?' bore.

The T. H- Smith Album of Steam Engines shows the Leader Steam engine at Marion, Ohio.

The Ohio Mfg. Company, Upper Sandusky, Ohio, built a tractor called the Ohio from around 1905-1920. These were the one-cylinder type and from about 1906-1908 the I H C. bought their tractors and sold them as Internationals. The Ohio Mfg. Company bought their patent from S.S. Morton Motor Plow Company, Columbus, Ohio.

I am trying to establish the many different companies that built these steel wheel tractors, how many models they built and how long.

Here are some other companies that seem connected with the Ohio and Leader tractor, but I am not sure just how they fit in. The Ohio Tractor-Roller Sales Company, Columbus, Ohio; Leader Mfg. Company, Chagrin Falls & Cleveland, Ohio; and the Dayton-Dick Company (about 1920 called the Dayton-. Dowd Company), Quincy, Illinois.

One fellow gives the following for the Ohio & Leader tractors: the Leader engine (steamers at first and later gasoline tractors) were built first in Marion, Ohio. The company founded about 1870 and built portable engines for about ten years before building traction engines about 1880. In 1906 this Leader steam traction engine sold from the Marion Mfg. Company, Marion, Ohio, and Cascaden-Vaughan Company (successors to the Waterloo Threshing Machine Company and Waterloo Motor Works) of Waterloo, Iowa. The Marion Company was the head company and this other Cascaden-Vaughan Company of Waterloo was their Western branch company. Chas. Wendel in 'Power in the Past' telling about the Casca-den Company states they built steam engines called the 'Winnishiek.' He also mentions how the Wm. Galloway Company and Cascaden were connected. Also Carleton Mull in his article in the May-June 70 GEM. tells about the Cascaden-Vaughan Company steam engines of Chicago. He explains the connection between Wm. Galloway Company and Cascaden Company.

I haven't been able to find a picture of the Ohio tractor in any GEM. issue. Nor do I have any pictures that I could send to be printed. I think the tractor looks similar to the early International in that it has the same type cooling screen radiator but the Ohio had two fuel tanks in a horizontal position on either side of this cooling tank. It also had the two large flywheels, very heavy ones at that.