HP 3 Belding

Courtesy of Anker H. Hanson, Malta, Montana 59538.

Anker H. Hanson

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30 Skene St. Whitehall, New York 12887.

I started the engine collecting hobby when my neighbor dropped off a Fairbanks-Morse upright 3HP in my back yard. This was set up tight as usual and did not have any mag. It has a cam shaft across the front and one end is the fuel pump and the governor fly balls are on the cam gear. It has a hit-miss type governor and a make and break type ignition for which I use a coil from an old tractor magneto with a hot-shot battery. This rig has an upright water tank that holds at least ten gallons and has upper and lower hose connections. The crank is oil-tight and it has a dip scoop on the connection to pick up oil from the bottom to lubricate the rod bearing. This rig runs, but the bearings are in poor condition, as if it had been low on oil. It has a drip cup on the cylinder for the piston lubrication, a simple flow through carburetor with free action intake valve, and cam push rod exhaust valve.


In the May-June issue of GEM I sounded a May-day on an engine that I could not make run. So, I guess I better send in a report to the contrary as I finally found the secret. I did receive some letters from readers of GEM but not much of any help. What I needed and still would like to have is a close-up picture of one so I can see if I am hooked up right. All lines, both gas and air, were gone--so I had to guess at what was what. I found a small leak in the suction line and as the exhaust has to create the vacuum there can be no leaks. I forged a choke on the exhaust pipe and that seems to do the trick.

Once again for those that did not see the May-June issue, I shall give the name of the engine-The Brown Marvel SN 274 Ballou Mfg. Co. HP 3? Belding, Michigan-For best results use vacuum number 1 gas engine oil (That's what is on the plate).

It is two cycle and will run either way by turning the eccentric 180 degrees. As this picture was taken it was running at 400 rpm, governed by hit or miss and fired make and break, battery and coil. I must say that it does run nice.

I would still like to hear from someone who has one like it.

I own the following machines and have restored them to running condition.

A Bulldog 3 HP horizontal cylinder Fairbanks with a tri pole make and break ignition. This engine has a pull-rod action to operate the exhaust valve and the oscillator.

An Ottawa log saw. This rig is a 5 HP with one flywheel, and a Wico mag with push rod for each valve. This saw runs very well.

A Deering 3-HP throttle governed with enclosed crankcase. The rod is greased by a cup on the end of the crank shaft and has a gear-driven mag with a make and break ignition. It has a three control valve carburetor, runs on kerosene and water mixture, and starts on gasoline. This is a real slick running rig. It has a fuel pump and flow-through carburetor from the main tank with a small reservoir of gas for starting and has a drip cup oiler for the piston.

A 3-HP Hercules that has a Wico mag with spark plug and suction type carburetor. It draws the fuel from the base tank. This rig has a three-speed lever on the hit and miss governor.

A l?-HP Hercules that was in very poor condition. The mag had been stripped of the horseshoe magnet, so I had to fit a plate over the hole for the mag and drill it for a spark plug. Then I put on a timing contact, so it would hit the crank at the right firing position and used a vibrator coil with a battery.

Two Wittes: One has a Wico mag with spark plug and is throttle-governed, and in good running condition. The head needs welded where it was frozen. The other is in very poor condition and very rusted. I have finally freed the piston. This has an air-cooled head and water-cooled cylinder, but I cannot identify the mag. It also has a spark plug and is the only one that has not been run.

A New Way air-cooled that has a fan on the side of the cylinder that is driven by a belt that runs on the fly wheel. It has a side chamber exhaust valve that is operated directly from the cam push rod. This has a hit and miss governor and uses a battery and vibrator coil with spark plug for ignition. It runs in opposite rotation than the other rigs as the power stroke is when the crank is on the bottom.

I am totally blind and find that this makes a very interesting hobby to restore these rigs to good running condition.