The Brantford Ideal

6 HP Brantford Ideal

The 6 HP 'Brantford Ideal' shown above in a photograph by Tom Johnson was manufactured by Goold, Shapley & Muir, and is owned by Sam Curry, 205 Ross Road, Sedona, Arizona 86336.

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205 Ross Road, Sedona, Arizona 86336

If you are expecting another tall tale, such as 'found in a neighbor's barn loft, under a hay pile, while helping his wife look for turkey eggs,' read no further. My engines have all come the hard way. Sometimes swapping with older collectors who may be ready to trade a larger unrestored engine for a nicely restored smaller one; something easier to take to shows.

E. L. Goold was first involved in sales of large front-wheeled bicycles in the 1870s. He later went into bicycle manufacturing, sold out to Canada Cycle Company, and in 1892 established the Goold Shapley & Muir Company, in Brantford, Canada. Among many other products, they started manufacturing gasoline, kerosene and gas engines in the 1? to 60 HP range and 'Brantford Ideal' was their copyright name.

One of the first 6 HP engines on record was installed in a bake shop around 1899 and was still in service 16 years later. The horizontal single cylinder, patent water tank-cooled engine came in 3?, 4?, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 18 and 25 HP sizes.

My engine has a horizontal 'flyaball' governor, which is the 'brain' of all working parts. By use of cams, rollers, and a hollow brass push rod, it drives a gasoline pump. The amount of fuel can be regulated to control the speed, and is injected directly to the intake valve, thus no need for carburetor or mixer.

At the top of the compression stroke, a trip rod trips the brass ignitor, starting the power stroke. The engine has a 'double' exhaust with a part at the back of the cylinder which discharges the burnt gas. It also has a push rod controlled exhaust valve, the push rod running through the hollow gas push rod.

A small centrifugal water pump, driven by belt from one flywheel sends water through the head and the cylinder water jacket, then to the top of the water tank, spraying down to the bottom. At the same time, the exhaust, which is also piped to the tank top, causes a draft pulling air through the water, thus cooling it. This seems to be very efficient.

In short, you might call this a fuel injected, exhaust cooled hit & miss engine. I enjoyed the long restoration, but it wasn't until a second show that I got it running properly. The engine has been shown at seven major shows, from the National at Ft. Scott, Kansas, to Tucson, Arizona, and has always drawn comment as being first of its type that some 'engine buffs' have seen.

Goold, Shapley & Muir moved to a large new factory in March 1899, with full fanfare. Although all this is recorded in the Brantford Expositor newspaper, little other information as to records, when and why they ceased production in this vast business, and closing time seems available. We do know that production on some items continued into the early 1920s. Mr. Goold died about this time, and the last part of the factory building was torn down in 1973. Also at one time the factory suffered a loss by fire.

Maybe the 'Old Reflector' could enlighten us on some of these unknown facts.

I would enjoy hearing from people with this type engine.