Smoke Rings

Smoke Rings

Content Tools

The long-awaited spring weather has finally come upon us. We have dug out from the harsh winter and are now prepared to relax and enjoy the beautiful sights and sounds that only Springtime can offer.

Spring has also prompted many inquiries to our column; so let's get down to business with the many, many letters:

Sometimes people travel all over the world searching for diamonds, while once in a great while someone finds them in his own backyard. ERSA WILLIAMSON of Corydon, Iowa was one of those who found a diamond in his back yard - well almost. A dilapidated shed was torn down on a farm only a few miles north of Corydon. When all the many years of accumulated debris was cleared out, there was an upright Stickney engine. The engine was in fairly good shape - except for a possum dead in the water hopper, drowned due to the roof leaking water into the hopper. Two gears had broken teeth, but this will be a small item as there is a welder here in Corydon who can weld anything but a broken heart. The problem is Ersa knows nothing about this engine in the matter of operation. It is a hot bulb or hot tube ignition type and Ersa needs help. He would also like to know the approximate dates these were built, surprisingly there is no model number or serial number plate on it. The only identification on the engine is a very, very faded decal that you can barely make out the name Stickney. Ersa would appreciate any help he can get. Here is his address: Ersa Williamson, Corydon, Iowa 50060.

SIGURD  K. RUDORF, 5276 Boettce, West Bend, Wisconsin 53095 writes: 'In the last issue of the magazine, you wrote that I had certain information on the Smith-Briggs Motor Wheel. That led to quite a number of inquiries, and I was happy to mail the requested information to all but two of the folks who wrote to me. In one case, I was not given a return address, and can't read the name, so if Mr. Robert G-- -g- -- will write to me once more, and give me his address, I'll send him the package.'

MORSE B. BAKER, 4100 West Huron River Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103, tells us he has complete blueprints of gas and diesel lever engines. The diesel is a 2 cycle and the gas is a 4 cycle. The engines were made in Charleston, Illinois, sometime in the 1930s. He needs information on the whereabouts of any of these two engines.

BERT BRYANT YOUNG, R.R. 1, Box 704, Dover, Delaware 19901 explains to us that he is presently restoring a 3 HP Empire gasoline engine sold by the Empire Cream Separator Company and would like to know what the correct color of this engine is supposed to be. Also, he indicates, that in the Jan.-Feb. issue of GEM there was an article by a man who restored a Model L Case Tractor. Mr. Young has a Model L Case that is yet to be restored and it needs a lot of extensive maintenance. It is an old mode! with a flat fan belt and it is on steel wheels. He would like information on the availability of repair parts, either new or used, but in serviceable condition. Also any technical data pertaining to the engine, as well as other components of the tractor would be helpful.

H. L. RITTER, Route #5, Box 127, Fulton, New York 13069 wonders if any readers can give him any information on the 'Parker' marine engine made in Fulton, New York, around 1900.

BLAKE  MALKAMAKI, 10839 Girdled Road, Concord, Ohio 44077 says: 'A little advice - be careful when trying to remove pistons from Fairbanks-Morse engines. There seems to be a weak spot, just in from the end of the cylinder. We have cranked two F-Ms by using oil under pressure.

WAYNE CULLER, 323 South Jefferson Street, Frederick, Maryland 21701 is seeking any information on the Joy McVicker tractors that were built by the Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company of Minneapolis, Minnesota. He says the only picture he ever saw of one was in the book, 'Agricultural Tractors 1855-1950.' (That's a new name to me - how about you?)

We hear from MIKE HALEY, 7167 Haverford, Mentor, Ohio 44060 as he says: 'Thanks for a great magazine. I need some help on Fordson tractors. My dad and I are planning to buy a Fordson and I would like to know as much as I can about these tractors. I am 13 years old and have been interested in engines for about three years. My father and I have about 5 old big engines in our collection. We have a lot of small engines such as Briggs & Stratton, Lauson, etc. We also have a Stover CT-2 engine. I would like to hear from any other Stover engine owners'

B. D. BATCHELOR, Tuahiwi Road, Kaiapot R.D., North Canterbury, New Zealand writes us: 'We have just had a visit from some of your country folk. They called here on a Farmer's Tour. One of the couples was Mr. & Mrs. Ted Worrall of Loma, Montana, well known to GEM readers. Some of our club members were very happy to take them on a full day tour and see some of our restored relics. There must be a lot of your countrymen who come our way, but only see the tourist spots. If any more GEM readers are traveling this way and care to write me, I would be only too happy to give them any information they would require.'

JON ZELZLER, P.O. Box 26, Bagley, Minnesota 56621 tells us he just read an article in another magazine concerning the fate of an old 4-8-4 steam train engine. Its fate is to go to the scrap unless someone can salvage it. Please contact Ray Maryland. That's the only address available.

Mr. Zelzler also would like to extend a personal invitation to all gas engine collectors to help celebrate the 25th Anniversary Show at Rollag, Minnesota this year during Labor Day Weekend. Contact Elaine Everson, Hawley, Minnesota 56549.

MIKE ARENS, R.R. 1, Watkins, Minnesota 55389 writes to ask about his 6 HP Galloway serial #35659. He would like to know what year it was built and what the correct paint color is. He also just purchased a Fairbanks Morse serial #737724 with the nameplate missing. He doesn't know what type or horsepower it is. It is a double flywheel (spoked) self-oiling throttling kerosene engine. The flywheels are very heavy for the diameter. They are 15 ?' in diameter and 3 ?' wide. The left pulley has two belt groves in it.

W. S. HUGHES, Box 226, New Smyrna Beach, Florida 32069 tells us of his recent trip to Ireland: 'My boy and his cousin located an old engine, but I didn't get to see it. However, while talking to a friend and showing him some old engine pictures, he told me of a lad nearby that was a collector. I went to see him and we hit it off perfect. He has several old tractors, combines, engines, etc. I sent him the address of GEM as I am sure it would be of great interest to him.

DONALD RICK, 1122 E. Shady Lane Road, Neenah, Wisconsin 54956 would like to hear from anyone who owns a 20 HP International Victor screen-cooled and also a Lindes Alamo 6? HP gas engine.

PATRICK RODDEN, 27 Coburn Avenue, Showhegan, Maine 04976 has just obtained an old one lung engine. He is wondering if someone can tell him what kind it is. The only readable markings are the serial number G10495 and the 1? HP which is stamped on the front of the engine. The water hopper is curved in which he supposes is made for two round gas tanks; one for kerosene and the other for gasoline. A friend made two gas tanks for it and Patrick piped them up to the carburetor which isn't original. It has a make and break magneto on it and the engine seems to run pretty well. It is in good shape with the original green paint still on it. There is a decal on each side of the water hopper but are quite faded. He would appreciate any information.

BRIAN NEUMANN, Box 106 Maitland 5573, South Australia inquires on behalf of a friend regarding a 40 HP gas engine made by the Union Gas Engine Company of San Francisco in 1896. This engine was installed in a two masted sailing ketch in 1905. The ketch was built in 1874 and is 72' long. It sank in 1925 in 16' of water. His friend skin dives and has raised the propeller and shaft which was buried in sand. These are now in a museum. The engine appears to be upright, two cylinders with about 30' disc flywheel on the front end. He would appreciate details such as bore and stroke, rpm, weight, and if a brass nameplate was attached and where, etc.

Christensen 5 HP, Serial number 6699, Type LC, RPM 375. Manufactured by the Christensen Engineering Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Is this engine the same as the Bodgen?  Courtesy of Walter A. Taubeneck, 4213 80th Street, N.E., Marysville, Washington 98270.

WALTER A. TAUBENECK, 4213 80th Street N.E., Marysville, Washington 98270 is interested in corresponding with gas engine collectors in British Columbia, Canada.

ROY S. MAST, Route 4, Millersburg, Ohio 44654 asks: 'I would like to know what was the original color of a 1928 McCormick Deering 10-20 tractor? Also what mag was originally on 10-20 tractors? I was lucky enough to find a complete gasket set. Need all the information I can get on Alamo Blue Line engines. Thanking you all in advance.' (If you have the answers, speed 'em to Roy.')

RICHARD BELL, 2600 Bewell Avenue S.E., Lowell, Michigan 49331 would like to hear from anyone who has information on the Keller engine. 'I have a 1? HP Serial 2576. It has a brass tag on the water hopper - Eav Clare Mfg. Co., Eav Clare, Wisconsin. I understand it was made by the United States Switch Company of  Eav Clare. It has a brass Lunkenheimer carburetor, very fine gold striping and is a maroon color. I would like to hear from other Keller owners,'

A. L. HEILAND, 15323 C.R. 25A, Anna, Ohio 45302, writes that on page 17 March-April Magazine, a man sent in that he wanted to contact someone who had a 1937 Huber Model B tractor with a Buda engine in it. He failed to put his name and address on the ad. Mr. Heiland has a 1937 Huber with Buda engine that is restored and running very well. He found it in a junk yard with many small parts missing. After a lot of driving and writing, he finally got it together.

MARVIN BRINK, 3325 Beckley Road, Battle Creek, Michigan 49017, writes that he is fairly new to this hobby and needs some information on an air-cooled Ideal gas engine. He believes it is about 1 HP. The flywheels are 2' high. When acquired it was less the carb. Any information would be appreciated.

SCOTT STROVEN, 14038 68th Avenue, Coopersville, Michigar 49404 recently bought a Bull Pup ant is wondering if anyone could give him any information on his purchase.

WILLIAM J. RUNDLE, 2565 East Kleindale Road, Tuscon, Arizona 85716 is interested in hearing from collectors about the Economy engines manufactured by Sears Roebuck at Sparta, Michigan before Sears started selling Hercules and Stover engines under the Economy name. He has an engine number 12398, an 'Improved Model,' 4 HP and would like to know when it was built, what is the significance of 'Improved Model' on the name plate and was the Lunkenheimer mixer made like an elbow that sucked air in from the side or was it a straight through arrangement sucking air upward past the mixing point.

A note from HERB PERSING, Route 1, Pittsfield, Pennsylvania 16340: 'First, I would like to brag up the magazine-it is the greatest! Then, I would like to hear from anyone who has a 6 HP hit and miss Stover and a 1? HP Little Jumbo. I now have 20 engines and there is no other better way to get your hands dirty than working on the old smokers.'

D. RANDALL, Aldsworth Close, Fairford, Glos. G17-41b England, sends us a dating list for Lister engines, made by R.A. Lister and Company, England. The Lister engine is very similar to a Noud engine made in hopper and tank versions, all vertically enclosed with throttle governing. They have a very reliable engine and many of the older ones are still being used.

HENRY WILKS, Route 2, Box 221, Brinkley, Arkansas 72021 sends us a picture of a small steam engine he has. The tag on the engine says: Kingery Mfg Co., Cincinnati, O. He wonders if this engine was used on a popcorn wagon? It is about the size of a Cretors popcorn engine. The flywheel measures about 8'. He also wonders the age of the engine. He also asks readers if they know anywhere he could send the engine to have it reworked. A few parts are missing on it and would have to be made.

TOM AND ERNEST RYDER, Auburn Road, Millbury, Mass. 01527 are seeking information on Lansing engine parts and etc. (see ad in Mar.-April 1978 GEM under Wanted). They also are seeking advice on Cushman Motor Bean Special. Write 'em if you can help!

From TRUMAN A. KEENEY, R.D. 2, Box 25, Middletown, Maryland 21769 - 'I have purchased a friction drive, gear feed sawmill. Is there any information available in connection with the setting and operation of a sawmill? This type information seems to be unavailable in all the magazines.' (Anyone have the answer - or an article?)

ROBERT D. SCHWEERS, 216 Rose Street Whiting, Stevens Point, Wisconsin 54481 would like to hear from anyone who knows the color and if there are any decals for an Ottawa 3 HP? Did Ottawas have decals?

EDWIN H. BREDEMEIER, Route 1, Box 103, Burchard, Nebraska 68328 says: 'Some time ago, someone wrote about restoring a Case Model CD industrial tractor. I just received a repair parts list for that tractor dated 3-32. Now, I would like to see if there are any of those tractors around. It was the Model C Case tractor with wheels removed and mounted on tracks.' (Anyone out there want to comment on this to Ed - he'll be glad to hear from you.)

Perhaps someone can write CALVIN BROOKOVER, 10907 Cleveland, Kansas City, Missouri 64137 as his letter states: 'I would like to know if there are any engine collectors in the Newport News, Virginia vicinity. I am going to visit my mother and dad there in June and would like to visit with any collectors near there. I have 35 gas engines and a 20-75 HP Nichols Shepard double cylinder steam engine and I am a member of Branch 19 Mo.-Kan. AG. Hall Early Days Gas Engine and Tractor Association. I am a subscriber to G.E.M. and to I.M.A.'

Some help wanted from VERN TIETZ, 966 Post Lane, Clarkston, Washington 99403 as he tells us: 'I have been collecting and restoring gas engines for almost two years and have acquired some that I need help with restoring. They are a 3 HP International Famous ,vertical  water-cooled, S. N. LA24188, a 6 HP Galloway, S. N. 23552, a 1? HP Associated Johnny Boy, S. N. 259038.

I would like to find out what year mine were manufactured and how many of that model were manufactured and how many of that model were manufactured altogether. Also would like to know any starting instructions, paint color and pin striping or details. Any help on these would be greatly appreciated.'

ROBERT ENGLER, 3881 E. Hoppe Road, Gagetown, Michigan 48735 writes: 'I am sending a picture of an engine I need information on as to age, where it was made, and for what purpose. There is no tag or numbers on the engine only the word PENNSYLVANIA across the top of the crankcase cover. Any information would be appreciated.'

EWALD RATASEP, Eastford, Connecticut 06242 has some information you may find rewarding: 'One of the greatest problems we tractor collectors face is that we have a fine old tractor but the sheet metal is gone - deteriorated. I had a stroke of luck recently. I ran into a real sheet metal artisan. He can copy anything out of sheet metal using the same techniques that were used in the 1800s and early 1900s.

I had a sheet metal tank off the Waterloo Boy Model R, year 1917. This man took my tank and removed the fittings from it. He made me a new tank and everything, the seams, the rivets, and the fittings were in the right place. I doubt an expert could tell the difference. He put in the swash plate, the tie rod and everything exactly as original.

I asked this fellow if he could make fenders for these old tractors and he said he can make an exact copy. I don't want to give out this man's name and address as this would constitute a free advertisement. However, if anyone is interested in his services they could contact me by letter and send me a SASE. I will pass the letters on to him. He told me that if the GEM members showed enough interest that he would run an ad in GEM.'

ROY D. HOLLER, 3838 So. 80th, Franksville, Wisconsin 53126 -sends us an enthusiastic writing: 'I enjoy the Gas Engine Magazine very much. I can't wait until the next issue comes. I am in need of some help! I have many gas engines and several old tractors. I have a very nice IHC W-30, 1935, on steel which threw a rod. I am in need of replacing a rod, piston and bearings. I would like to know if a rod and piston from an IHC 10-20 would fit? Some say it might. Also how to best repair the block? A piece about 3' broke out next to the inspection plate. The tractor ran fine before this happened. So I must get it going. (Send your ideas as to helping him fix his tractor.)

It would be nice to see some articles on (How to do - ideas and hints) in the magazine. (That means you veterans or pros will have to get busy if we are to get these types of articles.)

JAMES A. GREEN, 21378 S. Pleasant Street, Riverdale, California 93656 would like to know the age of the following engine: an Alamo Style 'M' 2? HP 500 rpm. He would like to hear from anyone that can give him this information.

W. SCHRAGE, 1219 Lawn Avenue, New Haven, Indiana 46774, has some questions about the Lukenheimer and Essex carburetors. He seeks information as to when these were in use, what is the horsepower, and what is the name of engines according to the size of these carburetors: ?', 1', 1?' and 1?

A restored 1913 Mogul 10-20 HP kerosene tractor, shown above, is part of the operating collection at the Owls Head Transportation Museum at Owls Head, Maine. Also to be on view this summer will be vintage aircraft, automobiles and other vehicles related to transportation. In the machinery shed, visitors will be able to see a 600 HP Corliss engine being erected. Across the way, the Maine Antique Power Association has its museum with a fine collection of gas engines and related machinery. The facility is open mid-May to mid-October. (Photo courtesy of Charles Chiarchiaro, director.)

We have some writing from NORVAL MORGAREIDGE, 34 Fisher Lant, St. Helens, Oregon 97051: 'In the Sept-Oct 1977 issue, you printed a letter from me about an air-cooled gas engine which I restored. There is also a picture of it. I stated that it had no marking. I forgot the number ZA13 on one flywheel and No. DJ12 on one main bearing cap. The other two parts on opposite side have numbers about the same. I still haven't found out anything about this engine. I now have a 2? HP Mogul IHC restored and running, serial #CZ3945. I wonder if anyone can tell me how old it is and what it had for ignition? The igniter is missing, also the mag or whatever. By recessing a spark plug to clear the exhaust push rod and a contact for timer, it was O.K.'

GEORGE BOYER, Cresent City, California 95531 writes: 'I have a small Witte engine that I need some information on. The serial number is 102617. Nameplate also has the word 'special' and a place for a number, but no number. Hopper is machined flat and has an unusual extension casting that is inclined at an angle, lower at the cylinder end than at the flywheels. It measures (from machined surface on cylinder to top of water hopper) 2?' at cylinder head end, 6' at flywheel end, 10?' long, 8?' wide. Also crankshaft protrudes 61/8' at pulley side. Can anyone tell me the horsepower, year made, and what this engine was built for. It is similar to a 2 HP Witte I used to have and burns kerosene.'

This is a 2/3 scale model 'D' spoke flywheel John Deere, built by myself and my family during the summer of 1974. The rear wheels and differential are from a Sears Roebuck garden tractor, the front wheels from an old elevator, and the engine is a 2 cylinder Cushman, which we laid flat and run backwards so the flywheel would run correctly. The front axle was fabricated by us using 1936 Chevrolet truck spindles. We hand formed the sheet metal hood and fenders. It was an interesting and rewarding project for 3 of our kids (Laurie 17, Alan 15, and Scott 11, at the time). They learned a great deal about mechanics and enjoyed showing it at Mt. Pleasant and Denmark Shows. We've had some ignition and carburetion problems, but we're gradually getting them worked out. Courtesy of Adolph Gerst, Route 2, Box 79, Burlington, Iowa 52601.

ROBERT C. NOLAND, B.B. Route, Box 38, Craig, Colorado 81625 would like to hear from some people with some information on the ignition system on an Alamo 6 HP Type A engine and also a John Deere Type E 1? HP. His John Deere has a magneto on it and can get some fire but not enough to make it jump the gap on a spark plug. Mr. Noland thinks part of the ignition is missing as there is a lever by the spark plug but the part that it runs is missing.

HAROLD W. HAUGER, R.D. 2, Mt. Vernon, Ohio 43050, has a couple of problems with his 1? HP International Type M engine which needs attention. First, considerable 'blow-back' occurs into drip-oiler which causes him to wonder if cylinder is receiving proper lubrication. He wonders if this can be corrected. His second problem is with the igniter. Frequently sparks jump from the igniter to the igniter trip rod when the engine is running. Could this be the result of poor insulation around the fixed electrode? He would appreciate any help.

LARRY N. JONES, R.F.D. 2, Box 83A2, Richmond, Virginia 23233 writes in regard to Mr. Ritter's and Mr. Tooms' article about the big Maytags: 'My grandfather had both a single and twin Maytag of the 60 and 80 HP variety. These engines were used to power a sawmill, planning mill and cabinet shop. Some of the unique features of these engines were as follows: the scaled up one gallon multimotor oil cans were something to see, being a small chap at the time I don't know the capacity of these cans, but I do recall there were 20 to a flat car, which he took a shipment at a time. He had a crane which served both to unload these items as well as to lift off the filler cap and plug.

Grandpa had a deal going with the crew on the 7:00 A.M. north-bound freight to start these engines, this consisted of a 1' rope with a hook on the end and the other end wrapped around a large drum on a jackshaft which was belted to the engines. This rope was hooked on the side of a car to pull it, the length was calculated to reach a point where the train had to stop to switch. What a calamity there was when, upon occasion, these engines would kick back. I have seen them drag the train back ten car lengths.

These engines created enough wind that people living in an area five miles wide and ten miles long were able to erect windmills to pump water, saw wood, run grist mills and make electricity, for this reason electricity was quite late in coming to this area.'

CLAUDE SCHOLMA, 9853 56th Avenue, Allendale, Michigan 49401 says he enjoys our Gas Engine Magazine and is wondering if anyone in Engine Land can tell him what color a small 9-16 HP Caterpillar tractor is painted? It has rollers under the truck and is a 1921 model.

The River Bend Steam and Gas Show is held at Claude's farm every year - so maybe some of you will be able to recognize who is writing.

Here's a short note from JOSEPH A. MERCER, R.R. 1, Box 110, Hookstown, Pennsylvania 15050, phone 412-573-4392: 'If anyone out there is having trouble with a hot tube engine, tell them to write to me and I will try to help.'

This one cylinder diesel engine is shown at the Western Minnesota Steam Threshers Show at Rollag, Minnesota. Jim Withers, Osakis, Minnesota is the owner. Courtesy of Rudy Gustafson, Karstad, Minnesota 56732.

Seeking your aid is JON SEL2LER, P.O. Box 26, Bagley, Minnesota 56621: 'Can anyone out there in Gas Engine Land help me find out anything about the Enterprise Mach. Co. and their Westman and Busy Bee gas engines? Would like to hear from anybody who owns one of these engines. Am missing parts from mine and need one to look at for pattern. I am in the process of writing a history of that company for a book I am writing on early American gas engines.

Also, anyone who can help me with information and history of any early American gas engine, it would be quite helpful, as I would like to include as much in my book as possible. I hope to finish my book in a couple of years. It will include history of engines and their makers, history and pictorials on various shows and reunions. Also a section on hobbyists, collectors and their engines and a section on engine operators of old. And many, many photos of engines and ads. Please help me!'

DIXON B. FREELAND, P.O. Box 679, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401 wants to share with you some of the help he has received from the readers of GEM: 'Am still reading and re-reading every issue of the fine Gas Engine Magazine. Isn't it a wonder that the members are still finding old engines?

Haven't written to GEM since 1976 and it's high time I did to tell you how much help I've had from your readers.

Richard Hamp of San Jose, California gave (and still gives) all sorts of help and information. He gave me a lead on John Toom of El Cajon, California who machined a beautiful new igniter for my Ideal engine, based on an identical one owned by Dick Hamp. How's that for good help?

Ollie Knepper of OK Book Sales in Belleville, Illinois provided much needed information and sold me books I needed. John Bovens of Davenport, Iowa sent me instructions and parts list for my Waterloo Boy. I never thought I would be lucky enough to find this information. So, I am indebted to GEM and these good engine men who are willing to give their time and effort to keep the engines running and help a fellow collector!

And by the way, Dick Hamp and I would still like to hear from anyone who has instructions or parts list for Ideal engines, particularly the upright, 1? HP model. These were made in Lansing, Michigan. Would sure appreciate hearing from anyone who could help us. I would also like to correspond with anyone who has instructions or other information on the 'Handy Billy' Pacific Marine Pumper Y-200, Type N.Y., S. N. 29960, 9.8 HP.' {Lots of reasons to write Dixon.)

Chatting to the Smoke Ringers is DEAN T. KEDINGER, Route 1, Box 83, Oakfield, Wisconsin 53065: 'Just a few lines to let the readers of GEM know about some of my engines. I have been collecting engines since 1969.I have three and am looking for information on them or someone that has one like mine. One is a Simplicity gas engine made by the Turner Manufacturing Co., Port Washington, Wisconsin, S. N. AB7408, rpm 435. It is a throttling governor engine and runs on gas or kerosene.

The second engine is an 8 HP Simplicity, S. N. BE9163, rpm 350, hit and miss, runs on gas. The third engine is a Taylor Vacuum, S .N. 9162, 1? HP, rpm 480. My information is that this was made in or before 1924, This engine is in good shape, has original paint and decals on it. It also has solid flywheels on it with no holes in them. I'm interested in hearing from anyone having one of these with whatever information they can supply. I'm also looking for someone, or the person I talked to down in Edgerton, Wisconsin about a Taylor Vacuum. Thanks for all the forthcoming help!'

JAMES E. CREWS, Star Route, Box 4, Arbovale, West Virginia 24915 wants some answers: 'I have a couple of questions regarding fuels (other than gasoline and kerosene) that I would like to see some discussion on, since people are getting more energy conscious and we are told that our oil supply is becoming a serious problem.

Are there other fuels that readers are knowledgeable of, that our hobby type engines, the old low compression single cylinder types, can easily be adapted to? Does anyone know whether alcohol may be used as a fuel? Also, as a side issue, how does one go about converting a gasoline-kerosene engine to propane or natural gas and vice-versa?

Again, I enjoy GEM very much, and look forward to receiving it long before it is due.'

From VINCE DAILEY, P.O. Box 528, Ronan, Montana 59864, this writing: 'All of you in GEM Land and Smoke Rings - I never heard of a Happy Farmer Tractor until last July. It must be a rare tractor, because I have seen only this one so far. There is one in eastern Montana and another in southeastern Nebraska. This tractor is mostly all there with spare parts and free engine. I need distributor parts as advertised in the Want Ad section. If anyone has one of these tractors, I will help all I can. I have the original instruction books and repair price list for 1917, 1918, 1918 revised. It was built by La Cross Tractor Co., La Crosse, Wisconsin. Happy Farmer Tractor, 12-24 HP, model 4496, tractor 3541. Now I need a complete distributor assembly or plate with parts as shown in picture

LES H. HILLEMAN, 411 S. Summit, Iowa City, Iowa 52240 starts out: 'Attention! As a subscriber to your magazine which I enjoy, I thought you might be able to give me some information I have been wanting or else advise me of someone to contact (or the following: In the past two years I have obtained and restored an old 1? HP Hercules gas engine to good running condition and I would like to know as near as possible the year it was built. The following is on the brass tag on the block: Engine No. 316690 ; RPM 650, 1? N HP. The engine has an EK Wico magneto which I had worked over and now puts out a fine spark.'

A letter comes from a new subscriber, STEVE ROBERTS, R.F.D. 2, Newport, Vermont 05855 and he begins: 'I recently acquired a small engine for my 10 year old son who has a strong interest in these engines. I need information anybody can give me on a 1? HP Type F, speed 525, S .N. 49916, hopper-cooled engine. It reads ALPHA on the engine, De Laval Separator Co., New York and Chicago. I am missing the magneto and have no idea how it was set up. The engine has a spark plug, but also a batted cover on left hand side that goes into a separate chamber, it doesn't seem to go into cylinder though, could this have been for an igniter at an earlier point? Will appreciate hearing from anyone on this.'

A letter of appreciation from EVERETT L. MARTIN, N.W. 310 Janet, Pullman, Washington 99163: 'I want to thank you for printing a letter of mine in the March-April 1977 issue of GEM. I received many responses from all over the U.S. and through additional correspondence have made many new friends.

My interest in gas engines continues. This past summer, while on vacation, I located two new projects. One is a Dependable Delco-Light, product of General Motors, serial 8320147 and the other is a McCormick IHC 3-5 HP Type LB engine, 300-500 rpm pulley, serial #1 BB 52277. Would appreciate hearing from readers with similar engines. Thanks again!'

RALPH T. UNTERZUBER, 3132 Bradwill Road, Richmond, Virginia 23225 is trying to restore an old gas engine and needs much information. The identification tag is (Smith's Great Western Serial #53002. Manufactured by The Smith Manufacturing Company, Chicago, Illinois.) He will appreciate hearing any details you have for him.

Waiting for your letters is ANDY GORTSEMA, Box 223, Fairfield, Washington 99012: 'Somebody out in Gas Engine Land could probably give me some information on an old Challenge engine I have. This engine has a serial number of 93 stamped on a nice brass plate and also 4.4 HP, not 4? but 4 point 4. It has a dry head with the igniter in the center of head, has intake valve pocket bolted on one side of cylinder and ex valve pocket on the other side, also has timing gear on left side of engine. This engine had been made over to spark plug ignition. I want to change back to low tension, but am having trouble figuring how the tripping mechanism worked. If anybody has an engine like this, I would sure like to hear from them.'

BILL TROTTER, 34 W. Euclid, Barron, Wisconsin 54812 writes: 'I hope one of your readers can identify the engine in this picture. The stroke is 12' with a bore of 6?'. It has a regular exhaust valve in a dry head and a port for the rear exhaust. It has a hit and miss ignition with flywheels that measure 36' with 3' face. Any information would be a big help. All letters will be answered.

From BLAKE MALKAMAKI, 10839 Girdled Road, R.D. 3, Concord, Ohio 44077 comes some information on Cletracs that will be interesting to you folks that are enjoying these as a hobby: 'I have serial number listings for the following Cletracs: AG (1939-42); AG6 (1944-57); AD & AD2 (1939-57); BD & BD4 (1940-56); BG4 (1939-40); BG6 (1940-44); BGS (1944-55); CG (1939-42); DD (1939-57); DG & DG4 (1939-58); E31 (1938); E42,62,68,76 (1939-42); ED38,42 (1939-41); ED2 (1939-41); EHD2 (1939-40); EHG (1939-41); FD6 (1939-45); FDLC (1941-45); FDE (1945-51); FG6 (1939-43); GG (General) (1939-42); HG (1939-51); HGF (1947-49); HGR (1945-48); MG1 (1942-43); MG2 (1942); MG3 (1942); OC-3 (1951-57); OC-4 (1956-57); OC-6 Gas (1953-57); OC-6 Diesel (1953-57): OC-12 Gas (1955-57); OC-12 Diesel (1954-57); OC-15 (1956-57); OC-18 (1952-57).

For the year of manufacture for your tractor, please send me your serial number and SASE.'

In closing, I would like to pass along to the readers these sentiments sent in to us from Gene Hartwig, Goodrich, Michigan 48438: 'It does my heart good that you hold the religious slant in your magazine, that one can read a real personal testimony of what Christ means to them. I am very thankful for what He means to me as my Savior.'

Enjoy the Spring.