Vaughan Motor Works

Courtesy of J. L. White, 4735 Bay view Lane, Everett, Washington 98203.

George S. Clark

Content Tools

All material for the next issue of the Magazine (July-August) should be in our office no later than June 1, 1972.

My heartiest wishes to all you folks who are getting ready or on the way to Reunions. I had hoped to get to Cheraw, South Carolina this year but it was not to be-so perhaps next time- they say that is so beautiful there, along with the atmosphere of the engines. Most of these affairs are not expected to have beauty surrounding them but this Show does. Mrs. Rogers' hobby is flowers and the lands are picturesque with waterways, bridges, bushes, flowers and etc. Keep that in mind for next year if you don't make it.

And now, I have so many letters for Smoke Rings, I'll just have to get started----

DOUG FISKE, 1800 River Street, Iowa Falls, Iowa 50126 relates that he has been a collector only several months but has completely restored three engines so far. He would also like help in locating a magneto and igniter for a 9 HP Galloway and any information on original color for a Rawleigh Schryer engine. (Readers to the aid of Doug).

JOE F. BENES, Route 1, Richey, Montana 59259 signals for some answers-'I own an Aultman Taylor, 30-60 tractor, which has a Detroit lubricator on it which is made to feed so many drops of oil per minute. I would like to know, how many drops per minute each main bearing, connecting rod bearing and cylinder are to receive at 500 rpms of the engine which is 50 rpm short of top speed. I was told by some of the old timers that the lubricator doesn't have to be used, which looks silly to me. A manufacturer wouldn't put it on a machine for looks. Besides in the Nebraska State Test it states that there was 15 gallons of oil added to the lubricator in 36 hours of running, so it must be used.

I would also like to find out what is supposed to be the correct valve tappet setting for this type of a tractor engine. Maybe there is somebody that has an instruction book to copy out of-thanks for any help I get.' (Don't let this avid fan down, please).

G. B. DUGAN, 2731 Harmony Drive, Bettendorf, Iowa 52722 sends this news bit-'Your readers would find the 1972 John Deere calendar of much interest. Titled A History of John Deere Tractors, it is offered by most John Deere farm equipment dealers to their customers this year.

Thirteen tractors are pictured, one per month December 1971 thru December 1972, beginning with the Froelich of 1892 up to a late 4-wheel drive model of 146 horsepower. The pictures are not artist drawings but carefully restored tractors professionally photographed in full color against appropriate farm scene backgrounds. Outstanding pictures of the Waterloo Boy, Model 'D' and 'GP' are included.

It would be my prediction that this calendar will be a collector's item in the not to distant future.' (And I can believe that-Sir)

A correspondence from C. C. COUCH, Route 2, Adel, Iowa 50003 tells us he read with interest the article about the C. 0. D. tractor and that Mr. Milo Erick-son of Alta, Iowa owns one. He thought some of you folks might be interested.- Thanks C. C. C.

ROBERT E. WEAVER, 8487 Mile Road, New Lebanon, Ohio 45345 is seeking help-'Recently I found a small gas engine, single cylinder, 2-cycle water-cooled, horizontal, single flywheel which I think would be rated at ? or ? hp. Casted in the water hopper is the word VIM. It is hit and miss, controlled by the flywheel governor which breaks the ignition. This is the smallest engine of this type I have ever seen. Any information on this engine would be greatly appreciated.'-(Need I say more?)

Where could you look for a side cover for a Wico mag Model EK with stop button and oil hole? RICHARD AYRE, R. D. 1, Box 224, Drums, Pennsylvania 18222 would love to hear from you on this matter.

'Can your magazine help?' asks KEN W. TAYLOR, R. R. 7, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 'I have a 1917 Moline (the original two-wheel tractor) 2-cylinder opposed, mostly restored, but requires two drive gears, bold on wheels type. Also how many two cylinders were made? How many exist today? Would an owner's manual be available?'-Lots of questions, so get the answers to him if possible, please.

In Sept-Oct. 1971 issue on page 32. Richard D. Hamp, 1772 Conrad Ave. San Jose, Cal. wanted help in identifying his marine engine. JOE A. COWART, JR. 829 Indian River Drive, Cocoa, Florida 32922 wrote to Mr. Hamp: 'I have one that looks exactly like yours except I have no flywheel, ignition system, muffler or gas or water tanks, but I do have the carburetor. On the edge of the crank-case part where the cylinder bolts on (on the side where the tank was mounted-on the side which has the squared end on the crankshaft) is printed 'CAILLE DETROIT 21063' and the brass side plates to the crankcase have molded imprint CAILLE. The tiny brass gas mixer (carburetor) is printed 'Lunkenheimer Cincinnati Ohio'. I could rig the tanks but am at a complete loss as to the ignition system and flywheel. Do you have any helpful information?'

Joe sent us a copy of his letter so we could get it to you folks who might be interested also.

Good Luck to the Mill Creek Valley Gas Engine Show in June-this is their first Reunion and we hope it will be a success. Marvin W. Klair and wife are having this show at their home to encourage both new and older collectors to bring their engines out instead of keeping them at home. They are especially interested in having youngsters exhibit since this is Marvin's 26th year as a 4-H club leader and he wants to encourage the younger ones in this hobby. This is more or less a private showing but everyone is welcome who hears of it. Mr. James Riley of Rising Sun, Maryland who exhibits at many shows each year is helping with the details. So far they have about 50 engines promised. Exhibitors are welcome to come either day or both, and the engines will be shown on the lawns, with some shade available. If most folks register ahead, they will provide a simple booklet listing names of exhibitors and engines and equipment. There will be no charge and a nice show button will be given for bringing an exhibit. This all takes place at Wilmington, Delaware, about 30 miles South of Kinzers, Pennsylvania. If this show works out o.k. it will be an annual event. We feel it will be successful so here's Hats off to a new organization- the Mill Creek Valley group.

RUE BANNISTER, Archer town, R. D. 1, Box 61, New Egypt, New Jersey 08533 is looking for an Instruction Manual for a 1? HP McCormick-Deering gasoline Engine No. W.104727. If anyone out there can assist Rue, please drop him a line.

HELP! is the cry from T. J. CASADY, 4 Sunny Slope, Hannibal, Missouri 63401 who pens this letter-'I'm trying to get started in engine collecting and need some help. I have a garden tractor with the name of Kinkade Garden Tractor, Serial No. 405L3830, manufactured by the American Farm Machinery Company, Minneapolis, Minnesota. I wrote to this company but the letter was returned. The garden tractor has a steel drive wheel with the engine mounted inside the wheel, and a freewheeling steel wheel on a shaft on the right side for balance. I have no information on the engine. Can anyone help me as to make of engine, what color to paint and something of the history of the American Farm Machinery Company? I would appreciate it very much.

Last winter and spring I restored a 1931 G P John Deere row crop that had not been run since about 1952. I need an original front end for this tractor, steel wheels, steering rods and etc. It has been converted to the steering rod over the radiator such as the later John Deeres used. Thank you for any assistance you can give me.'

At top is an engine that stood to the weather forty years. Vandals had broken the governor in three pieces, timing gear dented and all the parts that could betaken off by hand were gone. It took two new valves, new magneto parts, all the springs and a gas tank, plus many hours of work to recondition it.

It's an Economy 7 HP with an East mont clutch. I have this unit belted to a buzz saw and have just finished cutting the winter's wood.

At top, the picture is an engine that belongs to Ivar Brovold. It is a 15 HP mfg. Automatic Machine Co., Bridgeport, Connecticut. Bore is 6?' x 10'. It came to Everett in 1910. It is hand throttled, make and break and has a belt driven magneto. It's a marine engine with a special base cast to mount bull gears and winch drum.

T. J. Casady became acquainted with our very nice magazine (as he put it) through Bill Shake of Center, Missouri. So we thank Bill and welcome T. J. and hope he gets some answers and some new friends through this medium.

HAROLD E. STUMP, 116 West St., Souderton, Pennsylvania 18964 is very much interested in the color scheme of the Appleton Gas Engine, Batavia, Illinois.-Know the answer-let him know.

ALBERT COOMBS, Route 4, Water-town, New York 13601 would like to know where he can buy new valve springs for his 3? HP New Way gas engine. It has gone through a fire. He wonders also if you folks think it will run again.-Give. Al some encouragement, Boys!

That's me on Silver King at the late J. J. Hingtgen's Show in 1969. I used to sell these tractors in New York.

JAMES A. WEIN, Route 1, Hersey, Michigan 49639 is very interested in hearing from other owners of F-20's. He owns 3 F-20's IHC and a 1930 Model A and a Wizard gas engine. His dad has 2 F-20's and 1 F-14, a Fordson English brand. James says he also has manuals on these engines and would be glad to share information.

'I would like some information. What was the color of the 30-60 Oil Pull built from about 1911 to the early 20's? I am building a model.' That question comes from MERL BARNES, 9615 Fairview, Boise, Idaho 83702 and he's waiting for your answer.

Several inquiries from JIM LEWAN-DOSKI, R. D. 2, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania 15010 comes in this writing: 'I have a 6 horse Fairbanks-Morse Z, Serial No. 579759. I think it was originally on a Double Duty Light Plant, because it has holes drilled and tapped around the top of the hopper like something was bolted on and it also has a Bosch oscillating mag on it, as was described in the Jan-Feb. G.E.M. Could anyone verify this?

This is a Peerless steam engine chassis with a Lycoming V-12 motor in it. The motor was out of a 1934 Auburn automobile. It has been used for threshing and sawmilling for years. I have been taking it to the Hocking Valley Steam Show at Glen ford.

Here are some of my old tractors. Here is an F-12 with a 2 roll McCormick Deering Husker.

Also, does anybody have a retarding mechanism that fits on the cam gear for this? I'd like to borrow it so I can make one from it. The one on mine was missing when I got the engine. My Fairbanks will run good (after it's running) but it is mighty hard to get started as it wants to kick back. Can, anyone tell me when this engine was built?

Harold Ottaway of Wichita, Kansas and John Tysee, Jr. of Crosby, North Dakota loading a Hart Parr 'Little Devil' tractor. Also, 1?, 5 and 7 Hp. Stickney engines-near Gull Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada. Tractor has one rear wheel.

After many years of setting idle, and two months of devoted spare time, this engine surprised me and fired off on the second pull.

It's a (VAUGHAN). The brass plate reads (VAUGHAN MOTOR WORKS) PORTLAND, ORE. Ser. No. 32 Hp. 6. Sold by the S.B. Hicks Co. Seattle, Wash.

This unit measures 12 feet, I have taken the cable off the stump puller drum, has two speed transmission with dog type clutches, and a leather cone clutch on the haul back. The only date is a pat. No- 1902 on the carburetor.

Any history on this engine would be greatly appreciated.

'Standard' Cream Separator engine. Separator was bolted to holes on side of engine. Restored and runs well. I would like to know if anyone has a Standard cream separator engine like mine with the complete separator attached.

Keep your chin up Jim, I'm sure you'll be getting some answers on these questions.

I'd like to share this next friendly essay with you. W. J. RUNDLE, 2565 East Kleindale Road, Tucson, Arizona 85716 says: 'Your column in the Jan-Feb. GEM containing my request for information on an IHC 1? HP brought lots of helpful responses and I now have complete information on the engine. In addition, I enjoyed corresponding with the friendly collectors who wrote. I now am in the same situation on a 3 HP Witte that I located in a Tucson junkyard on a tip from Jack Williams of Modesto, California. It has serial number 102909. Some of the parts are missing. It would be most helpful to have a manual or at least a picture showing how the exhaust valve rocker arm and the EK Wico magneto were arranged. Am very pleased with gas engine collecting and enjoy GEM.' Nice letter, nice compliments and more questions Fellas.

My latest addition to my collection is a 10 HP Ruggles, manufactured in Poultney, Vermont, No. 1054, 280 rpm, igniter type with 57' flywheels. The first picture shows it as I found it in the woods hooked to a sawmill. Next, is the loading operation and finally, ready for 40 mile trip home, with my 3? year old son, Spark Plug Jim.

This epistle comes from one of our newer members of the Gas Engine Family-'I was really pleased and excited when I received my new issue of the Gas Engine Magazine the other day. One of the first portions I read is the Smoke Rings section. I place myself in these people's dilemma.

I have a 1? HP Sattley, a 5 HP Economy and a 8 HP Thermoil Diesel. I cannot find information anywhere on these engines. I am completely alone in 'fooling' with this type of engine and other 'junk' (as a lot of people call it) in this neck of the country.

I would greatly appreciate it if anyone could please help me find some literature, maintenance manuals, etc. on these engines, especially the the 8 HP Thermoil as I don't know anything about a diesel. I would also be very happy to correspond with anyone on engines.

Please continue all your extra ordinary publishing of the Gas Engine Magazine as it is a big service and help to me. I learn more every time I read a new issue.'

This shot is of my garden tractor that I have and need some information on it. It is a Centaur made by the Central Tractor Company of Greenwich, Ohio. Since picture was taken I have taken the engine apart. It is a New Way gas engine with a number C-T 770 * C. This number is on nameplate on engine but it might be serial number of tractor. Perhaps some of your readers could establish the age of it. I also need help in locating a connecting rod bearing of the cast babbitt type, a main bearing and a set of rings.

Bless you FRANKIE R. HUDSON, 1004 9 St., Radford, Virginia 24141-you've just made us all very happy at the Home Offices of GEM. A bit of praise does wonders for anybody.

DONALD LEMING, Box 64, Pennington, New Jersey 08534 has a Model R Ideal engine, made by Ideal Power Lawn Mower Company and would like to hear from anyone if they know anything about it.

NELS NORHEIM, Route 1, Strum, Wisconsin 54770 pens us this: 'I enjoy both of your magazines very much. I wonder if anybody has operator manuals for McCormick-Deering tractors, 10-20, 15-30, 22-36, new or reprints.

From R. F. SOMMERV1LLE, 12498 232 Street, Maple Ridge P. 0., Haney, B. C, Canada comes this data-'On page 18, Sept-Oct. 1971 issue of Gas Engine Magazine, Mr. Fred Burns has a picture of the remains of an old tractor and asks for information.

This is American made-about 1910-1912-by the Diamond Iron Works, Minneapolis. It has four-cylinder cross-mounted motor 40-80 HP. The driver sat in the front on the right, the fuel tank was on the left front side. It has 8' drive wheels, a canopy extended three-fourths of the length, the radiator was the vertical boiler type. The exhaust pipe was on the top and sucked cool air through the tubes. It had overhead valves, magneto ignition and Mangel sight feed oil pump lubrication. Not many of them were made.

My 8-16 International tractor that my father owned at one time. I believe it was purchased new by a farmer who lived next to our place in Fruitport Township, Muskegon County, Michigan. The picture with the hood up shows it on this farm when quite new. The other picture was taken at our place in the early 30s. The girl standing on tractor is my older sister. There is a cat sitting on the gas tank. I don't remember the tractor at all as I was born in 1931 and Dad must not have kept it much later than that. Dad said the open chain drive wore out fast from sand picked up by the wheels and dropping on chains.

I've been taking the G. E. M. since it started and the I. M. A. for a few years now. I enjoy both very much as do my three boys and little daughter. I have a few gasoline engines and some old farm tractors which I keep in good running order. The tractors get a work-out every summer as I thresh grain and shred corn which I raise here on 40 acres.

Sorry Mr. Burns, I don't know where you will get parts.

Who knows-maybe through the Gas Engine Magazine someone will be able to tell him more of this.

RONALD H. COBB, 1133-4 Dryden Road, Ithaca, New York 14850 has some problems with which he would like some help.

'I have restored an engine and would appreciate any information any of your readers may have on it, such as how rare is it, what is the horsepower, how old is it-etc??

A 20 HP Type C Mogul in my yard at Crosby just after unloading in 1967. That's my son, Cris, beside it. We bought this one along with a 25 HP from an estate. That was a Happy Day! Since then, we have traded this one to Frank Thompson of Readlyn, Saskatchewan fora 30-60 Mogul and Frank has it nicely restored and added it to his fine collection of tractors. Bill and I heard of the tractors one night and bought them the next day.

The engine was made by Bates & Edmonds. It has 'Bulldog' cast in the water hopper. It has two flywheels, 16? inches in diameter. The piston is 4 inches in diameter and the stroke is 4 inches. The engine weighs 300 pounds. The color seemed to be red with silver on the head, crankshaft and push rod. The ignition is make and break, Webster oscillator. It restored beautifully and runs great. I also would like information on an engine made by Nelson Brothers Company, Saginaw, Michigan, Serial No. HB3459, 5/8 HP, 1480 r.p.m.'

There you are Fellows, you'll get Writer's Cramp answering all those questions, but I'm sure you won't let Ronald down.

An International Tractor, 1-cylinder, 15 HP., bought new in 1906 by Paul Thorud's Dad, Connerville, Wisconsin. Paul was interested in steam engines and I was going to trade a steam engine for this tractor, but before we got to make the trade, he passed away, 1970. He told me they pulled a two-bottom plow with this tractor. One time they plowed on a forty length, went the forty length and on the way back, ran out of gas. They did not make the half mile on five gallons of gas.

A 1928 Hart-Parr and 1928 Baldwin Gleaner purchased at Grind land Implement, Bainville, Montana. Sterling McKinney, right, as tractor operator, with his brother. Grant, combine grain for six weeks the fall of 1928. Sterling is now president of the Northeastern Montana Threshers and Antiques Assoc, a team-group of hardworking men dedicated to restoring the now antique farm implements used in settling this area at the turn of the century.

DON J. LIPPI, 804 Leeson Avenue, Van Wert, Ohio 45891 has one for the Smoke Rings column-he says: 'When 1 was a young boy, we had a garden tractor that I liked very much. It was a Utilitor garden tractor with steel wheels. The engine had two flywheels on the inside of the outside of the two drive bull wheels. About a 1.920 year model. 1 still have a spare parts list catalog. This tractor was made by the Midwest Utilitor Garden Tractor Company. I would like to know from the old-timers if there are any more of these tractors in existence.'

A picture of the two Moguls just after unloading on a muddy spring day in 1967. Funny thing though, we didn't notice the mud at all. The 25 HP is on the left and the 20 HP on the right is one of the last 20s in the type C line. Both these tractors were used by the same man or at least were owned by him and though I never met him, I was told he had nothing but good to say about the Mogul tractor.

In 1971, a common yearly occurrence on the Fishel farm with John and his Farmall rig.

All that can be recovered of a 15-30, 3-wheel, 2 cylinder upright Hart-Parr. The Northeastern Montana Threshers and Antiques Assoc. of Culbertson, Montana would like to know if anyone knows where any parts of this tractor are available, or if anyone could use parts from this one so that at least one unit can be fully restored.

It was amusing to see a 175 pound man and two or three little girls get into this miniature model T Ford and go putt-ing around. This little car belongs to Duane Burnett, the man that takes all the pictures for our club. We don't know how he got this one taken, but you know the reputation of a Model T. They always get there one way or another. Taken at the 1970 Geneseo Illinois Threshing Show.

20 Farmall that I rebuilt. That is my great grandson, Kelly Keri on the tractor.

Hope you all had a Blessed Lenten Season and may the glorious remembrance of the Resurrection be with us all daily. Go to the Reunions and meet your old friends and make new-but don't forget-take Christ with you-He wants you to be happy-but don't forget to witness for Him also. Do have a Happy Summer-.

30-60 HP Ault-man Tractor and a 36 x 56 inch Ault-man-Taylor threshing machine owned by Ozzie Stephens, Brooten, Minnesota 56361, at the Lake Region Pioneer Thresherman's Ass'n Reunion at Dalton, Minnesota in 1971.

30-60 Rumely Oil Pull Type E Tractor and an Advance-Rumely 36 x 60 inch steel threshing machine owned by Fred Bruns of Hecla, South Dakota 57446 in 1970 at Fred's farm.

I was very lucky to find in June of 1971 a very old gas engine that was in dry storage for 32 years. It was in good shape and I had it running in a very short time. The heavy cast brass name plate reads as follows: 'The Blakeslee' built by White and Blakeslee Mfg. Co., Birmingham, Alabama, Serial No. 952, 2? HP 400 RPM.'

I do not know how old this engine is and I would like to know if any of the GEM readers could tell me. The flywheels are 20' and the bore is 4?' x 4?' stroke. I have all the GEM magazines and enjoy them very much, but I don't think I have ever seen a Blakeslee engine in the magazine. (That's another one sounds familiar to me and I think we did have some in the magazine but I wouldn't know where-so that's another one for you folks to look up for me and send me the issues they might be in.-Anna Mae)

(HEY FELLAS! LOOK AT THIS-Either I'm seeing double or we have identical two sets of twins-isn't this an unusual picture though?- Anna Mae)

Pictured above is the first automobile that I recall ever having seen or ridden in. That was an 'IHC' International (Auto buggy) as they were known at the time, vintage of about 1911 or 1912. It was a 2 cylinder air-cooled, chain drive, with solid rubber tires. Cranked from the side. It was equipped with a speedometer and was driven at one time at the terrific rate of 25 miles an hour and the chains could be heard singing a half mile away.

My Dad, who was at one time a photographer, took the picture and by means of double exposure got the owner and his wife in the picture twice. The owner was a red-headed Irishman, full of fun-a neighbor of ours for years and as I recall used to refer to the car as the 'Punkin Husker'.

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Four views of a 1910 Buckeye Ditching Machine doing a swell job of ditching on the Earl Bond farm 8 miles north of Richmond, Indiana. The picture was taken in August 1971. This machine was purchased by my dad (pictured with machine) and my granddad in the early 1930s and driven about 15 miles to the farm-about a two day drive. It was used to ditch the farm as well as surrounding farms in the neighborhood until about 13 years ago. Since that time it has stood idle in the orchard on the farm.

Last summer we completely restored the machine from the 13 HP engine to the digging wheel. At this time all it lacks is a paint job. We are wondering if any of the readers could tell us what the original color of the machine might have been.

Picture taken at Fortuna, North Dakota in 1963 at the 50th year celebration. Eagl Lokken sitting on Edwards engine. We took seven tractors over that time and had a lot of fun. The Rumely in the picture is the first one I bought in 1959 and thought I would be content with one old tractor but it didn't turn out that way.

Lloyd Gunderson's 12-20 Oil pull and my 20 HP Type C International taken the spring of 1963 just after they were fixed up. Both were in rough shape and had to do a lot of hunting for parts. I wanted a single IHC so bad and finally put this one together from parts of four different tractors of the same size and after all this work, we have since bought three complete 20s and one 25.

15-30 Rumely Oil pull and a 35-70 Minneapolis. Trucker just dropped his float and is ready to unload. This shot was taken the summer of 1967 at Crosby. Tractors are owned by Bill Krumwiede and John Tysse, Jr.

35-70 Minneapolis just before we started it that same summer. The tractor was in very nice shape and only used for belt work. It is one of the last ones built and used last in 1954. Cris Tysse standing by engine. The tractor is on loan to the Makoti Show by the owners.

25-45 Mogul tractor that Bill Krumwiede and I bought at Ulm, Montana in 1968 from Sam Eller and Orrin Olson. We have two more of these 45 Moguls and also a 30-60 which is a little later and has some changes. This tractor is now in Crosby.

30-60 Rumely Oil pull and 20-40 Case on Oil Field Float just pulled into Crosby in 1969. It was quite a load but the only trouble the trucker had was to pick his bed up after loading them. He is just getting ready to unload them on this picture.

One of the nicest restored engines that I saw this summer was this 1 HP Root and VanDervoort. (Made for John Deere Plow Company, Moline, Illinois). Maynard Hawkins, Box 245, Morris, Illinois is the owner of this beautiful engine. He spends lots of time restoring his engines. He found this gem at Tuscola, Illinois. The engine was at the New Lenox Show.

Everyone, I imagine, would like to have a Rumely Oil Pull sitting beneath the Christmas tree. This nicely restored tractor was shown at Booneville, Indiana in August. The tractor is a 1927 25-40. The owner is Kenneth Durell, R. R. 3, Mt. Vernon, Indiana.

One of the most unusual engines at the New Lenox Show was a 1? HP Gillson with the gears and push rod on the left side. The engine is owned by Harold Suttle, 1360 Division Street, Morris, Illinois.

These two nicely restored tractors were shown at Booneville, Indiana in August 1971. They are a 16-30 Rumely Oil Pull and a 1918 10-18 Case. They are owned by Bert Caswell, R. R. 3, Booneville, Indiana.

This 6 HP Fairbanks Morse engine only needed new bushings in the magneto and the magnets recharged and a fuel pump plunger. It came complete, including the crank.

Elliott Knapp's 30-60 Oil Pull plow tractor. Elliott is standing by the tractor.

I have been taking the G. E. M. for more than two years, but I have not seen any pictures of an Edwards engines-so I am sending pictures of mine.

I would like to know more about the company that made them and I would like to hear from other Edwards owners.

The New Holland 5 Hp. gas engine purchased by Carl Campbell. This is the way it was found with trees growing between the spokes in the wheels. John Pino used his chain saw to cut the trees. The men are: Carl Campbell of Mansfield and John Pino of Covington, Pa., and Vern Cole of Binghamton, New York.

Carl Campbell of Mansfield and Art DeKalb of Dansville, Virginia starting the 5 Hp. New Holland after it got home.

16-30 Rumely Oil Pull coming up the lane.

Pat Bennett studying 15 HP Wm. Galloway engine.

Wheat threshing at the 1st Annual Carolina Crank-Up. The McCormick Deering thresher was kept busy with Paul Russell, Bill Grimley and Marvin Scholl pitching bundles of wheat. Donald Scholl and unidentified helper are sacking the grain.

Hobby tractor built by Mr. Roy Harper in his shop at home. Mr. A. J. Fischels Vice-Pres. (left) and Roy standing.

R. H. Hammer, Jr. of Newton, N. C. behind this I. H. C. engine. There were some 35 different manufactures of gas engines on display and running during the 1st Annual Carolina Crank-Up. Hope to see many more this year.

Lloyd McGowen of Easley, S. C. and one of his prized Fairbanks-Morse engines.