3904-47th Avenue, S., Seattle, Washington 98118
Early this year, it seemed as though these articles would be concluded because much of the research already completed had been used in these reports, but now there are many additional makes of engines to describe.
With each successive issue there comes to the writer additional gasoline engine catalogs and data from G. E. M. readers, all of which is appreciated. As literature on these different makes of engines continue to come to our attention, it seems strange there should be so many. However, it is quite to the contrary as it would take years to locate and report on some five hundred engine manufacturers that were in existence in the era of 1905 to 1920.
It may seem a bit repetitious at times that the specifications for each engine under discussion should be so similar to all the other makes. This is the case because so many stationary engines were very much alike and were competitive in many respects.
It is hoped that these articles will contain pertinent information for collectors to assist them in identifying and rebuilding the many makes in a refurbished condition equal to the original.
When starting to recondition an old engine it is quite likely that one of the first questions to come to the mechanics mind is whether the ignition system will still function.
Melvin Eaves of 1427 Wessynton Road, N. E. at Atlanta, Georgia 30306 has a good ignition testing system for battery operated make and break ignition that should be helpful. The diagram pictured will give a good idea of the simple method of testing as it requires only a small 6 volt lamp.
MAKE AND BREAK BATTERY IGNITION TESTER CIRCUIT
1. When points are open bulb will light.
2. When points are closed bulb will not light
3. When igniter is working properly bulb will flash on and off as engine runs.
4. If points are dirty or are not making a circuit for other reasons bulb will burn constantly.
5. If points are stuck together by carbon or won't open bulb will not light.
The Hamilton Gasoline Engine was a product of the Advance Manufacturing Co. of Hamilton, Ohio according to catalogs of this company from the Broken Kettle Book Service. Another catalog on the same engine came from Roger Kriebel of Mainland, Pennsylvania. This catalog was dated 1898 and illustrated Models No. 1 to No. 30 and the engines built with ratings from 4 to 35 HP in a horizontal heavy duty type of construction.
These Hamilton gasoline engines were four cycle, single cylinder which were overhung back of the heavy cast iron base. This detail of design was to afford ample expansion and contraction of the cylinder when the unit was carrying a full load and the closed cylinder water jacket was at a high temperature. The cylinder was bolted to the crankcase by a flange around the open end. The cast iron sub-base extended back under the overhung cylinder.
A rather simple design was employed having a lay shaft alongside the base geared from the crankshaft. A plunger type fuel pump was located on the side of the engine and operated by a cam on the lay shaft. This pump carried fuel from an underground storage tank to the mixing valve with an overflow return pipe.
Another cam operated the mechanical exhaust valve which was located underneath the cylinder and operated by a rocker arm. The intake valve was automatic and located under the cylinder. From a cam at the end of the lay shaft the igniter is released by a pin on the operating lever.
The main bearings were set at an angle towards the cylinder to overcome some of the forward thrust, and there was a reinforcing rib cast alongside the crankcase to the top of the main bearings to add strength to the crankcase. Crankshafts were forged from open-hearth steel and were turned and finished to accept a flywheel on each side of the machine.
The governor is a fly ball type located near the cylinder head and was gear driven from the lay shaft. Being of the throttling governor type, it controlled the admission of the fuel and air from the mixing valve which consisted of a needle valve to control the gasoline and air shutter. The fuel pump completed this system for an underground tank and 74° gasoline was recommended which was a product of the Standard Oil Company.
The closed water jacket on these engines required a cooling tank so located that a thermo syphon circulating water system could be used for cooling the engine.
Hamilton engine ratings were given by two methods. One gave the engines by numbers, such as No. 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35. Then another specification table gave the following details:
FLOOR SPACE INCHES
36 x 46
44 x 69
44 x 69
56 x 85
56 x 85
61 x 93
61 x 93
61 x 109
63 x 112
63 x 112
Frequently, it is desired to compare the size of engines by their cubic inch contents of the cylinder, and also to use such figures in the calculation of the HP of an engine. The following table gives ready reference of the capacity of a cylinder by the bore and stroke in inches:
2? - 3?
3? - 3?
3? - 4?
3? - 4?
3? - 5
4? - 4?
5? - 6?
6? - 8?
7? - 8
7? - 9
Another nice piece of engine literature from the library of Roger Kriebel is the No. 20 Catalog of The Eagle Manufacturing Co. of Appleton, Wisconsin, which was dated 1908.
This company built feed and ensilage cutters, feed grinders, sawing rigs, sweep horse powers and gasoline engines. This catalog was published at the time their new factory buildings were completed which consisted of a foundry 40 x 150 feet, wood working plant 40 x 72 feet, a machine shop 40 x 230 feet and a warehouse 160 x 130 feet. All of the power for these shops was furnished by Eagle Gasoline Engines.
The horsepower sweeps soon gave way to the more modern gasoline engines, while their volume of business increased in the feed and ensilage cutter and feed grinders departments.
A range of ratings for their gasoline engines were 1?, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16 and 20 HP. In the days when cast iron was cheap, these companies could make money by manufacturing many sizes. However, the gasoline engine manufacturers who stayed in business over the years produced fewer sizes of engines. Their ratings offered a full coverage of the power requirements because of the overload capacity of their engines and lower prices. For instance, a customer required four to five horsepower, which was too big a load for 3 HP, could use a 6 HP as long as the cost of the engine was competitive to a 4 or 5 HP rating in other makes. The standard size for many manufacturers were 1?, 3, 6, 10, 15 and 20 HP.
The smaller size Eagle engines were built with a cast iron base and open crankcase in one piece casting. The cylinder was bolted to the crankcase by a round flange at the open end. These engines were horizontal with closed water jacket cylinders and hopper-cooled types could be supplied. They were four cycle hit and miss fly ball governor, which operated from the side shaft through bevel gears.
The Eagle engines differed from the usual design in that the side shaft was located on the right side of the frame when facing the flywheels. This shaft was driven by spiral gears off the crankshaft with bearings at the driven end and another at the head. An early and late spark control lever for starting and another lever under the cylinder reduced the compression for safe and easy starting. The governor linkage under the cylinder held closed the intake valve on the idle stroke.
The regular ignition system consisted of batteries, coil and either a spark plug or an igniter could be furnished. A gear type rotary pump was used for cooling water circulation when a cooling tank was used.
Crankshafts were open-hearth steel billets, which were sawed to shape and turned to size. Connecting rods had bearing box ends and with two bolts. Pistons had four piston rings.
Portable units on trucks with iron wheels were made in sizes of 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16 and 20 HP. Cord wood saw rigs were assembled in several sizes, which used cooling tanks and were on horse-drawn trucks.
Specifications covering the Eagle gasoline engines are as follows:
BORE & STROKE INCHES
4 x 4
4 x 5
5 x 6
6 x 8
6? x 9
7? x 10
8 x 11?
8? x 12
9? x 13
10 x 15
The Pattin Bros. Company of Marietta, Ohio was established October 24, 1879 and according to the catalog from Broken Kettle Book Service, this company was incorporated on December 31, 1901.
Our Emerson Brantingham plow outfit, 12-20 tractor and three bottom plow in 1919.
With limited information on their products they began manufacturing a general line of products and added various types of implements before building gasoline engines.
The Pattin gasoline engine was a single cylinder, horizontal water-cooled with a hopper on the smaller ratings of 2? and 4? HP. Double flywheels on the crankshaft extension, and open crankcase carried the journals which were babbitt-lined. A hit and miss type of governor was used and the side rod operated the mechanical exhaust valve, while the intake valve was automatic spring loaded.
Larger units were of single cylinder horizontal construction with the cylinder bolted to the crankcase by a flange around the open end. These units had a fly ball governor and a side rod that was fitted to the side of cylinder head. The mechanical exhaust valve was operated by the side rod while the intake valve was automatic.
Battery and coil ignition was the standard practice using a hammer type igniter. Magneto could be supplied on special order. A hit and miss governor was used.
Mechanical lubricators were used on the larger ratings and some units were arranged with both mechanical intake and exhaust valves.
As can be seen on page 12 of the November-December 1970 issue of G. E. M. there is a picture of a 25 HP Pattin engine. These larger sizes were manufactured in ratings of 8, 12, 15, 20, 25, 32,40, 50, 60, 75 and 90 HP. Mention was made of a two cycle model being available in 15, 20 and 25 HP sizes, which were reversible.
A number of combination units were assembled with Pattin engines including air compressors, piston type simplex pumps, high pressure power pumps and vacuum pumps were offered. A large deep well walking beam outfit for installation over the well was made for various depth installations.
Engine specifications were not shown in this catalog for any of the ratings, and there was no indication of the color used for the finish.
Another little known engine comes to our attention by a bulletin from Phil King of Granville, Massachusetts. This is the Homer Gasoline Engine Company of Homer, Michigan who according to this pamphlet made a 2? HP vertical, single cylinder, four cycle enclosed crankcase, water-cooled unit with a rather unique construction of their own design.
The enclosed crankcase housed the timing gears, and the timing shaft extended out of the crankcase with the vertical valve lifter. The valve push rod operated the exhaust valve while the intake was automatic. Splash lubrication took care of the crank and main bearings and the gears. Two flywheels were used.
The cast iron sub-base housed the gasoline tank, with the carburetor located near the tank with a long intake pipe extending up to the suction valve in the water-cooled head. The cylinder was turned inside and out and flange mounted to the top of the crankcase. A seamless brass tube was installed on the outside of the cylinder with gaskets top and bottom forming the water jacket. This tube was held in place by the water-cooled cylinder head. A thermosyphon cooling system was used with a water tank. Battery ignition with a high tension coil and spark plug was used.
The engine rated at 2? HP, had a bore of 4 inches and stroke of 6 inches and the flywheels were 20 inches in diameter. It apparently was very liberally rated. The crankshaft diameter was 1 3/8 inches at the main bearings and the wrist pin was ? inch diameter by 2 1/8 inches long. Connecting rod bearing was 1? by 2 inches. Valves were 1? inches intake and 1? inches exhaust and 3/8 inch stem. Gas tank capacity was 1? gallons and oil capacity 3 pints. The engine operated at 450 rpm and weighed 415 pounds.
To mention one more rare make of engines on which there are no specifications, not even the ratings in which they were built, was a product of The Middle-ton Machine Works of Middleton, Ohio from a pamphlet from Broken Kettle Book Service. This engine had a trade name of 'Miami'.
It was a large engine according to the picture, being built on a heavy base similar to a steam engine. It was made in a horizontal single closed water jacketed cylinder and substantially bolted to the heavy cast iron base and crank-case. A side shaft driven by gears off the crankshaft carried the cams for operating the valves, with the end of the shaft having the flyball governor assembly mounted in a horizontal position. The governor was of the hit and miss type. A cam operated the hammer type igniter. It was located in the head. Battery and coil ignition were used, as the company did not recommend the use of hot tube ignition.
Picture taken in 1915 at Kinsington, Minnesota. Outfit belonged to Erick Stafuson. I would like to know if any of the fellows still live and what happened to the Big Four Tractor. The fellow who has his hand up to his hat is George Cumeline, from four miles west of Fredric, is still living there. The little fellow in front of the milk can must still be around.
The cylinder water jacket was open from end to end, with a flange to cover the chamber. The cylinder head was cored to fit the water jacket at that end and completed the circulation from the cylinder thought he head and return to the hot water outlet.
Crankshaft was turned from a solid forging and operated in large main bearings set at 45° toward the cylinder to compensate forward thrust. Flywheels were heavy and a safety cover was placed over the shaft extension. An outboard bearing on the pulley side maintained shaft extension alignment on that side of the unit.
G. E. M. Readers having further details on this Miami engine would be welcome to send specifications in order that detailed report could be given in a future installment.
In the last issue, mention was made of Sieverkropp Engine, owned by George S. Clark. This very unusual engine design prompted Donald Swastone, J: of Dearborn, Missouri to send additional data on these small engines, which we are glad to pass on to our readers.
These engines were built in vertical enclosed crankcase, in-line one and two cylinder machines. They were two cycle, two port and the two cylinder engines have two pistons on one connecting rod. There is a passage from one cylinder to the other at the top. As the suction port opens, it takes air and fuel from the mixing valve into the crankcase, then through the passage to the combustion chamber. Both cylinders fire simultaneously.
These engines were patented on December 20, 1900, and were built by the company at Racine, Wisconsin. They manufactured four different styles, such as a 1? HP tank cooled, 1? HP open type with cast on water hopper, 1 HP washing machine special and a little ? HP single cylinder engine.
Specifications of Siverkropp Engines:
No. of cylinders
Diameter of crankshaft
R. P. M.
Size of pulley
2' x 1?'
2' x 2?'
2' x 2?'
3' x 2?'
3' x 2?'
Diameter of flywheel
This company built starters for Ford cars, and pump jacks for deep wells.
Another year has slipped by and the Holiday Season is at hand. Many new friends were made in this enjoyable hobby of writing the history of thirty additional makes of gasoline engines during the year.
I want to wish my many pen pals and those who are able to visit with us and all of our readers, the Season's Greetings and Best Wishes for a Happy and Peaceful New Year.
A shot of a small threshing outfit that I owned. The picture was taken in 1942. It is a Case 20 x 28 separator and a John Deere BR Tractor.
Picture shows an Old engine, no name plate about 4 HP. Has a removable cylinder head with ground joint. Gasoline is supplied to carburetor by eccentric driven fuel pump on right side. Ignition is supplied by buzz col and spark plug in center of head.
I would welcome any information as to model and age of the Olds engine and the age of the Doak engine.
I would welcome any information as to model and age of the Olds engine and the age of the Doak engine. Courtesy of Robert Herren, Route I, Box 354, Winlock, Washington 98596.
Lester Edwards of Dennisport, Massachusetts peering through the spokes of his 10 HP Springfield. Installed over 60 years ago, this engine was used to flood cranberry bogs--a common use for large one-lungers years ago on Cape Cod.
This 5 HP air-cooled Root and Vandervoort was restored by my brother, Dan Cullity. He uses it to run a drill press, an air compressor and to saw wood (by running the belt through the wall of the shop).
Photo taken at Appreciation Day at Barron, Wisconsin in June 1971. My brother, Harry, and I showed several engines: a 15 HP Fairbanks-Morse, 6 HP I. H. C. Titan 1906 engine. Eclipse F. M. Pump Engine, a Fuller Johnsons 1912 Pump Engine, Sandwich Pine Tree Milker Pump Engine and 1? HP Rock Island, all running.
Picture is my brother, Harry Hoff, getting ready to start his 15 HP screen-cooled Fairbanks-Morse Engine. It is in very good condition and used to run silo filler in the late 1920s.
I just lost my brother, Harry. He passed away June 29, 1972. He was the one who got me interested in collecting old engines and I have our 100 engines, all in running condition--a hobby I enjoy very much.
My Detroit engine, 1911. Taken at Mount Pleasant, Iowa in 1971. I have Owner's Manual that came with Detroit, all colored pictures.
This is our latest find--an 8 HP Fairbanks-Morse hit and miss. Last patent date October 15, 1901. Serial Number 66990.
My Dad and I would appreciate any information on the cooling system of this engine.