Gas Engine Survey Results

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In response to a reader request from Bill Honey last year, we ran an informal survey of gas engine owners (see GEM April 1993, P. 38), to glean some information on the relative rarity of different types of gas engines. For those of you who may not remember the survey, we requested make, model, type of cooling, fuel, and ignition for each engine, and region where the collector was located. We took in information on over 2,000 engines from nearly 200 individual collectors. Much of what we found will be no surprise to the experienced collector.

The first thing we learned was that our form was really flawed. We had no specific place to put 'horsepower,' so that ended up in the 'model' slot or the 'comments' place. And, 'model' of course, meant different things to different people: for some it was the letter designation( like Z, or N); for some, the name or orientation (like 'phantom four' or 'vertical') and for others, the horsepower. This meant that our information is not always comparable, but we are able to discern a few rather interesting facts from this experiment.

Please keep in mind that we have made no attempt to combine groups by manufacturer or distributor we merely list the 'make' as it was filled out by the individual who sent in the form. Thus, engines listed as 'International' are not combined with those called 'McCormick Deering,' and 'Economy' is limited to engines listed as 'Economy' regardless of manufacturer, etc. Also, numerous engines were listed as 'Bull Dog' or 'Little Jumbo,' without reference to manufacturer. A few engines are of foreign manufacturer, and spelling may have been misinterpreted!

The eleven most numerous makes among collectors overall: (50 or more)

Associated
Briggs & Stratton
Cushman
Economy
Fairbanks Morse
Fuller & Johnson
International
John Deere
Maytag
Stover
Witte

The next category of makes would be engines which were mentioned more than 10 times, but fewer than 50:

Alamo

Alpha-Delaval

Delco

Domestic

Eclipse

Empire

Fairbanks

Fairmont

Galloway

Gilson

Gray

Hercules

Ideal

Jaeger

Lauson

Majestic
McCormick Deering
Nelson Brothers
New Way
Novo
Ottawa
Root & Vandervoort
Sandwich
Sattley
United
Waterloo Boy

The next category of makes would be engines which we might consider as 'medium rare,' those for which there was more than one record, but fewer than 10:

Abenaque

Acadia

Altman

Appleton

Arco

Atlas King Bee

Badger

Baker

Bates & Edmonds

John Bean

Bessemer

Bluffton

Brownwall

Bull Dog

Caldwell-Hollowell

Challenge

Chicago

Clinton

Cunningham

Dempster

Detroit

T. EatonEdwards

Elgin

Ellis

Emerson Brantingham

Evinrude

Excelsior

Famous

Farm Master

Faultless

Ferro

Foos

Friend

Gade

Genco

Globe

Ingeco

Jacobson

Johnson

Keller

Kermath

Kewanee

Kohler

Lansing

Leader

LeRoi

Lister

Little Jumbo
LondonMacLeod
MagnetManitoba
Massey HarrisMaximotor
Maynard MecoMogul
Michigan MarineMonarch
MonitorMyrick
NationalNew Holland
New IdeaNeward
OldsOlin
OnanPerkins
PetterPower Products
Rawleigh SchryerReeves
ReidReo
Rock IslandRockford
Ruston HornsbySallie Saw

Samsco

Samson
SandowSchmidt
SheffieldSparta
Sta RiteStandard
StewartStickney
SuperiorTaylor
Termaat & MonahanThermoil
ThomasTitan
Union GiantVan Duzen
VaughnVilliers
West CoastWhite
WisconsinWolverine
Wonder 

In what we might call the very rare category, we found the following 'makes', those which were listed only one time. You'll recognize that some of these engines are definitely not rare, they just were not reported much because, for example, they might be tractor engines, or might be more typically known by a different name.

AffiliatedKreuger/Atlas
Allman KitLalley Light Plant
Always ReadyLindsay-Alamo
AplcoLittle Major
Arthur ColtonLockwood Ash
AtlanticLundy
Atlas Scraper Co.Mainwarings & Havens
BannerMarstal
BeemanMayhew Light Plant
BendixMetz & Weiss
BicknellMoody
BohonMoteur Aster
BrennerMoteur Moes
BuckeyeMoteur Moes
Busy BeeMoteur Vander Common
Campbell Iron WorksMotogo Marine
CaseMuncie
Casey JonesNapoleon
Challenge Lil DandyOil City
Chicago Flexible ShaftOil Well Supply
ChristensenOld War Horse
ClarkOntario Wind Engine
Clark & NortonOrdway
ClarkeOrr &. Sembower
CollisOshkosh
Columbus Machine Co.Otto
ConnerPanzer Tractor
ContinentalParadox
CookParlin & Orendorff
Cooper-BessemerPattin Bros.
CumminsPioneer
David BradleyPlunket
DeyoPowerm aster
DesjardinsRacine-Sattley
Dieter Foundry

Red Star

DixieRenfrew
DunbarRobertsonville
DunnRumely
DuplexS.S.S.
DuroSecord & Orr
Easthope MarineSieverkropp
EccoShaw Tractor
Elmira LeaderSheldon
EltoSimplicity
Enco LightSmith
Ericsson Hot AirSpence H M
A. B. FarquharSt. Albans
FairfieldSt. Lawrence
Frost King Jr.

St. Marys

GarlandSt. Paul
GeiserSun Power
Goold Shapley MuirTimmer
Gray MarineTurner Mfg. Co.
Gray-AldrichUnited States
Great WaterlooUnito
Jacob HaischVendenure
HardieVictor
Havana

Victoria

HoagVim Motor Co.
HollandWalter Dunn Motor
Holt Light PlantWorks
HummerWorks
IndependentWeber
Iron Horse EngineWells
IsamiWettlaufer
J. J. RawayWilliams Machine Co.
J.L.OWetson
John LausonWinpower Gonsot
John SmythWiscona Pep
JoyWizard
Kelly Hot BallWonder Marine
Woodpecker 

We asked respondents to include their region so that we could see whether there were regional patterns other than those one might expect. Unfortunately, the total response was not sufficient to establish any true regional trends. It's safe to say that engines that were not widely produced often found most of their customers fairly close to home.

With regard to the relative rarity of engines by cooling system, and ignition, here is what we found:

Nearly half the engines were hopper cooled, about 10% air cooled and 10% tank cooled. We received no cooling data for 387 replies; only 29 were screen cooled. Gasoline was of course, the most frequently used fuel, other fuels amounted to little. Ignition was most frequently achieved by a magneto. Only 83 engines were sideshaft.

In any case, we are grateful to Bill Honey for his idea, for we did enjoy tabulating the data and learning something about the relative rarity of gas engines. We heard from less than 1% of our subscribers, so this experiment is far from definitive. The average number of engines per respondent is over 10.