GALLOWAY ENGINES

Galloway engines

Content Tools

1455 Orchid Way, Lakeport, CA 95453

This article will discuss Galloway engines 2? HP and larger. It continues from the stopping place of Part I which appeared in GEM, March-April 1978.

The larger engines are much more difficult for me to discuss. I have fewer of them and have seen fewer. Also, there are many variations and with slight changes the HP was raised. There will be a few charts, but no more than necessary.

This article will discuss the engines of each year for which I have literature, and move chronologically.

My first information is 1908 and the line appears to be the same as the Davis engines, (see Table below). All of the engines, including the 28 HP apparently were hopper cooled. The 1908 literature shows one tank cooled engine-1 5 HP, and nothing is said about it being horse portable.

These are the 'round rod' Gallo-ways. They all have a water cooled head which is almost flat with no radius of curve to the side. The crank shaft is machined. Main bearings are babbit and rod bearings are bronze. Water hoppers are a separate casting and very rectangular in shape. The water fill hole is round with a raised flange. The mixer is Lukenheimer and all have battery coil and ignitor. There is a single governor weight bolted to the flywheel, which operates a beveled sleeve on the crankshaft, which operates a lock on the side bar for hit and miss operation. The intake valve is inside the rocker arm support. There was a compression relief globe valve on the off side of the cylinder.

 A few words are also necessary about saw rigs. First, the engine turned the opposite direction of 'usual' on saw rigs. This allowed the correct rotation of the saw without crossing the belt. The cam appears to be shaped the same on both sides. I am told the engines will run either direction with the same cam, by moving the cam gear a few teeth on the crankshaft gear. My only experience with Galloway saw rigs is with a 5 HP. The saw rig is a bolt on addition to the horse portable engine. The literature indicates this may be true of all Galloway saw rigs. All seem to have sliding rather than tilting wood carriage. Galloway trucks are all metal. It appears there was one hand truck for all engines over 2? HP. Horse trucks were built in several models of sturdiness depending on the engine size. Stationary engines have a base which allows the flywheels to clear the ground by an inch or so. The base was excluded for all portable arrangements.

1909 literature shows the same line as 1908 except a 10 HP saw rig is added and tank cooled stationary and tank cooled horse portable engines are offered in 5,7?, 10, and 15 HP.

1912 literature shows two changes. First the 'old' 2? HP engine is equipped with 27' flywheels, increased 25 RPM to 375 and called 3 HP. Also, a new 6 HP engine is added-it has the same bore and stroke as the 5HP, but flywheel size is increased to 34' and flywheel weight to 192 pounds. The literature drawings show a single governor weight, but the text describes a two weight governor (the classic Waterloo Iowa governor). I tend to think the artist wasn't paying attention.

                                                     1908 Galloway Line

HP

RPM

Bore X Stroke

Flywheel Diameter

Flywheel wt (ea)

Stationary

Hand Portable

Horse Portable

Saw Rig

2?

350

4? x 7

24 3/4

72

X

X

  

5

325

5? x 10

30 3/16

180

X

X

X

X

7?

275

6 x 12

36 1/2

312

X

 

X

X

10

250

7 x 12

41 3/4

380

X

 

X

 

15

225

8 x 16

49

600

X

 

X

 

18

210

9 x n

  

X

 

X

 

22

200

10 x 18

  

X

 

X

 

28

185

11? x 20

  

X

   

It isn't mentioned, but I think the water hopper was also larger. The 6 HP is in addition to the 5 HP engine which is also offered. The 3 HP is offered as stationary or hand portable. The 6 HP is offered as stationary, hand portable, horse portable, saw rig, tank cooled stationary and tank cooled horse portable.

15 HP is the largest engine mentioned.

1912 literature also shows Galloway's new Auto Transport. It is a wooden wheel, chain drive, midship engine, radiator in front, arrangement and is shown with two seats, or stock racks, or a wagon box behind one seat. The engine is water cooled, two cylinder opposed, four cycle, 16-20 HP. There are two speeds forward and one reverse.

1915 is a big year for change. (See Table Above.)

The big push in 1915 is the 'Masterpiece Six' 6 HP engine. It has a rounded edge rectangular shaped water hopper with oval fill hole that has a lip which curves back. The head is rounded on the edge. The crankshaft is cast. The oiler pipe goes through the water hopper and the rod is cast. All bearings are babbit. Main bearing grease cups are on stalks for easy reach while the engine is running. The gas tank is round vertically and sits between the flywheels behind the engine on a cast bracket. The governor is two weights as described on the earlier 6 HP engine. Gear driven or webster oscillating magnetos are available.

The 4, 8,12 and 16 HP engines are similar.

The change to the engines advertised in 1915 was not clean and sharp. I have seen many 5 and 6 HP Galloways which have some features of the older engines, especially water hoppers, but several features of the hoppers, but several features of the newer style engines, especially rounded heads, cast rods and cast crankshafts. Sometime during this transition the name tag was changed from the large style which mentions manure spreaders and cream separators to the smaller style which just says The Galloway, Mfg by Wm Galloway, Waterloo, Iowa, and has serial no. and HP. Both name tags are on the front of the water hopper.

Hand trucks and horse trucks are not changed.

1915 literature also mentions 6, 8, 12 and 16 HP tank cooled engines, but does not mention horse portable. Also mentioned are kerosene and oil engines. They are advertised in 6, 8, 12 and 16 HP sizes as stationary, horse portable and 6, 8, and 12 HP saw rigs.

1915 literature does not mention the auto transport.

A 1919 repair parts list and instruction booklet lists 5, 7, 9,12 and 18 HP engines. Styles pictured are the same as 1915. The 5 and 7 were sold with hand trucks and all are sold with horse trucks. Trucks appear unchanged.

Except for the 3 HP, this appears to be the same line as 1919 with the 18 HP engine dropped.

The 3 HP engine is different. It is called the 'Bull Dog Jr'. The water hopper hangs over the head, has a rectangular fill hole and no flange. The carburetor is on the off side. There is no base and six-inch high wood skids are necessary for the flywheels to clear. Ignition is webster mag. The governor is the 'classic Waterloo Iowa' style. The one I own shares all governor parts with the 2? HP Galloway. Even casting numbers are identical. The hand trucks furnished for the 3 HP engine are the same ones used under the 2? HP engine. They must have been very light for the 700-pound weight.

1926 literature shows an identical line except the 12 HP engine is dropped. 1927, 1929, and 1930 show no change from 1926.

If readers find mistakes or can add information, I would appreciate hearing from you. Since Part I appeared, letters have usually included two questions. I will answer them here for all. I know of no list which gives serial numbers by year for Galloway engines. Most of my literature is copies and there is no copy machine in town which can produce a copy clear enough to help much. I know little about paint or stripping color.

Lastly, I would like to make a plea for Galloway literature I can buy or pay to have copied, and for leads on the 2? and 4 HP Galloway engines I need to complete my 'set'.

                                                            1915 Galloway Line

HP

RPM

Body X Stroke

Flywheel Diameter

Flywheel Weight

Stationary

Hand Portable

Horse Portable

Saw

4

400

4? x 8

28

150

X

X

  

6

350

5? x 10

34

200

X

X

X

X

8

270

6? x 12

36?

320

X

 

X

X

12

250

7? x 14

41?

390

X

 

X

X

16

225

8? x 16

49

620

X

 

X

X

                                                           1924 Galloway Line

HP

RPM

Bore X Stroke

Flywheel Diameter

Flywheel Weight

Stationary

Hand Portable

Horse Portable

Saw

..3

400

4? x 6

24

91

x

x

  

5

400

4? x 8

28

150

x

x

X

 

7

350

5? x 10

34

210

x

x

X

X

9

270

6? x 12

36?

320

x

x

X

X

12

260

7? x 14

  

x

 

X

X