3 HP Engine

Courtesy of Wayne L. Fisher, Reaveley Road, Hancock, New Hampshire 03449.

Wayne L. Fisher

Content Tools

Route 4, Huntington, Indiana 46750

Chapter XI will be a continuation of the list of tractors that have been made over the years. The year is the first year they were made, then the company name, model, sizes, etc.

The list was started in the Nov.-Dec. 1972 issue of Gas Engine Magazine.

1917 Fageal Motors Co. Oakland, Cal. 'Fagael Walking Tractor 6/12'.

1911 Fairbanks Morse Co. Chicago & Racine, Wis. '12/25 one cyl.' Farm Engineering Co. Sands Springs, O1k. 'Little Chief'.

1920 Farmers Tr. Corp. Oshkosh, Wis. 'M P 4 25/40'. Farm Horse Tr. Co. Guetenberg, la.' Farm Horse 18/30'. Farm Horse Traction Works, Hartford, S. D. '15/26'. Farm Horse Traction Works, Sioux Falls, S. D. 'Farm Horse 16/30'. Farmaster Corp. N. Y. Two models. Gas and Diesel.

1917 Farm Power Mach. Co. Chicago, Ill. 'Fish Gearless 20/30'.

1913 A. B. Farquhar Co. York, Pa. 15-25, 18-35, 25-50.

1934 Fate Root Heath Co. Plymouth, Ohio. 'Silver King'.

1918 Federal Tr. Co. Minneapolis, Minn. 'Tom Thumb 12/20'.

1910 Finchbaugh Mfg. Co. York, Pa. 'York'. Foote Bros. Gear & Mach. Co. Chicago, bought the Bates Co. of Lansing, Mich. 1915 Ford Tr. Co. Minneapolis. 'Ford'. 8/16 2 cyl. opp. horiz. eng. 1917 Ford Motor Co. Detroit, Mich. 'Fordson'.

1903 Foose Gas Eng. Springfield, O. Used Morton chassis and own engine.

1920 Franklin Tr. Co. Greenville, O.

'Franklin 15/30 Crawler'. + 12- 25.

1919  Frick Co. Waynesboro, Pa. 'Frick'. Friday Tr. Co. Hartford, Mich. 'Friday' 6 cyl. Chrysler eng.

1914  Four Wheel Drive Tr. Co. Big Rapids, Mich. 'Four Wheel Drive.'

F W D Corp. Clintonville, Wis. 4 wheel dr. Used to be the Eagle Co. Fox River Tr. Co. Appleton, Wis. 'Fox 20/40'.

1917 Wm. Galloway Co. Waterloo, Ia. 'Farmobile 12/20'. Ganguer & Scott Roberts, La Porte, Ind.

1911 Garr Scott Co. Richmond, Ind. 'Tiger Pull 40/70'.

1908 Gas Traction Co. Minneapolis, Minn. 'Big Four'.

1909 Geiser Co. Waynesboro, Pa. 25/50 4 cyl.

1918 Gehl Tr. Co. West Bend, Wis. 'Gehl 15/30' 4 cyl. General Tr. Co. Seattle Wash. 'Westrac Crawler'. General Tr. Co. Detroit, Mich. 'Four wheel drive'. General Oridance Co. N. Y. City. 'G O 14/28'.

Fairbanks Z, 3 HP engine at first Annual Gas Engine Meet. This one belongs to me.

Here is Will Moore's Olds 6 HP engine.

1917 Gen. Motors, Detroit. Samson M. Combined Sieve Grip and Janesville Mach. Co. G F H Corp. Denver, Colo. 'G W 9'.

1918  Gile Tr. Co. Ludington, Mich. 'Model Q 18 H P D B'. Gibson Corp. Longmont, Colo. Two models, tricycle type.

1919  Gilson Tr. Co. Guelph, Ont. 'Dixie Ace 10/20'.

1921 Gladiator Mfg. Co. Los Angeles, Cal. Small Crawler.

1910 Goold, Shapely, & Muir Co. Brant-ford, Ont. In 1918 had a 12/24'. Good Field Tr. Co. Goodfield, Ill. 'Goodfield 9/18'.

1931 Graham Bradley. Detroit, Mich. 'Bradley Sears two plow'.

1937 Graham Paige Motor Co. Detroit, Mich. 'Graham Bradley Sears' 6 cyl. eng.

1918 Grain Belt Mfg. Co. Fargo, N. D. 'Grain Belt 18/36'. 4 cyl. vert. cross mt.

1917 Great Western Motor Co. San Jose, Cal. 'Fafeal'. Great Western Tr. Co. Council Bluffs, Ia. 'Great Western 20/30'.

1913 Gramont Tr. Plow Co. Spring-field, Ohio. 'Auto Plow' two cyl. opp.

1916 The Gray Tr. Co. Minneapolis, Minn. 'Gray'.

1911 Hackney Mfg. Co. St. Paul, Minn. 'Hackney Auto Plow 40 h.p.'.

1917 Hatfield Penfield Steel Co. Bucyrus, Ohio. '25/40 semi. Crawler.

1905 Hagen Gas Eng. Mfg. Co. Frankford, Ky.

1901 Hart Parr Co. Charles City, Ia.

1915 A. T. Harrow Tr. Co. Detroit, Mich. Used to be the Mich. Tr. Co. Heer Tr. Co. Lansing, Mich. 'Heer'.

1910 Heer Eng. Co. Portsmouth, Ohio. 'Heer 25 & 30 H.P.'

1910 Heider Mfg. Co. Carroll, Ia. 'Heider'.

1910 Henry, Millard & Henry. York, Pa. Big one cyl. like I H C. Herculeas Tr. Co. Evansville, Ind. Hession Tiller & Tr. Corp. Buffalo, N. Y.

'Hession 13/30'. Hicks Tr. Co. Milwaukee, Wis. 'Hicks 12/25 Semi Crawler'.

1893 J. A. Hocket, Sterling, Kan. Tractors built by The Charter Eng. Co.

1913  Hoke Tr. Co. South Mend, Ind. 15/30 4 cyl. verti. Hoke Tr. Co. Washington, Ind.

1914  Holmes Mfg. Co. Port Clinton, Wis. 'Holmes Little Giant'. Hollis Tr. Co. Pittsburgh, Pa. 'Hollis Model H 15/25'.

1920 Holton Tr. Co. Indianapolis, Ind. 'Holton 10/16'. 1911 Holt Tr. Co. Stockton, Cal. & Peoria, Ill. 1920 Homes Laughlin Eng. Co. Los Angeles, Cal. 'Laughlin Husky 10/20 Crawler W. 1920 Hoosier Wheel Co. Franklin, Ind. 'Hoosier 20/30'. 4 cyl.

1898 Huber Co. Marion, Ohio.

1913 Huffman Traction Eng. Co. Kenton, O. 'Master Huffman'.

1914 Humber Anderson Mfg. St. Paul, Minn. 'The Little Oak'.

1913 Or 1915 Hume Mfg. Co. Hume, Ill. 50 H.P.

1917 Huron Tr. Co. Chicago, Ill. 'Huron 12/25'.

1918 Indiana Silo Co. Anderson, Ind. 'Indiana 5/10'.

1917 Independent Harv. Co. Piano, Ill. 'Independent '15/30'. Intercontinental Mfg. Co. Grand Prairie, Tex. 'Model C 26 H. P.'. International Gas Eng. Co. Cudhay, Wis. 'Ingeco'. Worthington Gas Eng. Co. Cudahy, Wis. 'Ingeco'.

1918 Ill. Silo & Tr. Co. Blomington, Ill. 'Illinois 18/30 4 cyl.'

1905 International Harv. Co. Chicago, Ill. Interstate Tr. Co. Waterloo, Ia. 'Plowman 15/30 Buda eng.'.

1910 Imperial Mach. Co. Minneapolis, Minn. 'Imperial 40/70'. John Deere Harv. Works, Moline, Ill. 'John Deere Daine'.

1918 John Deere Co. Moline, Ill. 1923 Model D 15/27'. John Track-Pull'

1914 Joliet Oil Tr. Co. Joliet, Ill. 'Joliet 22/40'.

1909 Joy McVicker Co. Mpls. Minn. Steel & Mach. Co. built their tractors.

1909 Joy Wilson Sales Co. Denver, Colo. Sold the above tractors for Joy McVicker. Jumbo Steel Products Co. Azusa, Cal. 'Simpson' Chrysler engine. J. T. Tr. Co. Cleve-land, Ohio. 'J. T. 16/32' Crawler.

At left is a 1920 10-20 HP Titan. On display at Pioneer Acres Plowman & Thresher's 3rd Reunion twelve and a half miles East of Calgary, Alberta, Aug. 12 & 13, 1972. One of the club members, Gilbert Sather of Calgary, is shown in the picture, the big man on the right with back to camera, his wife is operating the Titan.

On the right is a 30-60 Aultman Taylor gas engine. Operator is Bob Way of Calgary/ Alberta. This is 'his dream boat'. This engine was on display at the Pioneer Acres Plowman & Thresher's Reunion, on Aug. 12 & 13, 1972, twelve & a half miles East of Calgary, Alberta.

30-60 Russell owned by Norman Pross of Luverne, North Dakota.

1916 Kansas City Hay Press Co. Kan. City. 'Prairie Dog 9/18 & 12/25'. 10-18, 15-30.

1918 Kardell Tr. & Tk. Co. St. Louis, Mo. 'Utility'. 2 drive in front 1 in rear. Leader 4 wheel drive.

1918 Keck Gonnerman Co. Mt. Vernon, Ind. 'Keck Gonnerman 12/24'. 15-30.

1918 K C 4 Drive Sales Co. Kan. City, Mo. 'Four Wheel Drive'. Key-stone Iron & Steel Works, Los Angeles, Cal. 'Keystone 15/30 Crawler'.

1916 Killen Strait Mfg. Co. Appleton, Wis.

1901 Kinnard Haines Co. Minneapolis, Minn. 'Flour City'. Kinross Peoria, Ill. 'Kinross American'. Klumb Eng. & Mach. Co. Sheboygan, Wis. 'Klumb 10/20'.

1919 Knickerbocker Motor Co. 'Knicierbocker'.

1920 W. Knudsen Co. Fremont, Tex. 'Knudsen 25/40'. Kroyer Motor Co. San Pedro. Cal. 'Wizard 4 Pull 20/35'.

1914 L. C. Kuhnert Co. Chicago, Ill. 'Kuhnert 12/29 4 cyl.'.

1921 Aultman Taylor 30-60. A nice tractor. All I have to do now is finish painting it. Owned by Lyle Dumont and on display at the Pioneer Museum, Sigourney, Iowa.

Pictured cleaning the gas engines are Roy Goble (left) and Bob Woodfall both of Charleston, Illinois. They rented a steam jenny for the weekend. Both men are working on a 3 Hp. Hercules gas engine. We found that the steam jenny saves time, but there is still some grease that is too hard and too old to come off. Several engines in the background are waiting their turn.

Extension Adviser Enjoys Restoring Early Tractors

SPINE SHAKER - This 1928 Hart-Parr was the forerunner of today's Oliver, and it had a number of unusual features including a flywheel which set cross-ways to the tractor; the fan was driven off the flywheel and had to be tightened before the engine was started. As the exhaust came out under the front radiator, the fumes wafted in the face of the operator, as he bounced along at 2 m.p.h.

The following article and pictures were sent to us by Walt Townsend, R. R. 3, Nashville, Illinois 62263. We thank William Joy of the Centralia Evening and Sunday Sentinel newspaper for granting permission to use same. -GEM

When Walt Townsend was a junior in Effingham High, he and his dad went to a farm sale to buy a cow and came home with an antique tractor instead. That was in 1963, and the elder Townsend may have since regretted his decision to make that first purchase, as it merely whetted his son's appetite for the procession of Hubers, Keck-Gonnermans, Hart-Parrs, and other extinct breeds which were soon to take their place beside the old Model EK Allis-Chalmers in the family barnyard.

Walt, who is now Assistant Extension Adviser in Washington County, still stores the major portion of his collection at his dad's place in Effingham; but he also finds it handier to keep the the tractors he is currently working on at his brother-in-law's place, south of Ashley. There, in his spare time, he can lovingly restore some of those rusted iron-wheeled ruins to their proper running order.

EARLY CATERPILLAR - This early Cat was sold by Fabick Tractor in Salem in 1928, and it was used to build the highway east of Newton. Each of the 4 cylinders is separate, and the motor was turned over by the rather dangerous method of inserting a rod in the fly-wheel. From left are: Sam Townsend of Kankakee, Samuel Townsend (Walt's dad), Walt, and his brother, Tom, who teaches school in Mascoutah.

JOHN DEERE AR - Walt's wife, Jan, lets their baby get the feel of the wheel behind a 1937 model which was purchased from Alex Jozwiak (above) who lives south of Nashville. Jozwiak worked two evenings to rebuild the carburetor so that the tractor would be in working order when Townsend bought it.

SMALLEST CASE -- This is just about the smallest model Case built and Townsend plans to combine it with a 20-inch Case thresher, giving him the smallest Case threshing outfit in the world. The 4-cylinder, 1937 tractor was bought in the Belleville area; and Walt showed it last year at the Threshermen's Show in Pinckneyville.

BUDDING COLLECTOR - Most babies have their picture taken on a bear rug, but the infant Walt Townsend had his taken on the family 10-20 McCormick-Deering tractor. The steel wheels of this 1930 model had been cut down for rubber tires by the time this picture was taken in 1948.

Since many of these obsolete machines have not been started in years, it takes hours of work before the engines are repaired and the frames repainted in their original factory colors. Although it is not unusual to find these venerable machines abandoned in a back pasture or crumblind out-building, Townsend recalls a particular problem he had with the purchase of his 1928 Hart-Parr. The forgotten tractor had been sitting in the field so long that Walt had to spend several hours chopping out the trees that had surrounded it during the years of disuse.

PRIDE AND JOY - Townsend describes this 1 h.p. Mogul made by International-Harvester, as 'one of my pride and joys.' The neat little engine will run on gasoline, motor spirits, kerosene and gas. Townsend bought it from Leroy Woker of Nashville, who wouldn't sell it until he got it started. The engine dates from the early teens and was used by Woker to saw firewood.

Walt's early fondness for antique farm machinery was inspired by the stories his father told him about the days when he worked with the threshing crews in the northern part of the state. Like many others, Walt is still fascinated by those impressive, smoke-belching monsters; and would someday like to add a steam traction engine to his collection.

HACKSEL-CUTTER - Many Washington and Clinton County farmers won't need and explanation for Hacksel, a German word meaning 'chopped straw.' In the old days, oats, both the grain and straw, were chopped for horse feed; and this one-cylinder, 6 h.p. engine could be used to run the hacksel-cutter. Townsend bought this 1913 model, made by Stover in Freeport, III., from Virgil Blumhorst of Addieville. Before the days of power-driven hacksel machines, the horses chopped their own food by walking in a circle and turning the cutter's wheel.

Townsend is presently an alternate director of the American Threshermen's Association, and he exhibits a few of his tractors at the group's annual show at the Perry County fairgrounds in Pinckneyville. This year, the Thresher-men will be revving up their engines from August 17 to 20, and Walt like many others is looking forward to the exhibit, which has become a major attraction in the area.

To the restorer of antique machinery there can be few more satisfying sounds than the whir of a smoothly running engine. And just as beauty is said to be in the eye of the beholder, so music may well be in the ear of the listener. Although the splutter of a one-lunger may seem like to noise to some, Walt enjoys listening to his engines.

'Sometimes,' he says, 'when I'm here alone, fixing my tractors, I start the engines and the sound keeps me company while I'm working.'

CRANKING HER UP - The metal lugs on the iron wheel of the old tractors were death on the county roads, as they did a remarkable job of chewing up black-top. The prospective customer could select the wheel size to match his soil type; and one of Townsend's old catalogues shows 8 different wheel widths to choose from. The Twin City 20-35 has 4 cylinders and was made in the twenties; the company has since become part of Minneapolis-Moline. The tractor cost about $800 when it was new.

One has to agree that even if today's farm machinery is more efficient and reliable, there's a certain fascination about the more primitive and tempermental equipment of the past. And when that awesome moment comes at Pinckneyville, as the assembled steam engines sound their whistles in unison, in memory of the departed threshermen, it somehow evokes a tingle of nostalgia and sadness, even in those too young to remember the past glories of the steam age. And so long as boys get that certain twinge when they hear those chugs and whistles, people like Walt Townsend will find a special pleasure and reward in the labor of restoring old fashioned farm equipment.

My Simplicity-powered saw rig which is 8 HP and has cut several cords of wood this fall. I would like to know its age and to hear from other Simplicity owners. It was manufactured in Worcester, Massachusetts by the Richardson Mfg. Co-

Mogul 10-20. This tractor is in good condition and runs well. On display at the Pioneer Museum, Sigourney, Iowa.

The photograph shows a combination engine and compressor manufactured by the Flickinger Iron Works Inc. of Bradford, Pa. The engine operates on natural gas and was used to furnish starting air for a much larger Flickinger engine-compressor that supplied air to pump oil wells. The serial no. is 282 and has a patent date of April 9, 1902.

The method of compressing the air is interesting. The rear of the cylinder is sealed off by means of a stuffing box and contains the air inlet and discharge valves. The air is compressed by the rear of the piston on both the power and intake strokes. With this arrangement only one piston is needed for power and compressing.

Because of this arrangement, it is necessary to use a crosshead which makes the Flickinger unique among small four cycle engines.

The governor is of the pendulum pick type which is mounted on the eccentric operated exhaust valve pushrod. The governor operates by preventing the exhaust valve from opening, making the engine miss under full compression.

The bore is 5.25 in. and the stroke is 7 in. The flywheels are 30 in. diameter. The ignition is by a hot tube or a Bosch high tension oscillating magneto.

Although it has not been used in over 30 years, it is in good mechanical shape.

Faribault 6 HP, No. 640 built at Faribault, Minnesota. Restored by Andy and shown at N. T. A. Show, Wauseon, Ohio Show 1970.

Gearless Olds 3 HP, Serial No. 5387. Built by Olds Motor Work;, about 1896. Restored by Andy and shown at Baraboo, Wisconsin Show in 1971.

This picture was taken in 1940. That's me (Arlo) on the engine, a 22-36 McCormick Deering pulling a 10-foot I. H. C. power-take-off binder, and an 8-foot I. H. C. horse binder (with a special hitch). That's my Dad (Howard Jurney) on the rear binder. This was a good engine for pulling a 24' brush breaker as it had the weight and clearance underneath.

I was very much interested in your article of 'Antique Machinery' in the Nov.-Dec. '72 issue concerning the Regan gasoline engine. I too, have an old engine and am not sure as to the date of manufacture. It is a Pierce one cylinder, made in Racine, Wisconsin. The piston goes down toward the platform. This engine works without a spark-plug. It has a metal tongue recessed in the cylinder head and a rod cast in the piston that contacts the tongue to complete the circuit. When the piston leaves the metal tongue the circuit breaks and fires. This is done with a low tension coil and hot shot.

Above is a picture of the engine. The gas tank and water tank are of my own making. I would like to know if anyone would have information on this engine. This engine is a hit and miss and runs like a sewing machine.

I have other engines in my collection too; including one of the first Waterloo Boy's, a Witte (which is very old) and a Casey Jones. We really enjoy collecting and restoring these engines. We have a total of fourteen restored in mint condition now. All are fairly rare. Your Gas Engine Magazine is thoroughly enjoyed when it arrives.