REFLECTIONS

A Brief Word

Bourdon Pressure Gauge

32/9/1A

Douglas Poor

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We're working right up to our dead -line this month, having just returned from the second Ageless Iron Expo at Ankeny, Iowa. There were some nice engines on hand, although this show is primarily a tractor show vis-a-vis a gas engine show. Included was a nicely restored Armstrong as made at Waterloo, Iowa. There was also a nicely restored New Holland side-crank engine owned by Louis Tuller at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa.

So far as tractors are concerned, they were there by the hundreds, and perhaps into the thousands, but we don't have the figures yet. In addition to the common models, there were a great many classics, with the majority being nicely restored. Don Skidmore of Knob Noster, Missouri, brought his Waterloo Bronco; these are rarely found anywhere. Except for a very cool northwest wind, the weather was perfect!

We caught glimpses of the parades and the tractor pulls, and wish we could have seen more of the activities. Judy Whiteside from GEM, along with husband Ken, operated the Stem gas book stand; they were set up alongside Don Knowles from Engineers & Engines. All in all, it was a most enjoyable event, and we hope that Successful Farming Magazine will sponsor the Ageless Iron Expo in another couple of years.

After a couple of days at Ankeny, Iowa, and the Ageless Iron show, we went back home to Amana for the Two-Cylinder Expo, just a half mile from our house. There were hundreds of John Deere and Waterloo Boy tractors and implements on display, along with large crowds. On Saturday (July 5) they had their auction, but we were unable to attend, and do not have any indication of the prices realized.

While at Ankeny and at the Amana show, many folks asked us about our 1998 tour to Germany and Austria. We're working on it right now, and hopefully we'll be able to provide further information, perhaps in the next issue of GEM. One thing is certain...we will limit the tour to two coaches, or a total entourage of about 80 people. With the small hotels and restaurants generally found in Europe (outside of the big cities, which we try to avoid) it's very difficult to accommodate more than that number...the logistics sometimes make one pull their hair out! Besides, with one or two coaches, people have a better chance to interact, and after all, that's fully half the trip...the fun and the fellowship!

By the way, several people asked us whether we'll be repeating the same tour to Germany as we did two years ago. The answer is that except for our first stop, which is Porten's Old Tractor Museum, we'll be covering all new ground. For those of you who've been to see Roland Porten, this stop is well worth a return visit.

Lots of folks have inquired about our new book, Encyclopedia of American Farm Implements. See our ad in this issue. The book should be out in late August or early September. Within, you'll find a lot of things you've seen or heard of, but there'll also be a lot of surprises. The book will be 400 pages, and about 2,000 photos, with 16 pages of color taken from original catalog lithos. This should be a great help to those restoring various old implements.

As usual, we'll be on hand for the 1997 Midwest Old Threshers Reunion at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. Look us up at the gas engine area. That means that right after we finish this month's column, our spare time is going to be taken up getting our engines ready for the show! One of these years, we'll have to take a sabbatical and organize a tour for the Great Dorset Steam Rally in England. Unfortunately, it comes at the same time as Mt. Pleasant, Rollag, and several other important shows. We've talked to lots of folks who tell us that it's well worth the time to attend this show. There's almost everything there, but of course those wonderful Showman's Engines are the great attraction. This month we begin with:

32/9/1 Bourdon Vacuum Gauges Q. Douglas Poor, 12058 Adams, Yucaipa, CA 92399 sends photocopies of the Bourdon Pressure Gauge from The Practical Steam Engineers Guide by Frederick Keppy. He'd like to know why they put a hairspring inside the vacuum gauge, and also when it was patented.

32/9/2 Woolery Engine Q. Can anyone supply information on a Model P, 5 HP Woolery engine, s/n 3123 ? It was made by Woolery Machine Co., Minneapolis, Minn. It was used on a railway car. David Krueger, Rt. 1, Box 135, Black duck, MN 56630.

32/9/3 Witte Engine Q. What is the year built of a Witte engine, s/n 11723, 6 horsepower? Charles E. Eales, 5009 Bedford Dr., Alton, IL 62002.

A. 1914.

32/9/4 Galloway Guarantee Q. Mrs. Peter Riolo, 1330 Sunol St., San Jose, CA 95126-3065 sends along a photocopy of the Galloway Guarantee Certificate for engine no. 36893 of May 22, 1917, and was wondering whether someone might have this particular engine. If that engine still exists, wouldn't that be a coincidence.

32/9/5 Ruston Engine Q. Our club 'Power from the Past' of Tucson, AZ has acquired a Ruston sideshaft diesel engine. We are hoping that someone will come out of the woods that could give us information on it that we need for a sign to display to the public the particulars of the engine. On the tag it states: Class Size MARK CR, Engine No. 227296. On the right outside hub of the flywheel is the number 32'302907'42 and on the end of the right crankshaft is also the above number along with El and E2. We would also like to know the color scheme, horsepower, year built, and the rpm. There is another tag on the engine that states...Sold by Mumford Medland Ltd., Winnipeg, Manitoba. Inquiries will be answered promptly. Robert A. LeBaron, 5801 E. 5th St., Tucson, AZ 85711.

32/9/6 Stover DV-1 Engine Q. See the photo of a 1934 Stover DV-1 engine, s/n VD244900. It has a magneto, diaphragm fuel pump, gear reduction, and a bolt pattern on right side of flywheel for starter or power take-off; I am probably wrong about power take-off. I need further information on this engine. Ronald Chiavetta, 204 McCoy Rd., Mc Kees Rocks, PA 15136.

A. Considerable information on this engine can be found in our book Power in the Past Volume 3, available from GEM. Also, we believe your engine is a 1937 model, not 1934.

32/9/7 Sears & Roebuck Engine Q. I found a homemade garden tractor in an old bam, and it was equipped with the following engine: Sears, Roebuck & Co., Model 500, 208064, s/n 213165, horse -power space is blank. Any information on this engine would be greatly appreciated. Karl R. Hoffman, 12500 Masters Rd., Memphis, MI 48041.

32/9/8 Witte Information Q. What is the year built of a 6 HP Witte engine, s/n 12762? Dale. Ragband, 4638 Brookwood Cir., Salt Lake City, L7T 84117-4908.

A. 1914.

32/9/9 Information Needed Q. What is the year built for the following engines?

l) Root & Vandervoort 2 HP, s/n BL2155

2) Waterloo Boy, 'Type H, s/n 235992, 2 HP

3) Fuller & Johnson Pumper, s/n 41895.

I'm also looking for further information and parts for the F & J pumper. Doug Wilson, 13423 NW 82 Ave., Grimes, 1A 50111.

A. l) unknown; 2)1924; 3)1914.

32/9/10 Re: Leffel Water Wheel William D. Miller, 9977 Front Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45241-1011 writes that the pix on page 17 of the June GEM (32/6-A, B, C) are very likely from a Samson vertical shaft turbine, made by James Leffel & Co., Springfield, Ohio. Photo 3A is the gate arm with the link rods which would regulate water flow to the turbine. Photo 3B is the top (crown) plate with the vertical shaft, which the turbine powered. Photo 3C is the water flume, the horizontal remnant is on the left, with the penstock on the right. The penstock was a square hollow chamber which created the correct water pressure for the turbine, which would have been at the bottom opening. The company is still going strong. Mr. Miller also comments that although he is in no way involved with the company, he is a fifth generation descendant of James Leffel.

32/9/11 IHC Engine Q. Donald R. Conner, R. 1407 Spring Garden Ave., Berwick, PA 18603 writes that he has an IHC Mogul engine, 2 HP, s/n CZ 4749, for which he would like further information, as this is his first restoration project.

A. Your Mogul is a 1916 model. They were finished comparable to DuPont 29609 Olive Green.

32/9/12 Waterloo Bronco Q. I collect tractor literature from 1939 up to the late 1960s, and haven't had any luck but a couple of pictures for the Waterloo Bronco tractors of the late 1950s to the early 1960s. Any information on these tractors would be greatly appreciated. Samuel W. Rash, RFD 1, Box 211, Ken-bridge, V A 23944-

32/9/13 Monarch Engine Q. I have a Monarch 1 HP engine by Royal Engine Co., Saginaw, Michigan. It is s/n 8112, Model N. Any information on this engine would be appreciated.

Also, I have an Economy 2 HP engine, sin 13792, for which I'd like to have further information, including paint color, year built, etc. Mike Harper, 5316 N. Locust St., No. Little Rock, AR 72116.

32/9/14 Information Needed Q. Can anyone provide information on the engines shown in the accompanying photos? In 14A is shown an Arco engine, s/n 362619, HP 2GH, with a Lunkenheimer mixer. It has a speed selector.

Photo 14B shows a Fairbanks-Morse Model 48BW two-cycle reversible railway motor car engine; this one is sin 27391.

Any information would be appreciated. R. Williams, 144 Sheridan Rd., Winthrop Harbor, IL 60096.

A. We think that the Arco was built by Hercules. Despite an extensive file of F-M information, we have nothing at all on your two-cycle model.

32/9/15 Unidentified Engine Q. Can anyone identify the engine in the two photos? 1 can't find anything like it in American Gas Engines. It has a 3 x 5 inch bore and stroke, with a main casting number of 4004 and a flywheel number of 4008. Note the curved counterbalance in the flywheel. Any information would be appreciated. Ed Hollier, 3093 Amity Rd., Pearcy,AR7l964.

32/9/16 Unidentified Parts Q. See the two photos of a large flywheel and crankshaft weighing about two tons. There are no numbers. It could be from a gas engine, a steam engine, or a compressor. The wheel is 72 inches in diameter with a 5 inch face. Any clues? Edwin Bredemeier, Rt. 1, Box 13, Steinauer, NE 68441.

32/9/17 Governor Springs John Innes, RR 2, Embro, Ontario N0J 1J0 Canada replies to 32/6/9, suggesting that Mr. Hand replace the governor springs with new ones. Over the years, broken governor springs have often been replaced with ones that are too heavy. I have found out by chance that lighter ones will work magic.

32/9/18 Clarke Engine, Etc. Q. See the photos of a marine engine built by Clarke Gas Engine Co , Evansville, Indiana The engine has good compression and both valves seem to be fine It is missing the carburetor and water pump I would like to correspond with anyone having one of these engines or information on same

Also in l8C see a photo of a Bolens Super Versa-Matte two-wheel garden tractor I would appreciate anything on this machine Kelly Reynolds, 2003 Harding Ave , Evansville, IN 47711

32/9/19 John Deere Engine Q. What is the year built, and the correct PPG color, for a John Deere 1 HP engine, s/n 27077V. Fritz Wohlwend, PO Box 244202, Anchorage, AK 99524.

A. The engine was made in 1927. The PPG Implement Folder lists their 40249 as being John Deere Implement Green.

32/9/20 O.B. Motor-Compressor Q. See the photos of an engine-compressor unit built by Universal Mfg. Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, as their O. B. Combination Motor and Air Compressor. It is #342. Could this unit have been used to air tires at filling stations? Any information would be appreciated. Edward H. Banke, 5841 N. E. Abbey Rd., Carlton, OR 97111.

A. You're correct! Once in awhile these show up in magazines like Motor Age, Chilton's, and others of the 'teens and twenties.

32/9/21 Wolverine Engine Q. I'm looking for information on a Wolverine engine, 5 HP, s/n 62 J 0, and having a 5 x7 inch bore and stroke. American Gas Engines does not have a picture or much information. I would like to know when it was built, how many dry cells were used, etc. Ron Konen, Box47-C, Genesee, ID83832.

A. We can't tell you much about the Wolverine, but we can tell you that most battery ignition systems used four or five cells at 1 volt each, yielding 6 to 7 volts. A few used five 1 volt cells for 9 volts. Sometimes these were then paralleled for more amperage. We've never seen a problem with using a 12-volt battery, especially on engines of high compression. It gives a lot better spark, and consequently the engines run better. We also suppose that there are those who disagree, but lots of folks are using a 12 volt battery for this purpose. May we caution though, that if you are using any type of storage battery, use an inline fuse of some sort...if something goes wrong, that little #14 or #16 wire you're using will instantly turn red hot, with the potential of causing personal injury or property damage.

32/9/22 Novo Engine Q. I recently purchased a Novo engine, now disassembled and ready for paint. What's the proper color? Also the plate is gone; the word 'Novo' was painted on (no deed). AH information appreciated. Walt Mehler, 2508 Base view, Pinckney, MI 48169.

A. We have DuPont 4190 Green listed for all Novo engines. We'd also like to know if the s/n is stamped anywhere on these engines; we too have one without the plate, and no clue as to when it was built. Can anyone help? 

Model maker's Corner

Ed Banke, 5841 NE Abbey Rd., Carlton, OR 97111 sends along three photos of his recent one-third scale model of the 4 HP Monitor engine. Ed spent about two months making the patterns and core boxes, pouring the first castings about January 1, 1997. By late February he had completed the first model. The 9 inch flywheels are cast in solid bronze, and the water hopper and crankcase is of high strength aluminum with a cast sleeve.

The 4 HP 'Ball Hopper' Monitor has always been one of our favorite engines, and we certainly like the looks of this new model.

A Closing Word

To close our column this month, we'd like to share with you a 1901 illustration of the Deere Husker & Shredder, as offered at the time by Deere & Mansur Company at Moline, Illinois. As you're probably aware, husker-shredders gained great popularity in the early 1900s. Standing corn was cut and put into shocks for drying. When needed, the bundles were loaded onto wagons and brought to the machine. It picked the ears from the stalks, sending them by an elevator into a waiting wagon. The stalks and leaves were shredded and blown into a stack, or more commonly into a barn for use as feed and/or bedding.

Husker-shredders gained infamy because of the possibility of injury by getting pulled into the snapping rolls of the machine. Thus, many companies added suitable equipment to minimize this risk. This Deere advertisement notes that their machine was 'famous for ... perfect safety...'

The husker-shredder gained great popularity for a time, but with the coming of ensilage cutters, its popularity declined, especially when the field cutters arrived. By 1940 the era of the husker-shredder had all but ended.