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The other day we ran across a 1911 article outlining the merger of the John Deere branch houses, factories and the parent company to form Deere &. Company. The following were included: Deere &. Company, Moline, Illinois, Deere & Mansur, Moline, Illinois, John Deere Plow Company Branch, Houses at:, Kansas City, Missouri, St. Louis, Missouri, Omaha, Nebraska, Dallas, Texas, Denver, Colorado, Portland, Oregon, Spokane, Washington, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, San Francisco, California, New Orleans, Louisiana, Indianapolis, Indiana, Baltimore, Maryland, Syracuse, New York, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Dain Mfg. Company, Ottumwa, Iowa, Ft. Smith Wagon Co., Ft. Smith, Arkansas, Kemp &. Burpee, Syracuse, New York, Marseilles Mfg. Co., East Moline, Illinois, Moline Wagon Co., Moline, Illinois, Richardson Mfg. Co., Worcester, Massachusetts, Syracuse Chilled Plow Company, Syracuse, New York, Union Malleable Iron Co., East Moline, Illinois, Van Brunt Company, Horicon, Wisconsin.

Has anyone ever heard of a Simon engine designed, patented, and built by H. H. Simon of Atlanta, Georgia? Notice of this engine appears in a 1910 magazine. Also of interest, the Texas Engine & Manufacturing Company at Galveston went into receivership during 1910. Has anyone heard of this one?

Regarding the Doak Engine Company at Oakland and San Francisco, California: John E. Doak, founder and proprietor of this company, died in 1910 at the age of 47. His death was said to have been caused by overwork and worry in connection with the loss of his financial fortune in the Great San Francisco earthquake.

Finally, how about these 'new incorporations' as of early 1910: Caldwell-Hallowell Co., Waterloo, Iowa; Ft. Madison Gas Engine Co., Ft. Madison, Iowa; Pioneer Traction Co., Winona, Minnesota; and Snyder Gasoline Thresher Co., Green Island, New York.

Our questions this month begin with:

29/3/1 Is It a Filter? Q. At a consignment sale I bought this filter, but I have never found out what is was used for. It was made by Klemm & Company, Chicago, Illinois. Patent dates are July 11 and August 15, 1899; February 13, 1900; and December 30 1902.

29/3/2 John Lauson 1 HP Q. I have a John Lauson 1 HP engine, s/n 166. How old is it, and what is the proper color? I would like to build an ignitor for it and use the magneto that came with it. All the information I can find for it is after they changed to spark plugs.

I also have a McCormick-Deering W-30 tractor, s/n WP11577. When did they start painting them red? Lloyd F. Wagner, 19019 SE 128th St., Renton, WA 98059-8744.

A. So far we've not gotten any accurate color matches for the green paint used on the John Lauson engines. IH changed to red paint in October 1936. However, it is unknown at what serial numbers this change was made. It does appear that some tractors were painted red prior to this time, perhaps to test the market. It also appears that a few were painted gray, perhaps to the wishes of a specific dealer or customer. Any information will be appreciated. Morris Blomgren ,10139 Blomgren Rd., Siren, WI54872.

29/3/3 Swedish Engine Q. I recently acquired a small two-cycle marine engine that I am told was made in Sweden. All fastenings are metric and the magneto is an SEM which is made in Sweden. The engine has an approximate bore and stroke of 21/8 x 2 inches. The words AW MOTOR are cast into the cylinder head and AW-1 and the number 531-22 are stamped on the block. I wonder if anyone might know anything about this engine or if there is some collector in Sweden that I might contact for more information. Thank you for any help you can give me. Bob Learned, 1754 Curtner Ave., San Jose,CA95l24-1207.

29/3/4 Massey-Harris Q. I need some parts and lots of help on a 3.5 HP Massey-Harris engine. Can anyone tell me the age and the correct color? It was in a fire and sat outside for another 15 years. Everything that can melt has melted, and anything left has rusted together. The nameplate is nearly unreadable. Any help and cooperation would be greatly appreciated. Kevin Glen Bergen, PO Box 2096, Mackenzie, BC V0J 2C0 Canada.

A. To our knowledge, there is no way to accurately date the origin of a Massey-Harris engine. Also, we've never gotten the paint color information for this one.

29/3/5 Cletrac General GG Q. I recently purchased this Cleveland General Model GG tractor, s/n 1FA2836. I would appreciate hearing from anyone who can point me to further information on this tractor, as well as parts suppliers for same, and would like to know when it was built. Charles C. Fallin, 6106 - 23rd St.,Lubbock, TX 79407-1610.

29/3/6 Maynard Engine Q. I recently discovered and purchased a 2 HP Maynard engine s/n 9676. I found this engine on Deer Island off the coast between New Brunswick and Maine. The engine was complete, aside from various springs. However, I've read that 'the Maynard engine was built by Nelson Bros.,' but mine doesn't look anything like that. I keep finding castings with 'B. E. Co.,' and in looking at American Gas Engines, I see that mine is similar. I also need to find the proper color. Finally, in disassembling the ignitor, I can't remember whether the angled arm on the ignitor shaft is above or below the trip arm. Any help will be greatly appreciated. Willard E. Cawley, 369 Palace Road, Kingston, Ontario K7L 4T5 Canada.

A. Although you didn't send a photo of your engine, we would suggest that yours was probably made by Bates & Edmonds Motor Co. for the Charles Williams Stores. Actually, it appears that the Maynard was built by several different companies over the years. As with several other large order houses, the Maynard was not built by Charles Williams Stores; they simply marketed an engine. The engine marketed in a given year might have been built by anyone having an engine they liked, one that fit into their pricing structure, and one that was available in the quantities needed by a catalog house. Nelson Bros, was likely not the only supplier. We're unsure of the proper color. If yours has traces of a color, that's likely what was used.

Regarding the ignitor, the trip finger is supposed to engage the lever attached to the movable electrode. When it trips, the spring around the ignitor shaft snaps back very quickly, thus creating the spark. With battery-operated ignitors, the points are always open, except when engaged by the trip finger. Ignitors like the Webster always have the points closed, and they open only when struck by the hammer.

29/3/7 Badger Engine Q. I have had the good fortune to acquire a rather large engine which is missing some parts, such as the head and the lay shaft assembly. I'm told it is a Badger engine of about 9 or 10 horsepower. I would like to hear from anyone having one of these engines so as to figure out the parts needed to get it running again. All responses will be acknowledged and the postage returned. Brad L. Rodenkirch, N. 2365 Hwy SS, Cambellsport, WI 53010-3449.

29/3/8 Unidentified Engines Q. See the two photos of unidentified engines. Photo 8A has no ID except the casting numbers with MA in them. It is probably automotive. It is a two-cylinder model and measures three feet from rocker to rocker.

The other is about a 1 HP throttling governor model. Numbers all start with AK. This engine uses a downdraft mixer flange, and cam follower is on a rocker attached to the base. Any information will be appreciated. Robert A. Johnson, Rt 2, Box 358, Canyon, TX 79015.

29/3/9 An Australian Collection  Reg Ingold, 37 Seaham St., Holmes-ville, 2286 Australia, sends a number of photos of his collection: Photo 9A is a corner of his engine shed; 9B are models he had built so far; the Richard Shelley model of Galloway and the Economy from Joe Tochtrop. Both are top runners. Photo 9C shows a Ronaldson & Tippett engine, 6 HP, built in 1918. 9D is a 4 HP 1933 Sundial built in Sunshine, Victoria, Australia. 9E is a 1928 Sundex 2 HP engine. 9F is a Sunshine Type H, 2 HP, 1922 vintage. 9G is a 1920 Acme Marine engine, 2 HP, built in Newcastle, NSW. 9H is a 2 HP Kelly & Lewis, 1935. 9I is a 2 HP Moffatt Virtue of the 1940s. 9J is a picture of the writer,  Mr. Reg Ingold.

29/3/10 Olds Engine Striping Q. See the drawing of an Olds Type A engine. Can anyone detail the exact striping and colors used on this engine? Ed Weyerts, Box 82, Gurley, NE 69141.

29/3/11 Sears-Roebuck Engine Q. Can anyone tell me about my old wash-in machine engine from Sears & Roebuck? It is Model 500.95461, sin 579286.Any information will be appreciated. Francis D. Donovan, 19 Winthrop St., Medway, MA 0205 3-2118.

29/3/12 Majestic Engine Owners Send your horsepower and serial numbers (check crankshaft end) for cataloging of owners. A list of known owners and historical information will be returned. James W. Priestley, 117 Lind St., McMinnville, TN 37110.

29/3/13 Kalamazoo Engine Q. We're restoring a Kalamazoo engine as shown on page 261 of American Gas Engines. When these engines arrived here, they were stripped of all the governor gear and linkages. With this particular engine, none were lucky enough to get some of the main parts. I am seeking drawings of the governor mechanism and would like to know who was the original manufacturer. I would also like to thank those people who sent information on the York and Jacobsen engines which are now both running. R. Peachey ,119 Middle St., Hadfield, Victoria 3046 Australia.

29/3/14 Cushman 8 HP Engine Q. I need information on an 8 HP Cushman Model 44, two-cylinder marine engine. It has a patent date of 1911, the s/n is 3887. I need color, when built, and parts or service information. The engine started out as a peanut thrasher in east Texas, then was later used on a log saw before it was put to rest in 1965.Steve Hanuscin, 7 Orange St., Longview, TX 75604.

29/3/15 Motorcycle Models? Q. Does anybody know where I can find a casting kit for an early v-twin style Hurley-Davidson or Indian motorcycle, preferably of the World War I era? I want to build a replica of a 1912 Indian motorcycle using a bicycle frame, and I need an authentic-looking engine for it, either four-stroke or two-stroke. Does anyone make a complete kit to make a bicycle into an old-style motorcycle? They could be licensed as mopeds since they had pedals.

Also, I'm looking for plans on a two inch scale threshing machine. The Model Engineer has plans for the Ransomes (England) , but I want plans for an American-built thresher. Any help will be appreciated. Dean Lehrke, 1927 Telephone, Ft. Mill, SC 29715.

29/3/16 M-M Wiring Diagram James P. McHaffie, Box 38, Georgetown, PA 15043 needs a wiring diagram for a Minneapolis-Moline R-T-100 tractor. Any help will be appreciated.

29/3/17 Witte Ignition Changeover Henry G. Liepe Sr., 3050 Linden Ave., Mays Landing, NJ 08330 needs help in changing over a 4 HP Witte engine from magneto to battery ignition. If you've solved this problem, please contact him at the above address.

29/3/18 Hercules Information Q. I have a Hercules 1 HP engine, s/n 164691. I would like to know when it was built, and its original color. I would also like to know the meaning of the 'E' after the horsepower. Steve Hindman, PO Box 461, Laurel Ln., Marietta, SC 29661.

A. Without hesitation, we recommend A History of Hercules by Glenn Karch. It details these engines very well. We understand the 'E' suffix to mean 'Economy,' which means it was sold by Sears & Roebuck.

29/3/19 Uni Lectric Generator Q. See the photos of a Uni Lectric gasoline-electric unit made by Waterman Motor Company, and described on page 539 of American Gas Engines. It was found in Wallace, Idaho, where there was also an elaborate still. I would like to find any operating and maintenance manuals that other collectors might have available, so that I could get photocopies. Charles M. Stone, E4203 43rd Ave., Spokane, WA 99223.

29/3/20 Information Needed Q. Can anyone tell me about my Motogo inboard marine engine, Model 41, s/n 631, 5 HP, and about my Pontiac one-cylinder horizontal Model G, s/n 2081, Pontiac Tractor Co., Pontiac, Michigan? Any information will be appreciated. Donald Spearo, 9678 Townline Drive, Sister Bay, WI 54234.

29/3/21 R&V, Etc. Q. I've just acquired a Fairbanks-Morse Z, Style C engine. This specific engine is not shown in American Gas Engines. Was this engine as common as most 'Z' engines in this time period? The s/n indicates that this one was built about 1940.

Another question is whether flywheel spokes can be repaired without any adverse effects?

See also a photo of our 6 HP Root & Vandervoort engine. It's a great attraction at the engine shows we attend here in the Northwest. Don Green, PO Box 618, Allyn, WA 98524-0618.

A. Although your ZC engine isn't shown in American Gas Engines, it appears (along with a lot of other Type Z engines) in the new book, 100 Years of Fairbanks-Morse, now available from GEM. Although too detailed to explain in this format, the book details the various models, changes, and variations of the Type Z engine line through the years.

While some will likely disagree with ye olde Reflector, we are not in favor of trying to repair flywheel spokes. At some point, we'll try to include some old magazine illustrations of what happens when a flywheel explodes. The results are disastrous when chunks of cast iron turn ballistic. It's a risk we simply don't wish to take.

Modelmakers Corner

Recently we got a letter and a photo from Eddie Mittelstadt, PO Box 957, Eldorado, Iowa 52175. Eddie writes that he just finished building the Stickney model from the Debolt casting kit. He also reports that this is a very nice running engine. See Photo MM-1.

A Closing Word

Ye olde Reflector frequently is asked when or if a revised edition of American Gas Engines will be published. The truth is that this book has been out of print by Motor books, the publisher, for a couple of months. Hopefully, it will be available again in February or March. Due to its immense size, we don't anticipate a revised edition of this particular title, although we are planning some other auxiliary titles.

Despite the years of collecting and writing that were required to compile American Gas Engines, there are many companies that have appeared since that time. In addition, a lot of new information has surfaced on companies on which we already had a limited amount of information. We made this point at the beginning of the column by listing a number of companies about which little or nothing is known. Another example is the Sanders Machine Shop at Havre de Grace, Maryland. In 1910 this firm was perfecting a new type of marine engine of the four-cycle variety. Yet, this is the first reference we've ever seen for this small firm.

Another company of interest is the Rome Gasoline Engine Company at Rome, New York. It was incorporated in 1910 'to build a full line of two- and four-cycle stationary air and water cooled engines. [Rome] will also build the Van Epps two-cycle high speed marine motor. Mr. Van Epps, the designer of this motor, will be connected with this company in the capacity of designing engineer.'

We doubt that the 'complete history' of the internal combustion engine will ever be written. We also doubt that the general public has any grasp of the significance of this invention. Virtually nothing that we see or touch or use is without the influence of internal combustion engines. This only reinforces our belief that the Postal Service should issue a series of stamps devoted to the internal combustion engine. After all, we've seen things on stamps that we believe to be of far less significance.

The purpose of the Reflections column is to provide a forum for the exchange of all useful information among subscribers to GEM. In-queries or responses should be addressed to: REFLECTIONS, Gas Engine Magazine, P.O. Box 328, Lancaster, PA 17608-0328.