XAKH four-cylinder engine


Doug McPherson

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26/7/32 Kohler Light Plant. Q. I'm attempting to restore a Kohler power plant with a Waukesha-Hesselman XAKH four-cylinder engine. It is 10 kw, 110 volts DC. I have called Waukesha and Kohler for information. There were 226 built, but there is little other information. What is the original color of the engine and generator? The original spark plugs were DM 205148 Bosch. What spark plugs can be substituted? The rod to the carburetor is missing. What is the correct length? It has a Bendix magneto and Scintilla impulse. Is the Scintilla original parts or replacement? Any correspondence will be greatly appreciated. Doug McPherson, 186-43rd Ave., Vero Beach, FL 32968.

A. We can tell you that Bendix-Scintilla is one and the same when it comes to magnetos. Bendix built a lot of aircraft magnetos, and may still do so, for all we know. We have no spark plug conversion chart that shows Bosch plugs. Can anyone help?

26/7/33 Hot Tube Ignition Q. We recently acquired an 1890s vintage antique automobile engine. It was originally built to use hot tube ignition and a surface carburetor. If anyone knows anything about this, please correspond. We might also be interested in purchasing a surface carburetor or hot tube. Any help will really be appreciated. Brent D. Jones ,1219 Circle Tower Bldg., 5 East Market St., Indianapolis, IN 46204.

A. If you're able to send us a picture of the engine, this would be of more help. However, if anyone can be of assistance to this gentleman, please do so.

26/7/34 Emerson-Brantingham Colors Q. Can anyone tell me the correct color for Emerson-Brantingham gang plows? I thought it was a light red color. Any information will be greatly appreciated. Albert J. Ruhland, 8290 W. 280th St., New Prague, MN 56071.

A. We agree that it is a light red, but we have no color match so far.

26/7/35 FBM Engine Q. See the photo of a FBM 1? HP engine. The number is 58834. Can you tell me the year of this engine ? Jason S loan, RR 2, Box 95-A, Dover, OH 44622.

A. Are you sure there isn't a '1' ahead of this number? If so, then it is a 1923 model.

26/7/36 Unidentified Engine Q. See the two photos of an unidentified engine. It appears to have 'Sutorbilt' on the name tag, along with s/n 1224. The heater tag reads: Stewart Warner, s/n 519, 90,000 btu/hr; 120# dry weight, Made in Chicago, Illinois. Any information will be greatly appreciated. Don Sidwell, RR 1, Box 202, Queen City, MO 63561.


Water Injection in Poppin' Johnny I need to make the following correction to my article, 'Similarities Between Rumely OilPull and Poppin' Johnny' in the January 1991 edition of GEM.

The second edition, Operation, Care and Repair of Farm Machinery published by John Deere, Moline, Illinois, states on page 155:

'When the engine is working under heavy load on hot days, pre-ignition is apt to occur. Pre-ignition, or explosion of the gases within the cylinder before the proper time, causes loss of power. It is stopped by feeding water from the cooling system into the fuel mixture by turning the water feed lever (at rear of transmission case) to the left. The added moisture holds down the engine temperature. The water should be turned off when the engine is stopped, as it is not needed until pre-ignition occurs.'

This was kindly brought to my attention by Mr. Everett G. Althaus, Mr. Ted Stein, Mr. Kenneth Naylor, and Mr. Clausen.

The third edition and the fifth edition of Operation, Care and Repair of Farm Machinery mention water injection, but John Deere does not mention water injection in the sixteenth edition.

Doug Sellers, 1102 Peach St., Abilene, TX 79602.

Paradox Engine On page 7 of the February 1991 GEM you show Photos MM-1 and MM-2 of a small gas engine. About eight years ago I started a list of guys that had this little engine in the Midwest. The list was up to six, but is now up to seventeen. If anyone has a Paradox engine, please let me know. Also see Photo 26/7/37 of a Paradox as shown in a 1906 advertisement. P. D. Woodworth, Box 4, Ursa, IL 62376.

Sawmill Books Several people wrote concerning companies not included in our recent title, The Circular Sawmill, published by Stemgas. Thanks to everyone who wrote. Of special interest is some information on a book, SAWPOWER, Making Lumber in the Sawmills of Nova Scotia. For further information on availability, you might contact: Max F. Homfeld, 7964 Oakwood Park Ct., St. Michaels, MD 21663.

26/4/8 Unidentified Engine This must be a hot air engine. One of the connecting rods would be for the displacer piston.

26/4/15 Buckingham Engine I'll bet this is a motorcycle engine, and it's English.

26/4/49 Standard Engine I know of four companies who made Standard engines. These were the Standard Company, Torrington, Conn.; Standard Gas Engine Co., Oakland, Calif.; Standard Gear Co., Detroit, Mich.; and Standard Motor Construction Co., Jersey City, NJ.

(The above three responses were from Max F. Homfeld. His address is shown above with the response on sawmills.)

26/4/46 Ingeco Regarding this query and the 10 HP Ingeco engines: Ingeco Bulletin 29 C 1915 lists their 'farm engines' in hit-and-miss styles of 1?, 2?, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 15 horsepower. All of those sizes, with the exception of the 1? HP, were also available in throttle governed styles. The wizard oscillating magneto was optional on the 2? and 4 HP sizes, and apparently was standard on the larger engines.

Over the past five years, I have cataloged over 90 Ingeco engines. A copy of this register is available to GEM readers if they send a large envelope with two stamps.

The 10 HP engine owned by Mr. Warren is the only one in that size that I am aware of.

Ingeco designated their farm engines as Type AJ, AK, AL, etc., corresponding to 1? HP, 2? HP, 4 HP, etc. Reed S. Benton, RD 1, Box 116, Wassaic, NY 12592.

26/5/16 Cushman I thought I had seen or owned about every old engine they made at Lincoln. One of their first air cooled jobs was used in their scooters. They were vertical, like Briggs etc If they ever made a horizontal one cylinder job, it's news to me. I believe Cushman is wholly owned by OMC. I've been told by people who have written to Cushman that all the records have been destroyed. Who made this engine could also be the $64 question like with the vertical Maytag. Who made it? The same writer comments on:

26/5/17 Case Model L tractors I have both the L and LA tractors. Like the Wallis, the clutch is of the wet type, and clutch housing and motor are common. When draining engine oil, clutch housing must also be drained and both must be refilled. I never replaced head or pan gaskets, so I can't say whether they are the same. These tractors were not very fuel efficient, and neither was the Wallis, but when they came out, fuel was about 10 cents a gallon. My LA sure liked that $1.10 a gallon gas. Of the older tractors, my Farmall M was very good on fuel. Herb Eltz, RFD 1, Box 109, Juniata, NE 68955.

Thanks also to Wilson McClellan, 1013 Wilmeth Drive, Spearman, TX 79081 for sending along similar information on the Case Model L and LA tractors. Thanks, too, to several other people who responded in the same vein.

Neck & Filler Cap Problems? If you need a neck and filler cap for an engine gas tank, use the filler neck and cap from an old automotive power steering pump. Newton DeYoung, Box 56, Friesland, WI 53935.

Lauson Engine John Nickels, RR 3, Petrolia, Ont. N0N 1R0 Canada writes to thank everyone who answered his letter in the April GEM. He was able to identify his engine as a radiator-cooled Lauson.

26/3/2 John Deere Type K Engine According to an article in the September 1985 GEM, pages 8 and 9, John Deere did make a kerosene version of their Model E engines. These were designated as Model EK. According to the article, these are quite scarce in the U.S., as most of them were exported. Thomas E. Gipson, 202 Mary Sharp Drive, Decherd, TN 37324.

Coney Pickup See Photos 26/7/38A and 38B of a Coney pickup powered by a John Deere combine power unit, Model LVC. This is the same model as in the LA tractor. The Coney pickup was made in Japan but they stopped making them, and parts were no longer available, so I replaced it with the LVC two-cylinder Hercules engine. I took the clutch out of the Coney and used the power unit clutch and a cable to the clutch pedal. My dog Spotty (see photo) is very happy riding in the little John Deere Coney. Carlton Kolstad & Spotty, 5595 Olson Rd., Ferndale, WA 98248.

Shaw Garden Tractors Reed Porterfield, 4706 NE Shaffer Road, Topeka, KS 66617 sends along some interesting information. Apparently, Sypher Mfg. Co. at Toledo, Ohio offered a small runabout (perhaps a cycle car) in the 1920s. Shaw Manufacturing Co. at Galesburg, Kansas added their clutch and transmission. Has anyone heard of these units, or are there any still in existence? Mr. Porter-field sent along some photocopies of this interesting little runabout, but they just won't reproduce well enough for inclusion here.

March GEM Cover Story 'The cover story of the March issue prompted me to delve back into my own memory of a similar engine that apparently ran with no carburetor.' With this introductory comment, Ray Rylander, 805 E. San Rafael St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903 continues with his recollections of engines operated on coal gas. Due to the lack of almost everything during World War Two, the engine valves were lapped to their seats using a combination of grease and river sand. Thanks Ray, for writing of some interesting recollections.

26/3/12 Suburbanite Garden Tractor Paul Lee, 12605 Brookstone Ct., Poway, CA 92064 writes that he received a tremendous response to his query on the Suburbanite; in all, twenty' one responses came in! Several of these folks also sent copies of this information over to GEM. Your response are all greatly appreciated, and thank you!

26/3/4 LeRoi Engines In the March 1991 GEM, Mr. Kittleson wrote, questioning his LeRoi engine because it appeared backward from the pictures he had seen of the Model R, 31/8 x 4? single cylinder engines. The designation RH means hopper cooled. These were indeed made in both a right hand and a left hand version, because I owned one of each, and they looked like mirror images. This was a complex thing, as it required completely different crankcase and gear cover housings, but was done to suit particular installation needs for large customer orders such as concrete mixers, where accessibility demanded a reversed configuration. LeRoi did this on four-cylinder engines as well. The R Series was made through the 1920s and 1930s and was dropped from production in 1940. Waukesha Motor Co. acquired LeRoi in the 1960s. I worked 37 years for Waukesha. Ivan P. Baxter, 318 North Ave., Hartland, WI 53029. Thanks to Ivan for sending us a photocopy of the service parts list on LeRoi engines.

Studebaker Aircraft Engines Sometime back, an inquiry was made regarding whether Studebaker built an aircraft engine. A letter from Hooks K. Johnston Sr., Red Bluff Island, RFD 1, Box 299, Ridgeland, SC 29936-8931 gives a small amount of information. Apparently, in the latter 1940s Studebaker produced their H-90350-1 engine. It was a four-cycle, horizontally opposed, 'H' type engine equipped with a two-speed co-axial propeller drive. This engine was capable of up to 5,000 bHP at takeoff. It used 24 cylinders of 8.000 inch bore and 7.750 inch stroke for a total displacement of 9.350 cubic inches. It had a dry weight of 6,870 pounds.

24/4/8 Hot Air Engine This is part of an Essex hot air engine. Essex made a lot of hot air fans and this is probably part of one, as it follows the general layout of the Essex fan. This response, and the one immediately above are from: Brad E. Smith, 7574 S. 74 St., Franklin, WI 53132.

David Bradley Red On page 5 of the April 1991 GEM, the color for the David Bradley Red is listed as PPG 72155. However, it looks too much like Allis-Chalmers Orange to me. Gareth L. McNabb, 7959 Atwater Dr., Lexington, MI 48450. Just recently we received some 1961 paint color information on Maran-Senour enamels. It lists Bradley Red as 90R-3725 and 90R-3724 for Bradley Green.

Continental Engine These are certainly interesting engines, in that they seem to have virtually endless variations. I guess the slant engines attract me, as I also have several Reo engines, but no Iron Horse engines. A visually identical engine to the one shown in 26/4/5 is being produced to this day, but the only identical parts are the two valve tappets, and the same bore and stroke of 21/8 x 2 inches. Ed Batchelor, 17 Horseshoe Drive, Shelton, CT 06484.

26/4/36 Farmall MD Tractor Several people wrote to us concerning this query. The British version of the Farmall MD, often called the BMD, used a direct injection engine, the British-built BD-264 model. Super BMD tractors were built from 1953 to 1959. Unless you get up close, you can't tell the difference between the British and American versions. Thanks to all who responded.

26/4/31 Model T Coils We've never had a response like this before! Over two dozen replies came back on the question of proper condenser size for the famous Model T Ford spark coils. We also found out that a substantial number of our readers have been repairing Model T coils for years! It took awhile to categorize all the responses, but the average consensus is that a capacitor value of 0.5 to 1 mfd. is sufficient, and the capacitor should be rated at 100 to 200 volts. Experimenters are cautioned to disconnect the old capacitor. Some writers say to use a capacitor with a voltage rating of not less than 200 volts, and others set this as high as 400 volts. Again, we're just telling you the average of what the respondents told us: a few indicated that a microfarad rating of .22 to .25 mfd is sufficient. Anyway, thanks to everyone who wrote in. Reading all your interesting letters is very enjoyable and makes our job a lot easier.

French & Hecht Several responses came in regarding French & Hecht, the old-time wheel makers. The last address we have for them is: French & Hecht Div. Titan Wheel International Inc. P.O. Box 739 Walcott, IA 52773


This month is no doubt one of the biggest showings of models we've had in this column. There are a great many interesting models shown this time, including one made of wood that actually runs! Our compliments to each of the modelmakers for their work. Only when one has actually built some models does a real appreciation develop for the work involved. The payoff comes when the model is done, and when, of course, the proud owner can show it off to others.

26/7/39 Some Nice Models Photo 26/7/39A shows a pair of Galloway engines using the Richard Shelly castings and plans. These models were completed in early 1991.

Photo 26/7/39B illustrates an IHC Mogul model engine using the Ed Chick castings and plans. It was built in 1989.

The Olds model in 26/7/39C was completed in 1990. It uses the Paul Breisch castings and plans. Built in 1990.

The engine in 26/7/39D is a model of a Perkins engine, using the DeBolt castings and plans. It was built in 1990.

Shown in 26/7/39E is an Associated model, again using the Paul Breisch castings and plans. This too was built in 1990.

A pair of 'stove pipe' Domestic engine models are illustrated in 26/7/39F. These engines were built in 1988 from the Richard Shelly castings and plans.

All of the engines noted above were built by Garland Jobe, 2114 Alamance Church Road, Greensboro, NC 27406. Garland wrote his letter to us from the Walthourville, Georgia Show back on March 7. As he was writing, it was 70 degrees. As ye olde Reflector compiles this column two months (to the day) later, it's 35 degrees here in good old Iowa!

Regarding the question of scale models, Mr. Jobe writes:

Some have asked, why build scale models? Well, after loading and unloading the heavy engines, 1 ? to 15 horsepower for several years, it is so much easier on the back to load models in the 70 pound range and go to shows. We can pack 7 or more engines in the motor home and still have room from the front seat to the bathroom in the rear. From time to time, friends ask me to build a model engine for them, or machine various parts either for original engines or models, and this keeps me busy continuously. Ain't retired life wonderful?

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