REFLECTIONS

A BRIEF WORD

Hot Air Engine

24/7/20A

Jeff Stewart

Content Tools

24/7/19 Unidentified engine Q. See the photo of a pump engine we acquired. It had been in a scrap yard for 30 years. The flywheel diameter is 28 inches with a 2? inch face, and a belt pulley of 12 inch diameter and a 6 inch face. Any information will be appreciated. John Beekman, Box 24, Trochu A.B., Canada.

A. We believe this to be a Fairbanks-Morse Jack-of-All-Trades engine, and the wheel sizes given match up to their 4 HP model. FBM did in fact supply some of these engines with the domestic heating radiator that is shown with your engines, as did a few other companies. Oftentimes, an oil coolant was used, and this obviated the need for an anti-freeze solution in cold climates. The serial number of 92058 would indicate that your engine was probably built about 1910.

24/7/20 Hot Air Engine See photos 20A and 20B of a hot air engine recently acquired. After much searching, I have concluded that it is probably a Thomas &. Smith engine, but the hot bulb and burner are missing. This one appears to have been fired with liquid or gaseous fuel. Can anyone out there in engine land help me find out what parts are needed to complete this engine? Also see photo 20C of a model of this engine. While the original has a 4 inch bore, the model uses a 2 1/8 inch bore. A. R. Davies, RR 2, Bracebridge, Ontario P0B 1C0 Canada.

24/7/21 International 8-16 Tractor Q. Can anyone give me the proper color scheme for an IHC 8-16 tractor of 1922 vintage? Everyone I talk with has a different idea about this. Paul K. Norton, 692 Saratoga Road, Pottstown, PA 19464.

A. We believe your tractor to be gray, and have listed DuPont 98620 or 6923 as the proper shades-even these two listings vary a bit! The wheels should be red and the lettering black. Possibly though, some of our readers have researched the matter more thoroughly and will be able to supply the color scheme that they have used in their own restoration.

24/7/22 Ferguson tractor Q. We have a Ferguson tractor, s/n 56,068 that was left to us by our grand father. If possible we would like to know the year built, and if it is considered to be a collectible tractor. Where might I obtain a repair manual for this tractor, and what is its approximate value? W. M. Santorelly, 331 Lake Region Blvd., Monroe, NY 10950.

A. If yours is a TE-20 model, then we would say that it is a 1948 model. We would presume it to be a collectible tractor, but cannot speculate on its value. Perhaps one of our readers might be able to help with a manual.

24/7/23 Stickley-Hunter engines Bill Frye, 609 E. Willow, Pierce, NE 68767 sends along a photocopy showing the Stickley-Hunter 1? HP air-cooled engine of 1912. It bears a striking resemblance to the Schmidt Chilled Cylinder engine built at Davenport, Iowa. The photocopy will not reproduce sufficiently well for this column, but we must note that this is the first reference we have found regarding Stickley-Hunter. Quite possibly they took over (for a short time at least), after Schmidt folded up.

24/7/24 Cushman Model 2 Q. No one in our area has ever heard of a Cushman Model 2 engine. It is a 2-cycle motor rated at ? HP. When were these engines produced? Also I am looking for information on a Cushman Model 6C33 engine rated at 5 HP. I cannot find any thing on it in American Gas Engines. Ed C. Doehling, Box 514, Surprise, NE 68667.

A. For some reason or other we have never had much luck in acquiring literature on Cushman, even though they did a lot of advertising. Our files have nothing at all on either of these two Cushman models, but perhaps some of our readers might have some thing. Meanwhile, we will be happy to include some photos of these two engines in a future issue.

24/7/25 Economy engines Q. Was the Economy engine ever made in Sparta, Michigan? Ed Linderman, PO Box 65, Irons, Michigan 49644.

A. Our research during the compilation of American Gas Engines does not give any conclusive evidence that 'Economy' engines were built at Sparta. On page 233 there is a reference to Holm's Machine Company which Sears bought in 1912 and subsequently sold to Hercules Buggy Co. We are unsure as to whether any engines built at Sparta prior to the move to Evansville carried the Economy logo or not. As is well known however, those engines built at Evansville, but for Sears-Roebuck carried an Economy trademark, while those sold by Hercules carried their own logo. It is an interesting question, but not one for which our research has found an adequate response.

24/7/26 Thanks from Derbyshire Recently the Reflector included a letter from Mr. N. Sabin, 44 Maylands Avenue, Breaston, Derbyshire DE7 3EE England. Mr. Sabin wrote us in regard to some assistance in restoring a Fairbanks-Morse engine. Mr. Sabin was pleasantly surprised to hear from four GEM readers. He advises that he will be replying to each one separately as he finds the time, but meanwhile he extends his thanks to all concerned.

24/7/27 Dodge-Racine tractor Thanks to Vern Racek, 2571 S. Birch St., Denver, CO 80222 for sending along some photocopy material on a tractor company that never made it to fame. Racine Engineering Company of Racine, Wisconsin announced the Dodge-Racine Super Tractor in 1920. An article in Implement & Tractor Trade Journal indicates that this machine could also be converted from a tractor to a heavy duty 2? ton truck. Power was pro vided by a four cylinder Midwest engine having a 4?x6 inch bore and stroke. Although the accompanying illustration is from a photocopy, it is sufficiently detailed to give some idea of the tractor's design. So far as has been determined to this point, the Dodge-Racine never got past the prototype stages. Should anyone have further information regarding this tractor or the Dodge-Racine Company, kindly drop a line to The Reflector, c/o Gas Engine Magazine, Box 328, Lancaster, PA 17603.

READERS WRITE

24/2/31 Johnson Iron Horse engines

Lorne Axell, Box 925, Grand Centre, Alberta TOA 1T0 Canada, for wards a comparison chart made up from a careful examination of over 40 Johnson Iron Horse engines in his collection. Mr. Axell notes that these engines were very popular in Canada. He writes:

The chart lists the differences in my collection. Because I am not positive of the model numbers I have arranged the chart in numerical order across the top to indicate the different engines. Air cleaners may have been available both for the short shaft and the long shaft carburetors. The kick-start pedal was mounted on the right side of the crankcase. It had a spring loaded first tooth to prevent jamming in the starter gear.

A tin splasher is bolted to the con rod to provide lubrication for the main, while the cam gear runs in an oil trough mounted on the engine base plate. The air governor was very unique and used cooling air to regulate engine speed. The centrifugal fly weight governor worked off the crankshaft. A Zenith down draft, float-style carburetor was used. Two different fuel tanks are available; one is mounted directly on top of the engine, while the other one is mounted off to the side of the engine. The recoil starter is mounted on the right hand side of the crankcase.

JOHNSON COMPARISON CHART

Options1234567891011121314
Kick-Start PedalXXXXXXXXX
Splash Oiling SystemXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Air GovernorXXXXXXXXXX
Flyweight GovernorXXXXXX
Zenith Float CarburetorXXXXXXXX
Air CleanerXXXXXXXX
Short Throttle Shaft Carb.X X X         
Long Throttle Shaft Carb. X X X        
Hounted Fuel Tank      X X  XX 
Offset Fuel TankXXXXXX X XX   
Recoil Starter  XX       XXX

Clutch may be avail, for some models, but most set up with dbl. pulleys.

RW-1

The Johnson Iron Horse engine was made by the Johnson Outboard Motor Company in Peterborough, Ontario which has become a part of OMC (Outboard Marine Company). If you look back into the history of Johnson you will find that at one point in time the same points, coil, and condenser were used in both the outboards and in the Iron Horse. This company also produced generator outfits, both AC and DC. The latter were 6 to 30 volts, while the AC units were 110 volts, 60 cycle. All generator models were electric start or pull-rope start. These generators were produced at Peterborough.

The Iron Horse engine had a bore of 2 1/8 inches, but the generator engines were 2? inch bore. Also, regarding 24/3/5, this is a Reo of the late 1940's. If more information is required, contact me at the above address.

24/3/8 Cletrac Those needing Oliver, Cletrac, Minneapolis-Moline, Cockshutt, White, or Hart-Parr information may want to contact: Floyd County Historical Society, 500 Gilbert Street, Charles City, IA 50616, phone (515) 228-1099, or Allied, White Farm Equipment Division, 300 Lawler Street, Charles City, IA 50616.

This information submitted by Glen L. Schueler, HCR 2, Box 88, Friona, TX 79035.

24/4/28 Tractor This is a B.F. Avery Model A tractor with a wide-front. Cledus Stites, RR1, Odon, IN 47562.

24/4/1 IHC Red In this regard I have a 1935 F-20 Farmall, s/n FA32280N which has the original factory red paint. It was bought by the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station and used until 1952. Leigh B. Dennison, Box 873, Delta Junction, Alaska 99737.

Occasionally we hear of IHC or Farmall tractors furnished from the factory with the usual red finish. Although the date of the changeover is given as October 1938, we wonder whether some of the production didn't leave the factory with a red coat prior to that time. It seems entirely credible to us that IHC might have done some test marketing with the red paint job prior to adopting it as the standard color. Then too, market appeal had to be a consideration. Remembering that Allis-Chalmers went to a bright orange finish in the early 1930's, it would seem that the dull, drab gray of the IHC tractors would have been badly outclassed so far as color was concerned. High visibility was and is a hallmark of successful sales promotion, and there is no doubt that the blazing red color of the Farmall was quite a contrast to the battleship gray of the past!

Air Force Tractor

Regarding the markings on the excellently restored 'Air Force' tractor illustrated on page 22 of the April 1989 GEM, BNAFB actually stood for Brize-Norton Air Force Base, a base in England that was turned over to the RAF many years ago.

Our engine is a 1907 Gray, 6 HP, that is running now but needs more work before show time. Anyone with additional information, please drop us a line. Michael D. Leister III, 30 Orchard Acres, RD 3, Felton, DE 19943.

24/4/2 Briggs & Stratton The Model F was produced in 1921 and 1922. The 1921 models made use of an external magneto while the 1922 model used an internal. This was not however the first model.

After or during the years of the motor wheel, the need of a stationary power source was evident. For that reason the Model S stationary motor wheel was developed. Eleven were made, ten of these were returned, and the eleventh one is still in existence. Later in 1920 they developed the Model P engine. Records for the first 3 years of production for this engine were lost. Production then came as follows: F, 1921-22; FB, 1923-24; FC, 1924-25; FE, 1925; FG, 1929; FH and FH1, 1925-33; FI, 1927-33. Also, regarding:

24/5/3 Briggs & StrattonThis is a Model L engine, either an L, LA or L1. It is a suction feed engine, so according to these pictures the carburetor and fuel tank have been adapted. Then regarding:

24/5/15 Briggs & StrattonModel Z, no. 19407 was built April 1940; Model Y, no. 1199826 was built September 1935.The above responses were submitted by Jim Miller, Box 465, 7590 Alcony Conover Road, Conover, OH 45317.

24/1/58 Bolens The tractor in question is not a Huskie but a Ride-Master which was made in the late 1940's and early 1950's. The earlier ones had Wiscon sin 6 HP engines and the later ones used an 8 HP Briggs & Stratton engine. They were made in several variations that included single speed and 2-speed transmissions. The photo (RW-2) shows a single-speed made in the mid- to late 1940's.

Regarding the 'Smokers' story in the April issue, it is possible to run 2-stroke engines on lighter oil-gas mixes when the rpm is slow and there is no load. Patience and experimentation are required to achieve the correct mix. Also, if there is a build-up of oil or fuel mix in the crankcase, this material carries over. In some cases the engine can run away on this surplus material, destroying it very quickly. Some of the larger two-stroke engines have a drain cock to get rid of the excess oil in the crank-case. For those that dislike the smoke, I suggest an engine like my 6 HP Detroit that uses a separate lubricator instead of mixing oil with the fuel. William F. Albrecht, RD 1, Box 39, N. Woodstock, NH 03262.

24/3/31 Unidentified engineFrom this query I have received several letters stating that it was an Alamo, or a Rock Island engine, made by Alamo. My thanks to all who responded. Stanley Schroeder, Rt 2, Box 122, Bloomfield, NE 68718.

A CLOSING WORD

The Reflector wishes to thank two additional people who have sent us information regarding the Junkers diesel engine we acquired last year. Mr. Dennis E. Spark, PO Box 19, Goomalling, West Australia kindly forwarded some photocopies from within a book entitled High Speed Diesel Engines. This 1937 title was com piled by Arthur W . Judge. Also our thanks to Mr. Vern Racek, 2571 South Birch Street, Denver, CO 80222 for sending photocopies of this engine as it appeared in the May 1934 issue of The Oil Engine, a magazine published in England.

Murex Welding Process Company of England adapted the Junkers to a welding generator as shown in the accompanying illustration. Fuel injection is by a horizontal 'open' atomizer and the scavenge air is impelled by a pump piston connected to the upper working piston through tangential ports into the cylinder. This creates a rotary swirl. The top piston of this opposed piston design controls the scavenge ports, while the lower one regulates the opening of the exhaust ports. Using a bore of 65 mm and a stroke of 210 mm, this engine develops 12 HP at 1,500 rpm. As we reported earlier, Hobart Welding Company purchased a single cylinder Junkers plus two of their two-cylinder models, with plans of adapting them to their welding generators. The idea fell through, and ye olde Reflector now owns the single cylinder engine, whilst the two double cylinder models remain with an Ohio collector.

One final note-the British Junkers engine was built by Peter Brotherhood Ltd. of England. Many thanks to all the people who have written to us regarding this engine!

The purpose of the Reflections column is to provide a forum for the exchange of all useful information among subscribers to GEM. Inquiries or responses should be addressed to: REFLECTIONS, Gas Engine Magazine, P.O. Box 328, Lancaster, PA 17603.

<>