H. Ship-man

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22/2/36 Q. I want to repaint an old Oliver horse' drawn plow to its original condition and would like to know the proper colors. Are there any places that make machinery decals such as the 'P & O' decal used on the Little Genius plows of IHC Any information will be appreciated. John F. Harris, RR 6, Box 167, Frankfort, IN 46041.

A. We believe that some of our readers might have made some of these decals on a limited basis, and perhaps they might contact you. We have no color data on the Oliver Chilled Plow Co.

21/2/37 Q. Can anyone supply information on this pump (see photo). It is from Fairbanks-Morse and carries s/n T34879. Would like further information on it such as year built, original color, and probable use. Dave L. Greeley, RR 1, Box 12, Hershey, NE 69143.

A. This pump was probably built somewhere in the 1910-1925 period, and most likely was used in a domes tic water system. We have no information on the original color.

22/2/38 Q. In the August, 1986 GEM, RobertZick mentioned engine conversions. Here in the wheat country of western Nebraska a lot of LA Case tractors were converted to GM 3-71 engines after WW 2. It was quite successful.

Also we had a Minneapolis Moline dealer who converted a number of M-M 27-44 tractors to a 6-cylinder M-M industrial engine. I also know of one 27-44 that had a Cummins diesel in it. It was about 160 HP. Shepard Diesel Co. of Hanover, PA listed conversions for the Farmall M in the 1950-51 Tractor Red Book. M & W Gear Co. made a Cat V-8 conversion for the Deere 5010 and 5020. Quite a few of these were retrofitted with the 6-71 and 8-71 GM diesels. In the November GEM, Jerry Watkins asks about the engine color for the Massey-Harris tractors. All the 1947 and early 1948 models had black engines in the 44 and 55 models. After that they were red. Bob Kaczmarek, RR 1, Box 92, Kimball, NE 69145.

A. We got several letters regarding the engine color on the M-H 44 and 55 tractors, and all seemed in basic agreement with Bob's comment above.

22/2/39 Q. Vernon Peterson, 7629-48th Ave North, Minneapolis, MN 55428 sends us a photo from his family's picture collection. It was probably taken near Stanley, Wisconsin. Mr. Peterson asks why most engine photos show the left hand side rather than the right.

A. This most interesting photo of a Kenwood engine shows the belt tightening apparatus in use. By clamping the two wood members over a wheel, a couple of men could apply enough force to pull the engine tightly into the belt. It's always nice to see some vintage photos, and we would guess this one to be about 1910. The Ken wood was built by Stickney for Sears-Roebuck.

22/2/40 Q. I have a Leader tractor made in Cha grin Falls, Ohio. Presently it is a green color, but I would like to know for sure about the correct paint color to properly restore it. It uses a Hercules IXB-5 engine. Would appreciate hearing from anyone with information on this tractor as we want to restore it properly from one end to the other. Charles Swearingin, Rt. 1, Box 21, Knob Noster, MO 65336.

A. The Leader appeared shortly after World War 2, but didn't last for long. We have never seen one, nor have we seen any literature showing the proper color scheme. If anyone has this information kindly let us, and Mr. Swearingin know about it.

22/2/41 Q. M. D. Hall, 45 Century Blvd., Avon Park, FL 33825 sends this photo of a Hartford marine engine built by Gray & Prior Machine Co., Hartford, Conn. It has a spark plug but no other ignition system other than the cam which operates up and down with each revolution of the flywheel. Can anyone supply information on the proper ignition system?

A. Your engine was originally equipped with a low-tension igniter. Additional linkage was attached to the cam mechanism to operate the igniter which is now gone. Possibly another make of igniter could be fitted to this engine and the pick-up linkage could be re-established. Some help from another party having one of these engines in its original state would be advantageous, and hope fully you will be hearing from one or more of our readers.

22/2/42 Q. Can anyone supply any information on this marine engine? (see photo) It has no serial numbers, part numbers, or any other identification. Edward Marx, 3300 E. Clairemont Ave., Box 6, Apt L-1, Eau Claire, WI 54701.

22/2/43Lester Johns, 3745 E. Victory Road, Meridian, ID 83642 would like to hear from someone with Hercules 3 HP engine. His has parts missing, but he needs to contact someone to find out what is required.

22/2/44 Q. What is the age of an IHC Type LA engine, 1?-2? HP, s/n LAA 26874. Mel Jameson, 2550 Silvercreek Drive, Franklin Park, IL 60131.

A. Your engine was built in 1936.

22/2/45 Q. Wm. C. Kuhl, 464 S. 5 St., Sebewaing, MI 48759 poses the following questions: 1) Do all left hand rotation magnetos have the north pole on the same side of the magneto? 2) Do all right hand rotation magnetos have the north pole on the same side of the magneto? 3) In building a magneto what determines if the north pole goes on the right side or the left side? 4) Why is it that when you reverse the magnet on some magnetos it will not work?

A. We can't definitely tell you that 'it's the rule' but Edison-Splitdorf for instance notes in their CD service book that the magnet pole marked 'N' must be placed on the correct side. When viewed from the drive end, 'N' is on the right side of right-hand magnetos and on the left side of lefthand magnetos. To Edison-Splitdorf, 'N' meant the pole toward which the north pole of a compass needle is attracted. (Note that technically, this would be the south pole of the magnet, since in magnetics, like poles repel, and opposite poles attract. Determining this from a manufacturing viewpoint is past the electrical prolifics of ye olde Reflector.

22/2/46 Q. I am restoring a Delco light plant, 32 volt, 300 watt. Is there a source for parts, including new points? C. D. Zickefoose, 8508 Academy Rd., Richmond, VA 23229.

A. If any source for the above parts exist, kindly let us know.

22/2/47 Q. I recently bought this Ferguson tractor, (see photos) but instead of the original Continental engine it has a Hercules engine (also pictured). Can anyone provide me the model number of this engine so as to find repair parts? it is a 3? bore with valves in the block. Ronald E. Meyer, Box 187, Otis, MA 01253.

22/2/48Ron Ingber, 1717 Avenue P, Brooklyn, NY 11229 is new to the hobby, but is in need of operating information on a 1953 David Bradley garden tractor.


Fairbanks-Morse Model 32 engines

Harvey Fullington, 9328 S. Nicholson Road, Oak Creek, WI 53154 would like to know more about the Reflector's Model 32 that was pictured several months ago in GEM.

Here goes: Model 32, 6 cyl, 257 rpm, s/n 715532.

Alternator: FBM, Type D, Fr. 566, 300 kva, 257 rpm, 3 phase 60 cycles, 2400 volts.

Exciter: FBM Type MX, Fr. 10B, 10 kw, compound wound, 80 amps, 257 rpm, 125 volts full load. (Exciter direct-connected to end of alternator shaft.)

Literature, installation and service data also needed for various makes and models of meters and switch board instruments.

Webster magneto brackets

I have two engines with 303M5 brackets-these numbers not included in the list. One of the engines is a l? HP Nelson Bros, and the other one is air cooled but has some of the same casting numbers. E. J. Gosnell, Box 56, Isabella, OK 73747. Mr. Gosnell would also like to know the make of the air cooled engine in photo RW-1.

John Rex, Box 'P', Bedford, MA 01730 sends us extensive data on the Webster high-tension magneto as used on Witte engines. The magneto is based on the 3-magnet 'L' series and incorporates a traditional but non-standard inductor/rotor with a diameter of 1.485' and a core length of 1.505'. Some of the high-tensions have the Maltese cross design, but with unequal angles between the legs. Others have two of the four poles shaped like a swastika. In all probability Webster was experimenting with various rotor shapes in order to optimize the electrical pulse. Stationary points are operated from a cam on the inductor shaft and a mica dielectric condenser (.15 mfd) is used. The inductor springs are the small 10? turn type commonly used on other Websters. Two electrical coil pairs are used, one pair on each side with the primary inside of the secondary. Both primarys and both secondarys are connected in series, giving a total primary coil resistance of 10 ohms and a total secondary coil resistance of 5,000 ohms. It appears that the coils are separable, but this must have been a tedious operation because of the limited clearances. Patent 1,267,755 of May 28, 1918 was issued to Harry F. Geist and covers the Webster high tension magneto. The high tension design is shown in Photograph RW-2.

Webster Magnetos

Winslow Curtis, RR 1, Box 860, Sanbornville, NH 03872 has a bracket 303J78 and one 303Y78 that are not listed. Can anyone tell us their application?

21/11/2Harvard engineDick Hamp, 1772 Conrad Ave., San Jose, CA 95124 sends a nice out line copy illustrating the Harvard engine, and including a cross-section of the igniter. Dick also comments that he believes the engine of 21/11/26 is a Briggs &. Stratton Model C.

REPAIR CHART FOR The Harvard 3 H. P. Gasoline Engine

NOTE.-Each engine when manufactured has a shop number stamped on the front end of the cylinder, directly over the ignitor. In ordering repairs always give the engine shop number, the number as shown on this repair chart (or the number cast on the piece desired), also the name of the pan wanted and the quantity desired. Also state if you wish shipment made by freight, express or mail. The repair list on the other side of this sheet shows the price of the part, the amount you must send to pay for postage where the pieces can be sent by mail and the weight of each piece where the part is too large to be sent by mail.

21/11/20Acetylene as motor fuelJan Vandergugten, 2633 Ware St., Abbottsford, B.C. V2S 3E2 Canada writes that 'Motor Car Engineering' notes that 'acetylene for power purposes has been frequently proposed, but never with any commercial success, because of the extremely violent explosion it generates. Some experiments were made using alcohol in conjunction with acetylene, giving a product known as alkoethine.'

Panzer Tractor

Robert C. Brown, 5250 Rt. 173, Poplar Grove, IL 61065 sends us information regarding the Panzer tractor in response to Mr. Penn's request on this particular model.

21/12/20Champion post drillOur apologies to Mr. T. L. Schroderbek, 1208 Arbor Court, Mountain View, CA 94040 for omitting his name from this inquiry. He has a post drill, Model 203 which is missing the self-feed mechanism, and would like to know what it looks like so he can get it back to original. Kindly see his complete letter on page 20 of the December, 1986 issue.

21/12/22 Repairing steering wheels

We have learned that there are people restoring steering wheels. Try: James Erickson, 875 W. 17th, Unit 1, Costa Mesa, CA 92627 or Bill Peters Restorations, 41 Vassar PL, Rockville Centre, NY 11570.


Due to the great length of this month's column, we'll forego our hint for the month, preferring instead, to wish each and all of you the very best for the coming year of 1987!

The purpose of the Reflections column is to provide a forum for the exchange of all useful information among subscribers to GEM. Inquiries or responses should be addressed to: REFLECTIONS, Gas Engine Magazine, P.O. Box 328, Lancaster, PA 17603.