1 HP Termaat & Monahan engine


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Several times in the past we've talked about the high quality engine and tractor restorations we've seen in the past few years. Truly our hobby has come into its own as one that is very rewarding, very satisfying, and highly respected. Lately though, we've heard more concerns from engine and tractor collectors toward the spectators at our shows.

It is not at all difficult to find someone or other at a show who is running an engine. These things are annoying to most spectators and certainly lend no aspect of professionalism to the hobby.

Smoking engines-especially of the two-cycle variety can have this problem cured in virtually all cases by using some of the new lubricants and thus virtually eliminate this problem. It doesn't do our image as exhibitors any good when spectators go home with oil splattered on their clothing.

Be considerate of spectators regarding the exhaust noise as well. Try to place your engine so that the exhaust is directed away from the spectator aisles, and refrain from using pipe arrangements that act as resonators and further increasing the decibel level. If everyone does their part, even on such simple things as air and noise control, our shows can become even better. If any of you are still not convinced remember that there always are some bureaucrats lurking about with nothing else to do, and (perish the thought), legislation is the last thing we need!

This month's Modelmaker's Corner includes a number of interesting items. We appreciate the response this month, and hope that other model builders whether those doing the design and casting, or those actually building their own models will send us photos and a writeup of their experiences.

We can't write each of you personally, but the Reflector and all the folks at GEM extend our Very Best Wishes to each and all of you for 1988.

Our first letter:

22/12/1Fred Calhoun, Route 1, Queen City, MO 63561 sends a photo of his 1? HP Termaat & Monahan engine. It is of vertical, water-cooled, two-cycle design, and built in 1907. Mr. Hubert Wilson of Brookfield, Missouri assisted in getting it running. Mr. Calhoun would like to hear from other T & M owners.

22/12/2 Q. I recently acquired a McCormick-Deering 10-20 tractor, (see photo). However I have never seen a 10-20 with a manifold like this. Can anyone tell me the purpose of this particular manifold or how extensively it was used? The tractor carries serial number KC 189116. Tim Ranisate, Route 1, Box 508, Shevlin, MN 56676.

A. We can't tell you much about this particular manifold since we do not have a full line of 10-20 and 15-30 parts manuals. Is it possible that this manifold was built by someone else other than IHC?

22/12/3 Q. I recently purchased an IHC 2 HP Famous Vertical engine, s/n KA 11620E. According to the recently published GEM serial number list, this engine was made in 1909. The unusual thing about the engine is a special mixer for running on natural gas. The mixer has the same air intake pipe and nozzle as the gasoline model. The gas enters through a 3/8 inch pipe that is directly behind the air pipe. Inside the mixer is a poppet valve that is to block the flow of gas until the suction created by the intake stroke lifts the valve off its seat and thus admits the air-fuel charge to the cylinder. Other than the special mixer and the lack of a fuel pump and gas tank, the engine appears to be the same as the gasoline model. I have run the engine on LP-gas but believe the regulator pressure is too high. I'm wondering if anyone might have some information on this engine. Were many IHC engines built this way? John F. Paradise, 2037-19th Street, NW, Rochester, MN 55901.

A. The natural gas attachment, while not all that common, was nevertheless available on many different engine makes in lieu of the usual gasoline mixer. In the case of small engines, natural gas, as available in many cities, was far more convenient when the engine was placed for instance, in a printing plant or a power laundry. Natural gas pressures are almost always somewhat lower than those used for LP-gas, so some modification of the regulating system might be required to bring the pressure down to the original design specs. This might require some experimenting to secure the proper pressure-a task probably best performed out of doors so that possible gas leakage might not cause an explosion.

22/12/4 Q. I recently purchased a vertical piston Sandwich. I ask your assistance in dating this engine and the colors used in painting. I believe this engine may be a vacuum pump. Gary Montgomery, 294 Carver St., Winslow, IL 61089.

A. We assume this unit was painted comparable to DuPont Dulux 93-6202 green, but without a photo we can't make a positive identification of the engine.

22/12/5I would like to correspond with anyone having information on an Ironwood engine, or someone owning one of these engines. They were built as a high school project in the late 'teens and early twenties. Any information or correspondence will be appreciated. Jim Beauchamp, 27855 W. California, Lathrup Village, MI 48076.

22/12/6 Q. I recently purchased two Cushman binder engines, serial numbers 92579 and 92580. They are Model C-34, 4-6 HP 1000-1300 rpm. These engines use mechanically operated intake valves, oil reservoir in the base, and Tillotson carburetors. Any information on these engines will be appreciated. Also need information on the following: Date built for IHC 12 HP Victor, s/n N1358E; proper color for DeLaval 3? HP engine; proper color for Cushman Marine engine; and color for Holt 45 engine. Earl Bower, 1617 Douglas, Bellingham, WA 98225.

A. We believe the modified Cushman engines came along in the 1930's but have never been able to substantiate much about the C-34 models. A detailed list of early IHC engine serial numbers is given in the May 1985 issue of GEM. We have no color match information on the DeLaval, the Cushman Marine, or the Holt 45.

22/12/7Edwin Bredemeier, Rt. 1, Box 13, Steinauer, NE 68441 would like to know of a parts source for a Cletrac Model DG tractor with a Hercules RXC engine. A parts book for this engine is also needed.

22/12/8 Q. Can anyone tell me the name or date of this early wheeled dirt scraper? Wayne A. Beggs, Box 10383, W.P. AFB, Ohio 45433.

A. We can't tell you the make of this outfit, but wheeled scrapers were fairly popular, and a bit dangerous. An old neighbor, long ago deceased, used to relate how as a youngster, he managed to be in the wrong place at the end of the operating handle on the back side of the scraper. The handle caught his clothing, catapulting him completely up and over the team pulling the scraper, with him landing in a pile right in front of the team.

22/12/9Mr. W. E. Van Gulik, Trompweg 1, 7441 HN Nijverdal, Holland, Europe would like to hear from anyone having instructions or parts books for the engine shown in the below photo. It uses a 3? x 4 inch bore and stroke, a Fairbanks-Morse magneto, Stromberg cast iron carburetor, and a plunger oil pump. If you have any spare literature on this engine, kindly help out one of our European collectors.

22/12/10 Q. The 1? HP Nelson Bros. Little Jumbo engine in this photo was modified in the 1930's for a Model T coil and spark plug. Also, is there a way to date this engine from the serial number? Any information, parts sources, etc. will be appreciated. Carl Darnell, Route 3, Box 238, Bloomfield, MO 63825.

A. We know of no way to date Nelson Bros. engines from the serial number. A number of regular GEM advertisers have vintage engine parts and literature, so perhaps one or more of them might forward you some information on their holdings.

22/12/11 Q. Can anyone supply information on a small Stuart marine engine? The flywheel is 7? inches in diameter, overall height is 17 inches, and it is a two-cycle. Any help or information on this engine would be appreciated. Thomas Rapinese, 13520 Croft Drive No., Largo, FL 33544.

A. Marine engine builders were even more prolific than those companies building farm engines! Hardly a port along a major river did not boast having at least one engine builder, at least for a few years. Designs were plagiarized, almost at will, and in fact, many marine engine make are almost identical to others, even though independently built. A great many of the small builders never bothered with literature or advertising, depending almost entirely on a local market. Thus we would suggest that you attempt to study other marine engines of similar design to yours, and from this you should be able to bring your engine to running order again.

22/12/12 Q. Can anyone supply the date built and a color match for a Racine-Sattley engine, 7 HP, hit-and-miss style? Jay K. Kleinbrook, 1016 Park Ave., Little Chute, WI 54140.

A. We know of no way to establish date built from the serial numbers on the Racine-Sattley, nor has anyone ever sent us a color match for these engines.

22/12/13The Reflector wishes to thank Mr. Dennis Silva, 10 Arrowhead Drive, Griswold, CT 06351 for sending us copies of several different compilations on engines and tractors. These were sent in response to 22/7/2. These will be placed on file for future reference. Mr. Silva's compilations cover several different tractor builders-for further information, contact him at the above address. Dennis also forwarded some photocopy material which shows the 'Joy' hopper cooled farm engine as sold by Stephen B. Church Co. of Seymour, Conn. and Boston, Mass. These engines were supplied in 2, 4, 6, and 12 horsepower sizes.

22/12/14 Q. I have a small two-cycle motor built by Johnson Motor Co. It is called a Utilimotor engine and is not in American Gasoline Engines. Can anyone tell me its age, and how much oil to mix with the gasoline. Clayton Brimmer, 17430 Yankee Road, Morley, Ml 49336.

A. Although we know of no method to give precise dating on Utilimotor engines, we can tell you that modern two-cycle lubricants have the proportions printed right on the can, and by following these recommendations you should be in good shape. These lubricants are far superior to the old-time method of mixing motor oil with gasoline.

22/12/15 Q. Recently we purchased a 15 HP Reid engine with hot tube ignition. Can anyone tell us the year built and the proper paint color. It is s/n 4230. Robert L. Morgan, P.O. Box 5089, Essex Jet., VT 05453.

A. Our files are almost completely bare on Reid engines, so we appeal to those knowledgeable on the Reid.

22/12/16 Q. I recently bought a 2? HP Jaeger (Hercules) hit-and-miss engine, s/n 32964. The block is dated 2/3/25, and it has 20-inch spoke flywheels. Also has a lot of blue paint on it along with the original lettering. Would like to know the original color. Dave Banas, 663 Alpine Drive, Southbridge, MA 01550.

A. We would suggest carefully cleaning some of the better areas of paint with a solvent, and after it is dry, paint it over with some clear varnish. When it dries, this will be pretty close to the original color, and this should give an excellent match. Matching original colors is often a difficult task, especially when it is considered that the original colors often varied somewhat from one batch to another.

22/12/17 Q. Can anyone help us identify the engine in the photo below? We got it from a man who found it stored in the attic of a house. There isn't a trace of a name or number on it. It has only one flywheel-the other end of the crankshaft looks like it may have had a pulley at one time for a 3-inch flat belt. There is no trace of a magneto. There is an eccentric on back of flywheel that activates a set of points once each revolution of the crankshaft. This is all that remains of the ignition system-no spark plug or wires with it. The base of the engine serves as a fuel tank. Any information on this engine will be greatly appreciated. Chet and Jessica Geist, RR 3, Box 166, Tyrone, PA 16686.

A. Some of the design features on this engine are similar to the Olds, and indeed a comparison with some of the illustrations on page 359 of American Gas Engines leads us to conclude that this engine was indeed built by Olds.

22/12/18 Q. I am restoring a 1947 International I-6 tractor, s/n 21442. This is my first restoration, so any information pertinent to this tractor would be greatly appreciated, including the proper color scheme. Thanks for your help. Philip Duff, 28 Dickinson Road, Marlborough, CT 06447.

A. The Reflector has never acquired a substantial amount of information on this particular industrial series of IH tractors, so we hope our readers will be of help.

22/12/19'Terra Nova,' Jan H. N. De Jong, NW Almersdorp 1, 8775 RC Middenmeer, Netherlands writes that he collects tractors on postcards. He is also interested in hearing of museums specializing in John Deere memorabilia, tractors and equipment.

22/12/20 Q. I have recently acquired a Holland engine, 3 HP, s/n 10819. It was built by Holland Engine Co., Holland, Michigan. Since I wish to restore this engine, and am new to engine restoration, I need any information I can get on this engine, including proper paint color. Mitchell Strickland, 4200 WillettRoad, Sanford, NC 27330.

A. Our research for American Gas Engines failed to turn up any information on this engine, so once again we appeal to our readers to lend a helping hand.

22/12/21 Q. Who built the Goodhue corn husker? Dwight B. Pletcher, 61931 C.R. 15, Goshen, IN 46526.

A. Ohio Cultivator Company, Bellevue, Ohio. Millard's Equipment Directory for 1922 shows that only parts were available at that time.

22/12/22 Q. Can anyone give the age of a Panzer tractor T-70-B? Any information will be appreciated. (See photo.)J. Klaver-weiden, 98 Elm St., Huntington, NY 11743.

A. A superficial inspection of our files indicates that Panzer was another of those little companies entering the tractor business after World War Two, but beyond that our files are bare.

22/12/23 Q. In the Ozark Mountaineer Magazine I read about a man named William Hannebaum who lived at Billings, Missouri. He built his first engine in 1896, his last in 1930. They were slow running engines. He patented it but decided to build them himself, which he did in his three-man shop. A total of 164 were built from 1? to 15 horsepower. He even mounted one on a buggy and drove it through Billings in 1902. I am wondering if anyone might have one of these engines, or has ever heard of one. Barney V. Williams, 1922 E. 50th, Joplin, MO 64804.

A. Here's a new one for us-even our extensive card file of engine companies has no Hannebaum listing.

22/12/24 Q. On page 85 of American Gas Engines is pictured an engine by Cavanaugh & Darley. It is the closest match I can find for the engine in an  photo below. Mine has no place for a hot tube however, and there appears to be no place for a magneto or a set of points. This is a very small engine, weighing less than 100 pounds. Hopefully, someone might have enough information on this engine so that I can finish restoration. Carl Shafer, St. Rt. 2, Box 17, Walton, WV 25286.

A. Finding any information on an engine of early 1900's vintage is usually difficult, especially when the engine is relatively rare. However, we hope one of our many readers might be of help-we've never seen any literature or information on it except for an occasional magazine ad of very poor quality.

22/12/25John Davidson, Box 4, Bristol, WI writes that he is updating his FIELD engine roster, and will send the finished list if an SASE is enclosed.

22/12/26 Q. What is the horsepower of a Stover CT-2 engine? V. P. Mikulanis, 11863 Serena Road, Lakeside, CA 92040.

A. The entire CT series, CT-1 through CT-4 was conservatively rated at 1 through 4 horsepower-the number suffix indicating the low end of the horsepower output.

22/12/27 Q. Gary Roy Veil, S 7 W22903 E. Main St., Waukesha, WI 53186 asks the difference between the Fairbanks-Morse Eclipse No. 1 and No. 1-A engines. He also asks about the T. L. Smith 1? HP engine.

A. We do not have sufficient data on the Eclipse models to make the determination of model changes between the 1 and 1-A models, nor have we ever heard of the T. L. Smith engines.

22/12/28 Q. At a recent estate sale I bought a postcard showing an unusual tractor (see photo). It appears to read: 'Mfg. by Pollhan-Field Mot. Co., Sodus N.Y. Pat's. App. For.' So far I have never heard from anyone with information on this company or the tractor. Raymond J. Diringer, 143 Edgemont Road, Rochester, NY 14620.

A. Our file of tractor companies does not show a company by this name, nor do we have evidence of any other builders at Sodus, New York. Anyone with information on same, kindly contact Mr. Diringer and the Reflector-we'll be glad to publish what we learn.

22/12/29Raymond L. Grogg, RR 1, Box 466, Churchville, VA 24421 would like any information on a B. F. Avery Model B tractor.

22/12/30 Q. I have a Stover 3 HP engine. On the side it reads: 9-27-20 and E-302. What is the color of the engine? Rudolph Novotny, Box 152, Odell, NE 68415.

A. If the nameplate is missing, then the serial number will be stamped on the block, probably right behind the cylinder head. The E-302 is a part number, and the casting date where Stover is concerned refers to the date of the pattern, and was not necessarily changed to reflect each foundry pour.

22/12/31John T. Diskin, 4735 Concord Drive, Fair Oaks, CA 95628 needs information on servicing the steering clutches on a Caterpillar 20 tractor.

22/12/32Douglas Wallace, 52 Rotohawa St., Taupo, New Zealand needs information on the following engines: IHC Mogul 2? HP; Associated 3 HP; and Waterloo Boy 1? HP. Should anyone be able to supply Mr. Wallace with this information, we're sure he will appreciate it.

22/12/33 Q. Does anyone have information on a Perrin tractor made at Portland, Oregon? When I got this little tracklayer it was in at least 500 pieces. Any information will be appreciated. H. B. Cruchelow, 15035 S. E. Gladstone, Portland, OR 97236.

A. Mr. Cruchelow met up with the Reflector at the GEM booth during the recent Midwest Old Threshers Reunion. He reported that so far he has had no luck at all in learning anything about this tractor.

22/12/34 Q. What is the year built, paint color, etc. on a Fairbanks-Morse engine, Model 52, s/n 519325? Chris Conrad, c/o Conrad Farms, Box 91, Calhoun, KY 42327.

A. The serial number indicates 1922, but this does not seem to match up with the Model 52 designation.

22/12/35 Q. I'm in need of technical assistance and data concerning my Massey-Harris 3 HP, Model R20 engine to the right of the photo below. It seems to be identical to the Cushman Cub in the October, 1987 GEM article on page 12. Any information on the Desjardins engine to the left of this photo will also be appreciated. Karl Dietrich, 19902 Jodi Drive, Lutz, FL 33549.

A. The M-H 3 HP, Model R20 is indeed a Cushman Cub. The Desjardins is one of those peculiar engines which although cast in Quebec, nevertheless displays an inordinate resemblance to the Waterloo Boy engine built in Iowa. Whether this engine was built under license from Waterloo Boy is unknown. Also unknown is whether it was built in total disregard of the Waterloo Boy people. Suppositions often seem to drift to the latter premise.

22/12/36 Q. Is there a connection between Page Wire Fence Co. Ltd. of Canada and the company by a similar name on page 376 of American Gas Engines? Page Fence in Canada also distributed Field-Brundage engines. Donald McVittie, Box 508, Alliston, Ontario Lom 1A0 Canada.

A. We believe that the two firms were really one and the same. Just how long Page actually built their own engine remains unknown. Likewise, whether they distributed their own engine in Canada is unknown. Possibly because of tariff restrictions or for other reasons there may have been some variations.

22/12/37 Q. I have just acquired a Nelson Bros. air-cooled engine, Model VFG, s/n 822, 3 HP 2,000 rpm. Any information on this engine will be greatly appreciated. Rudolph Kudick, 159 W. Kistler Road, Scottville, MI 49454.

22/12/38Mr. Herrol J. Skidmore P.E., Professor, Engineering Technology, New Mexico State University, Box 3566, Las Cruces, NM 88003 is chairman of the NMSU Engineering Fair Committee for 1988. The College of Engineering has decided to celebrate the NMSU Centennial with an Engineering Fair-everything from corporate displays and new technologies to 'working' historical displays demonstrating the evolution of engineering. These areas include steam traction engines, gasoline engines, vintage automobiles, farm implements, and similar items.

It is the goal of the Committee to invite anyone interested to join NMSU for their fair. It will be held February 26-27, 1988 on the Campus of New Mexico State University from 10 A.M. to 5 P.M. Interested parties should contact Mr. Skidmore at the above address or by phone at (505) 646-2236 during business hours.

22/12/39 Q. Where might I find literature or information on a Michigan Marine Motor Co. two-cylinder engine? The block appears to be identical to the John Deere L or LA tractor except that the starter is mounted low and the reverse gear is mounted on the timing gear end of the crank. Also what is the age of a LeRoi 4-Cylinder engine, Model 2C 26147? What is the proper carburetor for this engine? Gene Sherman, Rt. 3, Box 344, Vashon, WA 98070.

A. We have no information whatever on any of these questions-perhaps a reader can help out.

22/12/40Ken Hollenbeck, 312 Gillett Ave., Waukegan, IL 60085 would like to correspond with anyone who has successfully completed a Brad Eisner 1895 Ericsson Hot Air Engine Model.

22/12/41Harold Slagell, 609 Church St., St. Johns, MI 48879 forwards a photo of his recently restored Ideal lawn mower. He found it about 2 blocks from his home back 4 years ago. It needed only minor repairs.

22/12/42Richard F. Martineau, RFD 1, Box 13, Temple, ME 04984 needs information on a David Bradley garden tractor, No. 917.5756. Sears-Roebuck is of no help in finding one.

22/12/43 Q. Were the beams of an IHC No. 2 Little Wonder plow red or blue? How about the levers and ratchets? What did the decal say that was on the beam near the tail wheel? What is a color match for IHC blue and IHC ivory? Gilbert Irps, 3156 Waldron Road, Kankakee, IL 60901.

A. We believe the beams are red, as are the levers and ratchets. We're not sure of the other components to which you refer.

22/12/44 Q. I recently purchased an 18-inch stone flour mill. What is the proper feed for this stone size? Arlin Sigmon, RR 2, Box 108, Auburn, IA 51433.

A. Although the original recommended speed was in the 300-400 rpm range, we would stay with a top speed of 300 rpm, and perhaps less, depending on the condition of the steel bands shrunk on the periphery of the runner stone.

22/12/45Luke LeClere, PO Box 1437, Ojai, CA 93023 needs information on the David Bradley garden tractors.

22/12/46William E. Toland Sr., PO Box 178, Stanhope, NJ 07874 would like to correspond with anyone having information on a Sieverkropp vertical two-cylinder 1? HP engine, patented 12/20/1910 and illustrated on page 465 of American Gas Engines.

22/12/47 Q. Can anyone be of help on a Carlisle-Finch engine (page 82 of American Gas Engines)? I have to make parts to finish the engine. If anyone has one of these engines I would like to hear from them so I can make the drawings and complete the engine-mine has never been completed, and has never been run!

I also have an old milking machine vacuum pump that looks like a 2-step pulley in a small cast iron frame. A cylinder oscillates inside the larger pulley to create the pumping action and the main shaft connects the vacuum inlet to the base. Any information appreciated. John J. Levora, 62660 CR 380, Bangor, MI 49013

22/12/48Ron Long, 3102 Gladstone Ave., Rockford, IL 61103 has a 3 HP Rock-ford engine, s/n 2301 and would appreciate any information that might help in restoration of same.

22/12/49Rick Plouffe, Rt. 3, Box 33, Lot 2, Baraboo, WI 53913 asks a number of questions regarding his Waterloo Boy engine, including sources for old or reproduction parts. Mr. Plouffe is new to the hobby, and while we are too crowded to answer each question specifically, we highly recommend GEM to those new to the hobby as a means of learning from the experiences of others, following the advertising section for needed parts, and corresponding with others in regard to various problems. A lot of the fine points in the engine and tractor hobby have to be learned by osmosis-going to shows and swap meets and soaking up information gained from talking to others. This, coupled with your own observation and study is probably the best way to learn the hobby and learn how old engines and tractors were built, operated, and serviced. We don't mean to be glib, but the simple fact is, that we have never heard of any easy way to gain the needed knowledge except by exposing oneself to as many of these old engineering achievements as possible.

22/12/50 Q. I have an engine with the nameplate reading 1? E hp. It uses a Webster magneto with bracket number 303M1. What is the make? Eric A. Swanson, 700 Grandview Ave., Washburn, WI 54891.

A. Per the Webster magneto listing in the December 1986 GEM your engine is a 1? HP Hercules.

22/12/51John W. Judson, 5475 Prue Road, #1, San Antonio, TX 78240 sends a photo of a recently acquired Reid 40 HP engine. As restoration proceeds, John will send us further photos and the story behind this engine (we look forward to it!).

22/12/52 Q. Can you identify this engine (see photo)? We think it is a Litchfield built at Waterloo, Iowa. Dane L. Fuchs, Box 205, New Salem, ND 58563.

A. We agree with you that it is indeed a Litchfield, and as such, it is extremely rare!

22/12/53 Q. What is the proper color of orange for a Cletrac tractor? Kurt Stambaugh, RD 4, Box 46-A, Newville, PA 17241.

22/12/54Edward Bacon, 15 Dorrance St., Windsor, VT 05089 writes: 'I am in the process of restoring a Woodpecker Miami 3? HP gasoline engine. I would like to know what the proper color for this engine is. Also, I need to find out the size of the water tank and the size of the gasoline tank. It is the same engine pictured on page 304 of American Gasoline Engines. Any information and/or literature will be very much appreciated.'


Thanks to Glen Schueler, HCR1, Box 88, Friona, TX 79035 for sending us some photocopy material regarding the Fairbanks-Morse R-2 magnetos per question 22/10/3. This material is already on file.

Thanks to Mark G. Sergent 316 Market St., Box 626, Spencer, WV 25276 for sending the Reflector some photocopy materials on the Viking garden tractors. It is on file.

22/10/23 Kinner enginesDick Hamp, 1772 Conrad Avenue, San Jose, CA 95124 writes that Kinner was located in the Los Angeles area, and during the 1930's they built five-cylinder radial aircraft engines.

They also built 5 HP horizontal air-cooled 'Busy Bee' engines in the mid- to late 1940's.

22/10/20 Caterpillar serial numbersSeveral people sent us photocopies of serial number information, and for this we thank each of you. Les Green-street, PO Box 2007, Palmer, Alaska 99645 sent us the following method of breaking the Numeral Code:

Some of the older Cats have this code on all the parts, while others have it only on the block-it tells the day, month and year it was cast. To read it, write-

N U M E  R A L C O D  E
       X  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 0

On the side of the block and other parts there will be raised letters such as:

M  U  R  L
       2-  1  -4  6  (February 1, 1946)

The letters will be raised (not stamped). Have used this code for years and found it to be right. My father-in-law showed me this years ago-he learned it in a Caterpillar training school back in the 1940's.



Norman D. Brockelsby, 909 W. North Front St., Grand Island, NE 68801 writes of his activities on the model scene and includes a number of photographs.

Mr. Brockelsby began by purchasing a gas engine casting kit a number of years ago, and then spending his evenings machining the many parts. During the process several design problems became obvious, and this led to further fascination with early engines. Some time later he received a copy of American Gasoline Engines as a gift, and this fired his enthusiasm even further.

Norman writes: 'I decided I wanted to build a type of kit that would encompass the aesthetics of many engines in miniature. In this on-going task I picked out about 15 engines that went up to the 1920's. I picked out all of the good facets in design and forgot all the bad ones, and added a little modern technology. The cylinder is detachable, the water jacket is detachable, even so far as turning the cylinder upside down and piping the water out of the top of the cylinder and back to the cooling aerator as in the old IHC Famous. I even make a little water piston pump that runs off the crankshaft for this type of cooling system. In essence I have come up with a design that I call 'the Norman engine.' All of the water hoppers outside of the standard hopper (such as Associated) are of brass, even on the model Stickney engine.'

Mr. Brockelsby also changes engine sizes by using 7, 8, or 9-inch flywheels, different sizes of water-hoppers, (including various sizes of the intricate fluted hopper as used on the Aermotor), and the same cylinder is used on every engine, but bored to match the size of the engine. Even the vertical and multi-cylinder engines use the same cylinder on the 'Norman' design. The largest model so far is a two-cylinder vertical model with an 11-inch flywheel-it is similar to a power house design.

The 'Norman' engine kits come in kit form, including crankshaft gear, cam gear with lobe, connecting rod, and other parts. All engines use 5/8-inch oil hard drill rod for the crank pin-it is silver soldered to the crank throws. (Presumably the crankshaft is also made of this material. Editor)

To further enhance the 'Norman' engines, Mr. Brockelsby has built kits for line shaft bearings and pulleys, a scale model trip hammer, a 1/3 scale Sandwich corn sheller (it shells small ears of corn, probably the size of strawberry popcorn), and other scale model items include a wooden washing machine, butter churn, cream separator, and a turbine irrigation pump.

Mr. Brockelsby sent us a large number of photos regarding his models and they are absolutely delightful! Patience and ingenuity are two human characteristics rarely found together, but we are so impressed with these designs that we feel compelled to illustrate at least a few of his many models. -The Reflector.


Several years ago Mr. Raymond Gross, 106 S. Washington St., Kim-ball, NE 69145 contacted the Reflector regarding further information on a Sageng self-propelled thresher which he proposed to build. (See page 239 of Encyclopedia of American Farm Tractors). Subsequently Mr. Gross began building scale model tractors, a couple of which are illustrated here. We hope Mr. Gross will favor us with a photo of the Sageng model-it is indeed a unique machine! See photo.


Mr. Dell R. Grupe, 3929 Globe Avenue, Culver City, CA 90230 sends four views of his Aermotor pump engine model. These were built from the Arnold Teague castings listed in the April 1987 GEM. The crankshaft was made from a solid piece of steel and the valves from stainless steel. See accompanying photos.