REFLECTIONS

A Brief Word

Fundamental Types of Pendulum Governors

29/8/1A Fig. 319.-Fundamental Types of Pendulum Governors

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As soon as we can get the materials organized, we'll be presenting a series of articles on the Alamo Engine Company within this column. Mr. Verne Kind-schi of Prairie du Sac, Wisconsin graciously loaned us a large packet of Alamo materials, and it includes a lot of photos of Alamo engines . . . early ones and some later ones too.

Thanks to everyone who stopped by our stand at the Waukee (Iowa) Swap Meet. The weather was great, the crowds were huge, and we hope a grand time was had by all!

We have lots of material this issue, so let's get started with:

Fig. 319.Fundamental Types of Pendulum Governors.

29/8/1 Questions Asked Q. Reading through American Gas Engines Since 1872 has generated the following questions:

1. Can you explain how the Rites Inertia Governor works, as shown on pages 19 and 149.

2.  How did Galloway get the saw rig engine to run 'backwards' as shown on page 199, besides repainting the arrow?

3.  What caused the majority of early engines to have broken crankshaft problems?

(At max. speed the weighted pendulum b, which is fastened to the valve rod a, lays so far behind that on the upstroke c fails to latch.)

Designs of Pendulum Governors:

29/8/1B FIG. 320.Gasmotor-en-Fabrik, Deutz.

29/8/1B FIG.321.Pendulum Governor, Krupp-Gruson-werk.

(Blade a, at n max, is thrown above block c by the action of wedge b See Figs. 238 and 239.)

(The pendulum b, carried by the exhaust valve rod a, prevents the closing of the valve when n max is reached. Counterweight c and deflector d are adjustable.)

29/8/1B Fig.323.Pendulum Governor, Crossley Bros. (Pendulum b, carried by valve lever a, at n max, lags behind far enough to cause blade c to miss the valve stem.)

(Pendulum a is carried back and forth by b. At n max the notch at the lower end of a fails to engage the right hand end of the blade c. The left end of the latter drops down and misses the stem d. Fig. 237 shows another construction due to the same designers. Here the pendulum f is moved up and down with the valve lever d'e. The air pressure produced in the dash pot h deflects the vertical blade to the right, and at n max causes it to miss the stem of the gas valve b altogether. Latch g holds f in this position until the former is unhooked in the highest position of b. The speed may be controlled by adjusting the small escape valve i.)

A. In answer to (1), the simplest form of pendulum governor uses a simple hanging pick blade, as shown at (b) in Figure 319. Simple pick blades are thrown out of their normal position by interfering with fixed contact pieces. They are brought back to normal position either by their own inertia or by spring pressure. Guided pendulums are thrown out of their normal, or engagement, position only after the maximum speed has been exceeded. Figures 321 through 324 show various kinds of pendulum governors applied to engines. The Rites governor, although operating from the flywheel, is built on the same principle, viz., the principle of inertia. The illustrations are taken from Guldner's Internal Combustion Engines, by Hugo Guldner.

The Galloway engine to which you refer had a symmetrical cam, that is, the rise and fall of the cam was the same on each side of the top of the lobe. By simply shifting the cam gear in relation to its mate on the crank, the engine can be made to run in the opposite direction. Many engines with symmetrical cams can be reversed in this manner.

Most early engines with crankshaft problems had the source of the problem in cranks that were designed too light for the duty involved, or with metals that fatigued through use. A great many used cranks cut out of a solid billet of iron, and the iron used was simply incapable of withstanding the constant twisting strains imposed. Misalignment was another common problem, especially in large engines.

29/8/2 Massey-Harris Engine Q. See the two photos of a Massey-Harris engine, Type 3, 3 HP, Factory Number 3EL117. 7 would like to know the age and locate a manual for same. Any information will be appreciated. Lorne Radcliffe, Box 37 Cardale, Manitoba ROK OJO Canada.

29/8/2A

29/8/2B

A. If anyone can be of help, please contact Mr. Radcliffe.

29/8/3 Salsbury Motors Co. Q. I would like to get the address of Salsbury Motors Company. I will answer all letters. Any information greatly appreciated. Charles Meider, 2113 Townline Rd., Chippewa Falls, WI 54729.

A. Can anyone be of help?

29/8/4 Witte Information Q. Can you give the year built of a Witte engine, 2 HP, and s/n B32005? Richard Miller, 216 W. Scott St., Dalzell, IL 61320.

A. Your engine was built in 1926.

29/8/5 Unidentified Engine Q. See the two photos of an engine that looks like a Detroit, but has 'Col. Engine Co.' on the flywheel. In American Gas Engines, I found a Columbia which looks like the Detroit, but I can find no cross reference to the latter. It looks as if the engine was red with green skids. Any information will be appreciated. James McKee, Rt 1, Box 163, Gray Court, SC 29645.

A. Yours could certainly be a Columbia, comparing the photos; however we don't know the connection between Detroit and Columbia, if there was one. Perhaps some of our readers might be aware of further information.

29/8/6 David Bradley Tractor Q. I have a David Bradley garden tractor, Model 9175756, Series 312. It uses a Continental AU7 engine. It is in perfect condition and has all the available Sears attachments. Any further information on this unit, such as year built, and other information would be greatly appreciated. A little history on David Bradley would also be appreciated. Gene Schreiber, 22045 Albatross Circle, Farmington, MN 55024.

A. David Bradley was a pioneer implement builder with a factory at Bradley, Illinois. He began making malleable plows in the 1830s, and built a substantial business on this foundation. We have no information as to when Sears & Roebuck began selling the David Bradley line, or when Sears actually took over the company.

29/8/7 Unidentified Engine Q. See the three photos of an engine I ran across in an old barn. The nameplate reads, 'Baker Hamilton S.F.; No. 6863, 6 hp.' Within American Gas Engines, the closest I can come is to the Blakeslee made at Birmingham, Alabama. Any further information will be greatly appreciated. William J. Fereira, 121 Entrada Mesa Rd., Danville, CA 94526.

A. Baker &. Hamilton was a gigantic hardware company; we have their 1910 catalog, and it is almost five inches thick! In the 1910 catalog B & H was selling the Bulldog engines from Bates & Edmonds Motor Co., Lansing, Michigan. Quite possibly they were selling the Blakeslee engines earlier on. The ideal solution would be to locate an earlier Baker & Hamilton catalog, perhaps at a local historical society, or in a private collection.

29/8/8 Thanks! to Glen Gerlach, 99 Simon-Miller Rd., Wheelersburg, OH 45694 for sending along photocopies of a 1916-17 Charles Williams Stores catalog pertaining to the Maynard engines.

29/8/9 Fairbanks-Morse Type Y Q. I have a 50 HP Fairbanks-Morse Type Y, Style V engine, sin 037673. According to the serial number list this engine would have been built prior to 1911. However, this does not agree with the production period of 1913 to 1917. Can you explain this serial number? Any help would be appreciated. Eddie Turner, 716 Redgate Rd., Pamplico, SC 29583.

A. During the research of our book, Fairfranks-Morse, 1893-1993, we were accorded full use of company documents, including the microfiche of the serial number records. Along the way there are variances in the s/n records that relate to specially built engines, experimental, etc. However, the numbers are pretty straightforward throughout. Production dates of most engines, especially the Type Y and its successors, are extensively documented, and we're talking original, primary documentation, not some compilation of years later and made from memory or recollections. The bottom line is that we can't explain this number, even though we know the historical data on pages 66ff. of the above title to be accurate. By the way, Type YV engines went into production in 1914, and remained in production into 1924. At that time it was redesigned and the wing pistons were replaced with a new design.

29/8/10 Two Tractor Questions Q. I have a 1947 Minneapolis-Moline U cutaway engine that was at the University Farm School in St. Paul, Minnesota. It was for training students on the working parts of the engine. Has anyone out there seen one, know where there is one, or did other tractor companies make them?

Also, I have an Allis-Chalmers standard-tread tractor on factory steel. It has a 5 inch bore with a little gas tank on the fender. The number on the shifting lever is 25606. What year and what model is it? Any information would be appreciated. Robert J. Riebel, RR 1, Box 163, LeSueur, MN 56058.

A. Cutaway engines, while not common, are found occasionally. Most companies did, (and still do) make a cutaway for advertising and for educational purposes.

We would guess that your A-C is a Model E, 25-40 tractor, built in 1936. There are indications that 90 special 30-60 Model E tractors were built, beginning with No. 25612 and ending with 25701.

29/8/11 Racine Engine Q. See the photos of what is believed to be an engine made by Racine Engine Co., Racine, Wisconsin. A very similar engine is shown on page 405 of American Gas Engines. It is missing the mixer, the ignition system is missing many parts, and it is a puzzle as to how to operate. The gear under the flywheel end of the crank has two eccentrics . The flywheel side of the gear is a brass cupped piece with a fiber lining and two contacts 180 degrees from each other with two thumbnut connections on the outside of the cup. This cup is stationary with a spring-tensioned roller inside turning with the gear. I assume this will be part of the ignition system. Any help toward the restoration of this engine will be greatly appreciated. Glen Gerlach, 99 Simon-Miller Road, Wheelersburg, OH 45694.

A. If you can be of help in this worthy (and challenging) project, please contact Mr. Gerlach.

29/8/12 Bean Engine Q. I'm a new subscriber, and would like to find some information on the 4 HP Bean engine in the photo. Any help will be appreciated. Chas. DeWeese, PO Box 8, Alma, IL 62807.

29/8/13 Some Questions Q. Can anyone identify the engine in photos 13 A and 13B? It appears to be a marine engine, green in color, and the only marking is a '4' on the cylinder. The flywheel is 13 inches in diameter and has a 3? face. From base to top of exhaust elbow is 18 inches.

Can anyone identify the feed grinder in photo 13C? The only markings are 'A64' on the grinding plate cover and 'F' on the front legs with a 'B' on the back legs. It measures 31 inches from the top of the cast iron hopper to the bottom of the legs.

Photo 13D illustrates one of my engine rigs. It uses a 1919 Novo 2 HP to power a well pump. A New-Way 1919 model, 5 HP engine drives the feed grinder. I find that people really enjoy seeing the old engines doing work. Dave Dickinson, 6190 Keller Ave., Newfane, NY 14108.

A. On the latter point we agree completely! Engines that are running and those that are belted to same machine always attract spectators. Those sitting dead prompt a non-stop walk-by, and that doesn't really do much for a show!

29/8/14 A Cooling Tank Q. See the photo of a large cooling tank. It is said to have come off of a large engine. The size is 16 inches wide, 30 inches long, and 39 inches tall. Does anyone recognize it? Any information will be appreciated. Kent H. Zobel, Rt 1, Box 35 A, Monroe, NE 68647.

A. Can anyone answer this question with certainty?

29/8/15 Panzer Tractor Q. I'm restoring a Panzer lawn and garden tractor. I need to know the color, color of the wheels, and color of the PANZER name on the cast iron grille. Any help will be much appreciated. Vernon R. Mexler, 77 Main St., Seven Valley's, PA 17360.

A. Can anyone be of help?

29/8/16 Continental Engine Q. I recently acquired my first project, and was hoping someone could supply some information. The engine is a Continental AA7, s/n 57432, 1 HP. It appears to be painted black all over, with only a decal on the end of the fuel tank and a metal ID plate. I obtained it from an old mower shop, but the local Continental supplier seems to think it may have been supplied to the military. I would like to know its age, proper color, and whether a decal is available. Any help in getting me started with this project would be appreciated. Dwight Varnes, 6089 Lemon St., East Petersburg, PA 17520.

A. Please be of help to Mr. Varnes if you can.

29/8/17 Information Needed Q. What is the year built of the following tractors:

McCormick-Deering W-30, s/n WB24848P

Oliver 88 Std., s/n 824259C 88G S. W. Bowes, 58 Haynee St., Regina, SASK S4N 1P7 Canada

A. The W-30 was built in 1938; the 88 Standard is 1950.

29/8/18 Palmer Power Q. See the photos of a generating set we recently saved from a scrap yard. For photo purposes the side covers have been removed. This is a Palmer Power from Los Angeles, CA and is power by a Model U 164 IHC engine, s/n 1557. The generator is from Palmer Electric Mfg. Co., 6629 Bear Ave., Los Angeles, California, Model YS, 17.5kw. Any information on this unit, when it was built, or perhaps a paint color would be greatly appreciated. Dries Juffer, Bovenstraatweg 11, 8096 PC, Oldebroek, The Netherlands, Europe.

A. We don't have enough information the U-164 engine to be of help, and we have nothing at all on Palmer Electric. Perhaps some of our readers might be of help.

29/8/19 Bantam Tractors In the October 1991 issue of GEM you printed an article on my husband's Bantam tractors. We got unbelievable responses to it. Just recently we got one from a reader in Ohio. Therefore, I'd appreciate your telling your readers that we have a new address:Joe Artman 23501 Co. Line Rd., Sheridan, IN 46069

29/8/20 Haney Tractor Q. I recently acquired a Haney tractor and would like to get it back as close as possible to the original, if I could find out what 'original' was. Any help will be appreciated. Paul Taylor 3385 N 800 E, Brownsburg, IN 46112.

29/8/21 Clutch Pulley Q. I hope the two enclosed snapshots will help someone solve my dilemma . . . how to remove the clutch pulley! The pulley shaft as noted in 21A is smaller than the crank shaft of the 6 HP R &V to which it is attached. Photo 21B show a collar with two 7116 inch setscrews. When removed it only allows the pulley to slide in towards the flywheel, and doesn't it expose any other fasteners, setscrews, or a key. When the clutch handle is removed, it does not expose any fasteners. Can anyone give me a clue? Donald R. Green, PO Box 618, Allyn, WA98524-0618.

29/8/22 Homelite Tank Heater Q. In the January 1994 GEM on page 12 under 28/10/3 you have a short note on Homelite Motors. I have one of the Tank Heater Generators, Model 7028-6, s/n 337932, 50 amp, 1500 watts, 30 volts. The above information was from the tags on the motor. I do not have the generator or any panel, if there was such. I would like to find further information on this unit and/or a generator for it. The motor does not have valves, it is a sleeve-valve unit. Any help will be appreciated. John H. Harding, 92 Braden Crescent NW, Calgary, ALTA T2L 1N3 Canada.

29/8/23 Fairbanks-Morse Q. Can you give me the year built for a Fairbanks-Morse Type Z engine, 1 HP, s/n 515576? Frank T. Smoky ,127 Hunt-ington Circle, Elyria, OH 44035.

A. 1922.

29/8/24 Radio Amateurs I am a radio amateur who also happens to be interested in old stationary engines, and an avid GEM reader. If other radio amateurs also interested in the engine hobby would contact me, I plan to circulate a listing to help people become aware of each other. Write me at: Donald R. Kalman, VE7YR, 15975 -16th Avenue, Surrey, BC V4A 1S2 Canada or send a packet message to VE7YR @ VE7KIT.

29/8/25 Thanks!to everyone who answered my query of 29/4/23 on the County Tractor, particularly Mr. Andrew Offer of Wiltshire, England; also Mr. Heald for his reply which was printed in GEM. Edward Pedrick,' PO Box 393, Santa Maria, CA 93456-0393.

29/8/26 Shaw Mfg. Co. Q. See the sketch of a cute little engine I picked up recently. As near as I can find out, it was intended as a cycle or light vehicle engine, dates approximately 1907. Can anyone provide further information on this engine, especially the ignition system and the intake valve cage/air mixer it had.

I also have a 1 Economy E 131807 and need to know color. . . there are traces of a dark greenish gray. T. J. Shipman, RR w, Box 371-13, Buckhannon, WV 26201.

29/8/27 Witte Information Q. What is the year built of a Witte 8 HP engine, s/n 51098? Can anyone supply sin information on Sandwich and Atlantic engines? John MacDonald, 16 Carriage Lane, Roxbury, CT 06783.

A. The Witte was shipped to Martin Gavel, Roxbury, CT on March 7, 1921. To our knowledge there is no s/n information available on the other engines mentioned.

29/8/28 Witte 7 HP Q. See the photo of a Witte 7 HP engine, s/n B9258. We have heard of almost every size except for the 7 HP model. Is it unusual or what? When was it built, and what is the color? Sam Spencer & Family, 1285-A Lovett Rd., Orange Park, FL 32073.

A. The engine was shipped in November 1923; the color is 1 part Rustoleum Black to 2 parts Rustoleum Forest Green. It is also closely approximate to PPG 40952 Forest Green.

29/8/29 Central City Iron Works Q. See the photo of a 4 HP Central City Iron Works engine. The engine has some unusual features. It has a J-shaped rod to operate the exhaust valve which is pulley instead of pushed. There is dual spark plug ignition, and the cam shaft is chain driven. The base is cast in two pieces which splits vertically, and the cylinder is cast square in three pieces.

I would like to find additional information to that contained in American Gas Engines. What is the connection between Central City Iron works and Joshua Hendy Machine Works, as the engines pictured are nearly identical (see pages 86 and 225 of American Gas Engines). Any information will be appreciated. Kevin A. Behnke, 3325 North 65th Street, Wausau, WI 54403.

29/8/30 F-M Lawn Mower Q. See the illustration of the 'Grass Finder' advertised by Fairbanks-Morse in 1953. This unit was said to be able to mow the lawn by itself without human guidance. The operator would cut the outside lap and then put the mower into the automatic operation mode. The mower then followed the cut line by itself, operating through sensors that guided the mower, supposedly' around trees etc. Does anyone know if these mowers were ever built? If so, does anyone know of any still in existence? Brad E. Smith, 7574 So. 74th St., Franklin, WI 53132.

29/8/31 Witte Information

Q. When were the following Witte engines built:

2 HP, sin 23039
2 HP, s/n B26649
Special, s/n 94975

Mike Otis, 17 Cherry St., Perry, NY 14530.

A. In order, 1934, 1925, 1935.

29/8/32 Walsh and Monarch Tractors Q. I have a Walsh garden tractor, No. D6528, and a Monarch made by Standard Tractor Co.,No.409F3128. I am in need of operator manuals, years built, proper colors, and how to wire the Walsh, and what kind of coil was used. I would be glad to pay for any copies. Any information will be appreciated. Thomas Kruse, 6232 Cedar Ln., Miamisburg, OH 45342.

29/8/33 Sattley Engine Q. I am a new collector and just purchased a Montgomery-Ward Sattley engine, 1 HP, s/n 72828 with solid flywheels, as illustrated in the two photos. Can anyone provide the original paint scheme, or provide additional reference material on this engine. Any help will be appreciated. John Weaver, 140 Hwy 49, Milledgville, GA 31061.

29/8/34 Colors Needed Q. I have an 1HC Type M, s/n 64138 and need various information on it, including the proper color. Also a 1 HP Fairbanks-Morse Z, s/n 476386. Also the best source for decals. Larry Stinchcomb, Route 1, Box 188, Coyle, OK 73027.

A. The Type M is PPG40496 Adirondack Green; the F-M is PPG 43846

Green. Several GEM advertisers have decals.

29/8/35 Leader Engine Q. I have a 2 HP Leader engine from Field Force Pump Co., Elmira, New York, s/n 6709. Would appreciate hearing from anyone who can tell me when this engine was built. J. R. Cox, 6500 Seminole Rd., Mechanicsville, VA 23111.

29/8/36 Kinnard-Haines Q. In 1904, four Kinnard-Haines Flour City tractors were imported into New Zealand. It is believed that these machines preceded the English-built Ivel tractor by 4 to 6 weeks and were the first tractors into this country. As this is a British Dominion, the Ivel tractor was fully reported at every move, but there is little documentation of the Flour City 'Oil Engines.' Have any Kinnard-Haines tractors survived in the USA? It would be very much appreciated if anyone could help with locating one of these tractors, preferably restored and from the 1903-04 period. Hopefully, I would like to come over and photograph it. Yes, we are beginning preparations for our tractor centenary in 2004. Please contact: Richard H. Robinson, RD 2, Rotorua, New Zealand 3221.

29/8/37 Challenge Engine Q. I am intending to restore a 6 HP Challenge of about 1915 vintage. I would like to contact a club or organization, or individual in the US that could provide me with detailed information on the carburetor, ignition system, proper color, etc. Any and all help will be greatly appreciated. W. J. Seymour, 49 Station Street, Thornleigh, NSW, 2120 Australia.

29/8/38 Jacobsen Estate Mower Q. See the photo of a Jacobsen engine off the above mower, No. E-12-302-11. Patented April 23, 1923. the Jacobsen Co. is still in business in Racine, Wisconsin but no longer has parts for this engine. This, I think, should solve the mystery engine of Mr. Shipman's sketch in 29/2/25. Jim Ailes,801 - 19thPl., Delano,GA93215.

29/8/39 Beaver Tractor  Q. Can anyone provide any information on a 1951 Beaver Riding Tractor, Model GRT6, as well as the proper color scheme. Any help will be appreciated. Ed Ladinski, Box 450, RD3, Belvidere, NJ 07823.

29/8/40 Galloway Engine Q. See the photo of a Galloway air cooled engine, s/n 016382. I would like to fix it up and get it running again, so would like to find appropriate operator information, paint color scheme, etc. Any information will be appreciated. Paul A. Livezey, 140 Morgantown Ave., Barnesviile, OH 43713-1424.

29/8/41 IH Paperweight Q. See the photo of a paperweight. It is in the shape of Australia, and has the IH emblem cast on it. The handle of the paperweight is a bird, probably the Kookaburra, which is a native of Australia. It is cast iron, and the lines denote the five Australian states. Any help in identifying this paperweight will be appreciated. Gilbert Irps, 3156 Waldron Road, Kankakee, IL 60901.

29/8/42 Cushman Vertical Q. See the photos of my Cushman engine, Model C-l, 4 HP, s/n 53154- It has a Fairbanks-Morse magneto, Type FM, Mode! J. Is this the correct one.? When was this engine built, and did it have the radiator or the old style cooling tank? What is the correct color?

Also what is the correct color match for Wisconsin gray engines. The factory could only tell me it was battleship gray. Any help will be appreciated. John G. Boyd, 1921 LaSalle St., Martinez, CA 94553.

A. The F-M magneto was probably installed later. F-M offered adapters for a great many different engines. There are no serial number listings for Cushman. It could have been supplied with the open tank or a radiator as an option. The color generally used is DuPont 93-62713-H Green.

Readers Write

Southern Engine & Boiler Works

In the April issue, you pictured the logo of this firm. The company went on to produce the Southern automobile, later changing the name to Marathon. In 1910 the firm moved to Nashville, where it produced cars until 1914.

Photo RW-1 shows a sign illustrating the Southern Logo. Photo RW-2 illustrates a restored 2 HP Southern engine. Thomas E. Gipson, 202 Mary Sharp Drive, Decherd, TN 37324.

29/4/27 Aerothrust

In answer to this inquiry, this is a boat propulsion engine that had steel clamping brackets to attach it to the transom of a rowboat. It originally had a walnut wood propeller in a shroud.

29/4/5 Norseman Tractor

Regarding the Norseman, this was a version of the U.S. made OMC tractor designed for the Canadian market. The OMC (Ostenburg Manufacturing Co.) tractor was produced in Kansas from 1938-54. Thomas E. Gipson, 202 Mary Sharp Drive, Decherd, TN 37324.

29/5/6 Transmission

This is a marine transmission made by Detroit Engine Works, ca. 1910-15. This unit was made in 2 to 20 horsepower sizes; the one shown appears to be in the 2 to 4 HP size. Also, referencing this is a WW2 radio transmitter power unit for the BC 191 HF transmitter. The 1000 volt, .350 amp is deadly and I doubt could be modified for a useful lower voltage. The 12 volts charged the filament battery for the transmitter. These units were not too common, as most vehicle users of the transmitter had a Leece-Neville 12 volt generator separate from the vehicle ignition system. The shielded ignition wire from the magneto was to reduce radio interference. Richard A. Day Jr., Rt 2, Box 44, Leonardtown, MD 20650.

Four-Cylinder Olin Engine

As soon as I saw the picture I told myself that engine belonged next to my 4 and 10 HP Olin engines. I gave a friend who works in Buffalo a call and asked if he would inquire about it. He found out the church had been converted into a retirement home about six years ago. A priest told him the engine and generator were disposed of at that time. (What a sin!) That engine was without a doubt the only one in existence and to find out about it six years too late! (Moral of the letter is this: If you hear of a lead, check it out . . . you might get lucky!) Dale Nickerson, 8670 Glasgow Rd., Cassadaga, NY 14718.

Modelmakers Corner

Norman's Miniatures

After final assembly of a half dozen or so half-scale Briggs &. Stratton F, FB, FC, and FH engines, to my surprise, I accidentally put too much oil in the crankcase of the first engine. With it being new, and the rings not seated yet, it started to generate miniature smoke rings after 30 minutes. I thought this to be interesting, because without the little end cap on the muffler, the internal configuration and the acoustics and a little touch of oil, are some of the ingredients to build smoke rings. This accident turned out to be quite an attraction.

See MM-1 of a half-scale Briggs Model FB.

Photo MM-2 shows last winter's progress of a half scale 1957 Cushman Eagle with sidecar containing radio and receiver servos and battery. Norman D. Brockelsby, 1127 North Sherman, Grand Island, NE 68803.

Engines from Scratch

See MM-3 and MM-4 of a small engine with 3-inch brass flywheels. It has a bore and stroke of 1 x 1 inches, displacement of 0.98 cubic inches, and compression ratio of 5:1. It is a hit-and-miss engine with the governor built into the left flywheel. The ignition features variable timing and uses a 'T' coil and a 6-volt lantern battery installed in the engine base.

Photos MM-5 and MM-6 show an engine with 5 inch cast iron wheels. This engine has a 1x1 inch bore and stroke, 1.18 cid and a 7:1 compression ratio. It has no governor but idles to less than 300 rpm without missing a beat. This engine also has variable ignition and utilizes a lawn mower coil with modified laminations and 6 D-cells packaged to produce 3 volts. Robert F. Nance, 28 Lindley Avenue, Sutnter, SC 29150.

Breisch Castings

Under the Model Makers Corner in GEM I recently called Mrs. Breisch as I needed a casting for a model. She told me she had sold all the business to:

Clarence Myers,
15929 Five Point Road
Perrysburg, OH 43551

I called Mr. Myers and he confirmed this and I got my casting, so I'm not sure who Jay Peters is, or if he also is involved. Marlen Baerenwald 2595 Emerald Dr., Jonesboro, GA 30236. (Editor's note: We called Mrs. Breisch about this and she clarified by telling us that Mr. Myers bought the steam portion of the business, Mr. Peters the gas engine part.)

A Closing Word

We've gone through a lot of queries this month, and thank all our readers for their questions coming into the column, and especially thank those who take time to reply to many of the questions. We'll grant that we have lots of files stuffed full of information, but oftentimes we don't have the information that someone needs. Thus, if we can serve as the medium by which others can be given some assistance, we here at GEM are indeed rewarded for our efforts.

By this Fall, we should start getting details regarding a possible GEM sponsored tour to Germany, Holland, and some other countries during the summer of 1995. Possibly, we'll even get the chance to attend a show or two. We've heard from a number of folks who would like a repeat performance of the wonderful tour to England in June 1993. If you'd be interested in going on the 1995 tour, let us know.

Have a safe, happy, and enjoyable time at the shows. Hopefully, we'll be on hand for the Midwest Old Threshers Reunion at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa on the Labor Day Weekend. Last, but not least, thanks to all who stopped by our stand at the Waukee, Iowa Swap Meet over the Memorial Day weekend. Everyone who attended this event in 1993 will likely never forget the sea of mud brought on by never-ending rains. This year however, the weather was beautiful and there were items on hand for virtually every taste or want.