The Ottawa two cylinder engine


Max R. Hutchins

Content Tools


21/8/15From the photo of the Ottawa two cylinder engine, I would like to know if these engines used a 180 degree or a 360 degree crank. The engine has no distributor, so I would assume it to be a 360 degree crank. I can find no literature that shows this. As you might already know, Harley motorcycles worked this way, no distributor, just points. The Indian had a distributor just like a car. A collector near here has a Cat 60 with the fuel pump about the same place as on the Cat 70. This 60 has no vacuum tank, it also has levers for steering, not the usual cranks. Max R. Hutchins, 1601 N. College, #97, Ft. Collins, CO 80524.

21/8/16 Q. I have been told that a number of 22-36 McCormick-Deering tractors were re-powered shortly after World War 2 with Detroit 4-71 diesel engines. The report says that new tractors were not yet available but diesel engines could be purchased, thus the conversions. Can any GEM readers verify this report or supply further details in this regard? Robert Zick, 10255 Winegar Road, Grass Lake, MI 49240.

A. The Reflector has some hazy recollections of this practice, but we cannot recall with certainty whether it was the 22-36 which gained the transplanted Detroit or some other tractor model. Would anyone with details of this practice kindly contact the Reflector. We too would like to hear more about this.

The Lansing Company. Lansing, Michigan

Wayne D. Jacobs, 220 N. Water St., Pinconning, MI 48650 dropped a line some time ago. Mr. Jacobs worked for the old Lansing Company for several years back in the 1930's. Their products included mixers, wagons, wheel barrows, and railway express wagons.

Residual Magnetism in D. C. Generators

The May issue contained a comment that a generator with no output may need a 'flash' to restore the residual magnetism. Several readers have asked us to describe the process, so here it is: Simply connect the shunt field of the generator to a source of direct current such as a battery for a few seconds. Other reasons for failing to generate are: 1) Too much resistance in the field circuit. This may be due to an open rheostat, open field circuit, loose connections, poor brush contact, or broken brush pigtails. 2) Wrong field connection. The residual magnetism produces lines of force from a north pole to a south pole. If the current in the field coils is opposite to the residual lines, the magnetic flux is cancelled and will keep the generator from building voltage. Either reverse the shunt-field connections or reverse generator rotation. 3) Wrong rotation. This is similar to (2) above. Either reverse the shunt field leads or reverse the rotation. 4) Shorted armature or field. If completely shorted the voltage will not increase and the armature will smoke. In the early 1950's the Reflector bought a copy of Electric Motor Repair by Robert Rosen-burg. Published by Rinehart & Co., we have found this book to be of inestimable value in all phases of AC and DC motor and generator work. At present we are trying to determine if this fine book is still available and will report to you as soon as possible.

21/5/3 Railway Maintenance Car

Chas. R. Throop, 16301 Clinton Road, Lansing, MI 48906 writes that he has an identical engine to that noted in the heading above. This is a Fairbanks-Morse Railway Hand-Car engine. It is not listed in American Gas Engines.

Oil Well Engines, June GEM, page 5 Dr. Robert D. Seeley, RR 3, Box 176 Warrensburg, MO 64093 notes that Fairbanks-Morse was building oil field engines, at least a few years back. They had an operation at Laredo, Texas and sold oil well engines primarily in Mexico where electricity is scarce. Dr. Seeley also notes that many electric motors have been replaced with 'one-lungers' in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas, as they are cheaper to operate and maintain. Dr. Seeley reports than an oil field mechanic once told him that if you had to shut down one of these engines for repairs in less that 10 or 15 years you had a lemon!

Engine Ignition

Hugh F. Sautter, 911 Locust St., Perrysburg, OH 43551 comments that experienced engine beguilers know how to wire up various low tension and high tension ignition systems on vintage engines, but novices are often overwhelmed with the process. The suggestion is that perhaps it's time to print some of the diagrams. Rumors also float about that replacement electronic ignition systems can be rigged up to certain Briggs & Stratton and other engines. Has anyone developed an electronic ignition system (solid state) that can be used on vintage engines?

As soon as ye Reflector can get some drawings and data together, perhaps the kind people at GEM will permit us to include a series of drawings and explanations thereof regarding engine ignition systems.

Buda Engine Parts

Duane L. Sama, RR 2, Box 62-B, Howe, IN 46746 writes that he is employed by the Sealed Power Corporation at LaGrange, Indiana. They have given permission to publish an excerpt from their current catalog indicating a number of Buda parts available from this outside supplier. Since c, contact your distributor or call Sealed Power for the name of your nearest dealer. Call 219-463-2121 and ask for Phil Rhoads in the Order Department at Sealed Power.

21/6/1 Viking Garden tractor

G. Bechtel, 7315 N. Wolcott, Chicago, IL 60626 sends the Reflector some photocopy data on this unit, and writes that he has a good sized sales manual describing the Standard Line. Possibly Mr. Bechtel would photo-copy this material for persons needing this information, and do so for a reasonable fee. The Reflector is very happy that so many responses have come in on various questions regarding garden tractors. While our files may be bulging on some things, the cupboard is virtually bare when it comes to garden tractor literature.


At the urging of our readers, we publish herewith some of our research so far into proper paint colors for various engines, tractors, etc.

We make no guarantee that all these are correct; we only state that we believe these colors to be comparable to the original. That caveat being expressed, we now proceed with the following:

IHC Blue: DuPont Dulux 93-032

IHC Off-white: still available from some Case-IH dealers

IHC Olive Green: for Mogul engines, DuPont Dulux 93-29609-H

IHC Red: comparable to DuPont 674 Red

(Local dealers may have an EXACT color match in their book.)

Rawleigh engines: DuPont 93-036 Brown

Fairbanks-Morse 'Z' engines: DuPont 93-72001 Green

Rock Island engines: DuPont 93-29607 Brown

IHC Deep Green for Type M engines: DuPont 7498D Green

IHC Gray for tractors: DuPont Dulux 93-27625 Gray

IHC Gray for McCormick-Deering and Farmall: Dulux 98620 or 6923

Gray (another variation from 27625 above)

Monitor horizontal engine, Baker Mfg. Co.: DuPont 93-538 Gray

Fuller &. Johnson engines: DuPont 93-1317 Green

Most paint dealers can cross the DuPont numbers to other brands such as Sherwin-Williams or Ditzler. In many cases you also have the choice of using an enamel finish such as Dulux, or moving to an acrylic enamel such as DuPont Centari. Acrylics are somewhat more difficult to handle but give a first-class finish, especially when using all the hardener recommended by the manufacturer. This finish is much more resistant to gasoline or diesel fuel than ordinary enamel finishes and leave a much higher gloss.

More paint colors will be given in subsequent issues, and perhaps GEM will see fit to gather all this information into booklet form after the monthly list is reasonably complete.


The Reflector is so impressed with the following article and accompanying photographs that we decided to use the following as the 'Tip of the Month.' Submitted by J. E. Cain, 603 Longview Drive, Sugar Land, TX 77478, we think this 'Engine Getter' is the best gadget for engine collectors since portable sunshades first came to engine shows. We'll let Mr. Cain's letter and photos tell the story:

Hope you find this information on my 'Engine Getter' helpful to engine collectors who can no longer lift and strain on this Old Iron. This unit has been of great help in loading, unloading and moving engines around. The loading ramp is hinged to raise or lower, the loading ramp and pulling tongue are removable for hauling or storage. There is a small pulley at rear center and front center of platform so cable can pass over or under platform. This unit will also 'self-load' by use of a hand winch into your truck or trailer. Large tires were used hoping the unit would move over rough ground more easily.

I have loaded an engine weighing over 800 lbs.


Height from ground to platform:21 inches

Tire Size: 4.8 x 8

Platform Size:48 inches long by 22 inches wide

Length of Loading Platform: 42 inches

Winch: Hand type1000 lb. pull