On May 24, the Reflector made the annual pilgrimage to the Central Hawkeye Swap Meet at Waukee, Iowa. Over the past few years this event has grown substantially, but we believe this year's event to be by far the largest swap meet we have ever seen. Even after a full day of walking the grounds, we missed a lot of the items offered for sale or trade. Despite every effort to the contrary, the Reflector still managed to return home with the pickup half full of engine parts, books, and miscellaneous other items.
The Reflector was overwhelmed with letters and phone calls concerning the 'crankshaft deflection gauge' mentioned in 21/6/20. If you recall, this writer was looking for where to obtain one of these gauges to help in aligning the crankshaft on a Fairbanks-Morse Model 32, six-cylinder diesel engine. Although we won't set our engine on its new concrete foundation until this Fall, getting the necessary equipment sometimes takes several months, so it seemed a good idea to start looking ahead of the time such an instrument is required.
A large number of letters pointed us to L. S. Starrett Company, and in fact, Mr. Ed Berquist of Starrett sent us their current catalog, price book, and several other brochures concerning Starrett products. For your further information, Starrett is located at 121 Crescent Street, Athol, MA 01331.
Several people wrote us, offering to loan us their own gauge, and a collector in Calais, Maine offered us a complete set. All in all, the response was very gratifying. Now we know firsthand the kind of response that one can get from an inquiry in GEM. So, if we can help any of you in your quest for information on an engine, tractor, or other vintage farm equipment, we'll be happy to include your query in the Reflections column. Our hobby seems to be blessed with an awful lot of generous and helpful people, so send your letters in whenever the need arises!
From the comments we have received, perhaps we should clarify that the Fairbanks Diesel mentioned above and in 21/6/20 is owned by the Reflector, C. H. Wendel. We fully intend to restore the engine and the 2300 volt generator unit. By the way, our request for any information on the Fairbanks-Morse Type D, 2300 volt, 300 kva, 3 phase alternator brought not one single response!
Having done a lot of magneto repair work over the years, and still at it, the Reflector has noticed that a lot of the ignition problems we see are involved with the trip mechanism rather than with the magneto itself. The Wico EK magneto was built and sold by the hundreds of thousands. This fine little unit is an excellent magneto, but has its own idiosyncrasies. The design permits only a very low primary voltage, consequently all internal connections must have virtually no resistance. Fortunately, reproduction parts are available from several GEM advertisers, including coils, condenser, and points. Certain drive types have a tendency to crowd the movable armature on its stem, and after many years of running the steel stem becomes worn, as does the hole in the armature. This allows one magnet pole to break slightly ahead of the other, and in this situation, getting a good spark is difficult, if not impossible. Boring out and bushing the armature is one approach to restoring this portion of the mechanism. Usually two separate springs are required for the successful operation of the Wico EK magneto. The heavy drive spring works against the magnetic pull between the armature and the magnet poles. As the trip shaft moves tighter and tighter onto the drive spring, this force is overcome, and the drive spring is ready to pop the armature and points open very quickly this gives a good spark. A somewhat weaker return spring then snaps the armature firmly back into place against the magneto poles for the next sequence. If either of these springs is lost, broken, or just plain weak, then it is time to start experimenting until the proper combination is found. Perhaps in some future issues we can delve into some details of magneto ignition.
This month's first letter comes from Canada:
21/8/1Q. Here is a picture of a 1 HP Maytag upright engine. Would like to know the proper color this looks like it was an orange red. Are there many of these engines in existence? Also would like any information on a 1 HP McLeod engine, including the color. Harold Seibold, 32710 Okanagan Drive, RR 8, Clearbrook, BC V2S 6A9 Canada.
A. This writer can't recall ever hearing anyone comment on the proper color for the Maytag vertical model. While a few of these engines are still lurking about, they are scarce enough to command a good price in nearly all instances. We have no data whatever on the McLeod engine.
21/8/2Q. We are presently restoring a 5 HP Galloway with a round connecting rod, s/n 7125. Can anyone date this engine? Also, does anyone have information on a 1 HP engine built in Chicago by Mudge & Company. In addition we have a McCormick' Deering TD32, #TDBB4601. It is a hand-cranked diesel that starts on gasoline. Morris & Dave Cronk, Box 209, Torrington, WY 82240.
A. American Gas Engines, in discussing the Galloway notes that these engines came into their own during 1908. The early models used a turned and machined connecting rod, to which you refer. Although there is no available serial number data on the Galloway line, their tremendously large sales figures and the rather low serial number you indicate would lead us to believe that you engine probably came into being sometime prior to 1910. We have no data whatever on Mudge &. Company. With regard to your question on the McCormick-Deering TD32 engine, we plunged into our IHC material with great confidence, and after a lot of digging came up dry on this one, so we implore some of our IH experts to give us the answer!
21/8/3 Q. I recently acquired this IHC engine s/n LAB 4673. This was an oilfield engine in West Texas. It has the auxiliary water hopper complete with the original clamping device for holding the auxiliary hopper to the engine. What years was this engine built. I would be happy to provide dimensions and other information on this engine for anyone desiring same. Time Warner, P.O. Box 6187, Las Cruces,
A. Your engine was built in 1937.
21/8/4Bernard V. Barber, RR1, Box 332, Hamlet, IN 46532 writes that he has acquired a Falk 10 HP engine and is looking for another owner of same to get information and dimensions on some missing parts. Mr. Barber would also appreciate hearing from anyone with color information, operating data, etc. in short, anything that might get this engine running again.
21/8/5 Carl Setterlee, RD 7, Box 13, Somerset, PA 15501 writes that he has acquired a Mallalieu & Conrey 1 HP water-cooled engine and needs to correspond with anyone concerning paint color of same.
21/8/6 John Tisdale, Sterling Hill Road, Lyme, CT 06371 is looking for information on an IHC UD-282 6-cylinder diesel engine. Numbers stamped on the tag are 1527 and 2125. Mr. Tisdale reports that so far specs and information have been very hard to find. Anyone with information on this engine kindly contact Mr. Tisdale at the above address.
21/8/7 Q. I have a Panzer garden tractor built by Panzer Products Inc., Waynesboro, Virginia. It is a Model T70B and carries s/n 76281. Any information at all will be appreciated. Robert Penn, RR 2, Box 23, Camden, IN 46917.
A. The 1956 FIN Buyer's Guide lists a Panzer tractor as being produced by Copar Inc., 21 Avondale St., Laurel, Maryland. At right is a Panzer brochure, year unknown, which we received from a New York state subscriber on a recent visit in Lancaster. Note Panzer was at this time a division of Virginia Metal crafters unfortunately that's all we have on this one.
21/8/8 Ray Rylander, 805 E. San Rafael, Colorado Springs, CO 80903 asks about how to get insurance for his display that makes various wood puzzles. The insurance companies say that should a spectator get hurt, the 'show' insurance is not good because the puzzles are sold for money, albeit a fun-filled hobby type of business. Since it is a 'business' they say we need insurance.
21/8/9 Q. A friend of mine suggests I write you in regards to the Reid Gas Engine. The Reid Gas Engine Company was founded by my grandfather and great-uncle. I would appreciate any help you can give me in baiting a Reid gas engine in or near Oklahoma. John L. Reid, Route 4, Box 222, Tahlequah, OK 74464.
A. Since I know that a number of GEM readers are quite familiar with the Reid engine, how about corresponding with Mr. Reid. With the information some of you people have, plus what is certain to be a lot of background information that Mr. Reid might be able to supply, perhaps an in-depth history of this interesting engine might be waiting in the wings. Mr. Reid's phone number is 918-299-5646.
21/8/10 Q. I have a Fairbanks-Morse Model Z, 5 HP engine, style B, s/n799855, and would like to know its age, what it was used for, and would like to hear from someone who could supply further information on it. Jim Ringsrud, 3407 Cherry Lane, #3, Fargo, ND 58102.
A. It would appear that your engine was built in late 1937. You mentioned its having 3 v-belt grooves cut in one flywheel. Possibly it was set up with a generator Fairbanks built some complete engine-generator units on this plan, and using an ordinary radiator system. Fairbanks-Morse actively pursued the sale of these engine-generator combinations at least into the World War Two years, offering both A.C. and D.C. models in several sizes.
21/8/11 Q. I recently purchased a Standard Twin garden tractor, s/n 407C9496. Would like to know the year made, and would like to find a parts book for same. Although steel wheels seem to have been standard equipment, my tractor uses 18' tractor tires. Was this an option, or something homemade? The original colors appear to be: Engine, transmission, and handles Dark blue Cylinder and cylinder heads: Aluminum Wheels and Fuel Tank Red
Do you have matching numbers for the above?
Also have a David Bradley garden tractor, s/n 917.5751, Series 191, and would like to know the year made. On this tractor we also need to know the OEM engine, appropriate color scheme, and other information.
Thanks too for the information on the RC Case tractor 1 received through your column. John Turick, RR 2, Clubhouse Road, Lebanon, CT 06249.
A. We don't know of anyone who has reprinted a parts book for the Standard Twin, although it seems to be one of the most popular garden tractors appearing within this column. A perusal of various implement trade yearbooks and other literature indicates that very few pre-WW2 garden tractors came on factory rubber. As with farm tractors, many models that featured rubber tires in the late Thirties were forced back to steel wheels for the duration. The great impetus to rubberize garden tractors started about 1947, exploded in 1948, and has continued to grow ever since. By the early 1950's rubber tires were standard equipment on almost everything.
21/8/12Herman Sass, 20 East Morris Ave., Buffalo, NY 14214 would like to hear from anyone owning a Huber tractor in the U.S. and Canada, presumably for a directory he is compiling. We assume too that Huber tractors existing overseas would also be welcome to Mr. Sass' efforts.
21/8/13 Q. Can anyone identify this engine? The cam gear carries #A-64, connecting rod A-46. #9300 15 stamped on end of crankshaft. The engine has a 4 x 5 inch bore and stroke. Any help will be appreciated. Raymond Urton, Box 86, Syracuse, KS 67878.
A. The top of the water hopper resembles a Waterloo Boy engine, but the numbers do not match anything we have. Further, the governor is entirely different. After going through much of our material, we throw this one out for your response as 'what is it?'
21/8/14 Q. I would like more information on the 40-70 Flour City as built by Kinnard & Sons Mfg. Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota. Would like the year made the s/n is 2094. Also would like the proper colors for this tractor. Jim Luper, 881 Fitzhugh Dr., Apt. 15, Traverse City, MI 49684. (You can see this tractor at the Buckley Show the third weekend in August.)
A. We have a photocopy of their Catalog 23, and of course from this we cannot tell you the exact color scheme. Somewhere we have seen an original catalog for this tractor, and perhaps a response might come as a result of this inquiry. Although the serial number is quite low, the total production of these big tractors was also quite small, so definitely establishing the age of this tractor might be quite difficult. Congratulations on having a very rare tractor!