A Brief Word

5 HP Economy Engine


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We're assembling this copy in early February, with about two weeks to go before embarking on our distant journey to Australia, along with about 40 of our colleagues. Thus, while we're enjoying the Australian autumn and all the things to see and do, Linda will be filling in for ye olde Reflector next month. In all fairness to Linda, she does an excellent job of standing in, and we've even agreed to help out with a few things before we leave. However, that's probably our only sabbatical for this year.

Now that we've got our bases covered for the Australian Tour, we'll give you early notice of our next tour. This one is planned for perhaps June or July of 1998. Right now, we're looking at flying into Vienna, Austria, and spending two or three days in the area. That'll give everyone a chance to do their thing, whether it's spending all their time in the world-famous technical museum, sightseeing, shopping, or whatever. Personally, I'd love to have a chance to walk into that famous concert hall in Vienna that's the home of the Vienna Symphony, along with the technical museum, the giant ferris wheel, and other attractions.

From Vienna, we'd likely go west and north, picking up Linz, Passau, Salzburg, Innsbruck, and go on into Germany. Eventually, we'd plan on ending up at Sthlingen and Roland Porten's tractor and engine collection. After a couple of weeks, we'd like to finish our tour with a couple of days at Grindelwald in Switzerland. For those who have been there, we think this would be a marvelous closing for the tour before flying home from Zurich.

We don't have everything put together yet, but there would be very few repetitions from our recent European tour. Sthlingen would be a likely exception, and lots of folks on the last European tour would have liked more time at the huge displays at the University of Hohenheim. Also on the last tour, the famous Mercedes-Benz Museum was closed, so perhaps we'd try to include it in the 1998 tour.

We've discovered some sizable engine and tractor collections in Austria, and have charted some of them out on a map. Right now we're contacting numerous people in Austria to get a better picture of what to expect.

According to all the tour books and from many people who've been there, Passau (in Germany but near Linz, Austria) is a must-see city. The cathedral there houses the world's largest pipe organ, and they give concerts each day. Many of our people were disappointed in missing the weekly concert at Chester Cathedral last summer, but we made up for it somewhat by the visit to York minster. All in all, we hope to find that special blend of culture, entertainment, sightseeing, and old engines that will make the 1998 tour a memorable and exciting experience. One thing is for sure; we will take a maximum of two coaches, or about 80 people. Although our last European tour had 120 people, and everything worked out just fine, it's a real burden for ye olde Tour Host and the couriers to keep everything going smoothly. More on this in coming issues! By the way, if anyone has contacts, or knows of 'must-see' places, let us know.

We've finally given in to the Internet craze, and at this writing, we're getting set up for e-mail. We can see that it has some tremendous advantages, but we can also see that it can present some problems in that we have this fear of being deluged with mail to read and respond to. Right now, ye olde Reflector is thinking lots more about Australia than e-mail, so more on this later, as well.

We sadly report the passing of Eddie Mittelstadt of Eldorado, Iowa. Eddie was a great model maker, and a number of our readers are proud owners of one of his works of art. Some time ago, the Modelmaker's Corner ran an article and some photos of Eddie's then-current projects. (See October 1995, page 12.)

Our queries this month begin with:

32/4/1 Cushman Question Q. Just to let you know I've written to Reflections twice before and had my questions answered. I hope this is number three.

I have a Cushman 3 HP engine, Model 3R20B, s/n 68590, and would like to know the year built. At the bottom of the nameplate it says: Bean Special Cub. I know it was a pump engine at one time, and it uses a Wico EK magneto. Frank O'Meara, 19991 Birchwood Loop, Chugiak, Alaska 99567.

A. The third time isn't always a charm, because there aren't any known records of the Cushman engines.

32/4/2 On Horsepower Ratings Q. In reference to the information on horsepower in the January 1997 GEM, my father who worked for Fairbanks-Morse in the 1930s always told me that automobile makers and others used a false method of showing horsepower. He said that to determine actual horsepower of automotive engines in relation to steam, diesel and electric power was to simply divide the published results by three. For example, an engine advertised as 100 HP was actually about 33 HP. The truth of this was proven to me in the early 1950s when Harley-Davidson suddenly jumped from 8 HP in one model year to 25 HP the next year without any significant changes in design. Jesse Livingston, 498 N. Old Troy Rd., Troy, TN 38260.

A. To further muddy the already muddy waters about horsepower, there's theoretical horsepower, there's flywheel horsepower, there's brake horsepower, and the steam engine folks will steadfastly proclaim that the only true indication is the nominal horsepower rating that was used for years. We suppose it's all relative, but we've never been real sure of how the theoretical horsepower, that is, the ability to raise 33,000 pounds one foot in one minute, came about. As a farm kid, I know for sure that all horses didn't pull the same . . .

32/4/3 Unidentified Engine Q. See the photo of an engine of 5 HP, s/n 92787. There are no other markings that I know of. The engine is red. What is the make! Chet Chambers, 40 Uncatena Ave., Worcester, MA 01606.

A. Your engine is a 5 HP Economy sold by Sears and made by Hercules. See page 457 of American Gas Engines.

32/4/4 Kleinmotoren Gmbh. Q. See the two photos of a two-cycle engine (no reed valves; cylinder has open duct to crankcase). It uses a Tillotson carburetor, and has a 2.5 x 3.0 bore and stroke. The only markings are Kleinmotoren GMBH Stuttgart. The year made and any further information would be appreciated. Raymond Gray, 2135 Little Valley Road, Sevierville, TN 37862.

A. We didn't find this one in our recently acquired book, Deutsche Stationr Motoren, but perhaps someone might have some information for you.

32/4/5 Schramm Tractor Q. I just acquired a six-cylinder, rubber-tired Schramm, Model COUH, s/n S112595. Three cylinders power the tractor and the other three pump air to a tank. The head froze and broke, so I need to find a source for parts. Can anyone provide me with further information on this tractor and on the company? Ed Kahlie, 7632 Vicki Dr., Whittier, CA 90606-2250.

32/4/6 Thanks! to John Bauserman Sr., 9185 6 Mile Rd., Battle Creek, MI 49014. He sent a photocopy of an early Clifton Motor Works catalog, somewhat earlier than the one we borrowed when compiling the American Gas Engines book.

32/4/7 Rawleigh-Schryer Q. What is the proper color scheme for a Rawleigh-Schryer engine, and what is the year made? Mine is s/n AA11418, 1 HP. William Paulsen, Rt 1, Box 83, Finley, ND 58230-9766.

A. Our Notebook gives DuPont 036 Brown as the proper color. It is trimmed in blue. Pages 408 and 409 of American Gas Engines provide some clues on the striping scheme, as well as providing some information on the production period.

32/4/8 From South Africa Q. See photo 8A of a mechanical jack from Weaver Mfg. Co., Springfield, Illinois. It is called an JO-WAY; I'd like to know more about it, especially the color.

Photo 8-B 15 of an Aermotor Type Z (s/n 9429). I adopted the engine from our local museum (Bathurst Agricultural Museum) who have a wide variety of machinery. It had been standing there for many years with only a coat of paint slapped on. Numerous parts were missing. What is the year built, and the correct color?

Photos 8-C, 8-D, and 8-E are of an unknown make vertical sideshaft engine. It has a face cam with governor underneath and an ignitor with a spring blade contactor to break current when the rocker depresses the exhaust valve. The engine has a 4 x 6 inch bore and stroke, the flywheels are 24 inches in diameter. In American Gas Engines, on page 323 is the National Engine Co. of Rockford, Illinois, and on page 85 is an identical engine from Cavanaugh & Darley of Chicago, Illinois. Can anyone provide further information?

Lastly, my dad and I also have our own collection of engines and a tractor. I have a Fairbanks-Morse Z Style C, 3 HP, a Maytag 72-D (few of them in our country), and a Fowler PPB 3 HP (1943) and a 1 HP John Deere EK engine. My dad has only John Deeres. They are a 1 HP EK, s/n 303868; two 6 HP EK engines, 347703 and 278331; and two 3 HP EK engines, 359866 and 347486. Also we have a John Deere M tractor, s/n 19563. Can you give me build dates on these?

There are many old and rare engines scattered throughout our country, and the Vintage Tractor & Engine Club of South Africa has a good following of dedicated people, young and old, keeping the OLD IRON alive. Any help would be appreciated. Cradock Cuyler, 164 Charles St., Somerset East, Eastern Cape 5850, South Africa.

A. Starting with the 1 Deere, s/n 303868 and continuing, here are the build dates in order: 1929, 1938, 1927, 1944, 1938. The M tractor was made in 1948. If anyone can be of help, kindly contact Mr. Cuyler.

32/4/9 Allen Oxford Q. See the photos of a recently acquired sickle mower; it is powered by a Villiers two-stroke engine. The 21-inch wheels have 'Allen Oxford' cast in them, and the engine tag reads: John Allen and Sons (Oxford) Ltd., Cowley, Oxford. Machine No. R49729. How old is this machine, and can anyone supply any information on same? Any additional information would be greatly appreciated. Al Kopka, 35271 Acacia Ave., Yucaipa, CA 92399.

32/4/10 Stover Engine Q. I have a Stover engine, #T64245. It looks like the one at the top of page 20, Power in the Past, Volume 3, but has primer for cylinder, same as engine at bottom of page 20. The head has an electrical connection for battery ignition, same as engine at bottom of page 21. The HP was never stamped on tag. What is the horsepower? Joseph P. Barss, 19 Kempley St., Canton, MA 02021.

A. Your engine is listed in the production records as a 4 HP model. Sometimes certain features carried over (or back) when changes were made. Probably the company used up the older parts inventory before the changeover was complete. That accounts for subtle variations in the engines.

32/4/11 International I-12 Q. I have an International I-12, s/n IS909. What is the year of this tractor and what was the original color scheme? The only traces of paint I can find appear to be red. All help appreciated. Rick Kramer, Box 161, Rehrersburg, PA 19550.

A. Without some serious digging, we can't be sure that the Industrial s/n's don't go along with the W-12 serials. If that's the case, your tractor is a 1934 model. Chances are that it was red, although industrials were often painted to order for the customer, so as to match up with their plant, factory, or equipment colors.

32/4/12 Thanks! from John L. Moss, 709 Wendel, Houston, TX 77009. He writes: Thanks to the nice people who responded to my GEM ad regarding my interest in purchasing a four-cylinder OHV Wisconsin engine. Calls and letters came from all over the country, and as a result, I purchased two of the engines.

32/4/13 Christensen Q. I am working on a Christensen 7 HP Type FF sideshaft which turns counterclockwise. Does anyone know the year, original color, and the striping scheme? I'm especially interested in finding any further information on this engine. Also, the original hopper decal was for Koehring Machine Co., Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Do they still exist? David Walker, 1112 Betts St., El Cajon, CA 92020.

A. Our Notebook has DuPont 6654, 65541, and G9348 all listed as comparable colors; also Ditzler 40496 Green. The illustrations on page 99 of American Gas Engines show the striping scheme, with the striping being a deep chrome yellow. Koehring Co. is still building cranes and heavy equipment but we don't have a precise mailing address.

32/4/14 Ultimotor Q. I purchased an old Maytag washer. The engine is an Ultimotor by Johnson Motor Co., s/n D-11412. Can anyone give an approximate age of the engine, or provide further information, such as a manual? Any help would be appreciated. Norman Hansen, 2982 Hwy 71, Cambridge, ID 83610.

32/4/15 Re: Co-op TractorsDonald A. Olson, 4685 E Co Rd 134, Moose Lake, MN 55767 writes: Co-op Cockshutt and Co-op are two entirely different tractors. Cockshutt Co-ops were made by Cockshutt in Canada. They were painted orange and sold in the U.S. as Co-op.

Co-op tractors were first made in 1936 by Duplex Printing Co. of Battle Creek, Mich. There were three models; a #1, #2, and #3. The #1 had a four-cylinder Waukesha engine; #2 and #3 both have a Chrysler Industrial six-cylinder motor.

The correct paint for Co-ops was/is DuPont 674 Red. I'd be happy to discuss Co-op tractors anytime. I have 20 of them and have done a lot of research.

32/4/16 Boyer Marine Q. See the photo of a Boyer marine engine that I acquired in 1995. The only information I've found so far is an ad from a 1920 issue of Motor Boat Magazine. It shows that the engine was made by Boyer Machine Co., East Oakland, California. It was built in 5 and 10 HP sizes, with H. G. McLaughlin Co. being distributors for Washington, Alaska, and British Columbia. I would like to hear from anyone having a Boyer engine, or information on same. All replies will be greatly appreciated. Albert Locatelli, 224 Goss Ave., Santa Cruz, CA 95065.

32/4/17 Rix Question Q. See the photo of a Rix water cooled gas engine, about 200 pounds worth. The mag and crank are missing. Any information would be appreciated. Roy Baldwin, Box 327, Sterling, Alaska 99672.

A. We don't even have this one listed in any of our books, so we'd like to know something about it too!

32/4/18 Associated Q. I have an Associated Johnny Boy, 1 HP engine, s/n 253225. Can you advise as to age and color? Fred Tomlin, 80 Fairground Rd., Elma, WA 98541.

A. We can't as to age, but as to color it is DuPont 2622 Red, with the head and cylinder being silver.

32/4/19 Unidentified Q. See the two photos of an unidentified engine. I have made some shows with it and no one has any idea of its use or application. Can someone provide some clues? Clayton Mezger, Route 1, Box 52E, Marble Falls, TX 78654.

32/4/20 Re: Koban Co.Bruce Hall, Rt 90, King Ferry, NY 13081 writes: Regarding 32/1/36 on the Koban engines, Koban was in business in Milwaukee in 1921 and was bought out in April 1927 by Evinrude Motors, then headed by August Petrie. Petrie sold Evinrude Motors to Briggs & Stratton in 1928, then headed by Stephen Briggs. Briggs was responsible for forming Outboard Marine Corporation (OMC), a move that essentially saved the Evinrude line of motors from extinction. Further information on Koban is available from: Orlin Johnson, 832 North Hibbard, Staunton, IL 62088.

Bruce also suggests that possibly Mr. Johnson would write a historical article on Koban, so we'll contact him and see whether he might.

32/4/21 Stover Q. I have a Stover 1 HP engine, s/n K124783. When was it built, and what is the correct color? I also have a 2 HP Lansing engine, made in Lansing; s/n 68037, and would like to know more about it, including when it was made. I also have a Co-op two-bottom plow with steel wheels and would like to know the correct color scheme. Doug Miller, 318E 650N West Lafayette, IN 47906.

A. The Stover was made in 1919; it is green, similar to DuPont 2015. We can't answer the other questions; can anyone help?

Model makers Corner

Ted H. Stein, 3228 - 180th St., Ft. Madison, IA 52627-9767 writes that he is told that someone is making patterns and/or castings for a model of the IHC Mogul engine and would like to know who's making them. We've talked with the fellow who is working on this project, but we don't know the stage of his activities, nor has he given us permission to use his name in this regard, at least at this point. Perhaps (and hopefully) he will see this query and respond directly to Mr. Stein. (Recognizing everyone's privacy is often a problem when writing a column such as this ... and we hate the ringing sound in our ears when someone gripes that we haven't looked after these things properly).

A Closing Word

We're finishing up this column late in the afternoon on February 6, 1997. We started early this morning, but something went awry on the keyboard for the computer, so that meant a trip to the computer shop where we bought a brand new one (and a good one at that) for under $25. Isn't that something! A few years ago the same thing happened, and a new keyboard was almost $100. Would to goodness that most other things would come down in price instead of go up! While there, we gazed upon some of the newer machines that have blazing speed, especially when compared with our old Gateway 386DX model. Ah well, it's done its job for several years, and for the most part doesn't have any serious limitations. The Internet connection will be on an Apple Performa, so essentially what we're doing is keyboarding books and our monthly articles on this old standby. By the way, Stemgas has an e-mail address for those of you so inclined. It's The office reminds me that this e-mail connection is not yet set up to take credit card transactions.

That's all for this time. After a very long day, we'll make a hurried trip to the Post Office with our monthly packet, then we'll come home, sit back in the recliner with a wee dram of liquid refreshment and call it quits for the day!