Christensen 2 HP engine

Clifford Whiting

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This month we have a huge amount of correspondence, so under the usual constraint of space, some letters may be edited to include the necessary questions, but may not include all of your letter. GEM and the Reflector greatly appreciate your letters, so please understand that editing your letter is done only to provide room for everyone's correspondence.

Several people wrote in, commenting on a recent letter by Harold Penny in regard to advertisements. Apparently, many others feel the same way as Mr. Penny. Wherever possible, kindly include your prices in your 'For Sale' adsour letters indicate that many people will not respond at all if no price is given.

A number of people have written in about the matter of liability insurance for their shows. We have no recommendations to make at all regarding a specific carrier we suggest you contact various agencies in your area. Given today's propensity to file a lawsuit for almost anything, and the large awards in many of these cases, we would bet that wherever you can get liability insurance, it will be expensive! In fact, liability insurance premiums have gotten so far out of hand that many counties and municipalities are having trouble finding coverage at any price. Another suggestion you may wish to contact officials of other engine shows to determine where they have obtained liability coverage. Regardless, we will not in any way recommend that you put on a show without the benefit of liability insurance!

Several readers have suggested that we incorporate a 'Helpful Hint' of some sort with each issue. This may be of help, especially to collectors just now joining our fraternity. The idea sounds so good that we will attempt to do so at the end of each column forthwith.

GEM readers may also be interested to know that considerable agitation exists in the Nebraska State Legislature to greatly modify or possibly eliminate the Tractor Test Laboratory at Lincoln. A published report in Farm Industry News notes that a bill sponsored by Republican Senator Rex Haberman is currently before committee. It calls for immediate closing of the TTL. Haberman claims the Nebraska Tractor Test Law is outdated, and says the law handicaps dealers near the Nebaraska boarders, because dealers in other states can sell machines not tested at the TTL.

Dr. Louis I. Leviticus, Engineer-in-Charge at the Tractor Test Laboratory (TTL) disagrees. Leviticus notes that most tractor companies support the TTL, 'because it does keep everyone honest.'

Another bill in the Nebraska Legislature would make the Tractor Test Laboratory an OECD site. A world wide group, the Organization of Economic Cooperation &. Devlopment (OECD) tests tractors in many countries. The U.S. belongs to OECD but has no testing requirements.

The Tractor Test Laboratory at Lincoln has gained world-wide recognition as an independent, unbiased source of information on tractor horsepower, performance, and comfort. We will keep you advised of further developments. Now for the first letter:

21/4/1 Q. Bill Huxley, 46 Loomer Road, Chesterton, New Castle, Staffs., ST5 7LB England asks whether there would be sufficient interest on the part of GEM readers to have them send in their specialty so that a directory might be published including for instance, A-C Collectors, John Deere Collectors, Oliver specialists, etc. This would be helpful when traveling about the country, so that one might look up these individuals when passing through. Mr. Huxley is also interested in knowing how many countries get GEM every month?

A. In addition to the United States and Canada, GEM is sent to Australia, England, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Scotland, Sweden and Wales.

21/4/2 Q. Glenn D. Meyer, RR 2, Box 104, Baldwin, WI54002 sends a photo of his Joy 15 HP engine. Several years ago Mr. Meyer made a similar inquiry about this engine, in GEM, but got no replies. A recently published list of engines in GEM noted the Joy Special, but gave no parts supplier. All inquiries so far have turned up nothing about this engine. We would greatly appreciate any information at all about the Joy engines.

A. After studying the photograph, we suspect that the Joy was somehow connected with the Ohio engine. American Gas Engines, page 354 illustrates several styles of Ohio engines, and the similarity seems too much for mere coincidence. Possibly Ohio built the engine and Joy attached their own nameplate. Note in the photograph that the Joy has the identical carburetor setup as used by Ohio this one is just too offbeat for anyone else to have used by coincidence! The Reflector may stand corrected, but our money says it was built by Ohio.

21/4/3 Q. Can anyone tell us where to get information on a Cushman Model C engine, 4 HP, s/n 29490? Ours is incomplete. Roy T. Webb, Salem Rd., RR 2, LaGrange, GA 30240.

A. Cushman engine information should be available from various suppliers advertising in GEM, and some of our readers might also be of help.

21/4/4 Q. Any information on a Fruehauf garden tractor? It has the rear end of the Handiman, but also has a front end, hood, and the engine is up-front. Was it made by Sears, or did Fruehauf buy Handiman out and make it from leftover Handiman parts? Is the Briggs & Stratton Model ZZ engine correct for the Fruehauf, and what is the correct paint color? Clayton Brimmer, 17430 Yankee Road, Morley, MI 49336.

A. You ask some questions we can't answer. The 1957 FIN Buyer's Guide shows Sears, Roebuck &. Co. as parts supplier for the Handiman, but neither in this nor in earlier issues do we see reference to the Fruehauf tractor. We appeal to our readers!

21/4/5 Q. Can you supply the year built for an IHC Type M, 1 HP engine, s/n W83448? Also for an IH Model LB engine, s/n LBA82331. What is the proper color for the IHC Type M? Tim Ranisate, RR 1, Box 508, Shevlin, MN 56676.

A. The1 Type M is a 1929 model, and the LB was built in 1944. We believe that Sherwin-Williams #4757 Green is comparable.

21/4/6 Q. I have an International 3 HP engine, s/n B24605. It is not illustrated in 150 Years of International Harvester. The nameplate is on top of the hopper, but otherwise it is similar in appearance to the Type M engine. Earl Hertzog, RR 1, Box 101, Hoxie, KS 67740.

A. Your engine was built in 1920. Until Harvester got settled with the Federal government over the 1902 merger, nothing was marketed as McCormick-Deering. The McCormick and Deering lines were separate entities under International's corporate umbrella. After settlement, Harvester merged all the lines together (as they should have been in the first place.) Details of this complicated corporate setup may be found in 150 Years of International Harvester and other publications.

21/4/7 Q. Tim Roster, Box 14, Tounline Road, Bayshore, MI 49711 asks the proper color for the Type M McCormick-Deering and for the Fairbanks-Morse Z engines.

A. See 21/4/5 above regarding the Type M engines. The Fairbanks-Morse 'Z' is closely comparable to DuPont Dulux 93-72001 green.

21/4/8 Q. Sometime back someone advertised a service of new spokes and steel wheel rims welded to original hubs which had been converted to rubber tires. Can anyone tell us who is providing this service? Jim R. Crownhart, RR 3, Ellsworth, WI 54011.

A. Would anyone providing this service kindly contact Mr. Crownhart and GEM.

21/4/9 Q. We need information, operating instructions, etc. for Monitor 5 HP horizontal, Type H-J and Monitor 1 vertical Type VJ. Also would like to know if any serial number information is available. David W. Creed, RR 1, Box 155, Joplin, MO 64801.

A. The Reflector has no serial number information on these engines, but we believe some GEM advertisers might be able to provide either an instructions or parts book.

21/4/10 Q. John Turick, RR 2, Clubhouse Road, Lebanon, CT 06249 poses the following questions: 1. Can anyone supply information on a walk-behind garden tractor built by Sam Beachy & Son, Salisbury, Pennsylvania. The nameplate reads: Endless Tread Garden Tractor. Pat 2,529369. s/n 9445. There is no engine on the frame, so would appreciate any information on the correct engine as well. 2. What is the proper paint color for an RC Case tractor, s/n 317942, and when was this tractor built? 3. Where can I obtain plans, blue prints, or publications about building working gas or steam tractor models?

A.The Patent Office Gazette for November 7, 1950 shows the above patent issued to Samuel A. Beachy. Application was made on March 22, 1945. A line drawing of the patent indicates undeniably that an ordinary Maytag single-cylinder horizontal engine was used. Apparently it was modified to the extent that a handle was attached to the front pedal used for starting. We suspect your Case RC is a 1935 model, but our serial number lists are incomplete on Case tractors. We also presume this model to be 'Case gray'. This color was available from Case dealers until recently, and so far we have not been able to get an accurate match for it. Quite a number of GEM advertisers offer castings, blue prints, etc. for model building. A few publications such as Live Steam magazine at Traverse City, Michigan specialize in model work, although their primary emphasis seems to be on model locomotives.

21/4/11 Q. I would like to exchange information with anyone in regard to the New-Way twin cylinder opposed engine, especially on carburetion and ignition. Rich Howard, Hysham, Montana 59038.

A. We hope this query gives you some results. Carburetion on these engine was notoriously poor, especially under a light load. A single carburetor, centrally located, fed both cylinders. On the long journey from carburetor to cylinder, condensation of the fuel yielded mostly wind. Setting the carburetor for more fuel usually gives one cylinder the whole load while the other one starves. Precise fuel regulation of this system we compare to a couple of people staying balanced on a teeter board all day longit's mighty hard to do! We certainly don't wish to discourage you the New-Way twin double cylinder is a rare bird! But we do want to assure you that getting one of these running like Grandpa's watch is going to be a challenge.

21/4/12 Q. Has anyone come in on the color for green paint for the Cushman Model R engines? Also are decals available for this model? We need information on a 2 HP Cushman Cub. Fallen Millick, 53 Button Mill Rd., RD #4, Malvern, PA 19355.

A. Whether it is exactly correct we aren't sure, but the Reflector has finished his Cushman vertical engines in DuPont 93-62713-H green. Several GEM advertisers offer instructions for the Cushman Cub.

21/4/13 Q. Our Ottawa log saw is painted a grass green with yellow pinstriping. This is apparently the original paint job. Were some Ottawa engines red? Were the log saw engines actually built by Ottawa? We have been told that some Associated engine parts will interchange. Dennis Shimmin, PO Box A, Lewellen, NE 69147

A. It appears that Ottawa's earlier two-flywheel design was finished in red enamel. Just when the changeover from red to green took place, we don't know. It has always been our understanding that Ottawa built what they sold, although there is always the possibility that some of the work might have been farmed out to Associated. As to parts interchangeability, we won't even hazard a guess on that one, but perhaps some of our readers can supply some information in this regard.

21/4/14 A. From Alan Haugh, Haugholm Books, Brucefield, Ontario N0M 1J0 Canada comes this inquiry: We have an International Booster engine similar to the one shown on page 132 of 150 Years of International Harvester. Would like to correspond with someone having one of these, as we need to make some missing parts. Also have an early 3HP International vertical similar to that shown on page no of the above, book. Ours has s/n 231. It has considerable original paint which is a dark red on main body and outside rim of flywheels, and black on the base. Would like to hear from anyone on the Booster engine, and from anyone with a lower serial number than #231.

21/4/15 Q. I have a Monarchi 1 HP natural gas engine from Royal Engine Co., Saginaw, Michigan. In bench testing the Webster magneto and igniter plug it gives a large blue spark. After checking and rechecking all adjustments, it will not run. I have tried a full range of air and gas mixtures. Any suggestions? Ervin D. Martin, 7969 Fulton Road, Stelring, OH 44276.

A. To state things simplistically, if there is compression, fuel, and fire, the engine has to run! Since you have obviously spent a lot of time on the fuel end, how about taking another squint at the ignition. Since the Webster looks OK on the bench, perhaps the pickup isn't bringing the armature around far enough. We have already resorted to pulling the cylinder head or the piston so as to observe the actual happenings. (With the piston out, you will need a long mirror to view the igniter). Now by turning the engine over you can see whether sufficient spark is present to do the job. We have found that Webster oscillators suffer from many afflicitions, including worn trip fingers, weak springs, dragging armature, to name a few. We have also learned that the same symptoms don't always appear on the bench. The Reflector is sure that there could be several reasons for your problems, but our first reaction is to start with the ignition.

21/4/16 Q. I would like information on a Stover engine, s/n KF199869 such as age, paint color, timing, etc. Nelson Geistweidt, Star Route, Box 33, Doss, Texas 78618.

A. Your engine was built in late 1928. It is finished in a very dark brewster green color. Information on timing and other instructions can be obtained from Power in the Past, Vol. 3: A History of Stover Engine Works. It is available from several GEM advertisers.

21/4/17 Q. I wonder if someone in engine land would send me a copy of the owner's manual for an 8 cycle engine. Would like to know the opening and closing time of exhaust, engine timing, and paint color, also info on the igniter. I have a Coleman dish heater which I wish someone would tell me how to light. When heated with a Turner torch it works great. Coleman factory was no help. Dell R. Grupe, 3929 Globe Ave., Culber City, CA 90230.

A. We assume that by 8-cycle you are referring to the Aermotor pump jack engine, but since we are unsure of this, we reserve comment. We have no information on Coleman heaters.

21/4/18 Q. I would like to start a club for the small air-cooled Nelson engines and would like to hear from anyone having one of these, extra parts, serial numbers, etc. Also would like to do the same thing with International Famous, LA, LB, etc. We found that the IHC blue color mentioned in a recent column matches Magic MS110 Royal Blue. It is available here locally, and we could get it for anyone needing some. Ben J. Kinsinger, RD 1, Meyersdale, PA 15552.

21/4/19 Q. Can anyone help with pictures, literature, or information to help restore a Pony garden tractor built by Pony Tractor Co., Lincoln, Nebraska between 1953 and 1962? Jack Harrell, Box 142, Roanoke, IN 46783.

A. Since we can find no reference to this company in the Tractor Field Book, we assume that it enjoyed only a limited production. Perhaps one of our readers can help.

21/4/20 Q. Paul D. Miller, 332 Edgewood Dr., Denham Springs, LA 70726 is looking for information on a small cotton gin made by Eagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridge-water, Mass. The gin is about 3 feet long, about 18 inches wide, and about 24 inches tall with several gears and a wood-slat conveyor belt. Any help will be appreciated.

A. Any answers on this one will have to come from somebody else the Reflector has never laid eyes on a cotton gin! Surely some of our readers can provide some information.

21/4/21 Q. I have a Christensen 2 HP engine (see photos). It is a Type B, not the sideshaft model. The engine is in bad shape and missing several parts, so we would like to hear from anyone having one of these engines, or having some literature on them. After finding out what I need for parts then I can advertise for them. Clifford Whiting, RR 2, Sycamore IL 60178.

A. The Reflector has always thought there was a great similarity with this engine and the small Rockford engines built at Rockford, Illinois. In fact, we are not at all sure that it isn't virtually the same engine. The small Independent Harvester Co. sideshaft model was built by Rockford, and the Christensen Model B sure has a lot of similarity, so this may be another approach.

21/4/22 Q. I am restoring a Bean Orchard Sprayer, and would like to know the paint color for the Novo engine which powers the pump. Jim Dowgin, Box 257, Dayton, NJ 08810.

A. We believe the Novo to correspond closely with DuPont 93-77161 green.

21/4/23 Q. Can anyone tell me more about our New Way engine (see photos). The nameplate is missing. Also would like to know if new decals for the fan shroud are available. Jim Coe, 119 Joshua, Henderson, NV 89015.

A. We would guess your engine to be a Model 30, 3 HP size. In addition, New-Way used a 'K-' prefix for battery equipment, 'L' for battery and magneto, and 'M' for Bosch magneto equipment. These engines were very popular up to about 1918 many companies sold them, including some branches of John Deere Plow Compnay. We are unaware of anyone offering New Way engine decals at this time.

21/4/24 Q. I have a Farmall Regular tractor that doesn't have the nameplate on the tool box, so I don't know when it was made. Is there any place else on the tractor where I can find the serial number? Garnettl Krumm, nooo Highway C, HillsbomM MO 63050.

A. We thought we could find the! answer in a Farmall Regular Parts I Book, but it states 'Serial number on I tag on tool box.' Surely it must be stamped some place on the tractor. If I anyone can tell us, let Mr. Krumm I and the Reflector know about it, I please.

21/4/25 Q. What are the proper colors fen a I McCormick-Deering No. 8 Little Genius I plow? Brandt J. Groen, 1601 N.W. Ella AVe., Willmar, MN 56201.

A. We cannot locate a color scheme! for the No. 8 Little Genius, but do have a color illustration of the somewhat older Little Chief model. It used an all-red frame with olive green wheels. However, if memory is correct, the Little Genius used a combination of red and blue.

21/4/26 Q. Last year we acquired a small yardsize tractor. The tag is missing, but on the cast iron grill is 'Bantam.' We would like to know who built this tractor, along with any other information about it. For those restoring Challenge engines, we find DuPont Centari 7498A to be the correct shade of green. Challenge also used white, yellow and gold for striping, but gold matches the striping around the original decal. Dan Sauter, 508 Bernadette Ln., Batavia, IL 60510.

A. The Reflector checked old issues of FIN's Buyer's Guide but came up dry on the Bantam tradename. Thanks for the information on the Challenge engine color.

21/4/27 Q. I have a Stover MV-2 engine, s/n VA211095R, as pictured in your American Gas Engines, page 4Q5- We need an instruction manual, as the governor is not working right. Louis G. Shafer, 7125 Old Clinton H., Knoxville, TN 37921.

A. Your MV-2 was built in 1930. The Reflector acquired much of the remaining Stover material from the late Lester L. Roos several years ago, and is able to supply photocopies only of most Stover instruction manuals. In so doing the Reflector hopes  to continue the practice of Mr. Roos in supplying needed information to Stover engine collectors. This is not a commercial enterprise, but operates on an at-cost basis in the tradition of Mr. Roos.

21/4/28 Branson Enterprises, 7722 Elm Ave., Rockford, IL 61111 sends along a clipping from the December 22,1985 issue of the Chicago Tribune. An article in that issue warned of the health dangers from paint, and especially from spray painting. Although space does not permit use of the entire article, several important points are presented:

Symptoms of 'eye watering, headache, or dizziness' may indicate over-exposure 'of the sort that might, if it were repeated and prolonged enough, lead to nerve damage.' (our emphasis)

If painting inside, use exhaust fans, not just a couple of open windows.

Be aware of the health dangers involved in products containing methylene chloride. The Consumer Product Safety Commission says that 'the way people use products containing methylene chloride poses one of the highest cancer risks ever calculated for a consumer product.' The Tribune article goes on to state that 'many consumers magnify the potential risk by using paint strippers in basements and other rooms with little ventilation.'

Also noted in the article is a product label used by Binney & Smith, Easton, PA on an aerosol product used to coat artist's drawings: 'Exposure may cause nervous system damage or kidney damage, or harm to the developing fetus. .. Avoid using if pregnant or contemplating pregnancy.'

NOTE: While the Reflector doesn't want to sound like an activist, we certainly wish to thank the folks at Branson Enterprises for bringing this to our attention. Please take note of the above warnings - some of the products we now use are exotic indeed, and there is no reason to jeopardize your health. Surely this doesn't need mentioning, but all of you always use a suitable mask when spray painting, don't you?

21/4/29 Q. We have a 4 HP MECO sold by Manufacturer's Engine Co. We were wondering how many were produced, and their scarcity now. Was there a connection between MECO and Witte? Would like to correspond with anyone having information or literature on this company. Also wondering about the rarity of a Cushman R-14 Cub engine. Larry Lucke, 15023 Pepperwood, Mil-lard, KIE 68154.

A. We suspect the MECO was actually manufactured by Witte, perhaps to MECO's specifications. This practice was fairly common very few of the mail order companies for instance, actually built engines. We doubt there are any great number of MECO engines around MECO didn't stay in the engine business very long, or at least didn't advertise their wares for any length of time. Cushman Cub engines are not particularly rare as a generic group, but certain models are rather difficult to find.

21/4/30 Q. We are restoring an Aermotor engine with the fluted hopper. Can anyone tell us the proper color, striping, etc. Cress Gackle, 7855 W. 167 St., Tinley Park, IL 60477.

A. We may stand corrected, but we recall the Aerometer as being finished in a deep maroon, with the fluted hopper being aluminum. We are not sure of the striping scheme, but perhaps an owner of one of these swell engines can help. Incidentally, the fluted hopper provided an extra large cooling area with a bare minimum of water. That's the practical side beyond that the distinctive appearance makes this particular engine very unique by anyone's standards.

21/4/31 Q. What are the proper colors for the IHC LA engines as shown on page 249 of American Gas Engines'! Chris Bird-sell, 1048 N. Fayette, Jacksonville, IL 62650.

A. It appears that the early LA engines were finished in IH gray with a red flywheel. Later models were entirely red, but when the change was made is unknown.

21/4/32 Q. What is the proper color for the Witte AC Dieselectric vertical engine? We are also looking for instructions, parts book, and any other information on this 3 HP engine, s/n D517. Al Sibson, 1474 E. Nichols Dr., Littleton, CO 80122.

A. The only one of these we have ever seen was finished in the usual Witte green comparable to DuPont Dulux 93-5800. We have no information on these, but perhaps one of our readers can help.

21/4/33 Q. Lawrence Dittmer, RR I, Box 26, Shelby, IA 51570 asks where he might get information regarding liability insurance for a small two-day engine show.

A. See 'A Brief Word' at the beginning of this month's Reflections column.

21/4/34 Q. Jody Bakken, 2175 Mangum Rd., Memphis, TN 38134 sends us a photo of a Nelson Bros. Little Jumbo engine they recently restored. Mr. Bakken would like to hear from other Little Jumbo owners. Also, information is needed on an Alpha engine from DeLaval, Type F, 1 HP, s/n 42275, including the proper paint color.

21/4/35 Q. Can anyone identify our ECKO motor (see photo)? Ecko Motor is the only name on it. It is of 2-cycle design, there are 3 intake valves that work in sequence, and it uses a ported exhaust. The cylinder has 2 pistons in it, and the lower part of the connecting rod looks like a steam engine crosshead. The nuts and bolts are not S.A.E. or metric. It has nickel-plated rocker arm, pushrod, valve guides, cylinder bolts, and more. Also, it uses a Breeze carburetor. Any information will be greatly appreciated. Jeff and Bob Bartheld, 14018 NE 85th St., Elk River, MN 55330.

A. The Breeze carburetor is the only familiar part for the Reflector. Quite a few different engines used it at some time or other. Beyond that, the Ecko is altogether different from anything we have seen. It will be interesting to see if someone can identify this one!


Wheels and Bushings for engine trucks For engine truck wheels that are either too large or worn out of round, we take the wheel and weld a bead inside the hole. Then place the wheel on a firebrick with the axle hole tight to the firebrick. Then pour hot lead or melted down wheel weights and fill the hole. Let it cool itself. Do not use any water to cool down. Then drill the hole to your axle size. The welded bead will anchor the lead from turning. I have used this process several times with good results.

Replacing head nuts and main bearing nuts on gas engines To get something that looks original, use 5/8 standard front-wheel lug nuts, or standard rear-wheel lug nuts. These can be found on large GMC, Ford, or International dump trucks. Also, you can cut these nuts down for jam nuts.

Both of these suggestions sent in by R. Babbitt, RR 1, Box 95, Voluntown, CT 06384.

Lister engines Regarding questions in the January issue on Lister engines: Lister still uses the lever to control compression ratio as a starting aid. The compression release principle was also used on gasoline engines. In the case of Lister, it enlarges the combustion chamber to reduce compression pressure. With some diesels compression pressure is so high, pressure readings take with the engine running at a specified speed, because batteries would deplete very fast when taking readings on a multiple cylinder engine. For example, on a Detroit Diesel 71 Series naturally aspirated engine, readings are taken at 600 rpm. With 18.7 compression ration, minimum pressure is 515 PSI up to 500 ft. altitude. At 10,000 feet altitude minimum pressure is 380 PSI. Daniel J. Renovetz, Great Lakes Energy Systems, Box 10, Brunswick, OH 44212-0010.

20/7/6Glass Battery Cells David M. Adkins, 1037 Ostrander Rd., Ostrander, OH 43061 writes I that many power plants and telephone exchanges still use the big battery jars referred to previously. However, due to the excessive weight, they are not very suitable for a show setup. Instead Mr. Adkins uses a set of 8-D diesel batteries.

An Unusual Jeep (February 1986 GEM) A letter from Alton Good, Alton Good Advertising, 262 Swamp Fox Road, Chambersburg, PA 17201 includes some photocopy material from this firm's historic advertising library. Originally placed in the May, 1948 issue of Farm Journal this advertisement illustrates the Jeep equipped with a hydraulically powered 3-point hitch, together with a 2-bottom plow.

Vermont engine builders Walt Celley, RR 1, Cabot, VT 05647 forwards some history and photos on engines built in his state. Since his article is rather extensive, we are forwarding it to the Editor at GEM for full inclusion in a future issue.

Root & Vandervoort Engines Earl Sprague, 925 West 5th St., Redfield, SD 57469 sends us two photos of his recently restored 1 HP R & V engine. He is still missing the crank guard and would like to correspond with anyone having one so that he can copy it. We believe the color scheme is quite accurate when compared to the original R&V catalog, so perhaps these two views will be a guide to other R&V owners. *

Color for FBM Jack-of-All-Trades Regarding 21/2/40 in February GEM, I have a 2 HP bought from original owner. It was definitely a dark red or maroon. Also my 1910 FBM catalog shows it as being red, as was the Jack Junior. The back page of the catalog shows a vertical engine in green. Chester Folser, 621 D St., Mil-ford, NE 68405.

21/2/5Bohon Engines Several readers contacted us, noting that D. T. Bohon Co. was a mail order firm. At one time at least, their engines were built by Nelson Bros.

21/2/7Friend Engines We also got several letters on the Friend engines made at Gasport, New York. They were usually throttle governed, some used a battery and coil, and others were equipped with a Wico EK magneto. Most were used on orchard spraying outfits. Some were air cooled, some were water cooled. A distinctive feature of the water cooled design was a pipe coil in the water hopper that helped cool the engine by pumping the spray mixture through the coil on its way to the trees or whatever was being sprayed. One writer reports to us that they were not a very reliable engine, noting that 'we always said if you had a Friend for an engine, you didn't need any enemies.

20/9/4Model T Spark Coils Wm. C. Kuhl, 464 So. 5th St., Sebewaing, MI 48759 sends an interesting letter in which he notes that a good 6-volt battery works fine for a Model T coil, but he goes on to say that 'if I have a choice I will use a 12-volt any day.' Mr. Kuhl also encloses a chart from a 1922 edition of Automobile Engineering published by the American Technical Society. It illustrates the magneto output for the Ford Model T at various engine speeds. Note the bottom entryat 1200 rpm engine speed, a voltage of 26.2 was delivered at a frequency of 160 cps. Compare this with an engine speed of 800 rpm, or about 20 mph, and 18.8 volts was delivered. Considering the slow reaction time caused by the cast iron coil core, the Reflector stands by his earlier comment that a 12-volt battery on a Model T coil isn't a bad setup for stationary engines.

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Unsigned Letter Also received this month was an unsigned letter in regard to last issue's comments about getting and keeping exhibitors at the shows. Since the letter was unsigned, it will not be discussed Ye olde Reflector gets into enough trouble without a new hassle!


To minimize rusting in cylinder jackets, add a very little soluble cutting oil such as is used in large grinders, etc. It will do no harm, and the slight oil coating will be of help. Nothing old about this hint it comes from an Instruction Book for an Allis-Chalmers Industrial tractor of 1971.

When laying engines up for winter, use canvas or cloth covers, never plastic. Plastic doesn't 'breath' and accumulated moisture hangs right in there, causing the rust you are trying to prevent.