GALLOWAY ENGINES

Gil Easter
March/April 1978
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This is an article on Galloway engines manufactured in Waterloo, Iowa. The May-June 1970 G.E.M. articled titled 'How Your Hobby Started Part VIII' by Charleton Mull and the book, 'Power in the Past' Volume I by C. H. Wendel both cover the history of Cascaden Manufacturing Company, the William Galloway Company and the Galloway Company. Little history will be repeated, rather effort will be concentrated on discussing the different engine models. I acquired my first Galloway in 1969. After several years trying to 'get one of everything,' a decision was made to concentrate on Galloways. Presently 14 Galloways are in my collection, including nine different models.

For lack of a better place to start, the smallest Galloway, the 1 HP air-cooled engine will be discussed first. The 1926 Galloway Catalog describes 'Our New 1 HP Air-cooled Engine.' The engine pictured appears to be an Ideal painted red. The owner of one of these engines tells me the name tag is between the flywheels and says 'The Galloway Company.' Some call the engine an air-cooled Handy Andy. When the 1 HP air-cooled engine and the Handy Andy are placed side by side, the design similarities are remarkable, but the parts have small differences and casting numbers and prefix letters are different. The two are not the same engine. There is one weight inside a flywheel linked for a hit and miss governor. Ignition is spark plug, battery and buzz coil. Bore is 3', stroke 3', rated at 550 rpm. The 1 HP air-cooled engine was probably manufactured by ideal but sold by the Galloway Company with their name tag.

The 1? HP Galloway is the true Handy Andy, the name coming from the name tag. The engine is listed in 1927 Galloway Company literature. Casting letters on the Handy Andy are BB. Placing of the letters and the numbers on various parts lead me to believe this is truly a Galloway manufactured engine. Bore is 31/8', stroke 3' rated at 600 rpm. Shipping weight was 140 pounds. Ignition is spark plug with battery and buzz coil. Governor is hit and miss with two weights in flywheel moving a sleeve on the crankshaft.

There are two different 1? lb. Galloway engines. Both were built in air-cooled and water-cooled models. The change from early to late style was probably around 1912.

The earlier model has many differences from later small Galloways. The exhaust is down out of the head. Some engines also have a relief port with muffler at the back of the cylinder. The cylinder bolts to the base in a vertical plane similar to an Associated. The rod is bronze and there was no separate bearing. Flywheel balancing is accomplished by indenting the flywheel on the crankshaft throw side rather than building up the side opposite the crankshaft throw. The cam gear is inboard of the crankshaft bearing. The name tag is the large style referring to manure spreaders! cream separators and farm machinery and is located below the cam. Castings are identified by three letters. Governor is hit and miss with two weights on the flywheel moving a sleeve on the crankshaft. Head is air-cooled. Ignition is igniter with battery and coil. Carburation is with a Lukenheimer mixer with gas tank above the mixer. Except for cylinder and fan, there were no differences between air-cooled and water-cooled engines.

The later style 1? HP engine is identical to the 2? HP model except for flywheel weight, cylinder and piston. Bore on the 1? HP engine is 37/8' vs. 41/8' on the 2? HP engine. Stroke on both is 5'. Casting letters on the 1? HP engine are AB. The few 2? HP parts which are different carry AC casting letters. The name tag is small and found on the rear of the base between the flywheels. This series engine has the serial number stamped on both ends of the crankshaft. The head is air-cooled with the exhaust port up. Early engines used a Lukenheimer mixer, but most used a cast iron mixer with a round pressed metal sleeve around the bottom which rotated to provide the choke. The gas tank is below the mixer. The cylinder bolts to the base in a horizontal plane. The cam gear is outside the crankshaft bearing. The rod is cast with a babbitt bearing. The governor is hit and miss with two weights in the flywheel moving a sleeve on the crankshaft bearing. Early ignition was igniter with battery and coil. Later a gear driven rotary magneto was available as an option. Most engines, however, were supplied with a Webster oscillating magneto. The 1? HP engine faded out of the picture between 1915 and 1924.

A 2 HP Vertical Galloway engine is offered for sale in a 1908 Galloway Catalog just after Galloway purchased the Cascaden Manufacturing Company and took over the Davis line. The engine is not mentioned in later catalogs. One theory is that Galloway sold the remaining Davis engines but did not manufacture the 2 HP vertical engine. I have not seen or heard of a 2 HP vertical Galloway.

The 2? HP engine has been described along with the 1? HP model. I have seen no literature indicating there was a 2? HP air-cooled model. I have seen one air-cooled engine with a name tag indicating 2? HP, but bore and flywheel weight and casting letters indicate it is a l? HP engine. The 2? HP model was very durable, continuing in production from about 1912 to 1930+. Ignition was changed and minor improvements were made on basically the same engine until 1925 or '26. Then changes included a one piece base and cylinder with skids required for the flywheels to clear the ground and oiler access through the water hopper. The almost square water hopper shape was replaced with a rectangle shape. Head, mixer, ignition and governor appear unchanged. An oil splash shield was offered for the first time.

The 2? HP and below Galloway engines were competition models. There is a major difference in construction technique, weight and price between 2? HP and the larger engines.

The information you have read is from Galloway literature, talking and writing to many people, and experience. Undoubtedly some things I have said are wrong. Let me know and I will correct any inaccuracy.

This article is different from most which appear in G.E.M. I am not sure it is what readers want. If there is interest, I can continue with larger Galloways.


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