1455, Orchid Way, Lakeport, California 95453
This is an article on Galloway engines manufactured in Waterloo,
Iowa. The May-June 1970 G.E.M. articled titled 'How Your Hobby
Started Part VIII' by Charleton Mull and the book, 'Power
in the Past' Volume I by C. H. Wendel both cover the history of
Cascaden Manufacturing Company, the William Galloway Company and
the Galloway Company. Little history will be repeated, rather
effort will be concentrated on discussing the different engine
models. I acquired my first Galloway in 1969. After several years
trying to 'get one of everything,' a decision was made to
concentrate on Galloways. Presently 14 Galloways are in my
collection, including nine different models.
For lack of a better place to start, the smallest Galloway, the
1 HP air-cooled engine will be discussed first. The 1926 Galloway
Catalog describes 'Our New 1 HP Air-cooled Engine.' The
engine pictured appears to be an Ideal painted red. The owner of
one of these engines tells me the name tag is between the flywheels
and says 'The Galloway Company.' Some call the engine an
air-cooled Handy Andy. When the 1 HP air-cooled engine and the
Handy Andy are placed side by side, the design similarities are
remarkable, but the parts have small differences and casting
numbers and prefix letters are different. The two are not the same
engine. There is one weight inside a flywheel linked for a hit and
miss governor. Ignition is spark plug, battery and buzz coil. Bore
is 3', stroke 3', rated at 550 rpm. The 1 HP air-cooled
engine was probably manufactured by ideal but sold by the Galloway
Company with their name tag.
The 1? HP Galloway is the true Handy Andy, the name coming from
the name tag. The engine is listed in 1927 Galloway Company
literature. Casting letters on the Handy Andy are BB. Placing of
the letters and the numbers on various parts lead me to believe
this is truly a Galloway manufactured engine. Bore is
31/8', stroke 3' rated at 600 rpm.
Shipping weight was 140 pounds. Ignition is spark plug with battery
and buzz coil. Governor is hit and miss with two weights in
flywheel moving a sleeve on the crankshaft.
There are two different 1? lb. Galloway engines. Both were built
in air-cooled and water-cooled models. The change from early to
late style was probably around 1912.
The earlier model has many differences from later small
Galloways. The exhaust is down out of the head. Some engines also
have a relief port with muffler at the back of the cylinder. The
cylinder bolts to the base in a vertical plane similar to an
Associated. The rod is bronze and there was no separate bearing.
Flywheel balancing is accomplished by indenting the flywheel on the
crankshaft throw side rather than building up the side opposite the
crankshaft throw. The cam gear is inboard of the crankshaft
bearing. The name tag is the large style referring to manure
spreaders! cream separators and farm machinery and is located below
the cam. Castings are identified by three letters. Governor is hit
and miss with two weights on the flywheel moving a sleeve on the
crankshaft. Head is air-cooled. Ignition is igniter with battery
and coil. Carburation is with a Lukenheimer mixer with gas tank
above the mixer. Except for cylinder and fan, there were no
differences between air-cooled and water-cooled engines.
The later style 1? HP engine is identical to the 2? HP model
except for flywheel weight, cylinder and piston. Bore on the 1? HP
engine is 37/8' vs.
41/8' on the 2? HP engine. Stroke on both
is 5'. Casting letters on the 1? HP engine are AB. The few 2?
HP parts which are different carry AC casting letters. The name tag
is small and found on the rear of the base between the flywheels.
This series engine has the serial number stamped on both ends of
the crankshaft. The head is air-cooled with the exhaust port up.
Early engines used a Lukenheimer mixer, but most used a cast iron
mixer with a round pressed metal sleeve around the bottom which
rotated to provide the choke. The gas tank is below the mixer. The
cylinder bolts to the base in a horizontal plane. The cam gear is
outside the crankshaft bearing. The rod is cast with a babbitt
bearing. The governor is hit and miss with two weights in the
flywheel moving a sleeve on the crankshaft bearing. Early ignition
was igniter with battery and coil. Later a gear driven rotary
magneto was available as an option. Most engines, however, were
supplied with a Webster oscillating magneto. The 1? HP engine faded
out of the picture between 1915 and 1924.
A 2 HP Vertical Galloway engine is offered for sale in a 1908
Galloway Catalog just after Galloway purchased the Cascaden
Manufacturing Company and took over the Davis line. The engine is
not mentioned in later catalogs. One theory is that Galloway sold
the remaining Davis engines but did not manufacture the 2 HP
vertical engine. I have not seen or heard of a 2 HP vertical
The 2? HP engine has been described along with the 1? HP model.
I have seen no literature indicating there was a 2? HP air-cooled
model. I have seen one air-cooled engine with a name tag indicating
2? HP, but bore and flywheel weight and casting letters indicate it
is a l? HP engine. The 2? HP model was very durable, continuing in
production from about 1912 to 1930+. Ignition was changed and minor
improvements were made on basically the same engine until 1925 or
'26. Then changes included a one piece base and cylinder with
skids required for the flywheels to clear the ground and oiler
access through the water hopper. The almost square water hopper
shape was replaced with a rectangle shape. Head, mixer, ignition
and governor appear unchanged. An oil splash shield was offered for
the first time.
The 2? HP and below Galloway engines were competition models.
There is a major difference in construction technique, weight and
price between 2? HP and the larger engines.
The information you have read is from Galloway literature,
talking and writing to many people, and experience. Undoubtedly
some things I have said are wrong. Let me know and I will correct
This article is different from most which appear in G.E.M. I am
not sure it is what readers want. If there is interest, I can
continue with larger Galloways.